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 President Nixon Concludes Visit to China

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President Nixon Concludes Visit to China

Source: Peking Review, No. 9, March 3, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


  Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States of America, Mrs. Nixon and the presidential party left Shanghai for home by special plane on the morning of February 28 after concluding their week-long visit to the People's Republic of China.
  Chou En-lai, Premier of the State Council, Chang Chun-chiao, Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Revolutionary Committee, Foreign Minister Chi Peng-iei, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Chiao Kuan-hua and others were at the airport to see them off.

Talks and Joint Communique

On February 27. the day before President Nixon left China, the Chinese and U.S. sides reached agreement on joint communique in Shanghai. The day President Nixon departed from Shanghai, Premier Chou En-lai held the last round of talks with him. Foreign Minister Chi Peng-fei and Secretary of State William Rogers also held talks.
Earlier, Premier Chou En-lai and President Nixon had held six rounds of talks from February 21 to 26 in Peking. Taking part in the first and sixth rounds of talks on the U.S. side were Secretary of State William Rogers, Dr. Henry Kissinger, Ronald L. Ziegler, Marshall Green, John A. Seal; Alfred Le S. Jenkins, John Holdridge, Winston Lord and others. Taking part in the talks on the Chinese side were Vice-Chairman of the Military Commission Yeh Chien-ying, Vice-Premier Li Hsien-nien, Foreign Minister Chi Peng-fei, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Chiao Kuan-hua, Hsiung Hsiang-hui, Chang Wen-chin, Han Hsu, Wang Hai-jung, Peng Hua and others. Taking part in the second, third and fourth rounds of talks on the U.S. side were Dr. Henry Kissinger, John Holdridge and Winston Lord and on the Chinese side Chiao Kuan-hua, Chang Wen-chin, Wang Hai-jung, Chao Chi-hua and interpreters Tang Wen-sheng and Chi Chao-chu. Taking part in the fifth round of talks on the U.S. side were Dr. Henry Kissinger, John Holdridge and Winston Lord and on the Chinese side Chiao Kuan-hua, Chang Wen-chin, Chao Chi-hua and interpreters Tang Wen-sheng and Chi Chao-chu. Foreign Minister Chi Peng-fei and Secretary of State William Rogers held four rounds of talks in Peking from February 22 to 25.
  During their stay in Peking. President and Mrs. Nixon also made visits and watched performances. On February  22.  accompanied  by  Premier Chou En-lai, Comrade Chiang Ching, Vice- Premier Li Ilsien-nien, Vice-Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Kuo Mo-jo, Comrade Teng Ying-chao, Foreign Minister Chi Peng-fei and others, they saw the modern revolutionary ballet The Red Detachment of Women. The following day, accompanied by Premier Chou En-lai, Vice-Chairman Yeh Chien-ying and others, they attended a sports exhibition. On February 24, accompanied by Vice-Premier Li Hsien-nien, Foreign Minister Chi Peng-fei and others, they visited the Great Wall and Ting Ling, one of the Ming tombs northwest of Peking. Accompanied by Vice-Chairman Yeh Chien-ying and others, they visited the next day the Palace Museum and an exhibition of cultural relics discovered during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.
  Mrs. Nixon also visited the Evergreen People's Commune, the Peking Glassware Factory, the Peking Children's Hospital and the Summer Palace, went to see pandas in the Peking Zoo, and visited the kitchen of Peking Hotel.

