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 Communists Should Work for the Interests Of the Vast Majority of People

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图片:
Communists Should Work for the Interests Of the Vast Majority of People

by Hung Yuan

Source: Peking Review, No. 49, December 7, 1973
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

 THE Constitution of the Communist Party of China adopted by the Tenth Party Congress expressly reiterates: Communists must "work for the interests of the vast majority of people of China and the world."
     All Chinese Communist Party members should, in line with this demand, work hard to remould their world outlook and persist in the aim of building a Party for the interests of the vast majority. They should be staunch fighters in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, serve the people of China and the world wholeheartedly, and advance steadfastly along Chairman Mao's revolutionary line.

The Proletariat's Aim in Party Building: Working For the Interests of the Vast Majority

  In the course of building our Party. Chairman Mao has consistently educated all Party members in the ideals of building a Party to work for the interests of the vast majority of people of China and the world.
  He has pointed out: "The Communist Party is a political party which works in the interests of the nation and people and which has absolutely no private ends to pursue." "We must work for the interests of the vast majority of the people, for the interests of the vast majority of the people of China and for the interests of the vast majority of the people of the world; we must not work for a small number of persons, for the exploiting classes, for the bourgeoisie or for the landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements or Rightists.”
  Proceeding from the nature and historical tasks of the proletarian political party, these instructions of Chairman Mao's profoundly expound the aim of Party building.
     The proletariat is the most far-sighted, most selfless and most thoroughly revolutionary class in human history. It can finally emancipate itself only when it has emancipated all mankind. Therefore, a fundamental unanimity of interests exists between the proletariat and the masses of the people, who make up the overwhelming majority of the population.
  The Chinese Communist Party is the vanguard of the proletariat and is armed with Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought. It takes as its point of departure in all actions the interests of the broadest masses of the people and its maximum programme is the realization of communism and the emancipation of all mankind. With its Marxist-Leninist line, the arduous-fighting course it has traversed, its working style of closely integrating with the masses and the heroic sacrifice of countless outstanding Communists and the practical deeds of its Party members, our Party has faithfully pursued the aim of building the Party for the interests of the vast majority.
     Guided by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line in the last half century, our Party has led the people of the whole country to take part in revolution and construction. It has led the people in overthrowing the rule of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism in China and continuing the socialist revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. It has led the people in turning a poor, backward and mutilated old China into a socialist country with initial prosperity, a country which persists in proletarian internationalism and supports the revolutionary struggles of the world's oppressed peoples and nations.
     All this is in the interests of the vast majority of people of China and the world. The history of the Chinese Communist Party is a history of struggle for the interests of the proletariat and the broad masses of the people. From their own experience, the people of the various nationalities in our country have seen that in China only the Communist Party sincerely works for the people, leads the working people to emancipation, and puts China's affairs in good order. Representing the people, our Party overthrew the people's enemies, and the people love and support the Party, praising it and our great leader Chairman Mao as great saviours and the red sun.

The Bourgeoisie's Aim in Party Building: Working for the Interests of the Minority

