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 World in Great Disorder: Excellent Situation

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World in Great Disorder: Excellent Situation

  
Source: Peking Review, No. 3,January 18, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

1974 has begun. Recalling the past and forecasting the future show that 1974, like 1973, will be another year of great disorder in the world.
   This great disorder is one in which imperialism, modern revisionism and reactionaries of various countries have been thrown into confusion. It reflects an excellent situation in which countries want independence, nations want liberation and the people want revolution.
   In this great disorder the face of the old world is changing and a new world is coming into being.

(i)

   Some people have tried hard to present a false picture, describing 1973 as a year of peace, as a "turning-point" from tension to detente and co-operation. Despite their efforts, however, historical reality shows that the world is in fact in great disorder.
   Indochina is still in turbulence; guns still roar in Cambodia; in October the Middle East war broke out once again; the fight by the African people against colonialism and racism became even fiercer. In 1973, as in every other of the 20-odd postwar years, the sound of guns did not cease, and the flames of war did not die out.
   The Third World has risen in revolt against the two superpowers. The non-aligned countries, at their fourth summit conference, held fast to their opposition to imperialism, colonialism and hegemonism. Nearly 80 Asian, African and Latin American countries have joined forces in the fight to safeguard the 200-nautical-mile territorial seas and rights to coastal economic zones. The struggles against aggression, subversion, interference, control and bullying have surged to a new high and gained momentum.
   Western Europe, in its growing trend towards integration, is pushing for a more clearly defined identity and resistance to Soviet revisionist expansion.
   Increasing contradictions between Soviet revisionism and its "community" members more than ever have upset this self-appointed "patriarch" of the "big community."
   The rivalry for hegemony between the United States and the Soviet Union has become more and more intense. Last June in Washington, 13 agreements were signed between them at one stroke. But no sooner had Washington cleared away the celebratory champagne glasses than the two parties embarked on an even fiercer round in the nuclear arms race and in the fight for global hegemony.
   In the capitalist world, the political, economic and social crises, inflation and other malignancies inherent in the capitalist system have all worsened. Further aggravating the disorder today is the oil crisis. In the capitalist world, Christmas and Now Year's Day passed in the "dark and cold."
   In the capitalist world, to protect their fundamental living rights and oppose rising prices, the workers have held massive strikes and demonstrations spearheaded against monopoly capital's exploitation and rule. People of various nationalities in the Soviet Union have resorted to go-slows, strikes, demonstrations, insurrections and other actions to resist Soviet revisionism's social-fascist rule. Thousands upon thousands of rebels have been crowded into "mental institutions," concentration camps and prisons. However, the fiercer the suppression, the stronger the resistance.
   In Thailand the raging tide of the people's and student movement broke up the rule of the Thanom-Praphas clique, and in south Korea the mass struggle (Figures according to foreign, press sources) spurred by the youth and women against tyranny has just begun.
   From South Asia to Latin America one military, coup after another has taken place.
   In truth, is there in the world any day in which one can say tranquillity reigns?

(ii)

   In its outward appearance, the intricate and complicated international class struggle seems confusing. In judging whether the world situation is one of "detente" or one of upheaval, what should be considered — the superficial phenomena or the essence?
   In his political report to the Tenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Premier Chou En-lai pointed out that great disorder on the earth "aptly depicts how the basic world contradictions as analysed by Lenin show themselves today."
   The world today is still in the era of imperialism and proletarian revolution. It is the various basic contradictions of this era that constitute the essence. Whether these contradictions are eased and resolved or develop and intensify is the basic factor which determines whether the world is in a state of detente or upheaval. What then is the situation today? These contradictions are not easing; they are becoming even more acute. This is particularly true of the contradictions between the oppressed nations and peoples on the one hand and imperialism and social-imperialism on the other, and of the contradictions among imperialist and social-imperialist countries. The two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, seek and contend for hegemony everywhere, from Europe to the Middle East and from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. This has resulted in turbulence in the world and aroused strong resistance among peoples everywhere. This is the main cause of the present international turmoil.
  
Source: Peking Review, No. 3,January 18, 1974
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org
  
  
  

 
 
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