Sino-Zambian Friendship: President Kaunda Visits China
Sino-Zambian Friendship: President Kaunda Visits China
Sino-Zambian Friendship: President Kaunda Visits China
President Kaunda Visits China
Source: Peking Review, No. 27, June 30, 1967
President K.D. Kaunda of the Republic of Zam-bin arrived in China on a stale visit at the invitation of Premier Chou En-lai at a time when China's great proletarian cultural revolution has won great victories. When he arrived in Peking by special plane on the afternoon of June 21, he was given a rousing welcome by hundreds of thousands of revolutionary people of all walks of life in the capital.
Among those present at the airport to welcome him were Premier Chou En-lai, Li Fu-chun, Chen Yi, Li Hsien-nien, Hsieh Fu-chih, Teng Ying-chao, Kuo Mo-jo, Liu Ning-i and other leading comrades.
As President Kaunda and his wife alighted from their plane amid the throb of drums and the crash of gongs. Premier Chou, Teng Ying-chao and other leaders stepped forward and gave a warm plane-side greeting to their Zambian guests. A squad of young Red Guards rushed up, presented the guests with copies of Quotations From Chairman Mao Tse-tung and recited in unison a quotation from Chairman Mao: "The Chinese people regard the victory in the anti-imperialist struggle of the people of Asia. Africa and Latin America as their own victory and warmly sympathize with and support all their anti-imperialist and anti-colonialist struggles."
Among those accompanying President Kaunda on his visit to China were E.H.K. Mudenda. Minister of Agriculture; H.D. Banda. Minister of Co-operatives. Youth and Social Development: J.H. Monga. Minister of State for the Barotse Province: and A. Chnlikulima. Assistant to the Minister of State for the Western Province.
After the band played the national anthems of Zambia and China, President Kaunda, accompanied by Premier Chou, reviewed a guard of honour made up of units of the land, navy and air forces of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, people's militia and Red Guards.
Then President Kaunda walked up to the welcoming crowd, and the people shouted lustily as they waved their copies of Quotations From Chairman Mao Tse-tung; "Welcome President Kaunda!" "Long live the friendship between the Chinese and Zambian peoples!" "Resolutely support the national-liberation struggle of the Asian, African and Latin American peoples!" "Resolutely support the anti-imperialist struggle of the African people!" "Down with imperialism headed by the United States!" "Down with modern revisionism!" "Long live the unity of the Asian and African peoples!" "Long live the great proletarian cultural revolution!" "Long live the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung!" "Long live our great leader Chairman Mao! A long, long life to him!" Their cheers expressed the high political enthusiasm and the noble spirit of internationalism of the Chinese people who have been tempered in the great proletarian cultural revolution.
After being presented with bouquets of flowers at the airport. President Kaunda and his party left for the State Guest House in the company of Premier Chou. The passage of their motorcade was marked by rolling shouts of welcome and thunder of slogans and the sound of drums and gongs. On Tien An Men Square, an army of artists from the Chinese People's Liberation Army, the Middle School Red Guard Congress organizations and other revolutionary mass organizations of cultural troupes, performed for their Zambian friends brand-new revolutionary songs and dances created during the great proletarian cultural revolution.
Premier Chou's Banquet Speech
That evening at the Great Hall of the People Premier Chou gave a grand banquet in honour of President Kaunda, his wife and members of his party.
In his banquet speech Premier Chou said: "At the time of the great victories of the unprecedented, great proletarian cultural revolution in our country, Your Excellency Mr. President and Madame Kaunda have come to our country for a friendly visit, bringing with you new friendship from the Zambian people as well as the people of Africa. First of all, allow me, on behalf of Chairman Mao Tse-tung and Vice-Chairman Lin Piao and in my own name, to express heartfelt thanks and warm welcome to Your Excellency Mr. President and Madame Kaunda and all the other Zambian friends."
He said: "The Republic of Zambia has since its founding scored marked achievements in consolidating national independence. In international affairs, Zambia has pursued a foreign policy of non-alignment, opposed imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, the Rhodesian colonial authorities, and supported Zimbabwe and other African brothers in their struggle to win and safeguard national independence."
Premier Chou reiterated: "The Chinese Government and people resolutely support the just struggles of the people of Zambia and Zimbabwe. We firmly believe that the Rhodesian colonial authorities propped up by U.S. and British imperialism will surely be overthrown and that final victory will surely belong to the people of Zambia and Zimbabwe."
