1975 New Year's Day editorial
1975 New Year's Day editorial
1975 New Year's Day editorial
New Year Message
1975 New Year's Day editorial by "Renmln Ribao," "Hongql" and "Jiefangjun Bao"
Source: Peking Review, No. 1， January 3, 1975
NINETEEN seventy-four, a year of united struggle, has ended and the people of all nationalities in our country are striding into 1975 in high spirits.
In the past year, we have successfully carried out the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, a movement personally initiated and led by our great leader Chairman Mao. Hundreds of millions of workers, peasants and revolutionary cadres and revolutionary intellectuals have further exposed the crimes of the Lin Piao anti-Party clique and, in the light of actual conditions, criticize Lin Piao’s counter-revolutionary revisionist line and the doctrines of Confucius and Mencius which preach restoration, retrogression and national betrayal, and have thus heightened their consciousness of the need to continue the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. The socialist revolution in the superstructure, including all spheres of culture, is forging ahead. Mass contingents of Marxist theoretical workers are growing quite rapidly, and in many organization there is a much greater keenness in the study of theory, history and current conditions as advocated by Chairman Mao. The revolution in education, in literature and art and in medical and health work is constantly deepening. We enjoy thriving socialist innovations. The movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius has consolidated and enhanced the victories of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. The entire Party, the entire army and the people of all nationalities in China are still more united. The dictatorship of the proletariat in our country is more consolidated than ever.
Revolution has pushed production forward. In agriculture, an all-round rich harvest has been won on top of the consecutive rich harvests of the previous 12 years. The total value of industrial and agricultural output shows a fresh Increase over 1973. New successes have been achieved in industry, capital construction and science and technology. In our country the market is brisk, prices remain stable and production and construction ore thriving. All this Is In striking contrast with the decline In production, growing unemployment and Inflation in the capitalist world which is facing a profound economic crisis, and demonstrates the immense superiority of the socialist system.
The victories on all fronts in the past year, and particularly the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, have enabled people to see more profoundly, In the light of current and historical class struggles, the importance of upholding the Party's basic line. To combat and prevent revisionism is a long and arduous struggle, and under no circumstances should we relax our fighting will. Chairman Mao pointed out once again in January 1965: "Class contradiction, the class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeois and the struggle between the socialist road and capitalist road exist throughout the transitional period. We shall go astray if we forget this fundamental theory and practice of our Party over the last dozen years or so." We have conscientiously followed this teaching of Chairman Mao's in the last ten years. We should continue to bear it in mind in the present excellent situation.
In the new year, we should adhere to the Party's basic line, broaden, deepen and persevere in the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, achieve still greater success in the revolution in all spheres of the superstructure, consolidate the socialist economic base, achieve greater, faster, better and more economical results In developing economic construction and national defence construction, strengthen Party leadership, stick to the mass line and unite the people of all nationalities in our country in a dauntless struggle for the great cause of socialism.
It is necessary to continue to grasp firmly the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius. The main attention should be directed to study and criticism. In criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius, we should concentrate on the question of the line and the reactionary nature of their attempts at restoration and retrogression, conduct a deep and thorough criticism politically and theoretically, and further criticize their idealist and metaphysical reactionary world outlook by applying the Marxist world outlook. The small number of organizations which have not done well In the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius should take it up in real earnest. Further efforts are required for the study of the historical experience of the struggle between the Confucian and the Legalist schools and of class struggle as a whole in order to make the past serve the present. While engaged in criticism, we should assiduously study Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought. The criticism of Lin Piao's bourgeois military line should be combined still more closely with the study of Chairman Mao's military thinking, the enhancement of preparedness against war and the strengthening of army building. The criticism of Confucius should be combined still better with the study of the fundamental theories of Marxism on class struggle and on the proletarian revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat. We should study more deeply Marx's Critique of the Gotha Programme, Lenin's Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism and The Stale and Revolution, and Chairman Mao's On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, On Practice and On Contradiction and his principal military works. Leading cadres should take the lead in study, strive to grasp the Marxist stand, viewpoint and method and effectively build up the ranks of Marxist theoretical workers; only thus can they guide the rank-and-file in deepening revolutionary mass criticism.
