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 Study Hard and Continue to Advance

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Study Hard and Continue to Advance

— In Celebration of 24th Anniversary of Founding of People's Republic of China

Editorial by "Renmin Ribao" "Hongqi" and "Jiefangjun Bao"


    INSPIRED by the Party's Tenth National Congress, a congress of unity and victory, the people of all nationalities in our country are celebrating the 24th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China full of revolutionary pride.
  The Tenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China is a congress of historic significance. The people throughout the country are heartily acclaiming it, conscientiously studying the congress documents and Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought and indignantly denouncing the Lin Piao anti-Party clique, and they resolutely support the new Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao. Everywhere our great motherland presents a lively picture of revolutionary unity and struggle.
  The documents adopted at the Tenth Congress are a fighting programme for the whole Party, army and people. We must study these documents well and at the same time study relevant works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and by Chairman Mao. Only thus can we fully recognize the excellent situation at home and abroad, profoundly understand the basic experience gained in the struggle between the two lines, especially in the struggle to shatter the Lin Piao anti-Party clique, and see still more clearly our orientation, namely, continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, and the tasks involved. We must unremittingly promote such study by the cadres and the masses and strive to fulfil the tasks set forth at the Tenth Congress.
  The correctness or incorrectness of the ideological and political line decides everything. The Tenth Congress stressed that special attention must be paid to the Party's basic line and policies reaffirmed at the Ninth Congress and that it is necessary to continue to act on the call issued at the Ninth Congress: "Unite to win still greater victories." The Party's basic line formulated by Chairman Mao for the entire historical period of socialism states: "Socialist society covers a considerably long historical period. In the historical period of socialism, there arc still classes, class contradictions and class struggle, there is the struggle between the socialist road and the capitalist road, and there is the danger of capitalist restoration. We must recognize the protracted and complex nature of this struggle. We must heighten our vigilance. We must conduct socialist education. We must correctly understand and handle class contradictions and class struggle, distinguish the contradictions between ourselves and the enemy from those among the people and handle them correctly. Otherwise a socialist country like ours will turn into its opposite and degenerate, and a capitalist restoration will take place. From now on we must remind ourselves of this every year, every month and every day so that we can retain a rather sober understanding of this problem and have a Marxist-Leninist line." The Ninth Congress issued the call to unite precisely for the purpose of implementing the basic line, consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat and uniting the people throughout the country to win still greater victories under the leadership of the proletariat. The Tenth Congress fully affirmed the correctness of the line of the Ninth Congress, paid special attention to summing up the experience of the tenth struggle between the two lines and called on us to adhere to the principles of "three dos and three don'ts" put forward by Chairman Mao ["Practise Marxism, and not revisionism; unite, and don't split; be open and aboveboard, and don't intrigue and conspire"]. The line of the Tenth Congress is therefore a continuation of the line of the Ninth Congress. In studying the documents of the Tenth Congress, it is essential to grasp the line, which is the key link. In considering the line, we must deal with the basic line. Our struggle against Liu Shao-chi and then Lin Piao boils down to the question of whether to uphold the Party's basic line or to change it. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution has smashed the Liu Shao-chi renegade clique and the Lin Piao anti-Party clique and achieved great victories. But the struggle centring on whether to uphold or to change the Party's basic line does not end here; it will continue for a long time to come. We should study the Party's basic line constantly and repeatedly and must never forget it.
  In studying the documents of the Tenth Congress, we should grasp their main points. We should study the analysis of the era and the situation made by the congress, fully recognize the necessity of carrying out the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and the great victories it has won, discern the present-day manifestations of the basic world contradictions analysed by Lenin, perceive that the present international situation is characterized by great disorder under heaven, deepen our comprehension of Chairman Mao's theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and the measures necessary for the consolidation of this dictatorship, strengthen our concept of preparedness against war and be on guard against the outbreak of an imperialist world war and particularly against surprise  attacks by social-imperialism. We should study Chairman Mao's teaching that going against the tide is a Marxist-Leninist principle, understand the characteristics and laws of the struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines under socialism and carry on the struggle actively and correctly. We should study the principle of combining the old, middle-aged and young, understand the far-reaching significance of the strategic measure of training millions of revolutionary successors and create conditions for the growth of fresh revolutionary forces. We should study the question of strengthening Party building, recognize that the most essential thing about the Party's centralized leadership is leadership through a correct ideological and political line, and help Party committees grasp major issues more consciously; we must pay great attention to the superstructure and warmly support newly emerging things of socialism; we should know that one of the basic experiences we have accumulated is reliance on the masses, and we should bring the enthusiasm of the masses into full play and cherish it. All these arc major issues in the two-line struggle which are repeatedly discussed in the documents of the Tenth Congress, and they are theoretical and practical questions on which we must be clear in order firmly to implement the Party's basic line. So we must study hard to understand them thoroughly.
  We should use the documents of the Tenth Party Congress as a weapon to deepen the criticism of Lin Piao and the rectification of the style of work. should make full use of Lin Piao as a teacher by negative example, denounce his counter-revolutionary crimes, criticize revisionism and the bourgeois world outlook, and educate the masses in class struggle and the struggle between the two lines. We should keep to the general orientation of the struggle, make a strict distinction between the two different types of contradictions and carry out the Party's proletarian policies in an all-round way. Using the momentum of the movement to criticize Lin Piao and rectify the style of work, we should mobilize the masses to grasp revolution, promote production and other work and preparedness against war, and greet the Fourth National People's Congress with new victories.
Applying the stand,  viewpoint and method of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought, the documents of the Tenth Party Congress raise the rich practical experience of our Party, particularly its experience since the Ninth Congress, to the level of theory and incisively elucidate the Party's line, principles, policies and tasks and its organizational principles. We must use our brains and study diligently so as to understand the spirit and essence of these documents comprehensively and correctly. Leading bodies at all levels should set an example in this study. During the Great Cultural Revolution, Chairman Mao pointed out: Running study classes is a good method and many problems can be solved in them. Recently, he again pointed out: It is necessary to run the study classes for worker-peasant-soldier cadres well, with classes lasting a term of three months and with four terms a year; they read books and at the same time take part in work. We should carry forward the revolutionary style of study — integrating theory with practice — and do a good job in running the classes for studying the documents of the Tenth Congress and works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and by Chairman Mao, so that the study of these documents will become a powerful motive force helping us to carry out Chairman Mao's revolutionary line more consciously and promote struggle-criticism-transformation on all fronts.
  In the excellent situation now prevailing at home and abroad, it is most important for us to run China's affairs well. We must work hard to build China into a powerful socialist country, uphold proletarian internationalism and make a greater contribution to mankind. Under the guidance of the spirit of the Tenth Party Congress and the leadership of the Central Committee of the Party headed by our great leader Chairman Mao, let us go all out and continue to advance!
  

  
Source: Peking Review, No. 40, October 5, 1973
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
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