Continuing, Premier Chou said: "We are glad to see the growing national awakening of the African people. Confronted with the counter-revolutionary dual tactics of imperialism, the African people have stood the test and emerged even stronger than before." "The great leader of the Chinese people Chairman Mao teaches us: “All reactionaries are paper tigers. In appearance, the reactionaries are terrifying, but in reality they are not so powerful. From a long-term point of view, it is not the reactionaries but the people who are really powerful. A genuinely independent new Africa without imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism is bound to arise."
Premier Chou strongly condemned U.S. imperialism for instigating and supporting Israel, in league with British imperialism and working with Soviet revisionism, in launching a large-scale war of aggression against the United Arab Republic, Syria, Jordan and other Arab states. He warmly praised the great victories, victories of great strategic significance won by the Vietnamese people in their struggle against U.S. aggression and for national salvation. He pointed out that U.S. imperialism was a paper tiger and could certainly be defeated. He said: "To whatever extent U.S. imperialism escalates and expands its war of aggression, the Chinese people are resolved to support the Vietnamese people in carrying their great struggle against U.S. aggression and for national salvation through to the end!'' Premier Chou strongly denounced Soviet revisionism for catering to the needs of U.S. imperialism and helping the latter in a big way.
Premier Chou declared: "The great proletarian cultural revolution initiated and led personally by our great leader Chairman Mao has in the past year and more brought about a great earth-shaking change in our political life and mental outlook. This great revolution is vigorously promoting the revolutionization of our people's thinking, further emancipating the productive forces of society and thus accelerating the building of our country into a great socialist power. Four days ago, the smooth, successful explosion of China's first hydrogen bomb is another great victory for the invincible thought of Mao Tse-tung as well as another splendid achievement of the world-shaking great proletarian cultural revolution."
Premier Chou paid warm tribute to the militant friendship between the peoples of China and Zambia. He said that the present visit to China by President Kaunda and the other Zambian friends will add a new chapter to the relations of friendship and co-operation between the two countries. "We firmly believe that in the common struggle to oppose imperialism, colonialism and neo-colonialism and to strengthen Afro-Asian solidarity, the Chinese and Zambian peoples will get further united," he declared.
President Kaunda's Speech
In his banquet speech, President Kaunda expressed profound and sincere appreciation and gratitude for the tremendous reception given to his party by the Chinese people. He said: "This spontaneous response is great, it is most touching; it is truly friendly. It is my pleasure in return to say that I have brought to you and the people of China warm and friendly greetings from the people of Zambia."
President Kaunda warmly congratulated China on the successful explosion of its hydrogen bomb. He said that this great victory of China was a great achievement for a great nation and that it had ushered the People's Republic of China into a completely new era in playing her role in the preservation of international peace and security. He added that it was hardly possible for him to support a position in international affairs in which the destiny of mankind would be entirely in the hands of one or two nations holding a monopoly of these destructive weapons. "The control of man's destiny on this earth must not be confined to the privileged or powerful few, but must remain the concern and responsibility of all nations," he declared.
He said that there were nations in this world who would have preferred to see Zambia promote friendship with minority regimes in southern Africa —- South Africa, the rebel regime of Ian Smith, and Mozambique and Angola still under Portuguese control. "However," he said, "our principles do not permit such a debasing step." “Colonialism with its twin sisters exploitation and apartheid are all incompatible with our fundamental beliefs and ideals. The minority regimes in South Africa and South West Africa, Rhodesia, Mozambique and Angola consider me and my fellow non-White human beings as less than human, and they are better and more privileged human beings. Whatever friendship is established with them, it cannot be based on honesty, equality, human dignity and mutual respect," he continued.
Turning to the Vietnam question President Kaunda said: "We believe most strongly that Vietnam belongs, in the same way as Zambia belongs to us, to the Vietnam people and that no power on earth can ever hope to crush the Vietnam people. Those who fight in Vietnam to oppress the Vietnam people must know that the Vietnam people are a people with a long background like the Chinese people of resistance to any imperialist or colonialist exploitation." lie said the Vietnamese people were bound to win.
On the question of the Middle East, President Kaunda expressed his conviction that the Arab people would win the decisive victory.
In conclusion President Kaunda said that though vast spaces of land, sea and sky He between China and Zambia, the people of the two countries were getting to know each other.
On the morning of June 22 and the afternoon of June 23 Premier Chou and President Kaunda held talks in a friendly atmosphere. On the evening of June 23 in Peking, they attended the signing of an Agreement on Economic and Technical Co-operation Between the Governments of China and Zambia. Fang Yi, Chinese Minister of the Commission for Economic Relations With Foreign Countries, and Arthur N.L. Wina, Zambian Minister of Finance, signed the agreement on behalf of their respective Governments.
