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 Lu Yulan: Why Do Some People Call Me Foolish?

Why Do Some People Call Me Foolish?

Lu Yulan
 
 
   Source: "Weishenmo youren shuo wo 'sha,' zenyang kandai 'jing' he 'sha'?," a lecture by CCP Central Committee member and nationally famous labor hero Lu Yulan. Translated by Anna Andersson. The transcriber corrects one mistranslation here. The Original Chinese text is offered for your reference after this English version. English version from China's Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969: not a dinner party‎, P.192-197, Ed. by:Michael Schoenhals, M.E. Sharpe Press, 1996

Different Standpoints, Different Understandings of "Stupidity"

Some people say I'm a great big fool, that I'm simple-minded, that I don't understand the meaning of "happiness," that I don't know how to "live" and always act like an idiot. So am I stupid then?
 I don't know how to enrich myself at public expense, I don't know how to take advantage of a situation to benefit myself, and I'm not good at scheming or calculating. So, if that's what you call being stupid, well, then I am indeed stupid.
 But I do my best for the Party, for my country, and for the collective, and I work wholeheartedly for them as best as I can. If you call that stupid, well, then I disagree.
"Stupid" or not—it all depends on what you think really counts!
 "You don't have any brains at all!" Well, I say, it depends on what you mean by brains. A head full of "self” is an individualist's brain, whereas only a head full of "public" is a communist brain.
 If your standpoint is different, you will have a different way of reckoning. What you think is reasonable will be different from what he thinks. So how can you two understand each other? You sleep on the kang1 and say it's warm; he sits on the bench and says it's cold. You don't share a common language. You say I'm too stupid, but I think I have my own kind of intelligence.
 Chairman Mao says: "Reason comes in different sizes, and big reason takes precedence over small reason." Why do we live and for whom? These are the root questions from which everything grows. If the roots are different, the flowers that grow look different.
 If your standpoint is different, your outlook will be different. As far as I am concerned, selfish people are the most ignorant and foolish of all. If you are selfish, then you will also be prejudiced. It's only when you're unselfish that you will be fair and truthful.

Different Times, Different Criteria of "Stupidity"

If you use stupidity as a criterion when discussing right and wrong, or if you use it to judge people, then stupidity has a class character.
 Old poor peasants often tell me that in the old society, the ruling classes treated people any old way they liked and would say to poor people that they were stupid and therefore deserved to be poor, while the rich were clever and therefore deserved to be rich. In those days, poor people were looked down upon and couldn't argue back; those who weren't dull were regarded as dull anyway, and those who weren't stupid were regarded as stupid all the same.
 In the old society, the real slaves and true idiots were those who only exerted themselves on behalf of the ruling class.
 But as the social system and the times have changed, so have the criteria for cleverness and stupidity.
 Some people have returned their land and cattle to the collective but have kept their thoughts to themselves. Their bodies ride on the socialist cart, but in their minds "self still rules supreme. If you tell them you wish to "serve the people," they don't believe you; and once y0u really serve the people, they call you a fool.
 When you arm your brain with Mao Zedong Thought, the "public" will be what's most important and the "self will have to step back The people who are "clever at little things" will become fewer, while the "big fools" will grow in number. In our society, those who "don't work for the public will be cursed by heaven." The word "self will become as repugnant as the word "thief."

Stupid for the Collective, Stupid for the People, Stupid for Socialism

Selfless people are mocked and called stupid by those who enrich themselves at public expense.
"You call me 'stupid,' well, then I am 'stupid'!"
 But the meaning of the first "stupid" and the second "stupid" are completely different.
 "I am stupid for the collective, I am stupid for the people, and I am stupid for socialism"—there you have the meaning of the second stupid.
 "I would rather be a big fool all my life, than egoistic and clever for a single day." Leading the masses, we have started a big discussion about cleverness and stupidity in the course of which we criticize "clever and egoistic people" and praise "big fools." The word "clever" stinks, while the word "stupid" has a sweet and lovely fragrance. Now everybody is fighting to become the revolutionary fool.
 Some people, who do not deserve to be called "fools," are so anxious about this they begin to cry, and some people who hear others calling them "clever" consider this to be the worst form of abuse. ...

