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 Specialized Theoretical Study

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Specialized Theoretical Study

Source: Peking Review, No. 48, November 29. 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

Theoretical workers among the shipbuilders at the Talien Hungchi (Red Flag) Shipyard in northeast China's Luta city have created something new in theoretical study during the current movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius.
Known as. theoretical study in specialized subjects, this new study method has come into being and has been popularized among the shipbuilders on the basis of the study of Marxism and the criticism of revisionism by the messes. Spare-time theoretical study groups were organized in this shipyard in 1969. During the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, the members came to realize that Lin Piao's revisionist line had its reactionary theoretical basis and ideological roots which involved and influenced the various spheres of the superstructure, In order to make a penetrating and thorough criticism of this revisionist line. It is necessary to study Marxism in a comparatively systematic way and master it as their theoretical weapon.
But how was this aim to be attained? In the light of the characteristics of the workers1 contingent of theoretical workers and the needs of revolutionary mass criticism and on the basis of furthering the study and criticism by the masses, theoretical workers gear their study according to special subjects. Dividing up into several smaller study groups, they study the three component parts of Marxism (philosophy, political economy and scientific socialism) separately and coordinate their efforts in mass criticism. As a result, they found that their theoretical study was deeper and more systematic and their level of criticism higher than before. For instance, in criticizing Lin Piao for following Confucius' reactionary programme of "restraining oneself and returning to the rites," the group studying philosophy uses the Marxist dialectical-materialist theory to expose and criticize the programme's idealist essence through an analysis of Lin Piao's world outlook; the study group In political economy employs the Marxist theory of surplus value to expose theoretically the exploitation and oppression of the labouring people under capitalism and denounce Lin Piao's crimes of trying to restore capitalism; the group studying scientific socialism, by its study of the course of development from Utopian socialism to scientific socialism, elucidates the irresistible law of historical development that socialism is bound to replace capitalism and points out Lin Piao's inevitable doom in working for restoration and retrogression.
The shipyard now has a contingent of 1,082 theoretical worker's who are in 30 groups devoted to the study of Marxist philosophy, political economy and scientific socialism as well as the history of the Chinese Communist Party, the history of Chinese philosophy and other subjects. The fruitful results of their study have been widely acclaimed. Some of their article;; have been published in newspapers and magazines, others read out at meetings held under the auspices of universities and libraries in Luta. Still others are supplementary reading material used by the shipyard's workers and staff members in their theoretical study.
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-10 10:37 | [楼 主]
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