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 Grasp Class Struggle, Promote Spring Farming

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Grasp Class Struggle, Promote Spring Farming

Source: Peking Review, No. 10, March 5, 1976
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

THE busy spring farming season has arrived in the midst of the great struggle to criticize the revisionist programme of "taking the three directives * as the key link" and to beat back the Right deviationist wind of reversing previous verdicts.
   An excellent situation prevails on China's agricultural front. The masses of cadres, poor and lower-middle peasants and state farm workers and staff members are conscientiously studying the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat, taking class struggle as the key link, adhering to the Party's basic line and criticizing revisionism and capitalism; the socialist position in the rural areas has become more consolidated and the collective economy has developed further. The mass movement to learn from Tachai in agriculture and build Tachai-type counties throughout the country is now in full swing. The scale of farmland capital construction is unprecedented and the results are conspicuous. We must now lose no time in doing spring farming work well so as to win fresh victories for China's agriculture in the first year of the Fifth Five-Year Plan.
   Chairman Mao has taught us: "What 'taking the three directives as the key link'! Stability and unity do not mean writing off class struggle; class struggle is the key link and everything else hinges on it" This important instruction of Chairman Mao's is a forceful, tit-for-tat criticism of the fallacy "take the three directives as the key link" peddled by the unrepentant Party persons taking the capitalist road. Chairman Mao's instruction upholds and develops the basic theory and practice of our Party in carrying out socialist revolution and shows the orientation for the struggle against the Right deviationist wind of reversing previous verdicts. This is a big struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines, a continuation and deepening of the struggle of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line against the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of Liu Shao-chi and Lin Piao as well as a continuation and deepening of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. It will surely be of great significance in advancing the socialist revolution and socialist construction on all fronts. Comrades working on the agricultural front must conscientiously study this important instruction of Chairman Mao's, firmly grasp the key link of class struggle, criticize the fallacy "take the three directives as the key link," the theory of the dying out of class struggle, the theory of productive forces and eclectic sophistry.
   The history of the past 20 years proves that the struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines in the countryside remains very acute after the basic completion of the socialist transformation of ownership of the means of production. The contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie and between the socialist road and the capitalist road has at all times been the principal contradiction. As a reflection of this contradiction, inner-Party struggle between the two lines has never ceased. By advocating "taking the three directives as the key link," the unrepentant Party capitalist-roaders deny the principal contradiction in the historical period of socialism in a vain attempt to restore capitalism. They make the development of the national economy the key link, as if they and they alone were concerned about developing the national economy. In fact, the national economy will go astray if the key link of class struggle waged by the proletariat against the bourgeoisie is abandoned and if the Party's basic line is altered. Chairman Mao pointed out at the Second Plenary Session of the Party's Seventh Central Committee in 1949 that the principal contradiction in the country was the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. In 1962, Chairman Mao again raised the question of class struggle and criticized Liu Shao-chi's revisionist line. It is by implementing Chairman Mao's great leaching "Never forget classes and class struggle" that China has reaped rich harvests 14 years running. The experience of many advanced units in learning from Tachai has shown time and again that it is possible to develop socialist agriculture with greater, faster, better and more economical results only by upholding the key link of class struggle, grasping revolution, promoting production. We must conscientiously sum up and popularize experience in this field.
   Agriculture is the foundation of the national economy. Mobilizing the whole Party to vigorously develop agriculture and quicken the pace of agricultural production has a great bearing on upholding the principle of maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts, carrying out the strategic principle "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people," combating and preventing revisionism and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat. It is necessary to work out the plan of the national economy in the order of agriculture, light industry and heavy industry, and really give top priority to agriculture.

All trades and professions must energetically support agriculture. We must carry out in earnest the principle of "taking grain as the key link and ensuring an all-round development" in arranging agricultural production as a whole and ensure that grain and industrial crops are grown to capacity and well. We must continue to implement the proletarian policies of the Party for the rural areas, pay attention to working methods, show concern and make good arrangements for the well-being of the masses. We must do our best to prevent and fight natural adversities and base ourselves on gathering a rich harvest despite natural adversities. We have had consecutive rich harvests, all on the basis of overcoming natural adversities, and this year we also must on no account harbour thoughts of leaving things to chance. We will remain invincible in the face of natural adversities only by making full ideological, organizational and material preparations.
   Profound changes have taken place in China's countryside through the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius and the study of the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat.' The poor and lower-middle peasants have raised their consciousness of class struggle and the two-line struggle. They farm for the revolution and take an active part in the struggle-criticism-transformation in the superstructure as well. Over 10 million educated young people have responded to Chairman Mao's call and gone to settle in the countryside where, persevering in making revolution, they have become a reinforcement in building up the new socialist countryside. More than one million cadres have gone to the agricultural frontline where, as ordinary labourers, they take part in 6tudy, criticism and physical labour together with the peasants. All these socialist new things serve to restrict bourgeois right, which the capitalist-roaders within the Party have done their utmost to safeguard and expand. In the three great revolutionary movements of class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment in the countryside, it is necessary to rely firmly on the poor and lower-middle peasants and bring their enthusiasm for socialism into fuller play. It is necessary to encourage the educated young people to settle in the countryside for a long time and give full play to their role. It is necessary to educate our cadres and urge them to go deep into practice, strengthen their tics with the masses and play an exemplary vanguard role.
   Chairman Mao has pointed out that "it is necessary to pay attention to the seasons" and "grasp the link of production in good time and strive for even greater achievements than those of last year." Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, let us take class struggle as the key link, adhere to the Party's basic line, go all out and make sustained and redoubled efforts so as to make new contributions in striving for a still better harvest this year.

("Renmin Ribao" editorial, February 24)

 * This refers to studying theory and combating and preventing revisionism; stability and unity; and pushing the national economy forward.



Source: Peking Review, No. 10, March 5, 1976
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
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