"Public Versus Public"—Not "Private Versus Private"

In 1962, my uncle intended to privately deep-fry [and sell] wheat cakes without permission. I took his cooking pot away. He said: "We are one family." I said: "The closer you are, the stricter you have to be." It wasn't that I turned on a friend, but simply that I was thinking how a member of the Communist Party must care only about class feelings and not about private emotions. I couldn't simply "make things easier for the people close to me." If I would have let him deep-fry the cakes in private, then I would have harmed the national interest. If I would have let him earn a private income and engage in capitalism, I would not have acted in the best interest of the masses.
 There are old sayings that go: "Friendship is precious" and "You don't argue with friends." We can't bother with rubbish like that. You can't first set up a sign with the word "public" on it and then take advantage of the power of your office and act according to your feelings. You must act according to principles, according to rules and regulations.
 Not only must you avoid turning public matters into private, you must also keep the public good in mind at all times. Only when the public spirit guides us can we claim to be totally unselfish.
 When I'm sick, my comrades take good care of me. I think this is an expression of their class feeling for me. What they do is political work. When I thank them, I don't necessarily return their favors in a private way. I work diligently instead and do the best I can. I repay them through my accomplishments at work and not by "giving a horse in return for an ox." You should return a public good by doing good deeds for the public, and not return a personal favor with a personal favor.

People Good to Me May Actually Be Harming Me

Usually, when people say something nice to you, it seems as if they're good to you. Actually, they may be harming you, intentionally or not. "You don't have to be afraid of an angry Lord Guan, only of a smooth-lipped bodhisattva." In some cases, when people are good to you, they're not really good—you have to make a class analysis of it. In 1962, a man gave me some sesame seed cakes and vermicelli: His was a so-called "good deed," but what he really wanted was for me to do something wrong. He wanted me to help him in a certain matter. I told him: "The more things you give me, the more difficult it will be for me to handle this matter. I refuse to do something that is contrary to policy, even if you give me a mountain of gold."
 "To fall for somebody's tricks and be fooled by his sweet talk." In the villages, if you rely on the power of your office to collect gifts from the villagers—giving and receiving, back and forth—then you will soon have given your revolutionary stand away as well. People don't give gifts for nothing. They think that for each gift they give you they will receive ten in return. Therefore, those who accept gifts will really come to grief. The class enemy really likes giving gifts, so we should be doubly on our guard against such behavior.
 When I listen to people, there is one thing I know: No matter if people say nice things or bad things about me, I must always look to their intentions. The "goodness" of something doesn't depend on if it is good only to me, but if it is good for the collective, good for socialism.

Private Emotions Cannot Explain Class Feelings

My mother fell ill. As soon as she was a little bit better, I went off to attend a meeting. There were those who said that I didn't show proper piety (xiao) to my mother.
 These last few years, whenever I have had problems at work or the capitalist forces have struggled against me, I have not once cried in front of my parents even though at times I have been very upset. When I met people from the Party Committee, however, tears began to flow. Some people don't understand this kind of feeling. I don't understand such people: In my opinion, one's parents are never as close as the Party, and there is no greater goodness than that of socialism.
   In daily life, some people base their understanding of public feelings on private emotions.
 For instance, they say: "You really have a good job!" What do they mean by good? That it gives you a good reputation or a good income? That it is easy and not tiring? Or that you can make a great contribution to the revolution? What meaning do they give this word "good"? The way I see it, all kinds of work are good. We all work for the revolution, we only have to worry about performing our tasks well or not. When we love the kind of work we are engaged in, it is not because we are personally interested in it, but simply because it is revolutionary work. If it is not revolutionary work, we don't love it, no matter what kind of work it is.
 And another example: "You're really good at working, you are a master at everything you do." When we try to excel at work, it is in order to make a greater contribution to the revolution and not in order to be given some fancy title. When we make up our minds to do something, it mustn't be in order to win fame or wealth. When we work energetically, it mustn't be in order to win fame or fortune: We must be determined to carry out the great task of revolution, to work for the people, and to work energetically for revolution.

Class Viewpoints in Everyday Work

We used to think that the reason some people had different ways of thinking was because they were intelligent and good-tempered. If we make a careful analysis, we find that a person's consciousness or thoughts have nothing to do with his temperament. People of the same class are all the same, no matter if they're impatient or not.
 People with different family backgrounds have their thoughts branded differently according to class. The fact that many members of society are unable to live a harmonious family life may seem to be due to a problem with their disposition. In fact, it is just like with Li Shuangshuang and Sun Xiwang—a battle between two kinds of thought.2
 
1. A heatable brick bed, common in the countryside in northern China.
2. Li and Sun are the central characters in the popular novel Li Shuangshuang, in which Li represents the progressive and Sun the conservative "kind of thought."
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-04-01 02:10 | [楼 主]
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十个为什么?
——读毛主席的书听毛主席的话照毛主席的指示办事的体会