President and Mrs. Nixon Give Reciprocal Banquet

  President and Mrs. Nixon gave a reciprocal banquet in the banquet hall of the Great Hall of the People on the evening of February 25.
  Attending the banquet on invitation were Premier Chou En-lai, Yeh Chien-ying, Li Hsien-nien and his wife Lin Chia-mei, Kuo Mo-jo, Ngapo Ngawang-Jigme, Fu Tso-yi, Chi Peng-fei and his wife Hsu Han-ping, Chiao Kuan-hua, and Wu Teh. Also present were leading members of Chinese government departments, the Chinese People's Liberation Army, the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee and news organizations in the Chinese capital and Members of the N.P.C. Standing Committee, Members of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the C.P.P.C.C., Members of the C.P.P.C.C. National Committee and personages from various circles.
  In his toast, President Nixon, on behalf of Mrs. Nixon and all the members of the U.S. official party, expressed deep appreciation for the hospitality extended to them by the Chinese side.
  Speaking of the Great Wall of China, President Nixon said: "As I walked along the wall, I thought of the sacrifices that went into building it; I thought of what it showed about the determination of the Chinese people who retained their independence throughout their long history; I thought about the fact that the wall tells us that China has a great history and that the people who built this wonder of the world also have a great future."
  The Great Wall is "a reminder that for almost a generation there has been a wall between the People's Republic of China and the United States of America. In these past four days we have begun the long process of removing that wall between us. We begin our talks, recognizing that we have great differences between us, but we are determined that those differences not prevent us from living together in peace," President Nixon continued.
  In his toast, Premier Chou En-lai, on behalf of all his Chinese colleagues present and in his own name, expressed appreciation to President and Mrs. Nixon for inviting them to the banquet. Premier Chou said: "In the past few days. President Nixon met Chairman Mao Tsetung, and our two sides held a number of further talks in which we exchanged views on the normalization of relations between China and the United States and on other questions of concern to the two sides. There exist great differences of principle between our two sides. Through earnest and frank discussions a clearer knowledge of each other's position and stand has been gained. This has been beneficial to both sides."
  Premier Chou said: "The times are advancing and the world changing. We are deeply convinced that the strength of the people is powerful, and that whatever zigzags and reverses there will be in the development of history, the general trend of the world is definitely towards light and not darkness."
  He continued: "It is the common desire of the Chinese and American peoples to enhance their mutual understanding and friendship and promote the normalization of relations between China and the United States. The Chinese Government and people will work unswervingly towards this goal."
  Before the banquet. President and Mrs. Nixon and other American guests had separate photographs taken with Chinese leaders and personages from various circles at the banquet.
  President and Mrs. Nixon and the presidential party, accompanied by Premier Chou En-lai and others, left Peking by special plane on February 26 to visit Hangchow and Shanghai. Peking Airport flew the national flags of China and the United States. The band played the national anthems of the United States and China. Then, President Nixon, accompanied by Premier Chou En-lai, reviewed a guard of honour made up of men of the three services of the Chinese People's Liberation Army.
 Yeh Chien-ying, Li Hsien-nien and his wife Lin Chia-mei, Kuo Mo-jo and Wu Teh were at the airport to see them off. Also present at the airport were Members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and leading members of government departments, the Chinese People's Liberation Army, the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee and other organizations concerned.

In Hangchow and Shanghai

  In Hangchow, President and Mrs. Nixon and the presidential party went on an excursion on the West Lake. Mrs. Nixon also visited the Lingyin Monastery. The American guests attended a banquet given by Nan Ping, Chairman of the Chekiang Provincial Revolutionary Committee. In his toast. Chairman Nan Ping said that the redwood trees President Nixon presented to the Chinese people had been planted in Hangchow. He expressed the hope that these trees will grow sturdily as a symbol of friendship between the Chinese and American peoples.
  While in Shanghai, President and Mrs. Nixon and the presidential party saw the Shanghai Industrial Exhibition. Mrs. Nixon also went to the Shanghai Children's Palace. The American guests attended a banquet given by Chang Chun-chiao, Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Revolutionary Committee.
  In his toast, Chairman Chang Chun-chiao welcomed the American guests and conveyed the good wishes of Shanghai's people to the great American people.
  He said: During his current visit to China, President Nixon met with Chairman "Mao Tsetung, and held a number of talks with Premier Chou En-lai. The two sides earnestly and frankly exchanged views on the normalization of relations between China and the United States and on other matters of interest to both sides.
We Shanghai people, like the rest of the Chinese people, welcome this positive move which conforms with the common desire of the Chinese and American peoples. We are glad that the Chinese and U.S. sides, after consultations during these days, reached agreement on a joint communique in Shanghai.
  He said: Shanghai is a city where the Chinese people have more contacts with people of other countries. In the 23 years since its liberation in 1949, the city has undergone a fundamental change. Initial success has been achieved in transforming and building the city into an integrated socialist industrial base of China. This is only the first step in a 10,000-U long march. The city's industry is not too advanced at present and is rather backward in certain aspects. There are heavier and more arduous tasks ahead for us to accomplish. Under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, the working class and the entire people of Shanghai are continuing to work hard along the road of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts," as indicated by Chairman Mao Tsetung.
  In his toast, President Nixon reviewed his week's visit in China. He said: We have, today, seen the progress of modern times. We have seen the matchless wonders of ancient times. We have seen also the beauty of the countryside, the vibrancy of a great city, Shanghai. All of this we have enjoyed enormously. What was most important was the fact that we had the opportunity to have talks with Chairman Mao, with Prime Minister Chou En-lai, with the Foreign Minister and other people in the government.
  He said: The joint communique which we have issued summarizes the results of our talks. Our communique indicates, as it should, some areas of difference. It also indicates some areas of agreement.
  He said: What we will do in the years ahead is to build a bridge across 16,000 miles and 22 years of hostility. And because the Chinese people and the American people, as the Prime Minister has said,, are a great people, we can build that long bridge.
  He said: To do so requires more than the letters, the words of the communique. The letters and the words are a beginning, but the actions that follow must be in the spirit that characterized our talks.
  After the banquet, the American guests saw an acrobatic performance.
  

Source: Peking Review, No. 9, March 3, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
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