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 The CCP Central Committee Document Chung-fa (1974) No. 3

The CCP Central Committee Document Chung-fa (1974) No. 3

(January 25, 1974)

—The Nanking Military Region Party Committee's Report to the CCP Central Committee, the CCPCC Military Commission and the General Political Department of the PLA
—Letter from the Party Committee of the 20th Army of the PLA to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing
—Letter from All Comrades in the Chemical Defense Company, Unit 2081, to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing

CCP Central Committee Document Chung-fa No. 3 (1974)

[To:] Various provincial, municipal and autonomous regional Party committees of various military regions, provincial military districts, and field armies; the Military Affairs Commission; Party committees at various armed services and branches; Party committees, leadership groups or nucleus groups at various organizations under the Central Committee and the State Council.

  Enclosed herewith are the Nanking Military Region CCP Committee's Report to the Central Committee, Central Military Affairs Commission and General Political Department; and the letters from the Party Committee and all comrades in the Chemical Defense Company of the 20th Army, PLA, to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing. These are for reference in the study and criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius by all members of the Party and the government, all soldiers and people.
  
CCP Central Committee January 25, 1974




Appendix 1: "The Nanking Military Region CCP Committee's Report Concerning Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's Letter to the Chemical Defense Company, 20th Army "

[To:] CCP Central Committee, Central Military Affairs Commission and General Political Department
  
  After Comrade Chiang Ch'ing recently read the opinions of the Chemical Defense Company, 20th Army, on the question of criticizing Confucius as published in a PLA publication for internal circulation, she wrote a personal letter to all comrades in the Chemical Defense Company on January 13, and sent them 200 copies of Lin Piao and the Doctrine of Confucius and Mencius with appendices edited by Peking University and Tsinghua University. In addition, she enclosed the following documents:
  1. "Selected Writings on Worshipping Confucius and Restoring the Old Order by Reactionary, Landlord-Bourgeois Scholars Since the May 4th Movement"—one copy.
  2. "The Struggle Between Restoration and Counter-Restoration in the Course of Founding the Chin Dynasty"—one copy.
3. "Was Confucius an 'Educator' of the Whole People?"—one copy.
  4. "Confucius' Doctrine of the Mean Is a Philosophy Opposed to Social Change"—one copy.
5. "On Liu Tsung-Yuan's 'On Feudalism'"—one copy.
Comrade Chiang Ch'ing sent Comrades Hsieh Ching-i and Ch'ih Ch'lin to deliver the letter and enclosures to the Chemical Defense Company. Upon arriving at the camp on January 15, Comrades Hsieh and Ch'ih immediately read out Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's letter to all comrades in the Chemical Defense Company and disseminated the study materials that Comrade Chiang Ch'ing gave them. Deeply moved by the letter, all comrades in the company are seriously engaging in study according to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's instruction. The Party committee at the 20th Army, besides helping the Chemical Defense Company to d0 the study well, asked the company to take the study of Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's letter and deepening criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius  as a major task for strengthening the ideological buildup of the troops.  Upon receiving the report of the 20th Army on January 16, the Party Committee at the Military Region immediately dispatched a representative to the Chemical Defense Company to ask Comrades Hsieh and Ch'ih to convey our appreciation to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing, and the Committee also conducted a serious discussion.   We feel that Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's letter reflects Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee's concern for the broad masses of commanders and fighters in various military regions and units, reflects Chairman Mao's and the party  Central Committee's important combat readiness measures for grasping the major undertakings and lines and deepening criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius, reflects Chairman Mao's and the Party Central Committee's requirement for intensifying investigation and research and for grasping models.   We have resolved to further study the series of important directives of Chairman Mao concerning military affairs, politics and the program of political-ideological work, to grasp the cricitism of Confucius as a major undertaking for deeply uprooting Lin Piao's revisionist line and deepening criticism of Lin Piao and rectification of the style of work, to  whip up a new upsurge  of criticizing Lin Piao  and Confucius, to strengthen the building of political thought in military units, and to accomplish the various tasks of combat readiness training.   We are planning to ask various armies and divisions each to assign a company to first study the materials given by Comrade Chiang Ch'ing, and through the Chemical Defense Company of the 20th Army and the Good Eighth Company on Nanking Road, to collect and gradually publicize their experience.  We will make efforts to overcome the weakness in generalization of grasping model work.   To do this, we have studied Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's letter and asked them to seriously analyze the current situation of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius and submit their opinions on deepening the criticism.  The Military Region Command has decided to convene a political work conference on February 4 to further study Chairman Mao's and the Party Central Committee's directives and Comrade Chiang Ch'ing's letter to the Chemical Defense Company, seriously discuss measures for deepening the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius, firmly grasp the class struggle in the realm of ideology and the counter-revisionist and anti-revisionist education, and step up preparations against a war of aggression.