河北省临西县张三寨公社东留善固大队党支部书记 吕玉兰

《人民日报》1966-06-17

《河北日报》编者按:吕玉兰同志的这篇谈话,充满了革命精神和唯物辩证法,具有鲜明的阶级性和强烈的战斗性。这是她活学活用毛主席著作的一篇很好的总结,是对那些资产阶级“权威”污蔑工农兵群众活学活用毛主席著作的有力回击。
吕玉兰活学活用毛主席著作的动人事迹又一次雄辩地说明:工农兵群众直接掌握了毛泽东思想,就能具有远大的革命理想,无私的革命品德,无畏的革命胆略;就能天不怕,地不怕,不怕鬼,不怕魔,浑身是胆,无所畏惧;就能为社会主义共产主义事业贡献自己的一切。
毛主席教导我们说:“彻底的唯物主义者是无所畏惧的……‘舍得一身剐,敢把皇帝拉下马’,我们在为社会主义共产主义而斗争的时候,必须有这种大无畏的精神。”吕玉兰正是具有这种大无畏精神的人。她懂得阶级斗争是客观存在,是回避不了的。她说:“干革命就不能怕事,越怕越出事,敢于斗争才能胜利。”她把斗争看做是生活,当成自己最大的精神愉快。她说:“一遇上风险,就想到是对我最好的考验。”她懂得被敌人反对是好事而不是坏事,在阶级敌人猖狂进攻面前,巍然不动,坚定不移。她说:“他们斗的不是我,是我坚持的社会主义道路。”“他们越斗我干得越欢。”多么响亮的豪言壮语,多么可歌可颂的英雄气概!吕玉兰正是具有这样的大无畏精神,所以才能顶歪风,压恶浪,依靠贫农下中农,在阶级斗争中取得一个又一个的胜利。

吕玉兰这种从共产主义事业出发的大无畏精神,正是当前我们开展无产阶级文化大革命所迫切需要的。广大工农兵群众、革命干部和革命知识分子,都应当遵照毛主席的教导,象吕玉兰那样,不怕鬼,不怕魔,不怕风吹浪打,不怕艰难险阻,敢想、敢说、敢闯、敢做、敢革命。敢于打倒资产阶级“权威”和资产阶级代表人物,敢于向一切反党反社会主义的黑线开火,敢于批判旧世界。作革命的闯将,当革命的“爆破手”,为捍卫毛泽东思想,为保卫无产阶级专政,为保卫社会主义而英勇战斗!

一、为什么有人说我“傻”,怎样看待“精”和“傻”?