  The chiefs of all the opportunist lines in our Party since the time of Chen Tu-hsiu were opposed to working for the interests of the vast majority. Setting up "mountain strongholds" and indulging in sectarianism, they pushed opportunist lines in an effort to change our Party's proletarian character, trying to turn it into a tool for the interests of the exploiting minority.
  Lenin pointed out: "In reality, the opportunists' formal membership in workers' parties by no means disproves their objectively being a political detachment of the bourgeoisie, conductors of its influence, and its agents in the labour movement."
     A selfish, profit-grabbing exploiting class, the capitalist class exploits and enslaves the proletariat and other labouring people and enriches itself at others' expense* as a matter of course. The bourgeois class nature of the chiefs of the various opportunist lines determined that they would persist in building the Party for the interests of the minority. In promoting opportunist and revisionist lines, they attempted to make the proletariat and the masses of the people conform to the private interests of the various groups and parties of the bourgeoisie.
  Filled with personal ambition to build the Party for the interests of himself and a minority, Lin Piao engaged in machinations within our Party for several decades. His counter-revolutionary revisionist line epitomized the interests and desires of the landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and Rightists at home and imperialism, revisionism and reaction abroad. Talking volubly about "public interests," this shameless renegade actually had deleted the concrete class content of "public interests" and "private interests" to cover up his real features as an enemy of the people. In his mouth, "public interests*' meant those interests of the landlord and capitalist classes he represented, that is, the private interests of the exploiters who make up a small minority of the population.
  Since they worked only for the interests of the handful of exploiters, the chiefs of the opportunist lines invariably put themselves in a position antagonistic to the Party and the people. With the people against them, they could only end up in ruin. Even a counterrevolutionary double-dealer like Lin Piao, who was adept at treachery, could deceive the people for only a short time. In the end, he could not help revealing his true colours as a pseudo-Communist and a real renegade and traitor.
     Historical experience tells us that representatives of the bourgeoisie are not necessarily big capitalists. Nominal Communists like Khrushchov, Brezhnev, Liu Shao-chi and Lin Piao are actually agents of the bourgeoisie; they are revisionists who had become thoroughly bourgeois ideologically, politically and in their way of life. It is much more convenient for the landlords auct capitalists to let these agents of theirs, whom they had pulled out of the revolutionary ranks or who were enemies who had sneaked into the revolutionary ranks, act toy them under the mask of "Communists" than for the landlords and capitalists to come out into the open themselves; this is especially true when the landlords and capitalists are already quite odious in society. We must fully realize this characteristic and law of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines in the socialist period and raise our vigilance. We must uphold the three fundamental principles put forward by Chairman Mao: "Practise Marxism, and not revisionism, unite, and don’t split; be open and aboveboard, and don't intrigue and conspire." And we must carry out uncompromising struggle against all counter-revolutionary sabotage activities by class enemies at home or abroad and their agents that undermine the Party and the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Implementing the Party's Basic Line

  To persevere in building the Party for the interests of the vast majority of the people of China and the world, a Communist Party member should carry out our Party's line and policies in an exemplary way; he should, in particular, resolutely implement the Party's basic line.
     The basic line of our Party in the entire historical stage of socialism concentratedly reflects the fundamental interests of the proletariat and the broad masses. In the last analysis, the question of building the Party for the interests of the vast majority or for those of the minority is a question of upholding or opposing the Party's basic line.
     We say that the revisionist line of Lin Piao is ultra-Rightist in essence because it tries to change the Party's basic line and policies, subvert the proletarian dictatorship and restore capitalism. So we can really work for the interests of the vast majority of the people only when we unswervingly follow the Party's basic line.
     It is dangerous to forget this basic line. In 1965, Chairman Mao pointed out: "We shall go astray if we forget this fundamental theory and practice of our Party over the last dozen years or so."
     Departing from the Party's basic line would be departing from the long-range and overall interests of the masses of the people; departing from the basic principles and policies that should be followed in the current socialist revolution and construction would make it impossible to work for the interests of the vast majority. Practice has repeatedly proved that, whenever and wherever the Party's basic line has been conscientiously carried out, both revolution and construction advance in the right direction, and the work is done well and to the benefit of the people. When the reverse is the case, both revolution and construction will lose the correct orientation, there will be setbacks in work and the interests of the people will be impaired.
     Implementing the Party's basic line involves a process fraught with sharp struggles and will meet with resistance from class enemies at home and abroad as well as interference and sabotage by erroneous lines and tendencies. Since this is the case, every Communist Party member is required to persist in working for the interests of the vast majority of people of China and the world at all times. Towards matters having a bearing on the line and on the overall situation, ai Party member should always keep in mind the public interest and display the revolutionary spirit of going against the tide; he should stand firm for what is correct and oppose and resist what is erroneous. All erroneous lines and tendencies benefit the exploiting classes, which constitute a minority, and harm the broad masses. Fighting against them means safeguarding the Party's basic line and upholding the people's interests by practical deeds. In the course of strangle, however, the demarcation between the correct and erroneous lines should be drawn with care and accuracy, so that the struggle between the two lines and two ideologies is waged correctly and actively.
  With some comrades, it is often not u question of not being able to distinguish at all between the correct and the erroneous lines and tendencies, but a question of not daring to fight against the erroneous line and tendency for fear of impairing their own interests. These comrades are prone to avoid the issue and be non-committal on crucial questions. This is not an attitude Communists should take.
     Chairman Mao has said: "A Communist should have largeness of mind and he should be staunch and active, looking upon the interests of the revolution as his very life and subordinating his personal interests to those of the revolution; always and everywhere ho should adhere to principle and wage a tireless struggle against all incorrect ideas and actions, so as to consolidate the collective life of the Party and strengthen the ties between the Party and the masses; he should be more concerned about the Party and the masses than about any individual, and more concerned about others than about himself. Only thus can he be considered a Communist."

