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 Building Tachai-Type Counties: The Battle Is On

图片:
图片:
Building Tachai-Type Counties
The Battle Is On

Source: Peking Review, No. 46, November 14, 1975
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


A GREAT revolutionary mass movement is gathering strength in China. Full of vigour, the movement is to learn from Tachai in agriculture and build Tachai-type counties on a nationwide scale.

Propaganda and Study

   Back from the National Conference on Learning From Tachai in Agriculture, many delegates leaving railway stations or airports without so much as going home, went straight to the fields or construction sites to spread the news. There were so many things they wanted to tell the cadres and masses: the great significance of building Tachai-type counties all over the country, the standards set for a county of this type, and the bright prospects for the modernization of agriculture (see Peking Review, No. 44).
   For days on end. Party committees of many provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions held mass meetings — attended by from tens of thousands to as many as several hundred thousand people — to explain and propagate the spirit of the conference. Through different mass media channels and using all forms of propaganda work. Party committees at all levels have seen to it that the conference's spirit was made known to every household so that the call made by the conference would go deep into the hearts of the people. The whole nation has now taken up the militant task of learning from Tachai in agriculture, striving to build Tachai-type counties across the land and bring about mechanization of agriculture.
   Comrades on Shanghai's outskirts had this to say: The whole Party is exerting efforts to develop agriculture which is the foundation of the national economy and an undertaking of the first magnitude in economic development. As fighters on the first line, we should fully realize the significance of this task and work in a down-to-earth way to accomplish it.
   While seeing to it that the objectives and significance of learning from Tachai and building Tachai-type counties all over the country are well explained to the public, Party committees at all levels have paid particular attention to informing people of the steps to be taken and the policies to be followed in achieving these objectives.
   Kwangtung Province is one instance. In the last two years, leadership there has persevered in giving the peasants an education in the Party's basic line and the results have proved quite satisfactory. This means that Kwangtung has grasped the very essence of the movement to learn from Tachai. Its provincial Party committee now calls on the people concerned to sum up experiences in this respect and continue popularizing them. The province has also worked out specific measures in the light of actual conditions there. Favourable conditions in Kwangtung are its subtropical climate, abundant rainfall and a long frost-free period. But it also has the disadvantage of wet weather, torrential downpours and typhoons.
   Thus there is the need in Kwangtung to widen the scale of mass activities in scientific experimentation and to bring the role of scientists and technicians into full play so as to understand and master still better the law of the elements. It is hoped that through experimentation and demonstration, the reform in the system of cultivation and the technical revolution in agriculture will be brought to a new level and that the triple-crop system will be further popularized. All this is meant to blaze a new trail for bringing about a new leap in agricultural production.
   The conference was rich in content and replete with typical experiences. From place to place, in addition to forums and meetings in various forms to report on the conference, there also are study classes at all levels. And political evening schools too have made the conference spirit the main subject of study. Everywhere in the country, the study is being organized along a line with Chairman Mao's important instructions as the key link, instructions on studying the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat to combat and prevent revisionism, promoting stability and unity and pushing the national economy forward.
   People in the course of their studies in quite a number of prefectures and counties have compared their own localities with advanced units to discover how wide the gap is between them. Szechuan Province, where natural conditions are relatively good, failed in the past to make rapid progress in agriculture. Its cadres and people now have pledged to boost agricultural production with a revolutionary spirit plus all-out efforts. Yuncheng Prefecture in Shansi Province compared itself with Hsinhsiang Prefecture in Honan Province in a case-study to see how far it has lagged behind Hsinhsiang. It once excelled the latter in wheat production. Yuncheng's per-hectare wheat yield in 1970 was 225 kilogrammes higher than Hsin-hsiang's, but today, five years later, a hectare in Hsinhsiang is bringing in 975 kilogrammes more than in Yuncheng. How come? The Yuncheng people themselves know the answer best. "We must not indulge in self-complacency any more," they have said. Itung in Kirin Province is an advanced county in learning from Tachai, but its Party committee discovered in recent studies that, compared with Tachai, much still was left to be desired. Itung has decided to continue the revolution and move forward.