立场不同,对精傻的看法不同

有人说我是“傻玉兰”,认为我头脑简单,不懂得“幸福”,不会“生活”,只知道傻干。
我傻不傻呢?
我不会损公肥私,不会投机取巧,不会打自己的小算盘,要说这就是“傻”,我就算“傻”。
可是,我对党、对国家、对集体,是费脑子的,一个心眼拼着干,要说这是傻,我不答应。傻不傻,那要看你算的什么账!
“你这个人没头脑”。我说得看是什么样的头脑:
满脑子只一个“我”字,是个人主义的头脑;
脑子里“公”字挂帅,就是共产主义的头脑。
人的立足点不同,算法不一样,想的不是一个理,怎么会互相理解?你说我太傻,我觉得我有自己的聪明。
毛主席说:“事情有大道理,有小道理,一切小道理都归大道理管着。”为什么活着,为谁活着,这是条总根儿。总根不一样,开不出一样花。
立场不同,看法不同,依我看,私心眼的人最没见识,最愚蠢,一个人有私就有偏见,无私才有公道,才有真理。
时代不同,精傻的标准不同
以精傻论是非,作为衡量人的标准,这个“傻”是有阶级性的。老贫农常对我说:旧社会,统治阶级胡弄人,说穷人傻,该穷;富人精,该富。那时候穷人被人看不起,说话不占地方,不呆也呆,不傻也傻。
在旧社会,一个人只为统治阶级卖力,那才是奴才、傻瓜。
社会制度变了,时代变了,精傻的标准也变了。
有的人,土地、牲畜归集体,思想没归集体,身子坐在社会主义大车上,脑子里还是“我”当家。你说“为人民服务”,他不信;你真为人民服务,他说你傻。
用毛泽东思想武装头脑,“公”字当头,“私”字退位,“小精人”越来越少,“大傻子”越来越多,我们的社会就变成“人不为公,天诛地灭”了,变得“私”字和“偷”字一样臭。
傻于集体,傻于人民,傻于社会主义
公而忘私的人,被那些损公肥私的人讽刺为傻子。
“你说我‘傻’,我就‘傻’!”
前后两个“傻”字,意义完全不同。“我傻于集体,傻于人民,傻于社会主义”,就是后面那个“傻”字。
“宁当一辈子的大傻子,不当一天小精人。”我们领导群众开展了精傻的大讨论,批判了“小精人”,表扬了“大傻子”,“精”臭了,“傻”香了,人人争当革命的“傻子”。有人评不上“傻子”,急得要哭;有人听到叫他“小精人”,他觉得比骂他还厉害。
二、为什么我把革命当做终身大事?
眼要看到共产主义,心要装下整个世界
高小毕业后,回家乡参加农业生产,当了农业社长,入了党,受到党的教育,这才知道:一个人活在世上,跟世界是个什么关系。解放全人类,为共产主义事业奋斗的一生是最光辉的一生,干革命才是我的终身大事。
没有人民的大天下,就没有劳动人民的解放!现在有人好说:“挣工吃饭,凭的是力气!”忘了挣的谁的工,吃的谁的饭?社会主义江山不保,哪来的按劳分配原则?土地在地主手里,你有力气顶啥用?
我把个人婚姻和国家五年计划联系起来,我是想,今天我们每个人能有幸福是因为有我们自己的国家,有国才有家。个人的事是和国家联在一起的,好比大盆套小盆,小圈套在大圈里。
我们要往远处看,圈要往大里划,眼要看到共产主义,心要装下整个世界。
在阶级敌人面前,革命的人民都是一个命运,顾大局要紧。
有一次我在天津开会,听了领导上关于越南形势的报告,我恨不能一下子飞到南越去,跟美帝国主义干一场。中越人民心连心,我把本来想买衣裳的十五块钱交给领导,慰问越南人民,我觉得这也是支援了我们的杀敌英雄。
大多数人的利益是大事,个人利益是小事
阶级斗争需要我,贫农下中农需要我,离开革命需要考虑个人私事,就是逃避斗争。
那些走资本主义道路的人,想用个人婚姻圈住我,挤走我,我憋了一口气;帝国主义、修正主义想要我们第二代、第三代不革命,我也憋了一口气。两口气儿加在一起,就成了我的革命志气,坚决干到底,革命一辈子!
个人幸福是小事,革命是大事。我常想雷锋说的这句话:我活着就是为了让多数人活的更美好。这话对,让绝大多数人幸福了,我自己也是最幸福的。
眼光远大和鼠目寸光一个人二三十岁的时候,正是黄金时代,在这个时代,集中精力把毛主席著作好好学一学,为党多做些工作,为社会主义大厦,多砌一块砖,多添一片瓦,把有限的生命投进无限的事业里面去。一个妇女要想真正解放自己,就先要从旧传统、旧习惯的束缚下挣脱出来,打掉依赖思想。
有的人不把个人前途和革命联系在一起,老是和找爱人联系在一起,依赖男人。有这种依赖思想,自己就不想解放自己。
个人婚姻是小事,争妇女解放是大事,不能光顾眼前,要看到一代人、两代人、几代人的移风易俗。
小局要服从大局,个人利益要服从集体利益,把黄金时代献给革命比过早的缠在家庭、孩子身上意义大,因此,我才把终身大事,从个人婚姻移到“革命”二字上来。
三、为什么越斗我干得越欢?
一九六○年冬,走资本主义道路的人联合起来斗争我。一连斗了我三夜,可是我的工作一点也不松劲。他们说:“真他妈的邪门,越斗,她干得越欢”。现在也有的同志问:有的人受了批评躺倒不干,你为什么能顶住风,压住浪,越斗干得越欢呢?你当时是怎么想的?我想:整风不是整的我,是我身上的缺点、错误。
整风开始,大家提了工作上的缺点,爹娘埋怨我当干部费力不讨好,不让我干啦。我带着这个问题学习了《整顿党的作风》这篇文章。