Study and criticism must be linked closely with reality. Different points of emphasis should be selected according to different conditions in order to shoot the arrow at the target. We should conscientiously study the series or instructions issued by Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee in the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius and criticize Lin Piao's criminal attempts to split the Party and the ranks of the revolution and further promote revolutionary unity. We should deepen and carry forward the socialist revolution in all spheres of the superstructure, continue to do a good job of struggle-criticism-transformation and make a point of summing up the fresh experience in all fields of work and solving the new problems that have emerged. We should carry on education in the Party's basic line by linking it with the realities of the struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines in all spheres and on all fronts, stick to the socialist road and combat capitalist tendencies. First of all, leading organs must do well in the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius and stand in the van of the mass movement, and must be good at applying the method of combining the general with the particular in their guidance of work, and successfully grasp typical cases, the key links and Initially one-third of the work as a whole, and gradually solve problems existing in their respective regions or departments in a down-to-earth way, so as to ensure that the task of consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat is fulfilled in every basic unit. When it comes to practical problems, we must always consciously keep to the general orientation of the struggle, faithfully implement the policies of the Party, strictly distinguish between the two different types of contradictions and in particular correctly handle contradictions among the people, and deal accurate blows at the sabotaging activities of a handful of counter-revolutionaries. Only thus can we unite over 95 per cent of the cadres and masses and steadily consolidate and enhance the excellent situation.
This is the concluding year of the Fourth Five-Year Plan, and we must persevere in grasping revolution and promoting production, go all out. aim high and strive to fulfil or overfulfil the Fourth Five-Year Plan. We should continue to implement the policy of taking agriculture as the foundation and Industry as the leading factor and arrange the national economic plan in the order of agriculture — light industry — heavy industry, develop agriculture in a big way, step up industrial support tor agriculture, strengthen the basic industries and make earnest efforts to run national defence industries well. We should give scope to the revolutionary spirit of maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts and deepen the mass movement —in Industry, learn from Taching; in agriculture, learn from Tachai; the whole nation should learn from the People's Liberation Army; the Liberation Array should learn from the people of the whole country. With the deepening of the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, there is bound to be a new upsurge in socialist construction, and we must lake this into full account. We must wholeheartedly rely on the working class and on the poor and lower-middle peasants, bring all positive factors into play, unite with all that can be united with and speed up our socialist construction.
The People's Liberation Army has made great contributions in the struggle to defend our socialist motherland and consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat. In the new year we should apply Chairman Mao's proletarian military thinking and military line in further strengthening1 army building, conscientiously improve military training, strengthen political and ideological work, display revolutionary heroism, and strengthen the unity between the army and the government and between the army and the people. It is necessary to bring the militant role of the people's militia into full play. Armymen and civilians throughout the country should further implement the great strategic principles advanced by Chairman Mao: Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters and do everything for the people and dug tunnels deep, store grain everywhere, and never seek hegemony. We ore determined to liberate Taiwan!
We must continue to strengthen Party building and the Party's centralized leadership. Party committees at all levels must adhere to the principles "Practise Marxism, and not revisionism; unite, and don’t split; be open and aboveboard, and don't intrigue and conspire," and must serve as militant headquarters in carrying out Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and policies. They must practise democratic centralism, wage active ideological struggle, enhance unity among committee members and further improve the building of leading bodies at all levels. They must forge close links with the masses, do more investigation and study, maintain the system of cadre participating in collective productive labour and accept revolutionary supervision by the masses. Party branches should play their part as the vanguard of the proletariat, all Party members should strive to fulfil the five requirements set for them in the Party Constitution, strengthen their Party spirit and observe Party discipline. The role of the revolutionary committees and that of organisations of workers, peasants, women and youths and other mass organizations should be given full scope under the unified leadership of the Party.
In the past year new successes have been achieved with Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in foreign affairs. The Chinese people's unity with the proletariat and the revolutionary people throughout the world has become stronger, their co-operation with other countries of the Third World has steadily grown and their friendly Interchanges with the people of various countries have further increased. At present, the international situation characterized by great disorder under heaven continues to develop in a direction favourable to the people of all countries. Countries want independence, nations want liberation, and the people want revolution — this historical current is surging ahead. The Third World countries have become the main force in the revolutionary struggle against the two hegemonic powers. The two superpowers are having a tougher and tougher time and the world finds itself in a state of greater turbulence and unrest. We must conscientiously study Chairman Mao's scientific analysis of International questions and strengthen our research on the international situation, particularly the contention between the two hegemonic powers — the Soviet Union and the United States—and the current economic crisis of world capitalism. We should continue to implement Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in foreign affairs and make due contributions to the revolutionary cause of the world proletariat and the cause of human progress.
"Ours is a just cause. A just cause is invulnerable to any enemy." As the new year starts, we hope the masses and cadres will review their work, discuss the situation and their tasks, and work out outline plans for their respective organizations so as to advance bravely toward new victories along Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line!
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