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 Growth of "Barefoot Doctors" In the Countryside

图片:
图片:
Growth of "Barefoot Doctors" In the Countryside


Source: Peking Review, No 27, July 5, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

More than one million "barefoot doctors'" who engage in farm production while doing medical work now in China's countryside. They are playing an important part in improving medical and health work in the villages, protecting peasants' health, promoting farm production and pushing ahead the proletarian revolution in health work.

The "barefoot doctors" first appeared in a paddy-rice growing area on Shanghai's outskirts. Some medical workers in the countryside -who had gone through short-term training (generally three to six months) worked barefoot in the paddyfields like other village folk, Hence the term "barefoot doctors" which was affectionately given them by the villagers. During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, health departments in various places have trained large numbers of "barefoot doctors" in accordance with Chairman Mao's instruction "In medical and health work, put the stress on the rural areas." In September 1968, Hongqi and Renmin Ribao published an investigation report introducing the "barefoot doctors" of Chiangchen People's Commune on the outskirts of Shanghai. This was a great support to the socialist new-born thing, and "barefoot doctors" increased rapidly throughout China's countryside.

The "barefoot doctors'" now form an important force in village public health work. In most production brigades, each consisting of one to several villages, there is one or several "barefoot doctors." Every production team, consisting of a dozen to several dozen families, has medical workers and mid wives who are not divorced from production. At present there are over 2 million such medical workers in the rural areas. Many "barefoot doctors" and medical workers are women. The minority peoples have their own "barefoot doctors" and medical workers in the areas they inhabit.

After being trained on the recommendation of commune members, "barefoot doctors" strike deep roots among the masses. With profound proletarian feelings, they serve the peasant masses painstakingly and in all seriousness and do their best to improve their skill in the course of practice. Fast maturing, they are now performing such duties as curing diseases (generally speaking, they can handle common local diseases after working two to three years, and some can even treat more complicated and serious cases), propagating hygiene -among the people, organizing mass drives to improve environmental sanitation and implementing the principle of "putting prevention first," working on family planning programmes and mother and child care, mobilizing the peasants to pick, plant and process medicinal herbs, and running the cooperative medical service well.

"Barefoot doctors" are playing an ever greater role in the proletarian revolution in public health work and the revolution in medical education. Since 1970, a number of "'barefoot doctors" have been selected and sent every year to medical colleges and schools for further study, and the more experienced ones are asked to teach and pass on their knowledge to city medical students doing practical work In the countryside. They are also in close contact with hospitals and other medical institutions in their localities. Since they retain the fine qualities of the working people and are well acquainted with the peasants' wishes and demands and the actual needs of rural medical and health work, they play a tremendous role in criticizing the revisionist line in health work and implementing Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in this field.

In the current movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, together with the broad masses, the "barefoot doctors" in various places repudiate the crimes of Lin Piao and company for trying to restore capitalism and opposing "barefoot doctors," a socialist new thing grown up in the Cultural Revolution. They are determined to translate into action Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in health work with greater consciousness and do medical and health work in the countryside well.
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-09 05:55 | [楼 主]
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