错误、缺点就象我身上的疮,不治就要化脓,越烂越大。治的时候疼,以后就好了。人不能不犯错误,知错认错,改正了就是好同志。我把日常的批评和自我批评看做是小洗脸,整风运动就是大洗澡,澡洗过了,浑身轻快。
我们有成绩、有优点,党都看见了。党来整风,不是对我们为难,是爱护,是培养,是怕我们变坏了。党来整风,就象大人爱小孩,不护短。
要在整风中挺得住,先要对整风有个正确认识,抱正确态度,把成绩和缺点分开来,一分为二看自己,不能一好遮百丑,有了成绩,就不愿让人说“不是”。“众人是杆秤,斤两称分明”,不要光信自己全对,听不得群众的批评。
他们斗的不是我,是我坚持的社会主义道路
在整风运动中,几个坚决走资本主义道路的人,对我恶毒攻击。他们上告我一九四八年混入党内。多笑话!那时我还不到十岁。我看清了他们的鬼把戏,他们斗的不是我,是我坚持的社会主义道路。他们想斗懵了我,躺倒不干,我不中他们的奸计。
被敌人反对是好事而不是坏事。他们反对我,证明我做对了。他们反对的越凶,越证明我对,我就更坚决干下去。
我想,你们反对我顶个屁用,你们反对我,贫农下中农可支持我呢!夜里几个老贫农在房上、院里暗暗保护我,安慰我,有这些人给做主,怕什么?我该干什么还是干什么。
临散会了,我说:“大家不要走,有工作要布置,整风要整出干劲来……”这样一来,他们也就无计可施了。
小困难小考验,大困难大考验
斗我的那几天夜里,觉我是睡不着,就学起毛主席著作来,想起了过去的英雄。我想起了英雄刘胡兰在敌人铡刀面前英勇不屈,我能在歪理面前吓倒?“烈火炼真金 ”,这是党对我的严重考验。平常里说得挺坚决,来到节骨眼上,看我能不能顶住风浪,坚持真理,是不是一个真正的共产党员。一把“我”字丢开,一想到考验,不怕“鬼”的楞劲就上来了。
现在我一遇上风险,就想到是对我最好的考验。小困难是小考验,大困难是大考验,一次困难一次磨炼,越磨越快,越炼越纯。常走百里路,十里八里就不当回事了。“矿石越炼越精,混水越澄越清。”没有斗争,我哪来的斗争经验呢?
党和群众从正面教育了我,阶级敌人从反面教育了我,现在就有人对走资本主义道路的人说:“你们越跟玉兰做对,她越坚强,她这个人就是你们把她锻炼出来的。”
四、为什么我当干部不觉得“赔本”?
当干部先弄清哪是本?哪是家?
过去,俺爹好说:“家里事你也不管,自留地你也不望,哪是你的家?”说我是“赔本干部”。我想:干部是大家的管家人,党把全村人交给我们了,我们就要把担子担起来,革命是我的本,集体是我的家。我吃饭在家,人是公共的。
俺村生产队长吕世周,以集体为家,从来把队上的事情比自己的看得还重要,把“私”和“公”的位置调换了个过。换得好,当干部就得把心放在“公”字上,不能把职务看成是特权,“一人当干部,全家沾光。”干革命是不能讲赔本赚钱的,革命需要的时候,连生命也可以贡献。要不,白求恩到中国来牺牲了生命这笔账怎么算?
当干部究竟为谁?
有的说:“咳!当干部没落头。”我不理解这话,我们天天说为人民服务,是真的还是假的呢?真为人民服务还找什么“落头”呢?其实当干部赔本的思想,说穿了,就是因为有找“落头”的思想作怪。
干革命是自觉的,不能有雇佣观点。革命不是做买卖。有人说当基层干部不如脱产干部拿工资。我是这样想:干革命的人不在领不领工资,不革命的人领多少工资也干不好,革命者不拿工资也一样干得好。过去老一辈的革命者,流血牺牲,可谁为工资干的?实现共产主义,是我们的最大的“落头”。
有人觉得冤屈,说:“不给他干。”给谁干呢?给上级干的吗?上级给谁干的呢?我们不是一个村的共产党员,是中国的共产党员,是为中国人民和世界人民服务的,不是给哪个人干的,任何时候也不能赌气。
当干部是否吃亏?
有人说当干部吃亏,是否真吃亏?
要是当干部不为集体想,光想自己多弄点,生产搞不好,自己挨点子骂,个人也多收入不了。
尤其是贫农下中农当干部,是掌阶级的印把子,为自己办事。我们不抓印把子,让人家抓到手里,自己就沾光啦?!
当干部不觉得赔本是最明白的账,喊“赔本”、找“落头”是最糊涂的账。
五、为什么越怕出事越出事?
干革命就不能怕“事儿”
过去怕“事儿”,老觉得自己村里人落后,“事儿”多,自己难的哭过,给区妇联写信要求不干了。
去省里开会,听到讲《矛盾论》,才知道客观事物都是矛盾着的,矛盾是没完的,旧的矛盾解决了,新的矛盾又会出现。
有了毛主席《矛盾论》的思想武装,以后遇上“事儿”,就往矛盾上想,想“工作就是斗争”,思想上没有怕“事儿”的包袱了,出了“事儿”不愁也不怕。
矛盾不是怕掉的,是斗掉的。我常想:越怕出“事儿”越出“事儿”,敢于斗争就是胜利。“掉下树叶来怕砸着脑袋”,“走路怕踩死蚂蚁”,那样的人还能干革命?
十多年来斗争生活过惯了,斗争成了我一种最大的精神愉快。一没“事儿”压住头,就闷的慌,没精打彩,没意思。干起工作来,几天几夜不睡也不困。
遇上“事儿”要豁上干
