本页主题: Comment On "Nothing Can Be More Important Than This” 打印 | 加为IE收藏 | 复制链接 | 收藏主题 | 上一主题 | 下一主题

weihong1
级别: 精灵王


精华: 0
发帖: 1081
威望: 1082 点
红花: 10810 朵
贡献值: 0 点
在线时间:273(小时)
注册时间:2007-01-15
最后登录:2009-08-13

 Comment On "Nothing Can Be More Important Than This”

图片:
图片:
Comment On "Nothing Can Be More Important Than This”
—    What does Chiang Kai-shek's "New Year's Day Statement" point to?

by Kang Li

Source: Peking Review, No. 8, February 22, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    TO grasp the historical and immediate significance of the criticism of Confucius, we need to learn from two sides, both positive and negative. Thanks are due to Chiang Kai-shek, who once again has popped up to give us a lesson, his 1974 "New Year's Day Statement" being an excellent piece of teaching material from the negative side.
  It is not a long "statement1' and has only some 2,000 characters; half of this length, however, is devoted to the worship of Confucius. In the face of the criticism by the Chinese people of the ideas of worshipping Confucius and opposing the Legalist school, Chiang Kai-shek bellowed that "the 5,000-year-old traditional doctrine handed down by the sages" is in danger of extinction. He said: "This is the biggest misfortune of our country and the biggest sorrow of the nation, and no peril can be greater and more imminent than this! With regard to the bounden duty of the nationalist revolution, nothing, too, can be more important and more urgent than this!"
  "Nothing can be more important and more urgent than this!" The statement is, indeed, a candid acknowledgement of Chiang Kai-shek's relation to Confucius to whom he owes his existence. This fellow Chiang Kai-shek rose to power by worshipping Confucius and opposing communism. It is not only today that he holds that "nothing can be more important" than the worship of Confucius. He has been doing that all along. In 1928 he made a "pilgrimage" to Chufu, the native place of Confucius, and he stated that Confucius was "the teacher of benevolence and righteousness for millenniums" and "the eternal paragon of correct human relations," that Confucianism "amends man's mind" and "wards off heresy." Later on, in co-ordination with his counterrevolutionary military campaigns of "encirclement and suppression" against the Communist Party of China, he sponsored rites on many occasions offering sacrifices to Confucius and preached the doctrine of Confucius; this was what Lu Hsun had scathingly repudiated: "Confucius' temple is being restored at the cost of the scourge of war and pestilence, floods and drought, the curses of gales and locusts." Why does Chiang Kai-shek attach such great importance to the worship of Confucius? He himself gave the answer: "This is for the purpose of uprooting communism."
  All reactionaries invariably begin by making trouble and end up in defeat. This is a law of history. All his life Chiang Kai-shek has devoted his efforts to the infamous act of worshipping Confucius and opposing communism. But in the end, communism in China is not at all uprooted; instead, the reactionary rule of the Chiang Kai-shek dynasty on the Chinese mainland has been completely uprooted by communism. But even after he fled to China's Taiwan Island, the worship of Confucius continues to be a thing of foremost importance to the reactionary miniature Chiang dynasty. What with the formation of associations of Confucianism and Mencianism and rites in honour of Confucius, there seems to be no end to the spate of fads of worshipping Confucius. To top it all, some surviving courtiers of this miniature dynasty headed by the fascist chief of the secret service Chen Li-fu planned and raised a fund several months ago to cast a bronze statue of Confucius to be shipped across the ocean to the United States and erected in the newly built park of "Chinese culture" in San Jose, California. These reactionaries who for many years in the past used Confucius to fool and poison the minds of the Chinese people have now hit on the fancy idea of using the same Confucius to fool and poison the minds of the American people. But as their previous experience showed, they can get nothing out of it for all their pains; as a Chinese saying puts it, their efforts will be like ladling water with a wicker basket.
  Historical experience shows that the dying classes always throw in their lot with the dead Confucius. Ideologically speaking, Chiang Kai-shek's reactionary rule in Taiwan to a large extent owes its existence to the dead Confucius. It just can't carry on without worshipping Confucius. This is why when the Chinese people ' started criticizing Confucius, Chiang Kai-shek deeply sensed the imminence of a great disaster. On tenterhooks, he did not know what to do and was simply overwhelmed with fear, as if his ancestors' burying ground had been excavated. This was why he felt impelled to scream that "no peril can be greater and more urgent than this."
  It is the common feature of all dying classes to regard the worship of Confucius as a thing of primary importance and the criticism of Confucius as a bogey. This is true of Chiang Kai-shek and all other reactionaries. We need not go back very far. In modem China, every time the revolutionary people rose to criticize Confucius and Confucianism in a big way, the statesmen and thinkers of the reactionary classes without fail came out and put on a clumsy performance, bemoaning and wailing in sackcloth and ashes. When, for instance, the peasant heroes of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom 1 ruthlessly criticized and denounced Confucius both in theory and practice, Tseng Kuo-fan the butcher 2 wailed: “All the proprieties, the set of human relations, classics and moral codes China has had for several thousand years are being thrown away and swept clean at one stroke. This is not just a disaster to our great Ching Dynasty but the unprecedented, worst disaster to the Confucian Establishment, a disaster bemoaned by our Confucius and Mencius in the other world."
  Again when the Revolution of 1911 3 toppled feudalism which had lasted more than 2,000 years in China and when reactionary Confucianism was attacked and denied by the members of the bourgeois revolutionary parties, the arch-traitor Yuan Shih-kai screamed: "Heaven has sent us Confucius who is mankind's paragon now and for ever"; "if the ethics of the population are what they are now, on what basis can the state be founded?"
  During the May 4th new cultural movement 4 when the people raised the slogan “Down with the Confucius Shop" and fiercely attacked Confucius and reactionary Confucianism, such survivals of feudalism as Lin Chin-nan 5 and others were so heart-broken they regarded the movement to criticize Confucius as the advent of an epoch in which floods deluged the world and fierce animals ran wild; they went everywhere to laud Confucius as "the sage among sages who keeps up with the times" and cursed the revolutionary people's effort to 'topple Confucius and Mencius and uproot the set of human relations" as "revolt against parenthood and contempt for moral obligations." An ideological struggle is in the service of a political struggle. When this handful of reactionaries ideologically worshipped Confucius, their aim was to effect a restoration politically and launch a counter-attack on the revolution. In China, the school which worships Confucius has always been identified with the political party standing for the restoration of the old order.
  The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is a great political revolution carried out under the conditions of socialism by the proletariat against the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes. Both Confucius and his diehard followers have been thoroughly repudiated in this great revolutionary movement. Confucianism as a reactionary ideology is being sent to the grave by the revolutionary people. The dream of Imperialism, revisionism and reaction for a capitalist restoration in China has been shattered again and again. This is why reactionaries at home and abroad show particular enmity for this revolution and come out one after another for a desperate, frenzied counter-attack with a view to defending the so-called "traditional doctrine handed down by the sages." Lin Piao, the bourgeois conspirator and careerist, was one of their exponents. Considering himself the Confucius of modern China, he frenziedly opposed the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, hid himself in a dark corner working on his "gleanings from the Four Books" and kept chanting "Of all things, this is the most important; to restrain oneself and restore the rites." He and his diehard conspirator on four occasions in less than three months, between October 1969 and January 1970, wrote this on scrolls which they exchanged between themselves to decorate the bedroom and make it their motto. All this fully bared their wild ambition and impatience to over-
  
