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 Significant Progress in China's Grain Production

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Significant Progress in China's Grain Production

Source: Peking Review, No. 23, June 6, 1975
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

  A GLARING problem that remained unsolved in old China was the transportation of large amounts of grain from provinces south of the Yangtze to Hopei, Shantung, Honan and northern Kiangsu and Anhwei Provinces to make up for their food grain shortages. Containing a quarter of China's population and over a quarter of the nation's farmland, this vast area, frequently hit by natural disasters in the old society, yielded lean harvests practically every year and was in dire need of grain.
   Since liberation in 1949, the people in this area, with support from the state and relying on the strength of the socialist collective economy, have taken on gigantic projects to tame the Yellow, Huai and Haiho Rivers. This has greatly reduced the threat of natural disasters and boosted grain output year by year. Food grain deficiency, however, remained in part unsolved and the state still had to send in certain amounts of grain every year from the southern provinces.
   Since the start of the Great Cultural Revolution in 1966, the local people have done a conscientious job in implementing the principles put forward by Chairman Mao of "taking agriculture as the foundation and industry as the leading factor" and "taking grain as the key link and ensuring an all-round development." Emulating the revolutionary spirit of hard work of the model Tachai Production Brigade in Shansi Province, they have battled nature with might and main and brought about a fundamental change in farm production. Grain self-sufficiency that began in 1970 wrote finis to this area's history of depending on state supplies. Three years later the area went beyond self-sufficiency and delivered 500,000 tons of marketable grain to the state. In 1974, the three provinces of Hopei, Shantung and Honan shipped out 70 per cent more grain than they did in the previous year.
   Hopei, Shantung and Honan and the northern parts of Kiangsu and Anhwei abound in natural resources. This area is one of China's important bases of petroleum, coal and iron and steel industries, as well as a main producer of industrial crops, including cotton, oil-bearing crops, tobacco and fruits. In the wake of self-sufficiency in grain came more favourable conditions for developing local industries and growing cash crops. Now that grain shipments from the south to this area have become a thing of the past, the pressure on transport has been reduced and more grain can be set aside as reserves. This is of great significance to the implementation of Chairman Mao's great strategic policy: "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people,"
  
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-11 03:16 | [楼 主]
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