一九六三年闹洪水,有的人说:“完了。”我说:“干哪!”我越遇上“事儿”吃得越多,豁上干,不能豁上不干。那年抗住了洪水。旧社会里说:“认命”,“认倒霉”,那是迷信,是旧的处世哲学,不能听那一套。危急的时候,越是豁上不干,“事儿”就越大,也就彻底完了;越是豁上干,“不怕死了还怕什么?”有一分力气拼一分力气,就能转危为安,至少也少损失。
胆子大,泰山也不怕,胆子小,一块砖头也吓倒。“胆大漂洋过海,胆小寸步难行”,干革命就要有胆量,只能压住困难,不能叫困难吓住。
出“事儿”以前,先进攻,干革命就要进攻
在阶级斗争中,一些走资本主义道路的人欺软怕硬。我们不光不能怕,还要争取主动,跑在他们前头,“事儿”还没出来,就先提出问题,向他们进攻。原先,一项工作下来,走资本主义道路的人总是唱对台戏,搞破坏。以后,我有经验了,每有新的工作、新的任务,就先在会上警告他们,揭破他们的花招。这样他们就老实一点了。
六、为什么我不怕得罪人?
要说在村里当干部得罪人,得看得罪什么人,得罪阶级敌人是应该的。对于自己人,尽量不伤害感情,少得罪人。怎样才能少得罪人呢?我的体会是:
越怕得罪人,得罪的人越多
办事情就要顾一头,一边倒。顾社会主义这一头,往贫农下中农这边倒。为人民干革命,不会人人都叫好,月亮那么明,作贼的还反对呢!怕得罪人,说什么“为一个人一条路,得罪一个人一堵墙”,“出头的椽子先烂”,是个人主义思想。我是为公得罪人,不是为私得罪人,所以我不怕。
在处理国家、集体和个人的关系的时候,向党向国家说实话,就得罪资本主义思想严重的人;不得罪他们,就害党害国家,得罪了人民;在集体里,对损害集体利益的事不管,就会得罪广大贫农下中农。
越管得不坚决,得罪的人越多
我对违犯制度,侵犯集体利益的人,管早、管小、管严。一个人开了个坏头,就会有十个八个的跟上来。管早了,把坏事儿的苗子管住,成不了事儿。管严了,不给有资本主义思想的人钻空子,得罪人反而少。
越管得不公,得罪的人越多
身教重于言教。几百双眼睛看着咱,办事不公,众心不服,就得罪大多数人;管必管好,一步一个脚印,处理一个问题就是一个样板,榜样最有说服力。
每次发放赈济,那些走资本主义道路的“小精人”,在会上研究了赈济对象以后,半夜里砸开人家的门:“我给你解决了救济款。吕玉兰不同意……”这种惯于耍手腕的人,自以为掌握了群众,其实,不过象毛主席说的:“一切狡猾的人,不照科学态度办事的人,自以为得计,自以为很聪明,其实都是最蠢的,都是没有好结果的。”他们拿着国家救济款去买“好”,这样的
“好”是不长久的,回过头来人家就会想:“你跟我有私,就跟别人有弊,不能相信你。”
七、为什么我团结人不怕“吃碰”?
没把阶级兄弟团结好,是自己第一个不对
倪修礼是贫农,十几岁参军抗日,为革命流血奋斗,过去我们不团结,第一是对他照顾不够;第二,他是复员军人,我向他学习不够,没有好好依靠他。
看到自己不对,感到很痛心,虚心检查自己,就有团结的诚意了。我想:“团结他,就是克服我身上的缺点,改正我身上的毛病,过去我不对了,今后不能再不对。”
怕“吃碰”放弃团结,自己爱面子也是不对
我还想,能不能团结同志,不是一个人的问题,是能不能团结群众大多数的问题,是能否接好革命班的大事情。团结的任务越艰巨,越能锻炼我,我把团结当做“大山”,用“愚公移山”的精神就行了。
多团结一个同志,革命就增加一分力量。团结同志是在阶级斗争中争夺人的问题。我为革命团结人,不怕“吃碰”。
说话他不听,是自己帮助人的方法不对头
有几次跟他谈话,谈不通,就想,这人居功骄傲,看不起我,听不进别人的话去,不跟他谈了。又一想:“求进步的人好检讨自己,不求进步的人好埋怨别人”。应该首先检讨自己,我说话,为什么他不听?是我的责任。不是他不明白道理,是工作还没做到家,是我没把道理说透,是我的方法不对头。象搞试验一样,把团结人当成一项严肃的工作来做,失败一次就找一次教训,吃一次“碰”就检讨一次。
从生活上关心他,用阶级感情感动他。先感情交融,再思想交流。等对方脑子不“崩簧”的时候,再思想见面,开展批评,他就听得进去了,团结的愿望就实现了。
八、我为什么带头实干?
没有身教就很难言教
当干部要宣传教育,要做政治思想工作,每天要说很多话,人家听不听呢?关键在于身体力行。人就是这样,说的不诚,听的就不信。那年东风渠开口子,天寒水冷,我用嘴招呼,没人下水,我带头跳下水去,大家也随着下去了。
做领导工作,实干省很多劲,实干是最省力的领导。“说一千,道一万,不如带头干”。
没有实干就很难实现领导
去年抗旱打井,打不成,下井的人说:“咱这地皮不行,打不出井来。”我和党支部副书记下井干,挖成了。接着就干起来了,一连挖出好几眼井,抗旱当中起作用不小。
我就想,当领导,自己不实际干,不接触实际,就没有真知,只能人家说啥是啥,这不是领导人,而是被人领导。别看发号施令不少,实际是个传声筒。不敢闯,就很难得到经验
我十五岁上当干部,哪里来的经验,就靠一个“闯”字。
“小卒子不过河永远走直道。”有的人自己不干,专挑别人的毛病。这种人不知道:干,最多是几个指头的毛病,不干是十个指头的毛病,不干就是最大的错误。
“一回生,两回熟,事不过三”,不学不懂,不干不会。你会我不会,距离就在“学”上,差距就在干上。
