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 Rich Summer Harvest

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THE WEEK

Rich Summer Harvest

Source: Peking Review, No, 31, August 2, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

Guided by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and spurred by the Movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius. China has reaped a rich summer harvest this year despite a serious drought. Total output rose by a big margin over that of last summer.
Apart from a few areas where output decreased because of natural disasters, most areas in the 24 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions where harvest had taken place reported a harvest better than last year's. Output in nine provinces and municipalities — Honan, Hopei. Shensi, Peking, Shanghai, Szechuan, Kansu, Fukien and Tientsin—hit an all-time high.
A remarkable feature this year is that many low-yielding areas have caught up with the traditionally high-yielding areas, which in turn have continued to advance. The number of administrative regions where the average wheat yield exceeded 2.25 tons per hectare rose to 22 as against 12 last year. Wheal output in the Hsinhsiang administrative region of Honan Province, the Chiuehuan administrative region of Kansu Piovince, the outskirts of Nantung in Kiantfsu Province and the outskirts of Chengtu in Szechuan Province surpassed three tons per hectare. Compared with 59 last year, 21 additional counties harvested more than three tons of wheat per hectare. Hsinhsiang and Wenhsien Counties in Honan Province and the outskirts of Shihchiachuang in Hopei Province averaged 15 tons per hectare.
The sown acreage of wheat, China's major summer crop, is second only to that of rice. It is now grown in every province, municipality and autonomous region and the yield is high. Since the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution began in 1968, cadres and commune members in the rural areas have deepened the movement to learn from the Tachai Brigade, the national pace-setter in agriculture, built large numbers of capital construction projects on the farmland and improved farming methods, thus contributing to the rapid increase of wheat output. The total increase in wheat output in the past eight years is equal to that of the 18 years before the Cultural Revolution.
This years’ rich summer harvest was gained amid the excellent situation in the deepening movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius which began in spring 1974. Cadres and commune members study Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought to criticize Lin Piao's criminal plot in following Confucius to preach "restrain oneself and return to the rites'' in order to restore capitalism. This has raised their socialist enthusiasm to an all-time high. Peasants in some areas fought tenaciously against a prolonged dry spell last winter and this spring by sinking wells, digging channels and ponds and building reservoirs. Between last November and the end of May this year, Honan Province drilled 50.000 power-operated wells and completed 110,000 big and small water conservancy projects. Hopei Province mobilized its industrial departments to produce large quantities of pumps for farmland irrigation.
Multiple cropping is one of the important measures taken to enlarge wheal acreage in recent years. The areas south of the Yangtze River sown to three crops (wheat and early and late rice) in one year continue to expand, and northern China has also increased its double cropping acreage, i.e., rice and wheal, wheat and maize or sorghum in one year. Wheat has also been sown on the
Yuunan-Keuichow Plateau and subtropical Hainan Island where V. was seldom raised before.
Scientific experiments are being popularised to increase wheat output. Over 80 good strains have been popularized and those account for more than 80 per cent of China's wheat acreage. Once most harmful to wheal crops, yellow rust and smut are basically under control
In places where conditions of water, soil and fertilizer are favourable, transplanting has replaced direct sowing in wheat cultivation. According to reports from Honan, Hopei, Shensi, Shantung and Kiang-su Provinces and Peking, this transplanting method means 10 to 20 per cent rise in wheat output and an average yield of about 3.8 tons per hectare.
  
  
  

 
 
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