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 "Combat Self-interest, Criticize and Repudiate Revisionism" Is the Fundamental Principle

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"Combat Self-interest, Criticize and Repudiate Revisionism" Is the Fundamental Principle of The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

Source: Peking Review, No. 42 (October 13, 1967), pp. 14-15.
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


It is imperative to combat self-interest and criticize and repudiate revisionism." Our great leader Chairman Mao recently gave this great fighting call to the workers, peasants, commanders and fighters of the People's Liberation Army, young Red Guard fighters, revolutionary cadres and revolutionary intellectuals throughout the country.

Comrade Lin Piao, Chairman Mao's close comrade in arms, passing on this latest instruction of Chairman Mao at the rally celebrating the 18th anniversary of the founding of the People'-Republic of China, pointed out: "By combating self-interest, we mean using Marxism-Leninism, Mao Tse-tung's thought to fight selfish ideas in one's own mind. By criticizing and repudiating revisionism, we mean using Marxism-Leninism, Mao Tse-tung's thought to combat revisionism and struggle against the handful of Party persons in authority taking the capitalist road. These two tasks are interrelated. Only when we have done a good job of eradicating selfish ideas, can we do better in carrying through to the end the struggle against revisionism."

   In a highly incisive and scientific way, the phrase "combating self-interest and criticizing and repudiating revisionism" summarizes the basic content of the great proletarian cultural revolution and of "criticism and repudiation of the bourgeoisie" during the entire historical period of socialism. This is a fundamental principle in ensuring the complete and thoroughgoing victory of China's great proletarian cultural revolution. It is a fundamental principle for preventing the restoration of capitalism, and for strengthening and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat and turning the whole country into a great, red school of Mao Tse-tung's thought.
 The proletariat's seizure of political power from the bourgeoisie can be completed within a relatively short period. Nor does it require a very long time to overthrow ownership by the exploiting classes. But it takes an extremely long time to eliminate the old ideology handed down by the exploiting classes over thousands of years and to remold people's souls with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Tse-tung's thought.
   It is a consistently established concept of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Tse-tung's thought, that thinking has its source in matter. Social ideology originates in social being, in the economic base of society, in the system of ownership in society. Man's social being determines his thinking. But thinking in turn plays a tremendous and dynamic role or, under certain conditions, a decisive role, in the development of the politics and economy of a given society. The old ideology, which reflects the demands of the exploiting classes, serves the old economic base and hampers social development. The new ideology, which reflects the demands of the advanced class, serves the new economic base and promotes and accelerates social progress. Once advanced ideas are grasped by the masses, these ideas turn into a powerful material force which promotes social progress. Therefore, we must make great efforts to destroy the old ideology and foster the new.
 In what does the oldness of the old ideology of the exploiting classes lie? It lies essentially in "self-interest," which means looking at the world from the viewpoint of everything for one's self, for self-interest. The selfishness of the exploiting classes is natural soil for the growth of capitalism, an important factor that generates revisionism, an ideological virus that disintegrates the socialist publicly-owned economy and subverts the dictatorship of the proletariat.
 This explains why it is necessary to start a great political and ideological revolution to consolidate and strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat and prevent the restoration of capitalism. The current great proletarian cultural revolution, initiated and led by Chairman Mao himself, is a revolution against revisionism and all old ideas. It is a revolution to remold people to their very souls, to revolutionize their thinking. That is why in the course of this revolution, we must "combat self-interest and criticize and repudiate revisionism."
 Every proletarian revolutionary, every revolutionary comrade, must regard himself both as a motive force and a target of the revolution; we must act both as the vanguard in criticizing and repudiating revisionism and as a shock force in combating self-interest. If we do not combat self-interest and make revolution against ourselves, we cannot do a good job of criticizing and repudiating revisionism; we may become blind to what is revisionist or even fall into the quagmire of revisionism. Conversely, only by taking an active part in the battle to criticize and repudiate revisionism can we reach into the very depths of our souls and relentlessly combat self-interest.
 In organizing study classes for the education of cadres and the masses, it is of prime importance to study Chairman Mao's Works diligently, conscientiously and creatively, taking into consideration the various problems which have presented themselves and the ideas current in people's minds in the course of the great proletarian cultural revolution. We must adhere to Chairman Mao's consistent teachings, use the formula "unity—criticism and self-criticism—unity," rely on the masses and let the masses educate themselves. The principal way of correcting our own shortcomings and mistakes is through self-criticism to destroy self-interest and promote devotion to the public interest and by summing up experience and accepting the resulting lessons. This study should enable our old and new cadres and young revolutionary fighters to reach a higher ideological and political level, forge a new unity on the basis of Mao Tse-tung's thought and Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and give new meritorious service to the people in the course o| "combating self-interest and criticizing and repudiating revisionism."