党要我们当革命的促进派,鼓励我们去闯,只要按照毛主席指的方向走,该闯的就闯。在省里开会,省委领导同志嘱咐我说:“要有这股闯劲,干革命就要闯。”我记住这话,回家来又学了一遍毛主席的《实践论》。今年生产坚决不当小脚女人,坚决把粮食产量搞上去,闯出一条高产的路子来。“天大的事由地大的人去干”,不迈大步闯,就老是不能大大改变面貌。
九、为什么我不讲“人情”?
要公对公,不要私对私
旧说法:“人熟是一宝”、“人熟不讲理”。我们不能闹那一套。不能打着“公”的招牌利用职权,凭人情办事。必须按原则办事,按规定办事。不光不能把公事办成私事,我们做一切事情都要往公事上想,我们身上只有公没有私——才算大公无私。
我病了,有的同志对我照顾好,我认为他这是一种阶级感情,是对我做政治工作,我感谢他,不一定在私人方面回敬他,在工作上努力,把工作做好,以工作成绩来报答他,不能“得人一牛,还人一马”。要公对公,不要私对私。
对我好也可能对我歹
有人对你好,不一定就真好,得用阶级分析。一九六二年一个人给我送烧饼、送挂面,这是“好事”吧,实际是让我犯错误,是让我给他办事情。我说:“你越给我送东西越不好办,你要我不按政策办事,送个金山也不行。”
“拿了人家的手短,吃了人家的嘴软”。在村里仗凭职权受人家的礼物,送来送去,就把你的革命立场送掉了,礼没有白送的,送礼的人想的是送一个,得十个,受礼的人是没有不上当的。阶级敌人惯爱来这一套,我们要加倍警惕。
我在听话的时候,心里有个底,好话、坏话,要看他的目的,好不能光看对我好,要以对集体、对社会主义好为标准。
不能用私人感情理解阶级感情
我娘病了,稍一好我就去开会,有人说我对娘不孝。
这些年,我工作中遇上困难,资本主义势力斗争我,心里多难过,在爹娘面前没掉过泪,可是见了上级党委,眼泪簌簌的掉,有人对我这种感情不理解。我对他们也不理解,我觉得爹亲娘亲不如党亲,千好万好不如社会主义好。
日常里,有的人就用私情来理解公情:
比如说:“你这工作好啊!”什么好?是有名有利好,是清闲不累好,还是指的对革命贡献大好,这个“好”字里包括的是什么?我看,什么工作也好,都是为革命而干,就看做好做不好。我们干一行爱一行,不是因为个人的兴趣,是因为它是革命工作。不是革命工作,就什么也不爱。再比如:“你工作干得好,行行出状元 ”。干工作往好上干,是对革命贡献大,不是为当状元,立志不能立个人的名利志,发奋不能发个人的名利奋,要立革命的大志,立人民的大志,发革命的大奋。
在日常工作中锻炼阶级眼光
人的思想为什么不一样,过去认为这人心眼好、脾气好,认真分析,人的思想意识不在脾气好坏。一个阶级的人,急脾气的,慢脾气的,都能说到一块去。
家庭出身不同,思想上阶级烙印不同,许多社员和家庭里的不和睦,看起来是脾气不对头,实际正象李双双、孙喜旺一样,是两种思想的斗争。
十、为什么我一个心眼的突出政治?
政治时时都有,不突出这,就突出那
最近有人说我张口就是政治。拿树旗帜搞样板来说,我们大队现在开展学习“五大傻”运动。其实,样板早就有,不突出社会主义的样板,就突出资本主义思想“小精人”的样板。前几年开小片荒,村里有几个人开得多,个人收得粮食多,就成了一些人“学赶”的对象。
社会上政治真空是没有的,无产阶级的政治风气不浓,走亲串门,街谈巷议,为个人打小算盘的风气就兴起来。在地里干活歇畔,你不学毛主席著作,他就会议论谁吃得好,谁穿得好,谁挣得多。
社会主义和资本主义是两套马车,一个往东,一个往西,都有赶车的、帮套的,你不把人们往社会主义道上领,就有人坐资本主义车上西去。
抓人抓思想最实际,抓虚不虚,光抓实际不实际
没有强调突出政治以前,我也是习惯于抓实不抓虚,一研究工作就是积多少肥、打多少井、增多少产、植多少树、搞什么副业,不研究人的政治思想。参加省里学习毛主席著作积极分子大会,听解放军“红九连”的报告,人家解放军做什么工作先想到人,“办事先管人,管人先管心,管心先知心”,我回来决心照着办了以后,很有成效。
什么事都是人干的,人是根本,人的思想是根本。要狠狠抓人的因素,抓活的思想,学会深入细致地做思想工作。
如何做思想工作?如何个别谈话?
个别谈话,不要光说人,也叫人家说说自己,要有来有往,互相交心。提高了人家,也提高了自己,这有什么不好的呢?
“话不投机半句多”,说话先挂钩,启发自觉,促使个人思想打架,内因起作用。“一笔画不成龙,一锨挖不成井”。什么病用什么药,急于求成反倒坏事。
抓自己的学习,才能领导群众学习
毛主席在《实践论》里教导,要虚心体察情况,这个“体”字,我的领会是反反正正的想,干部常想:“假如我是社员”,下级常想:“假如我是领导”,这样互相体察,上下左右的事就好办了。
我领导群众学习毛主席著作,首先自己抓紧学,一个是起带头作用,一个是体会如何带着阶级感情学,如何带着问题学,读了哪些话在思想上起作用大,然后再研究群众的学习情况。
思想改造是看不到的,不虚心体察是发现不了的,自己抓紧跟“我”斗,才能想出教育别人跟“我”斗的点子。

