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 Big Farm Output Rise In Tibet

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Big Farm Output Rise In Tibet

Source: Peking Review, No. 48, November 29. 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

The Tibet Autonomous Region has achieved a big rise in farm output over large areas this year on the basis of last year's rich harvest. Initial figures put Tibets total grain output this year at more than 15 pc-r cent higher than last year, or nearly two and a half times that of 1958, the year preceding the democratic reform in that region. This historic change has laid a reliable material foundation for consolidating and developing the socialist system, strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat, defending the country's southwestern frontiers and speeding up socialist revolution and socialist construction in Tibet.
Under the cruellest and most barbarous feudal serfdom, Tibetan farming was extremely primitive. In 1959, guided by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, feudal serfdom was overthrown and democratic reform carried out. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution brought on a high tide in the socialist transformation of Tibet's agriculture and animal husbandry. Today, people's communes embrace over 93 per cent of the townships in the region. This basic change in the relations of production has opened broad avenues for swift advance in farming and stock-breeding.
In the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, the people of Tibet have broken with the concept that "everything is decided by heaven" and done all they can to ameliorate unfavourable natural conditions such as are found in places of high altitude and with a short frost-free period and freakish weather. They have done much to change the old ways of farming, build water conservancy works and eliminate insect pests, and they have succeeded in growing winter wheat over large areas. Wheat was sown successfully in areas as high as 4.050 metres above sea level. The 2.100 hectares under wheat this year mostly yielded upwards of 3 tons per hectare. High output was attained on a large area, and in some places the per-ke (one-fifteenth of a hectare) yield was as high as 700 kilogrammes.
Great advances also have been made in sloe k-breeding. The number of cattle, sheep, horses and other animals in the autonomous region is 2.3 times that of 1938. Pig-raising and afforestation also have developed apace. Orchards and tea gardens have emerged and vegetable growing is making headway. The growth of agriculture is pushing industry forward. The old Tibet, so terribly poor and backward, has changed beyond recognition.
 On November 15 Renmin Ribao published a short commentary "Look at Today’s Tibet" in which it said: "Chairman Mao has pointed out that 'the wealth of society is created by the workers, peasants and working intellectuals. If they take their destiny into their own hands, follow a Marxist-Leninist line and take an active attitude in solving problems instead of evading them, there will be no difficulty in the world which they cannot overcome. The rapid development of agriculture in Tibet is another proof of this truth enunciated by Chairman Mao.
"Guided by Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and led by the Chinese Communist Party, the million emancipated Tibetan serfs who have stood up and taken their destiny into their own hands arc able to bring into play their boundless creative power. Taking the Tachai Brigade (China's pace-setter in agriculture) as their model, resolutely taking the socialist road, relying on the strength of the communes' collective economy and displaying the revolutionary spirit of self-reliance and hard work, they have created miracles on this 'roof of the world.1 This is a heavy blow to the shameless slanders and vicious attacks heaped on socialist new Tibet by the imperialists, revisionists, reactionaries, and Dalai's traitorous gang. It is a powerful criticism of the concept that 'everything is decided by heaven which Lin Piao and Confucius touted and a salutary lesson to certain comrades who thought it tremendously difficult to push low yields up."
The commentary also pointed out: "Chinese agriculture this year achieved another rich harvest, the 13th successive one. Agricultural production in a region like Tibet also has got off the ground."
fn conclusion the commentary called on all cadres, the commanders and fighters of the People's Liberation Army and the people throughout Tibet to guard against arrogance and rashness, redouble their efforts, continue to do a good job to the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, further implement the strategic principle "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people." resolutely continue to "lake grain as the key link and ensure an all-round development" and strive to develop agriculture, forestry, stock-breeding, side-line occupations and fisheries and "store grain everywhere."
  
  
  

 
 
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