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 PRESS COMMUNIQUE OF THE 1ST SESSION OF THE 4TH NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONCRESS OF THE PRC

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PRESS COMMUNIQUE OF THE FIRST SESSION OF THE FOURTH NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONCRESS OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

January 17, 1975

Source: Peking Review, No. 4, January 24, 1975
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


        THE First Session of the Fourth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China was formally held in Peking from January 13 to 17, 1975.
  The agenda of the session was: 1. The revision of the Constitution; 2. The report on the work of the government; and 3. The election and appointment of the leading personnel of the state.
  The Congress was held in the Great Hall of the People. On the rostrum was a huge portrait of our great leader Chairman Mao Tsetung, with bright red flags on either side. The Congress elected a presidium composed of 218 deputies. Chu Teh, Tung Pi-wu. Soong Ching Ling, Kang Sheng. Liu Po-cheng, Wu Teh, Wei Kuo-ching, Saifudin, Kuo Mo-jo, Hsu Hsiang-chien, Nieh Jung-chen, Chen Yun, Tan Ghen-lin, Li Ching-chuan, Chang Ting-cheng, Tsai Chang, Ulanfu, Ngapo Ngawang-Jigme, Chou Chien-jen, Hsu Teh-heng, Hu Chueh-wen, Li Su-wen and Yao Lien-wei were permanent chairmen of the presidium. Wu Teh was secretary-general.
  Seated in front on the rostrum were also: Chou En-lai, Wang Hung-wen, Yeh Chien-ying, Teng Hsiao-ping, Chang Chun-chiao, Chiang Ching, Hsu Shih-yu, Hua Kuo-feng, Chen Yung-kuei, Chen Hsi-lien, Li Hsien-nien, Li Teh-sheng, Yao Wen-yuan, Wu Kuei-hsien, Su Chen-hua and Ni Chih-fu.
  Chairman Chu Teh declared the Congress open. This was greeted by the deputies with enthusiastic applause. The band played the national anthem.
  Comrade Chang Chun-chiao made "The Report on the Revision of the Constitution" on behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Premier Chou En-lai made "The Report on the Work of the Government" on behalf of the State Council.
  Starting from January 14, the deputies earnestly discussed "The Draft Revised Text of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China" and the two above-mentioned reports, which were submitted to the Congress for its deliberation by the Second Plenary Session of the Tenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
  In the course of preparing for the convocation of the Fourth National People's Congress, a total of 2.885 deputies were elected from all parts of the country after extensive democratic consultations and repeated discussions. Altogether, 2,864 deputies attended the Congress. There were deputies from among industrial workers, peasants, other working people, the People's Liberation Army, revolutionary cadres, revolutionary intellectuals, patriotic personages and returned overseas Chinese. Worker, peasant and soldier deputies accounted for 72 per cent of the total. Over 22 per cent of the deputies were women. There were deputies from our 54 minority nationalities. Among the deputies present at the Congress were 12 compatriots of Taiwan Province origin. Many deputies are outstanding people who have come to the fore in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and in the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius. The composition of the Fourth National People's Congress fully demonstrates the great unity of the people of all our nationalities which is led by the working class and based on the worker-peasant alliance, and which includes patriotic democratic parties, patriotic personages, patriotic overseas Chinese and our compatriots in Hongkong and Macao; this reflects the flourishing vigour of our great socialist motherland.
  Before the formal opening of the Congress, preliminary meetings were held from January 5 to 11, when the deputies discussed the main documents for the Congress and other preparatory work.
  The Congress was held at a time when the socialist revolution and socialist construction in our country had registered brilliant achievements, when in particular the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution had won great victories and the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius had scored big successes and when the situation both at home and abroad was excellent. From beginning to end the Congress was permeated with an atmosphere of jubilation, unity, vigour and militancy. It was a congress of unity, a congress of victory.
  On January 17, the deputies unanimously adopted the revised "Constitution of the People's Republic of China" and "The Report on the Revision of the Constitution" by Comrade Chang Chun-chiao, unanimously adopted the resolution on the report on the work of the government and approved "The Report on the Work of the Government" by Premier Chou En-lai. The deputies celebrated the accomplishment of these glorious and historic tasks with prolonged applause.
  On the basis of the lists of nominees put forward by the Second Plenary Session of the Tenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Congress after serious discussion elected by secret ballot the Chairman, Vice-Chairmen and other Members of the Standing Committee of the Fourth National People's Congress, and appointed the Premier, Vice-Premiers, ministers, and ministers heading the commissions of the State Council.
  When the results of the election and the lists of appointment were announced, the hall once again resounded with prolonged and warm applause.
  The deputies joyfully said that this Congress had adopted a new fundamental charter for the People's Republic of China, set magnificent tasks for our country's socialist revolution and socialist construction in the days to come, and elected and appointed new leading personnel of the state, and that all this fully reflected the common aspiration of the people of all our nationalities to carry the continued revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat through to the end, and would greatly enhance their enthusiasm for socialist revolution, speed up socialist construction, and would exert tremendous influence on the history of our country.
  The Congress called on the people of all our nationalities, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, to unite still more closely, adhere to the Party's basic line, earnestly implement and courageously defend the new Constitution, endeavour to fulfil the fighting tasks set by the Congress, carry forward the excellent situation, consolidate and strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat, and strive for new victories in socialist revolution and socialist construction.
  The Congress pointed out that the people of our country should continue to broaden, deepen and persevere in the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, study works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and by Chairman Mao assiduously, build up a vast Marxist theoretical force and make sure that Marxism occupies all spheres of the superstructure. Under the centralized leadership of the Party, we should strengthen the building of revolutionary committees at all levels. We should implement the principle of grasping revolution, promoting production and other work and preparedness against war; build the country independently and with the initiative in our own hands, through self-reliance, hard struggle, diligence and thrift; strive to fulfil the national economic plans ahead of schedule and turn China into a powerful modern socialist country.
  The Congress pointed out that the present international situation, which is characterized by great disorder under heaven, continues to develop in a direction favourable to the people. All the basic contradictions in the world are sharpening. The contention for world hegemony between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, is becoming more and more intense. The factors for both revolution and war are increasing. The people of all countries must get prepared against a world war. The Congress stressed that we should continue to implement Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in foreign affairs; uphold proletarian internationalism; strengthen our unity with the socialist countries and the oppressed people and oppressed nations of the world; ally ourselves with all the forces that can be allied with; resolutely support the third world in their struggle to win or safeguard national independence, defend state sovereignty and develop national economy: and support the countries and people of the second world in their struggle against superpower control, threats and bullying. The Congress called on the people of the whole country and the commanders and fighters of the Chinese People's Liberation Army to firmly implement Chairman Mao's principle dig tunnels deep, store grain everywhere, and never seek hegemony, strengthen preparedness against war, and be ready at all times to wipe out any enemy that dares intrude. We are determined to liberate Taiwan!
  People of all our nationalities, unite and march ahead triumphantly along the road indicated by Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought!
  
  
  
  

 
 
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