People's Daily (October 6, 1967).
[ 此帖被行者在2009-09-14 09:54重新编辑 ]
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-16 03:56 | [楼 主]
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人民日报1967.10.06第2版

“斗私,批修”是无产阶级文化大革命的根本方针


    我们的伟大领袖毛主席,最近向全国的工人、农民、人民解放军指战员、红卫兵小将、革命干部和革命的知识分子,发出了伟大的战斗号召:要斗私,批修。
    毛主席的亲密战友林彪同志,在中华人民共和国成立十八周年庆祝大会上,传达了毛主席的这个最新指示。林彪同志指出:“斗私,就是用马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想同自己头脑里的‘私’字作斗争。批修,就是用马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想去反对修正主义,去同党内一小撮走资本主义道路的当权派作斗争。这两件事情是互相联系的,只有很好地斗掉了‘私’字,才能更好地把反修斗争进行到底。”
    “斗私,批修”,很精辟、很科学地概括了无产阶级文化大革命的基本内容,概括了整个社会主义历史时期“批判资产阶级”的基本内容。它是保证我国无产阶级文化大革命取得全面彻底胜利的根本方针,是防止资本主义复辟、加强和巩固无产阶级专政、把全国办成红彤彤的毛泽东思想大学校的根本方针。
    无产阶级从资产阶级手里夺取政权,可以在比较短的时间内完成。推翻剥削阶级的所有制,时间也不需要很长。但是,要消灭剥削阶级几千年遗留下来的旧的思想体系,用马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想改造人们的灵魂,却需要很长很长的时间。
    马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想一贯认为,思想是从物质来的。社会意识是从社会的存在来的,从社会的经济基础、社会的占有制度来的。人们的社会存在,决定人们的思想。但是,思想,反转来,对社会政治经济的发展起巨大的能动作用,在一定条件下,起决定的作用。反映剥削阶级要求的旧思想,是为旧的经济基础服务的,对社会的发展起着阻碍作用。反映先进阶级要求的新思想,是为新的经济基础服务的,对社会的发展起促进、加速的作用。先进的思想一旦为群众所掌握,就会变成推动社会发展的强大的物质力量。所以,我们必须大破旧思想,大立新思想。
    剥削阶级的旧思想旧在哪里?最本质的,是旧在一个“私”字上,就是从为自己、为“私”的观点来看世界。剥削阶级的利己主义,是滋长资本主义的天然土壤,是产生修正主义的重大因素,是瓦解社会主义公有经济和颠覆无产阶级专政的思想毒菌。
    修正主义,是资产阶级旧的思想体系在工人阶级内部最集中的代表者和最顽固的维护者。隐藏在无产阶级专政机构内部的党内一小撮走资本主义道路的当权派,就是一些披着马克思列宁主义外衣,而实际上企图变无产阶级专政为资产阶级专政的修正主义分子。
    这就说明,要巩固和加强无产阶级专政,防止资本主义复辟,就必须开展政治思想的大革命。毛主席亲自发动和领导的这场无产阶级文化大革命,就是革修正主义的命,革一切旧思想的命,就是改造人的灵魂,就是要实现人的思想革命化。因此,在无产阶级文化大革命中,我们一定要“斗私,批修”。
    当前,无产阶级文化大革命已经取得了决定性的胜利。为了把这场大革命进行到底,就必须紧跟毛主席的伟大战略部署,发动亿万群众,以毛泽东思想为武器,更广泛、更深刻地开展革命的大批判,把以中国赫鲁晓夫为首的党内一小撮走资本主义道路当权派,从政治上、思想上、理论上批倒批臭,在革命的大批判中,结合本单位的斗批改,巩固和发展革命的大联合、革命的三结合,彻底肃清在各个方面的修正主义流毒。为了把无产阶级文化大革命进行到底,还必须用毛泽东思想克服我们队伍中的无政府主义、小团体主义、宗派主义、个人主义和实用主义,扫除妨碍政治斗争任务完成的各种非无产阶级思想。
    我们每一个无产阶级革命派,每一个革命同志,既要把自己当作革命的一份动力,又应当把自己看作革命的对象;既要做批修的先锋,又要做斗私的闯将。如果不斗私,不革自己的命,那么,批修也是搞不好的,而且可能会被修正主义的东西所蒙蔽,甚至跌入修正主义的泥坑。同样,也只有积极地投入批修的战斗,才能深刻地触及灵魂,狠狠地斗私。
    林彪同志指出:“我们要响应毛主席的伟大号召,用‘斗私,批修’这四个字为纲,加强对军队干部、地方干部和红卫兵的思想教育。要开办各种学习班,中央办,地方办,各个革命群众组织也可以办,把全国办成毛泽东思想的大学校。”
    开办学习班,教育干部,教育群众,头等重要的事,是要带着无产阶级文化大革命中的各种问题、各种活思想,刻苦地、认真地活学活用毛主席著作。要根据毛主席历来的教导,运用“团结——批评和自我批评——团结”的公式,依靠群众自己教育自己。对自己的缺点错误,主要采取自我批评的方法,破私立公,总结经验,接受教训,加以改正。通过学习,使我们的老干部、新干部和革命小将,提高思想政治水平,在毛泽东思想和毛主席的无产阶级革命路线的基础上达到新的团结,在“斗私,批修”中为人民立新功。
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-09-14 09:41 | 1 楼
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