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 Peking Armymen and Civilians Warmly Hail Chairman Mao's Wise Decisions

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Peking Armymen and Civilians Warmly Hail Chairman Mao's Wise Decisions

Source: Peking Review, No. 16, April 16, 1976
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org



    BEGINNING on the evening of April 7, several million Peking armymen and civilians held for several days running mammoth celebrations and demonstrations at Tien An Men Square, warmly hailing the two wise resolutions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. They wholeheartedly supported the appointment of Comrade Hua Kuo-feng to be First Vice-Chairman of the C.P.C. Central Committee and Premier of the State Council, and they angrily denounced Teng Hsiao-ping's crimes. A revolutionary atmosphere of unity and militancy prevailed in the Chinese capital.
  As soon as the two resolutions of the Party Central Committee were broadcast on the evening of April 7, the beating of drums and gongs and the explosion of firecrackers were heard throughout the city. The revolutionary masses of Tsinghua and Peking Universities on the city's outskirts as well as those of other schools, factories, government offices and stores rode in several hundred buses and trucks heading for Tien An Men Square to the rhythmic beat of drums and gongs. Later, as they marched round the square, they shouted slogans such as: "We firmly support the two resolutions of the Party Central Committee!" "Resolutely carry the struggle against the Right deviationist attempt to reverse correct verdicts through to the end!" "Long live the dictatorship of the proletariat!" "Long live our great leader Chairman Mao!" To the great joy of the people, this powerful revolutionary east wind swept away from the square the foul atmosphere stirred up by counter-revolutionaries a few days ago.
  Early next morning, more and more processions and vehicles carrying paraders converged on Tien An Men Square from all directions. Some contingents marched ten abreast, carrying red flags as they strode briskly forward. The magnificent Tien An Men Square was thronged with jubilant people. Workers, students, office workers, P.L.A. fighters and peasants from suburban people's communes marched shoulder to shoulder, encouraging one another in the united struggle and shouting revolutionary slogans. Residents from neighbourhood communities also joined in the celebrations and demonstrations. Some high-spirited old women seized the drum-slicks from the youngsters and beat the drums, to the applause of onlookers. Coal miners from collieries over 50 kilometres away also came to the square to join the parade. There was an endless flow of buses and trucks carrying the demonstrators to the city. Many trucks were bedecked with huge streamers bearing the slogans: "Well defy death to defend Chairman Mao!" "We'll defy death to defend the Party Central Committee!" "We'll defy death to defend Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line!" and "Well defy death to defend the great capital of our socialist motherland!"
  Many worker-militiamen joined their mates in the demonstrations. They said: "The resolutions made at the crucial moment by Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee represent the fundamental interests of the proletariat and other working people. We firmly support these resolutions because they express what we want to say. By deepening the criticism of Teng Hsiao-ping's revisionist line and crushing the counter-revolutionary schemes of the class enemies at Tien An Men Square, we have come to see still more clearly that we must “never forget class struggle.” We must take class struggle as the key link and carry through to the end the struggle to beat back the Right deviationist attempt to reverse correct verdicts. We have at the same time enhanced our conviction that the worker-militia, P.L.A. fighters and people's police, armed with Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung fought, are invincible. It is absolutely impossible for a handful of class enemies to stage a comeback and their vile attempt is bound to be smashed." In high proletarian spirit, a worker-militiaman wrote this militant poem: "The Party resolutions have dispersed the miasmal mist, how can several clowns smear the sunny red square. All the pests have been swept away by the heroic militia, I'll, keep to the general orientation and follow Chairman Mao in striding forward."
  In the past few days, more than two million poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and cadres in Peking's suburbs held mass rallies and demonstrations to hail the Party Central Committee's wise resolutions. Many of them came to the city to join in the demonstrations soon after they had finished work in the fields. They expressed the determination to grasp revolution and promote production and respond with concrete action to the militant call of Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee to beat back the Right deviationist attempt.
  The magnificent Tien An Men Square is a heroic square and the symbol of revolution. It was in this square that in 1900 the Yi Ho Tuan, holding high the patriotic banner against imperialism, fought heroically against the allied forces of eight aggressor nations. It was there that in 3919 the people and revolutionary youth in Peking sounded the clarion call of the May 4th Movement. And it was in Tien An Men Square that on October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao, the great leader of the people of all nationalities in our country, personally hoisted the first five-star red flag and solemnly declared the founding of the People's Republic of China. During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, from the Tien An Men rostrum Chairman Mao reviewed on eight occasions Red Guards from all parts of the country, guiding the great revolutionary struggle from one victory to another. Yet a handful of class enemies frenziedly perpetrated a counter-revolutionary political incident at Tien An Men Square in an attempt to sully this place. However, just as Chairman Mao says in one of his poems: "Mayflies lightly plot to topple the giant tree." The criminal activities of the class enemies were dealt a crushing blow by the people in the capital. The people said indignantly that they would never tolerate a handful of counter-revolutionaries to play havoc in Tien An Men Square, the place where China's socialist revolution was initiated. During the last few days, the square was a sea of red flags and it was filled with shouts of militant slogans and revolutionary songs.
  On April 9, more than 100.000 workers, peasants, soldiers and other revolutionary people in Peking held a grand rally to pledge firm support for the two resolutions adopted by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and celebrate the victory in smashing the counter-revolutionary adverse current. The army men and civilians warmly hailed the great victory of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and expressed the determination to rally still more closely round the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, carry forward the thoroughgoing revolutionary spirit, push the struggle against the Right deviationist wind to a new high and strive for still greater victories.