We solicit your instructions if there is misjudgment in the above.
The CCP Committee of the Nanking Military Region
January 20, 1974


Appendix 2: "Letter from the CCP Committee of the 20th Army, PLA, to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing"

Comrade Chiang Ch'ing:

  Your letter of January 13 addressed to all comrades in our Chemical Defense Company and 200 sets of materials on criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius were brought to our headquarters by Comrades Hsieh Ching-i and Ch'ih Ch'lin and delivered to the Company on the evening of that day. All of us and all comrades in the Chemical Defense Company were greatly inspired and deeply moved by your letter and the materials.
  The standing members of this committee, after seriously studying your letter, unanimously feel that your letter is not only written to the Chemical Defence Company but to all commanders and fighters of the Army as well. It is a forceful encouragement to this committee in its efforts to grasp the major undertakings, grasp the lines and grasp the political-ideological work. It will cause us to further emphasize the class struggle in the realm of super-structure, deepen the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius, and grasp the ideological building work in the armed units.
  Comrade Chiang Ch'ing, we are greatly appreciative that you have shown so much concern for the building of companies and for the growth of our soldiers despite your busy schedule. The Chemical Defense Company is beside us. We have read all their opinions on the criticism of Confucius. The problems they brought up are universal in all our armed units. We should take it as a lesson that, owing to our insufficient recognition of the significance of criticizing Confucius and its relations with the criticism of Confucius and Lin Piao, we have failed to grasp those problems.
  In order to further thoroughly carry out the ten great spirits, continue deepening the campaign to criticize Lin Piao and his style of work, and seriously solve difficulties that our troops encounter in their criticism of Confucius, this Committee has studied the situation and taken the following actions:
  1. Reproduced and distributed your letter to all companies in the whole army, distributed copies of Lin Piao and the Doctrine of Confucius and Mencius which you gave us to each member of the Chemical Defense ?0rnpany and each division and regiment, asked the Party committees at various levels to seriously study and lead the troops to further raise their recognition of the significance of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius, thereby whipping up an upsurge of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius within this Army.
   2. Asked the Party committees at various levels to seriously study and analyze the situation of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius in their units, and then summarize their experience, search for problems and propose measures for deepening the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius.
   3. Asked units at each level to go deep into reality to grasp the models. This committee is planning to have responsible comrades organize cadres of staff units to work in one or two companies in February. Simultaneously with carrying out the basic education on the lines, they will conduct education on criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius, seriously grasp the Chemical Defense Company as a starting point, summarize their experience and create real merit. We will then report the whole situation to you.  Please accept our Proletarian revolutionary salute!

CCP Committee of the 20th Army, PLA January 17, 1974


Appendix 3: "Letter from All Comrades in the Chemical Defense Company. Unit 2081 [codename of 20th Army], to Comrade Chiang Ch'ing"

Comrade Chiang Ch'ing:

  We have received your letter and materials specially delivered by Comrade Hsieh Ching-i and Ch'ih Ch'un. With a greatly inspired and deeply moved heart, we seriously studied and enthusiastically discussed your personal letter immediately.
  When we were being confronted with difficulties on the question of criticizing Confucius, you put aside your busy schedule to send us Marx-ism-Leninism and Mao Tse-tung's thought which afforded us deep education on the lines and gave us formidable fighting strength. Your letter conveyed Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee's strategic plan, sufficiently reflected Chairman Mao and the Party Central committee's affectionate concern for the building of our Army, and further showed us the orientation for thoroughly carrying out the ten great spirits and deepening the campaign to criticize Lin Piao and the style of work.
We are determined to repeatedly study your letter in order to deeply comprehend its spiritual essence and the important component of the criticism of Lin Piao. We will by all means live up to the earnest expectation of our leaders in the Central Committee. In the struggle of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius, we will march forward despited difficulty, assault the enemy's position and strive to be brave soldiers. In the practice of the struggle, we will seriously study the works of Marx, Lenin, and Chairman Mao, raise our ability to distinguish genuine from sham Marxism-Leninism, intensify our consciousness of anti-revisionism and counter-revisionism, firmly grasp the socialist revolution in the realm of superstructure, stress the class struggle in the realm of ideology, fervently support the newborn things that emerged from the Proletarian Cultural Revolution, consolidate and develop the great results of the Cultural Revolution so as to take the basic line as the key link and your letter as the motive power to strengthen the building of companies political-ideologically, organizationally and militarily. We will think of danger while in peace, prepare ourselves without relaxation all the time and answer the call of the Party at any time. We will resolutely fight in whatever direction the Party shows us.

We wish the great leader Chairman Mao long life, and present our Highest proletarian revolutionary salute!


All comrades in the Chemical Defense Company, Unit 2081 January 16, 1974
Issued by the Secretariat of the CCP Central Committee on January 26, 1974


Source: Classified Chinese Comunist Documents: A Selection, pp. 675-680, 1978 by Institute of International Relations, Taipei, Taiwan. Transcribed by www.WENGEWANG.ORG
  
  
  

 
 
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