Immediate Action

   As a result of propagating and studying the spirit of the recent conference, the whole country today has been fully mobilized, both inside and outside the Party, among cadres and masses, in agriculture and in other trades as well.
   Highly proficient work teams have been organized in many places and sent down to the less advanced areas to help solve problems one by one. In the Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region, the Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda teams sent out by its Party committee left very recently for some counties, communes, production brigades, factories and mines in Kwangsi's eight prefectures and four cities in order to bring the spirit of the conference to the grass-roots level.
   The Shantung Provincial Party Committee too has decided to send over 2,000 cadres of its own to eight counties in four prefectures. Led by leading comrades of the Party committee, they are entrusted with the job of solving the problems in less advanced places.
   Similar measures also have been taken elsewhere in the country with the determination to devote the efforts of the leadership at all levels to the full-scale development of agriculture and to building Tachai-type counties all over China. The initiative of the cadres and masses and the resources of various trades are also to 6e channelled into ways and means serving this end.
   The entire countryside is seething with activity. People say: There will be five years of hard struggle, we must get off to a good start by making the battle in the first year a success. Party committees at all levels are now leading the peasants in vehemently criticizing revisionism and capitalism and working hard for socialism in the style of the Tachai Production Brigade. There is a new upsurge in learning from Tachai in real earnest, in working with might and main to catch up with Hsiyang County and in going into farmland capital construction so as to create the material conditions to facilitate building Tachai-type counties in the shortest time possible.
   As a matter of fact, the whole country was already on the move while the conference was still in session. Hopei Province, where progress in agriculture has been fairly rapid, had set out to prompt the less advanced to catch up. As soon as autumn arrived, its Party committee organized leaders of prefectural agriculture and forestry departments and county Party secretaries in mountain areas to visit units with notable achievements in farmland capital construction. The purpose was to learn from these units, sum up experiences in learning from Tachai and find out the gaps by making contrasts with such advanced units like Hsiyang and so work out a new blueprint for transforming the mountains and rivers of Hopei.
   Simultaneous with the autumn wheat sowing in Honan, Shantung, Peking, Tientsin and other places, there was an upsurge in deep ploughing and levelling the ground. In the south, in Hunan and Kwangsi, for example, people started farmland capital construction even before autumn had come, something contrary to old tradition. Thus, by mid-October, Kwangsi had some 15,800 projects underway with more than 2,370 already completed and newly reclaimed farmland amounting to 13,600 hectares; in Hunan Province, over 73 million cubic metres of earth and stone work had been completed by that time, greatly exceeding the amount in the corresponding period of any of the past few years.
   Wuchung is one of the advanced counties in the Ningsia Hui Autonomous Region. There, both the cadres and the masses — Hui and Han nationalities alike — have gone into action in the spirit of the conference. The county Party committee organized 60 per cent of the labour force to go in for building irrigation ditches, channels, roads, forests and farms in four major areas there. Over 90 per cent of the office workers took part in building the main projects. Construction has made remarkable progress since mid-October, surpassing previous years in scale, speed and quality.
   In building Tachai-type counties, the key lies in the county Party committees. While stepping up farmland capital construction, leading cadres in many counties have truly improved their style of leadership. As ordinary labourers, they have gone to work at the forefront, sweating along with the masses. Wasting no lime before the advent of the" snowbound season, Party committees at all levels in Liaoning, Kirin and Heilung-kiang Provinces in the northeast have organized group-after group of cadres to go to the agricultural front since the national conference. Carrying their belongings on their backs, and with an enthusiasm reminiscent of the days of the land reform, agricultural co-operation and establishment of the people's communes, they joined hands with their colleagues at the grass-roots level and the commune members in carrying out the call of the conference. This has greatly inspired the masses.
   Shouyang in Shansi is a county that has leaped from a less advanced to an advanced one.   With only one of the 16 members of the standing committee of the county Party committee remaining in the office to handle day-to-day work, the rest all moved to the countryside where they took the lead in strenuous toil. More than half of Shouyang's labour force is now engaged in farmland capital construction to ensure that next year will be another bumper harvest year.
  




Source: Peking Review, No. 46, November 14, 1975
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org




  
  
  

 
 
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