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 Criticize "Restraining Oneself And Restoring the Rites"

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Criticize "Restraining Oneself And Restoring the Rites"
— Lin Piao's reactionary programme in his vain attempt to restore capitalism
                                
"Renmin Ribao" editorial          
                                          
    UNDER the leadership of the Party's Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, a large-scale movement to criticize Lin Piao and Confucius is developing vigorously throughout the country.
   Workers, peasants, soldiers, revolutionary Cadres and revolutionary intellectuals in many places are now, first and foremost, concentrating their criticism on Lin Piao's crimes in following Confucius' line of ''restraining oneself and restoring the rites" and trying to restore capitalism.   This has brought quite good results.
   In his own words, Lin Piao's counter-revolutionary revisionist line was to "restrain onself and restore the rites." He set great store by this tattered banner of Confucius for restoring the slave system and considered it to be the most important of all things. After the Ninth Party Congress, Lin Piao and one of his sworn followers, in a little over two months from October 19, 1969 to New Year's Day, 1970, wrote four similar scrolls bearing the words: "Of all things, this is the most important: to restrain oneself and restore the riles/' This fully shows the wild ambition of the Lin Piao anti-Party clique which impatiently tried to make a fundamental change in the Party's basic line and policies for the historical period of socialism and to subvert the dictatorship of the proletariat and restore capitalism.
   Lin Piao's political programme for "restoring the rites" was his insistence that the stale must have a chairman. In opposition to Chairman Mao's repeated instructions on this matter, he clamoured: "If the state has no head, there will be no right titles and words will not be proper": at the Second Plenary Session of the Party's Ninth Central Committee. Lin Piao launched a counter-revolutionary coup which was smashed, in a vain effort to usurp the supreme power in the Party and the .state and restore the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie with "right titles and proper words."
   Lin Piao's theoretical programme for "restoring the rites" was the theory of "innate genius." By bragging that he was a "genius" "born with knowledge," calling himself a "heavenly horse" and comparing himself to King Wen of the Chou Dynasty, he was preparing the theoretical basis for usurping Party leadership and seizing state power.
   The class content of Lin Piao's "restoring the rites" was to reinstate the overthrown landlord and capitalist classes and establish a fascist Lin dynasty. Taking over the reactionary slogan of Confucius — "revive states that are extinct, restore families whose line of succession has been broken and call to office those who have fallen into obscurity'' — he arrogantly clamoured that all enemies of the dictatorship of the proletariat would "be given political liberation."
   This counter-revolutionary revisionist line of Lin Piao's to "restrain oneself and restore the rites" represented in full the wish of the landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists and imperialism, revisionism and all reaction for a counterrevolutionary restoration in China.
   On the eve of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chairman Mao enjoined the whole Party: "The imperialists and domestic reactionaries will certainly not take their defeat lying down and they will struggle to the last ditch. After there is peace and order throughout the country, they will still engage in sabotage and create disturbances in various ways and will try every day and every minute to stage a come-back. This is inevitable and beyond all doubt, and under no circumstances must we relax our vigilance."
   For more than twenty years, the dictatorship of the proletariat in our country has been strengthened and has developed in the struggle between restoration and counter-restoration. Our struggle against the Lin Piao anti-Party clique has been all the more an acute and complicated struggle between restoration and counter-restoration. By grasping Lin Piao's "restraining oneself and restoring the rites" and deeply criticizing it, we can see more clearly the true features of Lin Piao. who was a bourgeois careerist, conspirator double-dealer, renegade and traitor, discern the ultra-Rightist nature of his counter-revolutionary revisionist line, and eliminate its pernicious influence. This is of extreme importance to us in persisting in socialist revolution and construction, in opposing the restoration of capitalism, strengthening and developing the tremendous achievements of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat.
   We must combine the criticism of Lin Piao's ''restraining oneself and restoring the rites'' with cardinal issues of right and wrong in the class struggle and the struggle between the. two lines at the present moment. We must criticize the crimes of the Lin Piao anti-Party clique in negating the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and Chairman Mao's basic theory and basic practice regarding socialist revolution and construction in an attempt to restore things revisionist; we must adhere to the Patty's basic line and continue to advance along the socialist road. We must criticize the fallacies of the Lin Piao anti-Party clique viciously maligning newly emerging socialist things, adhere to the principle of combining the old, the middle-aged and the young in leading bodies at all levels, persevere in the proletarian revolution in education, literature and art and medical and health work, and uphold the principle of cadres going clown to do manual labour and educated youth going to settle in the countryside. We must criticize the Lin Piao anti-Party clique for its crimes of trying to throw itself into the arms of Soviet revisionist social-imperialism and of capitulation ism and national betrayal: we must adhere to the principle of maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts and uphold proletarian internationalism and patriotism. To sum up, through the criticism of Lin Piao's "restraining oneself and restoring the rites," we must carry out extensive and deep-going education in opposing and preventing revisionism, persevere in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and ensure that all our work will advance steadfastly along Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.
   The criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius is a political and ideological struggle to uphold Marxism and oppose revisionism. We must conscientiously study works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and Chairman Mao's works, study Chairman Mao's instructions on criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius and the relevant documents stipulated by the Party's Central Committee. These are our weapons in the struggle. We must combine study with criticism, study hard to grasp the essence and make penetrating criticism. In criticizing Lin Piao's "restraining oneself and restoring the rites," it is necessary to study conscientiously Chairman Mao's theses on combating and preventing revisionism and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat. Only by this way of combining theory with practice can we come to a deep understanding that opposing revisionism is a long-term fighting task for the entire historical period of socialism, and heighten in a fundamental way the consciousness of the cadres and masses in class struggle and the struggle between the two lines and their consciousness of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.
   Party committees and leading cadres at all levels should stand in the forefront of the movement, firmly grasp the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius as the central issue and boldly arouse the masses. We should carry on revolutionary mass criticism step by step in a sustained and penetrating way and avoid getting entangled in particular questions which may water down the criticism of Lin Piao and Confucius. We should have confidence that the cadres and masses who have been tempered in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution are able to keep to the general orientation of the struggle. We will certainly be able to guide the movement of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius forward victoriously along the correct track, provided we strictly distinguish between the two different types of contradictions and, in particular, correctly handle the contradictions among the people, concretely analyse concrete questions, firmly carry out the proletarian policies formulated by Chairman Mao and unite upwards of 95 per cent of the cadres and masses.

(February 20)


Source: Peking Review, No. 9, March 1, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org
  
  
  

 
 
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