New Year Message:1974 New Year's Day editorial
New Year Message:1974 New Year's Day editorial
New Year Message:1974 New Year's Day editorial
New Year Message
1974 New Year's Day editorial by "Renmin Ribao," "Hongqf" and "Jiefangjun Bao"
Source: Peking Review. No. 1, January 4, 1974
THE fighting year of 1973 is over and the people of all nationalities in our country are joyously stepping into 1974 with an excellent situation prevailing at home and abroad.
The Chinese people have fought in closer unity over the past year under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China headed by Chairman Mao. Socialism is everywhere advancing triumphantly. Our motherland is thriving.
Our Party last year held its Tenth National Congress, a congress of historic significance. The whole Party, army and people enthusiastically studied the congress documents and acted in the spirit of the congress. The cadres and the masses conscientiously studied Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought, deepened the political and theoretical criticism of Lin Piao's counter-revolutionary revisionist line and raised their consciousness of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. The Party's basic line for the entire historical period of socialism went deeper into the hearts of the people. The workers, peasants, soldiers and revolutionary intellectuals mounted a new attack on the ideology of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes. The scene in education was one of revolutionary vigour. Inspired by the model revolutionary stage productions, the masses created literary and art works and gave performances on a large scale. New socialist things grew. Successors to the revolutionary cause of the proletariat grew healthily. Our Party became even more vigorous, the people of all nationalities of our country more united, our army stronger, and the dictatorship of the proletariat in our country more consolidated.
The movement to criticize Lin Piao and rectify the style of work encouraged the Chinese people to work hard with added vigour for the revolution. Our socialist economy flourished. Total industrial and agricultural output value was more than 8 per cent above the 1972 figure. There were rich harvests for the twelfth straight year. Output of grain, cotton, bast plants, sugar crops and tobacco reached new levels. Industrial production rose by a big margin. State production plans were fulfilled or overfulfilled for steel, rolled steel, non-ferrous metals, crude oil, electricity, timber, machinery and other heavy industrial products, for cotton yarn and cloth, chemical fibres and other light industrial goods, and for chemical fertilizer, insecticides, farm machinery and other products directly serving agriculture. New achievements were made in capital construction. Transport and communications were expanded. The market was brisk and prices were stable. Our economic exchanges with foreign countries continued to grow. The Renminbi enjoyed a rising prestige. New advances were reported in science and technology.
The international situation is also excellent. The world is in great disorder. "The wind sweeping through the tower heralds a rising storm in the mountains." Developments on the world scene gave eloquent proof of the validity of Chairman Mao's scientific theses on the international situation., Soviet revisionism and U.S. imperialism contended for world hegemony with mounting ferocity in the past year; the entire world was far from tranquil. Europe is the strategic focus of their contention. In the attempt to expand their spheres of influence and scramble for the oil of the Middle East, the two superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States, confronted each other with daggers drawn during the fourth Middle East war. This sharpened basic world contradictions and deepened the great international turbulence. Stark reality exploded the myth spread by Soviet revisionism about an international "detente." The people of the world became aroused day by day and advanced with big strides in the midst of this turbulence. The Vietnamese and Lao peoples won important victories in their wars against U.S. aggression and for national salvation. The patriotic army and people of Cambodia achieved splendid results on the battlefield. The Korean people scored new achievements in working for the independent and peaceful reunification of their country. The war of resistance of the Arab people including the Palestinian people against the Israeli aggressors upset the prolonged state of "no war, no peace" created by the superpowers in the Middle East, and exerted a positive influence on the struggle of the Asian and African peoples against imperialism and hegemonism. The Third World has become stronger and more united, playing an ever more significant role in international affairs. Imperialism, modern revisionism and all reaction are on the decline and riddled with crises. Beset with difficulties at home and abroad, U.S. imperialism is having a very hard time. Soviet revisionist social-imperialism, "making a feint to the east while attacking in the west," has wild ambitions but not enough strength. Stretching out its hands everywhere but running up against the wall in every direction, it has shown its true features more fully. It is discredited all over the world and is becoming more and more isolated.
Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in foreign affairs scored new victories in the past year. The militant unity of the people of China and the proletariat and oppressed people and nations the world over grew steadily. China has diplomatic relations with 90 countries, and her friendly interchanges with various countries were expanded. We have friends all over the world.
The correctness or incorrectness of the ideological and political line decides everything. Our victory is a victory for Chairman Mao's revolutionary line. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution initiated and led by Chairman Mao shattered the Liu Shao-chi and the Lin Piao bourgeois headquarters, steeled the masses, educated the cadres, promoted the growth of the productive forces and enabled our work in all fields to advance along the correct line. The attacks on the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution by a handful of class enemies at home and abroad served to show that this revolution is absolutely necessary and most timely. We must consolidate and expand our gains in the Cultural Revolution.
In this new year we should continue to act in the spirit of the Tenth Party Congress, firmly grasp education in the ideological and political line, and adhere to the three principles: Practise Marxism, and not revisionism; unite, and don't split; be open and aboveboard, and don't intrigue and conspire. We should develop the excellent situation and strive for still greater victories.
