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 Movement to Criticize Lin Piao and Confucius spurs Industrial Production

Movement to Criticize Lin Piao and Confucius spurs Industrial Production

Source: Peking Review, No. 34, August 23, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

  SPURRED on by the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, the capital city of Poking, the biggest Industrial metropolis of Shanghai and the port city of Tientsin in north China, which is also a major industrial base, have all overfulfilled their production plans for the first half of this year, with notable increases in total industrial output values as compared with the same period of last year.
   The industrial achievements of these three municipalities directly under the central authority have been won on the basis of successive years of big increases since the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution started in 1966. Compared with 1965, the year prior to the Cultural Revolution, Peking's total industrial output value in 1973 trebled, Shanghai's doubled, and Tientsin's increased 2.3-fold. The movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius which was launched early this year has further promoted industrial production in these three cities.
   Facts eloquently prove the correctness of what Chairman Mao has said: "Revolution means liberating the productive forces and promoting their growth."

For Socialist Construction

   The three cities have this year made great efforts to increase products for supporting agriculture, the basic industries and major construction projects as well as consumer goods. Statistics for January-July in Peking show that the output of many products has sharply increased or doubled as compared with the corresponding period of last year. These include high-grade steel, pig iron, rolled steel, coal, electricity, refined oil. mining equipment, motor vehicles, Internal combustion engines, power generating equipment, walking-tractors, caustic soda, chemical fertilizer, insecticide, polyester fabrics, plastics, watches and sewing machines. Compared with the same 1973 period, statistics for the first seven months in Shanghai show an increase of over 39 per cent in the output of tractors, highly effective but low-toxic insecticides, equipment for the petroleum industry, cameras and television sets. Output of motor vehicles, internal combustion engines, steam-turbine generators, heavy-duty forging equipment, high-precision machine tools, sheet glass, watches, cot ton-polyester fabrics and cigarettes went up by 10 per cent or more. Compared with the same period of last year, Tientsin's output of crude oil in the first six months of this year rose by 22.5 per cent, motor vehicles by 46.7 per cent, and metallurgical equipment by 79.H per cent. Remarkable increases were chalked up in the production of hoisting equipment, internal combustion engines, rolled steel, cement, paper and paper boards, bicycles, watches, textiles and other major products. The annual quota for salt was fulfilled in mid-May.
   Alongside the increase- in output, the three cities reported more varieties and better quality for their industrial products. New techniques were developed and popularized. In Peking, more than -100 new products were successfully trial-produced in the first six months. Shanghai's metallurgical industry gained new achievements in producing l160 new varieties of steel and rolled steel and its light and textile industries succeeded in making over 5,000 new varieties and patterns. A mass movement to popularize on a large scale new techniques — electronics, supersonic wave, radioisotopes, fluidics and digital control — is now in full swing in the city, and rapid changes have been made in the technique or many branches of industry. Major technical innovations in Tientsin totalled more than 10.000 in the first half of the year, some of which have raised efficiency several dozen-fold.

Strong Impetus

   In the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, workers of the three civics led by the Party have emancipated their minds and done away with all fetishes, daring to speak and act, displaying their role as the main force in the movement They are diligently studying works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and by Chairman Mao and learning to apply the Marxist stand, viewpoint and method in studying the history of the struggle between the Confucian and the Legalist schools over the past 2,000 years and more and the history of class struggle throughout the ages. Linking their study with the current class struggle and two-line struggle, they have deepened their criticism of Lin Piao's counter-revolutionary revisionist line and the doctrines of Confucius and Mencius and pushed the movement forward in the correct direction so that it will become deep-going, popularized and sustained.
 With the deepening of the movement, an expanding contingent of Marxist theoretical workers has emerged from among the workers. Having received a deep education in the Party's basic line, the workers pledge to further strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat, consolidate the victorious achievements of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and build socialism with greater, faster, better and more economical results.
 Peking coal miners outstripped their January-July quotas and increased coal production for the state as their support to other parts of the country. Workers of the No. 2 workshop of the Shanghai No. 5 Steel Plant assiduously studied works by Marx, Engels, Lenin, and Stalin and by Chairman Mao and made a penetrating criticism of the Analects, a Confucian "classic," and other bad books which spread the doctrines of Confucius and Mencius. They also annotated some of the works of the Legalist school and made a systematic study of the history of class struggle over the past 2,000 years and more. With the spirit of storming the fortress of difficulty they had shown in their study and criticism, the workers made technical innovations to shorten the time for making a heat of steel. The result was steel output for the first seven months of this year rose by 20.3 per cent over that of the same 1973 period, while consumption of raw materials and electricity dropped.

Cadres' Revolutionary Spirit

   Industrial achievements scored by the three cities stemmed from the hard struggle of the workers led by cadres of various levels. Tempered in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, cadres have stood in the van to strengthen leadership over the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius. They have criticized the idealist conception of history that "the highest are the wise and the lowest are the stupid" preached by Lin Piao and Confucius and further fostered the outlook of consulting and relying on the masses, bringing into play their revolutionary spirit. Modestly listening to the workers' criticisms and suggestions, going to the workshops to participate in productive labour, they studied works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and by Chairman Mao and criticized Lin Piao and Confucius together with the rank-and-file workers. They made investigations, summed up experience and solved problems arising in production on time. As a result, an excellent situation of continuous rise in production has emerged on the industrial, transport and capital construction fronts.

Independence and Self-Reliance

   Workers of the three cities this year have deepened their criticism of Lin Piao's traitorous and capitulationist crimes and repudiated such revisionist trash as the slavish comprador philosophy and the doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace. They are now more determined than ever in implementing the principle of maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts and in following their own path in developing industry. Shanghai shipbuilders have pledged to accelerate the development of China's shipbuilding industry. Workers of the Kiangnan Shipyard, battling for 80 days in rain and high temperature, succeeded in launching a 16,000-ton coaler on the eve of "August 1" Army Day instead of next year. Total output value of the Shanghai shipbuilding industry in the first seven months of this year was 9.8 per cent higher than in the same period of last year.
   To expand its pulp-making workshop, the Tientsin No. 3 Paper Mill once drew up a blueprint which called for the import of several pieces of special equipment and an investment of 2,6 million yuan. In the current movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, the workers and staff members criticized this plan which craved for things big and foreign. They proposed instead to rely on their own efforts and use locally available material for the expansion project. The mill's Party committee supported the proposal. After consulting the workers, it mapped out a new plan which required an investment of only one-thirteenth of the original sum while the production capacity to be added remained the same.

Socialist Co-operation

   Socialist co-operation among the workers in the three cities has contributed greatly to the development of production in the current movement. With part of its workers engaged in the construction of a new power project, the Shihchingshan Power Plant tapped its potential and generated 200 million kwh. more electricity this year to meet the rapidly increasing needs of industrial expansion. To guarantee the smooth and swift shipment of coal, over 60 units in maritime transport, the harbour bureau and a dozen other trades co-operated in speeding up transportation, loading and unloading. When diesel engines were needed in large numbers for the 5000 wells sank on the outskirts of Tientsin last winter and spring, more than 60 machinery plants and factories of light and textile industries cooperated in a socialist way and succeeded in producing the diesel engines for the rural areas before the busy farming season set in.
 In summing up their experience in grasping revolution and promoting production since the beginning of this year, workers in Peking, Shanghai and Tientsin deeply realize that criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius is a powerful motive force for developing the social productive forces. They pledge to continue the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius and regard it as a matter of primary importance so as to win still greater victories in revolution and production.


Source: Peking Review, No. 34, August 23, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


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