  
  1. The war of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom which took place in the middle century was a peasant revolutionary war against the feudal rule of the Ching Dynasty and against national oppression In January 1851, Hung Hsiu-chuan, Yang Hsiu-ching and other leaders of the revolution, staged an uprising at Chintien Village of Kueiping County in Kwangsi and proclaimed the founding of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. In 1852, proceeding from Kwangsi, the insurgents marched through Hunan, Hupeh, Kiangsi and Anhwei and captured Nanking in 1853. Part of the forces then continued the drive north and pushed to the vicinity of Tientsin. However, the Taiping Army did not build any stable base area in places it had occupied; moreover, after establishing its capital in Nanking, members of its leading group made many political and military mistakes. This accounted for its defeat in 1064 when it failed to withstand the combined onslaught of the counter-revolutionary forces of the Ching government and the British, U.S. and French aggressors.
  2.Tseng Kuo-fan (1811-72), a native of Hsianghsiang. Hunan, was a mandarin al the Ching court. He persisted in organizing a counter-revolutionary armed force following the outbreak of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom peasant war and became a traitor and butcher who suppressed the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in collaboration with the forces of the foreign invaders. At the same time, he waved the worn-out banner of idealism and slandered and frenziedly attacked the anti-feudalist ideas of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
       3 The revolution which overthrew the autocratic rule of the Ching Dynasty. On October It), 1911, part of the new army," aroused by the revolutionary organizations of the bourgeoisie and petty-bourgeoisie of that time, staged an uprising in Wuchang, which won nationwide response and soon brought an end to Ching Dynasty rule. On January 1, 1912, a provisional government of the republic of Chinn was founded in Nanking with Sun Yat-sen as the provisional president. The victory of the revolution was won through an alliance of the bourgeoisie and the peasants, workers and urban petty-bourgeoisie. But because of the proneness of the leading group of the revolution to make compromises, its failure to look after the actual interests of the peasants and submitting itself to the pressure of the imperialist and feudal forces, political power fell into the hands of Yuan Shih-kai, a northern warlord. The revolution thus ended in failure.
  4. The May 4th new cultural movement was a revolutionary movement of the Chinese people against imperialism and feudalism which broke out on May 4, 1919. It was also a new cultural movement thoroughly opposing feudal culture. The two great banners of the day were: "Down with the old ethics and up with the new!" and "Down with the old literature and up with the new!"
        5.Lin Chin-nan (1852-1924), a "provincial graduate" of the Ching Dynasty and once a faculty member of the Capital University College. In his declining years, as an exponent of the conservatives, he energetically opposed the new cultural movement.
  
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-09 01:57 | [楼 主]
帖子浏览记录 版块浏览记录
中国文革研究网 » CR DOCUMENTS
 
 

Total 0.012222(s) query 3, Time now is:11-20 05:18, Gzip enabled
Powered by PHPWind v6.3.2 Certificate © http://wengewang.tk