While in Peking President Kaunda toured the Sino-Vietnam Friendship People's Commune, attended a performance of the revolutionary ballet The White-Haired Girl, visited a unit of the Chinese People's Liberation Army under the Peking Military Command, and also the Peking Normal University.
The diplomatic envoys to China of the African countries of the U.A.R., Algeria, Guinea, Mali, the Congo (B), Tanzania and Kenya, at a banquet given by them at noon on June 24 wished President Kaunda, his wife and party, success in their current visit to China and expressed the hope that the friendship and co-operation between Zambia and China would develop.
A toast was proposed by President Kaunda at the banquet.
Premier Chou En-lai, speaking after Zakaria El-Adly Imam, the U.A.R. Ambassador to China, and President Kaunda, again sharply condemned U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism for making use of the United Nations for large-scale collaboration and reiterated that the U.N. must correct all its past mistakes, and must be thoroughly reorganized and transformed. (See p.7.)
On the evening of June 24, President Kaunda and his wife gave a return banquet in Peking, which was attended by Premier Chou En-lai, Vice-Premiers of the State Council Li Fu-chun, Chen Yi, Li Hsien-nien, Hsieh Fu-chih, and Vice-Chairmen of the National People's Congress Standing Committee Kuo Mo-jo and Liu Ning-I.
In his banquet speech, President Kaunda first of all expressed his heartfelt thanks to the Chinese Government and people for the most cordial hospitality extended in a most fraternal spirit to him and his party during their stay in Peking.
Regretting that the world knew too little about China, President Kaunda said: '"Not knowing China, it is not possible to appreciate and understand fully the motive force behind this great nation, the great potential for its future development, its great successes in recent years in economic, social and technological development."
He said that his visit to the Sino-Vietnam Friendship People's Commune on June 22 was "an eye-opener to the successes the Chinese Government and people had made in the current agrarian revolution." Highly appraising the spirit of self-reliance of the Chinese people, President Kaunda said: "China's advancement in industry and technology is most impressive."
Although China and Zambia were thousands of miles apart, he said, there were several similarities between them. He declared that they were determined, with unflinching effort, to fight imperialism and neocolonialism wherever they rear their heads, and that they would carry on this struggle to victory. He condemned the British and Portuguese colonialists for their policies of colonialism and racial discrimination in South Africa, South West Africa, Rhodesia, Angola, and Mozambique.
President Kaunda concluded his speech with a tribute to Chairman Mao Tse-tung, the great leader of the Chinese people, for his vital role and untiring efforts in the liberation and emancipation of the people of his great country. Chairman Mao's wise leadership, he went on, has done a lot to make China what it was today, self-reliant, united and confident.
Referring to the fruitful visit of President Kaunda, Premier Chou En-lai in his speech said: "Our two sides have exchanged views on international issues of common interest and have thus greatly enhanced our mutual understanding. We have had friendly and cordial talks on the question of further developing relations between our two countries, and have achieved satisfactory results. We have signed an agreement on economic and technical co-operation between China and Zambia. All this fully shows that the visit of His Excellency the President has not only opened a new stage in the development of friendly relations and co-operation between China and Zambia, but has also made new contributions to the cause of unity among the Asian and African peoples."
The Chinese Government, Premier Chou went on, had developed friendly relations with Zambia and other African countries in strict accordance with the Five Principles guiding (he Chinese Government in its relations with the African countries and the Eight Principles guiding the Chinese Government in providing foreign countries with economic and technical aid. This visit of President Kaunda had greatly furthered our friendly relations and co-operation based on the above principles.
Premier Chou also denounced the British Government and the British authorities in Hongkong for a whole series of brutal acts of mass repression against our patriotic countrymen. (See p. 25.)
Accompanied by Premier Chou, President Kaunda and his entourage left Peking on the morning of June 25 to visit Shanghai where the President and his wife and other Zambian friends accompanied either by Premier Chou En-lai, Vice-Foreign Minister Hsu Yi-hsin, or Chin Li-chen, Chinese Ambassador to Zambia, visited the Shanghai No. 31 Cotton Textile Mill, the Shanghai No. 1 Steel Mill and the Shanghai industrial exhibition. Everywhere they were warmly welcomed by the revolutionary masses.
The Shanghai Municipal Revolutionary Committee gave a grand banquet in honour of President Kaunda, his wife and party on the evening of June 25.
Leaving Shanghai for home by special plane that same evening, President Kaunda carried with him the profound friendship of the Chinese people for the Zambian people. Premier Chou En-lai and thousands of revolutionary people of all walks of life in Shanghai were at the airport to give them a rousing send-off.
Source: Peking Review, No. 27, June 30, 1967
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