Uniting With the Vast Majority

     To persist in building the Party for the interests of the vast majority of people of China and the world, a Communist should unite with the vast majority of people to strive for the common revolutionary goal. Chairman Mao has said: "Both inside and outside the Party it is necessary to unite with the vast majority. Only thus can things be done well."
  The revolutionary cause our Party is leading is that of several hundred million people. Relying on a few will not do; the vast majority must be united with. As Chairman Mao has said: "It is necessary to unite with the masses of the people and unite with the masses of cadres, to unite with 95 per cent of both."
     Inside the country, the vast majority should be united with in order to consolidate the proletarian dictatorship and build socialism; internationally, it is also necessary to do so in order to oppose imperialism, revisionism and reaction and support the revolutionary struggles of the world's people.
     We Communist Party members must never sacrifice the interests of the Party and the people for the interests of a small clique. Those who have the "mountain-stronghold mentality" and practise sectarianism will be blinded by the narrow interests of a few and cease to see the overall interests of the Party and the people. If this goes on, they will hold sectarianism above the Party and may end up on the road of collusion in carrying out anti-Party activities.
     In our revolutionary ranks, it is quite normal that there are differences of opinion. The question is what stand one should take with regard to the different opinions.
     Chairman Mao has pointed out: "Our stand is that of the proletariat and of the masses. For members of the Communist Party, this means keeping to the stand of the Party, keeping to Party spirit and Party policy."
  By keeping to such a stand, we can adhere to correct opinions and overcome erroneous ones through debates on controversial questions. When correct understanding is gained, we can achieve firm unity based on Chairman Mao's revolutionary line.
     Some people fraternize with others holding similar views but repulse those with different views, regardless of the fact whether or not these views or ideas conform to Marxist principle and the interest of the people and to the proletarian Party spirit and Party policy; in some cases they are only trying to outdo others. All these are manifestations of complete disregard for the interests of the whole; they are detrimental to uniting with the vast majority and are against the interests of the broad masses of the people.

Fostering Proletarian World Outlook

     Essentially speaking, the question of whose interests one works for is a question of world outlook. A Communist Party member can dedicate his life to the interests of the vast majority of the people only when he has fostered a proletarian world outlook and baa the communist spirit of utter devotion to others without any thought of self. In past revolutionary wars, many of our Communist Party members fought bravely on the battlefields and shed their blood and lost their lives; many unflinchingly faced death under the butcher's knife of the enemy. Many have worked fearlessly under difficult conditions, consciously obeying the Party's discipline and imbued with revolutionary optimism ; working faithfully at posts of ordinary work, they have made remarkable contributions to the people. The basic cause of their being able to do all this is their proletarian world outlook which serves as their guide to action.
  Chairman Mao has said: "It is not hard for one to do a hit of good. What is hard is to do good all one's life and never do anything bad, to act consistently In the interests of the broad masses, the young people and the revolution, and to engage in arduous struggle for decades on end. That is the hardest thing of all!"
  This leaching of Chairman Mao's vividly and penetratingly explains the importance of fostering the proletarian world outlook if one wants to persist in working for the interests of the vast majority of the people.
     There is no construction without destruction. To foster the proletarian world outlook, revolutionary criticism of the bourgeois world outlook must be carried out in a thoroughgoing way. The bourgeois world outlook is the product of the bourgeois relations of production and serves capitalist private ownership of the means of production. It is the ideological root of building the Party for the interests of the minority. The practice of inner-Party struggle has proved that it is impossible for a person with bourgeois ideas to work tor the interests of the vast majority.
     In China today, the movement to criticize Lin Piao and rectify the style of work is continuing and the socialist revolution is deepening. The struggle in the realm of the superstructure between the two classes, the two lines and the two world outlooks will be protracted and complex. The bourgeoisie always tries through every means to poison the minds of the people with the decadent ideas of the exploiting classes, disintegrate the socialist economic base and obstruct the revolution from continuing under the dictatorship of the proletariat. It is necessary, therefore, for every Communist to criticize the bourgeois world outlook in order to remould his ideology. And this is also an important task of the socialist revolution in the superstructure. Every Communist must conscientiously study the works of Mane, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and Chairman Mao's writings, strive to arm himself with dialectical materialism and historical materialism, criticize revisionism and the bourgeois world outlook, fully play the role of an advanced element of the proletariat, and make new contributions in the great struggle for the interests of the vast majority of the people of China and the world.

(Abridged translation of an article in "Hongqi," No. 11, 1973. Subheads are ours.)

  
  
  

 
 
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