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 Workers, Peasants and Soldiers Criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius

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Workers, Peasants and Soldiers Criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius

Expose Lin Piao's Reactionary Programme For Restoring Capitalism
— Workers' group studies Marx' Critique of the Gotha Programme to grasp ideological weapon


    IN the movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius, a workers' group in the No. 4 workshop of the Shanghai Clock and Watch Parts Factory has conscientiously studied Marx' brilliant work, Critique of the Gotha Programme, scathingly criticized Lin Piao's crimes of following Confucius' precept "restrain oneself and return to the rites" in a vain attempt to restore capitalism, exposed his ugly features of a counter-revolutionary double-dealer, and seen the ultra-Rightist nature of Lin Piao's revisionist line more clearly. By study and criticism, this group of workers, daring and militant, is determined to stand in the van of the movement and fight courageously to consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat.
   This group consists of 27 workers. More than half of them are veteran workers who went through bitter suffering in the old society and have a deep class hatred. In its study and criticism, the group repeatedly pondered over the teachings of Marx and Engels: By drawing up a programme of principles, "one sets up before the whole world landmarks by which it measures the level of (he Party movement." "A new programme is after all a banner publicly raised, and the outside world judges the party by it"
   The workers understood through study that a programme reflects in a concentrated way the will and interests of the class represented by a political party or grouping. It directly embodies the nature of that political party or grouping and shows which banner it raises, which road it takes and which line it pursues. Ninety-nine years ago, Marx and Engels firmly grasped the Gotha Programme and criticized it point by point and sentence by sentence, hitting hard at Lassallean opportunism, educating the vast numbers of party members and the workers and propelling the proletarian revolutionary movement forward.  To push forward the current revolutionary struggle, members of this group said that in criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius they should grasp Lin Piao's reactionary programme "restrain oneself and return to the rites" and deeply criticize it.
   Applying the Marxist stand, viewpoint and method, the workers made a comparison of Lassalleanism, the doctrines of Confucius and Mencius and Lin Piao's revisionist line. They pointed out that Lin Piao's line of "restraining oneself and returning to the rites," like the lines doggedly followed by all past and present reactionaries at home and abroad, was a thoroughgoing line for restoration of the old order and retrogression. They noted that Lassalle was a traitor and scab hidden in the German workers' movement. The vigorous proletarian revolutionary movement in the 1870s was dealing a heavy blow at the Prussian military autocracy and hitting hard at the joint dictatorship of the Junkers and bourgeoisie of the German empire. At that time Lassalle's disciples, representing>the interests of reactionary classes, came out in a trial of strength with the proletariat These disciples injected into the Gotha Programme a number of Lassallean opportunist phrases and slogans long criticized by Marx and Engels and wantonly distorted and revised many of the theses set forth in the Manifesto of the Communist Party. They did all this to meet the political needs of the reactionary classes in their attempt to pull back the workers' movement.
   More than 2,400 years ago when China's slave system was rapidly collapsing and the feudal system was steadily rising, Confucius, representing the interests of the slave-owning class, unfurled the tattered banner of "restraining oneself and returning to the rites," running here and (here and speaking against social change so as to turn back the advancing wheel of history. At a moment when the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution had won tremendous victories and our country's dictatorship of the proletariat was being steadily consolidated, Lin Piao, representing the interests of the overthrown landlords and the bourgeoisie and meeting the needs of imperialism, revisionism and all reaction, also repeatedly shouted "restrain oneself and return to the rites." His aim was to try to turn our socialist system back to capitalism and replace the dictatorship of the proletariat with the dictatorship of the landlords and the bourgeoisie. Lin Piao's "restraining oneself and returning to the rites" line was one of restoration. It must be thoroughly criticized.
   In criticizing Lassalle's fallacy about "the free state," Marx stated that in the transition period between capitalist and communist society "the state can be nothing but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat" Engels, too, penetratingly pointed out: "As, therefore, the state is only a transitional institution which is used in the struggle, in the revolution, in order to hold down one's adversaries by force, it is pure nonsense to talk of a free people's state."
   While studying these theses of the revolutionary teachers, the workers' group noted the striking similarities between "the free state" advocated by Lassalle and the precepts of the "rule of virtue" and "benevolent government" in the doctrines of Confucius and Mencius preached by Lin Piao. They said that the criminal objective of Lin Piao's vicious attacks on revolutionary violence and the dictatorship of the proletariat was a futile attempt to restore capitalism, to "give political liberation to all" the enemies of the dictatorship of the proletariat, to reinstate in power the landlord and capitalist classes and turn China into a colony of Soviet revisionists.
 By studying the Critique of the Gotha Programme, the group saw that all reactionaries engaged in counterrevolutionary criminal activities, apart from adopting a particular programme, must resort to counter-revolutionary tactics that serve it. Lassalle, Lin Piao and Confucius were all typical persons adept in conspiracy and double-dealing. Lassalle was once a prominent figure in the early stage of the German workers' movement. He passed himself off as a "revolutionary," styled himself a working class "leader" and proclaimed himself a "faithful" student of Marx while attacking Marx viciously. Paying lip-service to socialism, he secretly colluded with Bismarck, prime minister of Prussia, and betrayed the workers' movement. In exposing Lassalle's ugly features as a counter-revolutionary double-dealer Engels said: "Lassalle the socialist is accompanied step by step by Lassalle the demagogue."
   The workers said that Engels' exposure of Lassalle was also a vivid description of the faces of the counterrevolutionary double-dealers Lin Piao and Confucius. Confucius was a "crafty hypocrite" who talked glibly about "benevolence, righteousness and virtue" but thought up blood-thirsty schemes. Lin Piao was a conspirator and careerist "who never showed up without a copy of Quotations in hand and never opened his mouth without shouting 'Long Live' and who spoke nice things to your face but stabbed you in the back." No matter what their tricks, they could not avoid finally being crushed by the advancing wheel of history.
   In the course of their study, the group also repeatedly studied and acquired an understanding of the significance of this famous remark of Marx in the Critique of the Gotha Programme: "There would be no bargaining about principles." They said: At a time when a programme saturated with Lassallean opportunist views emerged in the German workers' political party, the great revolutionary teachers Marx and Engels, in order to purify the party's ranks and repulse the opportunist trend of thought, waged an intense battle and refuted this programme of retrogression point by point and sentence by sentence, thus thoroughly repudiating and striking at the Lassallean opportunist trend of thought, purifying the party and propelling the German workers' movement forward. The highly principled attitude and militant revolutionary spirit of Marx and Engels are a brilliant example for us in deepening the struggle to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius.
  The workers were full of revolutionary enthusiasm in relating what they had gained from the study. They pledged to learn from the militant spirit of the revolutionary teachers in criticizing the Gotha Programme, bear in mind Chairman Mao's leaching "Going against the tide is a Marxist-Leninist principle," take an active part in the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius, make a thoroughgoing repudiation of Lin Piao's counter-revolutionary revisionist line and the reactionary doctrines of Confucius and Mencius, and continue the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat through to the end.
  


Source: Peking Review, No. 17, April 26, 7974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org
  
  
  

 
 
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