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 Mao’s May 7 Directive

图片:
Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung
Notes On The Report Of Further
Improving The Army’s Agricultural
Work By The Rear Service Department
Of The Military Commission

May 7, 1966
[SOURCE: Long Live Mao Tse-tung Thought, a Red Guard Publication.]

Dear Comrade Lin Piao,
I have received the report from the Rear Service Department whichyou sent me on 6 May. I think it is an excellent plan. Is it possibleto send this report to all the military districts and ask them to holddiscussions of it among the cadres at the army and division levels?Their views should be reported to the Military Commission and throughit to the Centre for approval. After that, suitable directives shouldbe issued to them. Please consider this [suggestion].
In the absence of a world war, our army should be a big school. Evenunder conditions of the third world war, it can still serve as a bigschool. In addition to fighting the war, it must do other work. In theeight years of the second world war, did we not do just that in theanti-Japanese base areas? In this big school, the army should learnpolitics, military affairs, and culture, and engage in agriculturalproduction. It can build up its own middle- and small-size workshops toproduce goods for its own use and the exchange of other goods of equalvalue. It can take part in mass work, factory work, and rural socialisteducation. After socialist education, there are always other kinds ofmass work for it to do, to unite the army and people as one. The armyshould also participate in the revolutionary struggle againstcapitalist culture. In this way, it carries out military-educational,military-agricultural, military-industrial, and military-civilian work.Naturally, [these kinds of work] should be properly co-ordinated and adistinction should be made between major and subsidiary work. A unitcan select one or two from the agricultural, industrial, and civiliancombination, but not all three. In this way, the tremendous power ofseveral million soldiers will be felt.
Likewise, workers should, in addition to their main industrial work,learn military affairs, politics, and culture, and take part in thesocialist educational movement and in criticizing the capitalist class.Under adequate conditions, they should also engage in agriculturalproduction, following the example of the Tach’ing Oilfield.
The communes do their main agricultural work (including forestry,fishing, animal husbandry, and subsidiary trades), but they must alsolearn military affairs, politics, and culture. When circumstancesallow, they should collectively set up small-scale factories and takepart in criticizing the capitalist class.
The students are in a similar position. Their studies are theirchief work; they must also learn other things. In other words, theyought to learn industrial, agricultural, and military work in additionto class work. The school years should be shortened, education shouldbe revolutionized, and the domination of our schools by bourgeoisintellectuals should by no means be allowed to continue.
Under favourable conditions, people in commerce, service trades, and party and government offices should do likewise.
What has been said above is neither new nor original. Many peoplehave been doing this for some time, but it has not yet become awidespread [phenomenon]. Our army has been working in this way fordecades. Now it is on the threshold of new developments.

Transcription by the Maoist Documentation Project.
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-11-20 15:47 | [楼 主]
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