It is necessary in the first place to continue to do a good job of deepening the movement to criticize Lin Piao and rectify the style of work. Lin Piao's line was a revisionist line. The Party's basic line for the historical period of socialism tells us that the struggle against revisionism is protracted. The struggles our Party waged in the past two decades or more against the four anti-Party cliques represented by Kao Kang and Jan Shu-shih, Peng Teh-huai, Liu Shao-chi and Lin Piao were all struggles against revisionism. Criticism of Lin Piao, of the ultra-Rightist nature of his line, is criticism of revisionism. We should make full use of Lin Piao, a teacher by negative example, to educate the cadres and the masses on combating and preventing revisionism. We .should restudy the important instructions Chairman Mao has given during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, draw on the experience of the struggle between the two lines, and take a correct attitude toward the Cultural Revolution, the masses and ourselves. We should scrupulously distinguish and correctly handle the two different types of contradictions, continue to implement the Party's proletarian policies, unite more than 95 per cent of the masses and the cadres and firmly maintain the orientation for the struggle.
We must read and study conscientiously in the course of criticizing Lin Piao and rectifying the style of work. We must persist in studying well the works by Marx. Engels. Lenin and Stalin and Chairman Mao's works assigned by the Party Central Committee and continue to run the study classes for worker-peasant-soldier cadres well. We should repeatedly study Marx's Critique of the Gotha Programme, Lenin's Imperial-Ism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism and Chairman Mao's On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People. We should also find time to read some history books and novels. Only when we have a good grasp of Marxism-Leninism can we keep to the correct line, see through appearance to the essence, uphold the Marxist-Leninist principle of going against the tide, and discern erroneous trends of thought in whatever forms and fight them.
The socialist revolution in the superstructure, including all spheres of culture, must be carried on well. The struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie on the political-ideological front is long and tortuous and even very acute at times. Keeping to the socialist road and criticizing capitalist tendencies is a long-term task for consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat. Chairman Mao points out: "The law of the unity of opposites is the fundamental law of the universe." "There can be no differentiation without contrast. There can be no development without differentiation and struggle." We must know how to apply the law of the unity of opposites in guiding the revolution in the superstructure, enthusiastically support the new things that have emerged during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, do a good job of struggle-criticism-transformation, and carry through to the end the revolution in education, health work, literature and art and other fields. It is necessary to continue to criticize the ideas of worshipping Confucius and opposing the Legalist school, and in the course of .he criticism build up the ranks of Marxist theorists. Both reactionaries at home and abroad and the ringleaders of the opportunist lines worship Confucius. Therefore, criticizing Confucius is a component part of the criticism of Lin Piao. We should continue to carry out the Party's policy of uniting, educating and remoulding the intellectuals. We hope that they [our intellectuals] will continue to make progress and that, in the course of work and study, they will gradually acquire the communist world outlook, get a better grasp of Marxism-Leninism and become integrated with the workers and peasants. Wc hope they will not stop halfway, or, what is worse, slip back, for there will be no future for them in going backwards.
1974 is crucial for fulfilment of the Fourth Five-Year Plan. We must seize the opportunity to go all out, aim high and achieve greater, faster, better and more economical results in building socialism. We must adhere to Chairman Mao's principle of building our country independently and with the initiative in our own hands, through self-reliance, hard struggle, diligence and thrift, and deepen the mass movements In industry, learn from Taching and In agriculture, learn from Tachai. Thus we will remain invincible. Our industry and agriculture have enormous potentialities. Our national economy is bound to make still greater advances provided we persist in grasping revolution and promoting production, have faith in the masses, rely on them and care for them, correctly handle contradictions among the people and bring the initiative of the masses into full play. We should make outstanding achievements in all fields of work to greet the Fourth National People's Congress.
The Party's centralized leadership should be strengthened. Party committees should grasp major issues, grasp the line and political-ideological work. Major issues must be constantly discussed so that everyone pays heed to them. It is very dangerous to become engrossed in minor matters and not discuss major issues, for this inevitably leads to revisionism. We should deeply understand the great significance, which the documents of the Tenth Party Congress stress, of taking hold of major issues and do this more conscientiously. The composition of leading bodies at all levels must be based on the principle of combining the old, middle-aged and young, and they must pay serious attention to training revolutionary successors. They should practise democratic centralism, constantly canvass the opinions of the masses and accept supervision by the masses, and uphold truth and correct mistakes. They should strengthen investigation and study, analyse the conditions of every class and grasp typical examples well. Party members should observe Party discipline and the provisions of the Party Constitution, carry forward the fine traditions of the Party, combat corrosive influences of bourgeois ideology and make real efforts to overcome such unhealthy tendencies as "going in by the back door.'* We must truly carry out in every primary organization Chairman Mao's principle: "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people" and "Dig tunnels deep, store grain everywhere, and never seek hegemony."
The People's Liberation Army founded and commanded by Chairman Mao is an army of the proletariat under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. It should continue to study and implement Chairman Mao's line on army building and strengthen itself politically, ideologically, organizationally and militarily. Army units should observe the Three Main Rules of Discipline and the Eight Points for Attention, undergo rigorous training and set strict demands on themselves so as to keep raising their combat effectiveness. The unity between the army and government organizations and between the army and the people should be strengthened. We must step up the building of the people's militia, especially in cities and border areas, and resolutely strike at the handful of class enemies engaged in sabotage. We should heighten our vigilance, defend our motherland and be ready at all times to destroy enemy intruders and liberate Taiwan. The liberation of Taiwan is the common aspiration and sacred duty of the people of the whole country, including the people in Taiwan Province. We are determined to liberate Taiwan!
We have won great victories, and we will win still greater victories. Let us unite still more closely under the leadership of the Party Central Committee headed by our great leader Chairman Mao and strive to accomplish the fighting tasks set forth by the Tenth Party Congress, fulfil and overfulfil the 1974 national economic plan and consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat!
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