(据新华社天津十六日电)
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-04-01 02:12 | 1 楼
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图片集:吕玉兰的光辉岁月

    
来源:中国红色旅游网
    
作者:江山



1966年的吕玉兰


1966年的吕玉兰


吕玉兰同志与老党员一道谋划农村发展大计.


1969年,毛主席亲切地接见吕玉兰同志.


1969年,吕玉兰同志同戎冠秀合影.


1970年,朝鲜劳动党总书记共和国首相金日成接见中国代表团.

(左五为金日成同志,左三为吕玉兰同志)


毛主席,周总理,董必武接见吕玉兰等.


1972年,吕玉兰在田间种地.


"永远向老贫农学习!"(1972年)


阿尔巴尼亚人民领袖接见到阿访问的中国青年代表团团长吕玉兰同志.


吕玉兰当了临西县委第一书记后,

仍然经常参加农业生产劳动.

图为她在参加县水利工程劳动.(1973年)


吕玉兰在韶山.(1974年)


棉田里的"结婚照".(1974.10.3)


当了河北省委书记的吕玉兰仍然不忘劳动.(1974年)

  

"书记教我种棉花."(1975年)



吕玉兰与农民亲切交谈.(1976年)


在全国人代会上与老劳模吴吉昌(左一)等在一起.(1977年)




吕玉兰与陈永贵,刘子厚一道在农村视察.(1978年)


吕玉兰画作---"洁"(玉兰花).




吕玉兰纪念馆座落在临西县东留善固村.图为馆中的吕玉兰汉白玉全身塑像.


参观吕玉兰纪念馆.


吕玉兰故居座落在临西县东留善固村.


吕玉兰故居内存放的吕玉兰当年使用过的劳动工具.


东留善固村的玉兰学校原天津市人大主任闫达开为学校题词.


吕玉兰同志逝世后,家乡人民用各种方式纪念她.图为临西县长鞠朝武为县城"玉兰路"揭牌.
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