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 Chinhuangtao-Peking Oil Pipeline Completed

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New Construction Projects
Chinhuangtao-Peking Oil Pipeline Completed

Source: Peking Review, No. 29, July 18, 1975
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

A NEW oil pipeline running from the port of Chinhuangtao on the shores of Pohai Sea to Peking was laid and put into use on June 23. This is an extension of a similar large-calibre pipeline built earlier from the Taching Oilfield to Chinhuangtao. Together they form a 1,507-kilometre-long "underground artery" winding its way from the Taching Oilfield in northeast China right to the capital.
   That day crude oil from Taching gushed through the pipeline into the tanks at the Tungfanghung Oil Refinery of the Peking General Petro-Chemical Works for the first time.
   The newly completed pipeline not only ensures the needs of the Peking General Petro-Chemical Works to expand production but relieves much of the burden of railway transport, and is of great significance in step ping up the development of the iron and steel, coal and other industries.
   Daily quota of oil delivery via the pipeline has been overfulfilled every day since it came into operation. And the Tungfanghung Oil Refinery has used the Taching crude oil to turn out top-quality oil products. Part of the crude oil is transported by railway to other parts of the country via Peking.
   The new pipeline, 355 kilometres long, passes through 13 cities and counties in Hopei Province and under Tientsin and Peking Municipalities. It intersects rivers, railways and highways at more than 100 places. Many healing and booster stations have been built all along the line to ensure the steady flow of crude oil.
   Work on the project started in May 1974. A contingent of builders consisting of workers and rural militiamen was organized to lay the pipeline. Under the centralized leadership of the Party organization, they earnestly studied works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and Chairman Mao's works and pledged to work hard and build the line with greater, faster, better an I more economical results by following the example of the late "Iron Man Wang Chin-hsi”, a vanguard fighter of the Chinese working class and a famous model worker in the Taching Oilfield.
   Displaying the spirit of "making revolution and going all out in work.'' the builders finished the task of excavation in less than seven days, clipping eight days off the original plan. With the masses mobilized on an extensive scale, 110,000 tons of steel pipes and various kinds of equipment were promptly hauled by trucks and horse-drawn carts to the worksite, their job while working, a group women soon mastered the necessary techniques and. defying snowstorms and the bitter cold, they fulfilled the task of putting up the communication lines. In building one of the booster stations, the workers gave play to the tremendous initiative and surmounted all sorts of difficulties to complete its main part in three months, with quality guaranteed.
   The principle of diligence and frugality was followed throughout. The engineering and designing personnel, for instance, joined efforts with the workers to make surveys along the line and work out several draft designs on the route for the pipeline and the location of booster stations. After making repeated comparisons and soliciting suggestions from all quarters, they finally decided on an economical and rational route which saved the state a considerable amount of investment.
   Work was done with meticulous care. The welders treated the joints, numbering tens of thousands, with the utmost precision. High-pressure tests showed that the welding was up to the required standard.
   All this made for the completion of the pipeline far ahead of schedule and quality was good. What with normal operation of all the booster pumps and safe and steady delivery of oil, the pipeline was commissioned promptly after its first trial.
   In the course of construction which took a little over a year, leading cadres at all levels spent two-thirds of their time every month taking part in physical labour at different worksites, making investigations and directing work on the spot. In addition, they persisted in doing ideological and political work among the masses to help raise the level of their political consciousness.
   The building of this pipeline is also the result of socialist co-operation on a big scale. Apart from the mobilization of the masses in Peking, Tientsin and Hopei Province to take part in the work, more than 240 factories and mines throughout the country supplied the necessary steel pipes, electric motors, oil pumps, transformers and other main installations as well as complete sets of equipment.
  
  
  
  

 
 
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