  Attending the rally were Wu Teh, Member of the Political Bureau of the C.P.C. Central Committee, First Secretary of the Peking Municipal Party Committee and Chairman of the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee; Ni Chih-fu, Alternate Member of the Political Bureau of the C.P.C. Central Committee, Secretary of the Peking Municipal Party Committee and Vice-Chair-man of the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee; as well as other responsible members of the Peking Municipal Party Committee and the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Committee.
  At the rally, Comrade Wu Teh read the two resolutions of the C.P.C. Central Committee and made a speech. He said: The two wise resolutions of the Party Central Committee have given full expression to the wishes of the cadres, Party members, the people and the commanders and fighters of the P.L.A. The adoption of these two resolutions is a great event in the current political life of the whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country; they are important policy decisions for combating and preventing revisionism, for consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat and for preventing the restoration of capitalism. They are very wise and timely. We people in Peking, both armymen and civilians, firmly support them.
  Comrade Wu Teh added: At a time when we were seriously studying the important instructions of our great leader Chairman Mao and triumphantly carrying on the struggle to beat back the Right deviationist attempt to reverse correct verdicts, a handful of class enemies engineered a premeditated, planned and organized counter-revolutionary political incident at Tien An Men Square. This is a conspicuous manifestation of the acute struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines today. Under the direct leadership of Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee, we look resolute measures and, with the great might of the proletarian dictatorship, quickly put down the counterrevolutionary political incident. The Party Central Committee promptly dismissed Teng Hsiao-ping from all posts both inside and outside the Party. This is a telling blow to the class enemies both at home and abroad. It is a great victory for the struggle against the Right deviationist wind and a great victory for Chairman Mao's revolutionary line. It gladdens the people's hearts and the situation is excellent!
  Comrade Wu Teh emphasized that the people of Peking, who have tempered themselves in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and the movements to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius and to study the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat, have greatly heightened their consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines. In the course of the struggle to suppress the handful of class enemies, the broad masses of the people in the capital, especially the worker-militiamen, people's police and P.L.A. fighters, waged a brave and determined struggle to consolidate and strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat, winning acclamation from the people of the whole city. We should learn from their dauntless revolutionary spirit and high consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines. We pay our respects and regards to them and express our sincere sympathy to those comrades wounded in the struggle.
  Comrade Wu Teh continued: This counter-revolutionary political incident is a bad thing, but it is also a good thing since it has exposed the enemy and educated and steeled the masses. It has enabled us to see more clearly that the bourgeoisie "is right in the Communist Party — those in power taking the capitalist road. The capitalist-roaders are still on the capitalist road." The class enemies will never be reconciled to their defeat and lay down their knives, and the struggle is continuing. We must heighten our revolutionary vigilance, and never lower our guard or slacken our efforts. We should closely follow the new trends of class struggle, deal resolute blows at counter-revolutionary sabotage, and firmly suppress those counter-revolutionaries who resort to beating, smashing and looting. We should firmly keep to the general orientation of the struggle and continue our victorious advance in the excellent situation.
  In conclusion, Comrade Wu Teh called on Party committees at all levels in the city to conscientiously study Chairman Mao's important instructions, take practical steps-to strengthen leadership, deepen the criticism of Teng Hsiao-ping, mount a determined counterattack against the Right deviationist attempt and educate the masses of people to refrain from establishing inter-unit ties and organizing fighting groups of any form. They should strictly distinguish between the two different types of contradictions, unite with more than 95 per cent of the cadres and the people so as to isolate and smash the handful of class enemies. They should persistently grasp revolution, promote production and other work and preparedness against war, and take concrete steps to defend Chairman Mao, the Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, the great achievements of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and the great capital of our socialist motherland, consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat, and rally round the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao to win still greater victories.
  Leading members of the Peking Trade Union Council, tile Peking Municipal Committee of the Communist Youth League and the Peking Women's Federation and representatives of workers, peasants, soldiers arid from other circles also spoke at the rally.
  A message of salutation to our great leader Chairman Mao was read and adopted at the rally amid enthusiastic applause and cheers.
  

Source: Peking Review, No. 16, April 16, 1976
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org




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