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 New Party Members — A Dynamic Force

New Party Members — A Dynamic Force

Source:Peking Review, No. 27, July 6, 1973
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

    SINCE the beginning of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the Chinese Communist Party has swelled its ranks by admitting large numbers of advanced people with communist consciousness. These new Party members, full of vigour and vitality, belong to different nationalities in China. In close unity with veteran Party members, they carry out Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and policies conscientiously and play the vanguard role in the three revolutionary movements — class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment.

In Urban Centres

   The 60,000 new Party members in Peking are advanced elements who have come to the fore during the Great Cultural Revolution and the movement to criticize revisionism and rectify the style of work. The overwhelming majority of them are under 35, and three-fourths are workers, former poor and lower-middle peasants or children of such families. Twenty-seven per cent are women.
   Among the new Party members are 2,800 revolutionary intellectuals working in the fields of culture, health, science and education. They have persisted In integrating themselves with the workers and peasants and have made new contributions in their respective fields.
   Diligently studying the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and Chairman Mao's works, these new Party members have become a backbone force in the criticism of Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers. The 164 new Party members of the Peking Hsinhua Printing House, for instance, have all studied the Manifesto of the Communist Party by Marx and Engels, The State and Revolution by Lenin, and Chairman Mao's philosophical works including On Contradiction and On Practice.
   Filled with the lofty ideal of communism, the new Party members actively undertake the tasks entrusted to them by the Party and the people. Many have performed outstanding deeds.
   Railway worker Chou Ming, a young Party member, did his bit in building the Tanzania-Zambia Railway in 1971. Once, at the critical moment of an imminent train collision, he risked his life by jumping on a wagon sliding down a slope and put on the hand-brakes to avert an accident Unfortunately, he lost his right leg. In hospital, he fought against excruciating pain with extraordinary strength. Fitted with an artificial leg later on, he doggedly practised using it so that he could return to work as early as possible. Now, he can do some light work. His revolutionary and internationalist spirit earned him much praise. Not long ago, he was elected a member of the Peking Municipal Committee of the Communist Youth League.
   Hu Shang-wen, a new Party member in charge of a grain store on Nanchang Road in Peking, has distinguished himself by his efforts to improve the shop's services. Among the store's regular customers are some 200 railway workers' families who live quite some distance away. Since 1963, Hu and six other assistants at the shop have persisted in delivering grain to their homes twice a month, rain or shine. In 1969, Hu was admitted into the Party. To improve his work, he and his fellow-workers often go to the homes of their customers to ask for their opinions and criticisms.
   Another new Party member is the woman "barefoot doctor" Wen Hsi-yun of the Tungshuiyu Production Brigade on the northern outskirts of Peking. Carrying her medical kit, she makes the round of the villages to treat the sick and help prevent diseases. Together with the commune members, she has picked and cultivated many medicinal herbs, and made some 230 kinds of drugs. Following the policy of "prevention first," she has organized in her brigade a mass health movement, which has checked the spread of contagious diseases there for the last few years.
   New Party members who have assumed posts of responsibility learn modestly from the veteran Party members and cadres. They also see to it that there is revolutionary unity in the leading body. They persist in taking part in collective productive labour and keep in close touch with the masses.
   Chu Chung-yi, an educated youth who has settled in the Linying Production Brigade on Peking's eastern outskirts, was admitted into the Chinese Communist Party in 1969.   Last year, he was elected Party branch secretary of the brigade. Since becoming a cadre, he has retained the fine qualities of an ordinary labourer, taking part in physical labour as much as possible. Last year, ha had 210 work-days to his credit.
   In Shangtiai, China's biggest industrial centre, 33,600 workers from industrial and communications departments have joined the Party in the last four years. Twenty-three per cent are women. In Tientsin, north China, there are 16,000 new Party members on the industrial front. Many have distinguished themselves for their fine work; some are veteran workers with decades of experience, others are new recruits. In the steel city of Anshan, the last three years saw 5.000 workers, cadres and technicians admitted into the Party. More than half of them have been cited as labour models or advanced workers.

National Minority Areas

   More than 143,000 people of minority nationalities in the autonomous regions of Sinkiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Kwangsi and Ningsia and the province of Yunnan in the southwestern border area have been admitted into the Communist Party oaf China since the Ninth Party Congress in 1969. They include Tibetans, Mongolians, Uighurs, Chuangs, Huis, Kazakhs, Yaos and Miaos.
   Most of the new Party members are workers and former poor and lower-middle peasants or herdsmen. There is a certain number of revolutionary intellectuals.
   The Party organizations at various levels in the Alashan Banner of the Ningsia Hui Autonomous Region have in the past two years accepted a number of outstanding women into the Party. Tempered in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, many of them are now secretaries of production brigade Party branches or leaders of production brigades. Thirty women were elected leading members of the Party committees or revolutionary committees at the banner, district and commune levels.
   Party organizations have paid attention to accepting new Party members from minority nationalities that have small populations. The Tulung nationality, which lives in the Kungshan Mountain of Yunnan Province, has a population of around 2,700; 50 of them have joined the Party. Large numbers of new Party members in the Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region are from minority nationalities including Yaos, Miaos, Tungs, Yts, Mulaos, Maonans, Shuis and Huis. Dozens of people of Hocheh nationality, one of China's smallest, have joined the Party. Living in the Hochiang Administrative Region of northeast China's Heilungkiang Province, the Hocheh people suffered cruel exploitation and suppression by the Kuomintang reactionaries before liberation. They made a living by fishing and hunting in the mountains. On the eve of the locality's liberation in 1946, they numbered only about 300. After liberation their political and economic status has improved, and the population has increased nearly threefold Some? Hocheh Party members have had the honour of seeing the great leader Chairman Mao in Peking.
   Many of the new Party members from national minorities are emancipated slaves or serfs, or children of former slaves or serfs. They warmly love Chairman Mao, the Party and the new society, and hate the old society.
   Tempered in the Cultural Revolution and the movement to criticize revisionism and rectify the style of work, these minority people have raised their consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines and of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. They applied for Party membership, determined to dedicate their lives to the cause of communism.
   Party organizations ran study classes and political evening schools or organized lectures to educate these activists in Party line and ideology and encourage them to temper themselves in peoples struggles. When their political consciousness was raised, they were admitted into the Party one by one. The Party organizations in the Hungho Hani and Yi Autonomous Chou in Yunnan Province have run 660 study classes since 1972. Twenty-six thousand people attended, and 2,000 were admitted into the Party.
   These new Party members are vigorous and have become a backbone force in socialist construction. Over 80 per cent of the new Party members in the Ningsia Hui Autonomous Region have been cited as advanced workers or peasants.
   One new Party member in Meto County in the Tibet Autonomous Region became chairman of a people's commune. He took the lead in studying works by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and Chairman Mao's works, in criticizing revisionism and in taking part in collective productive labour. Led by him and other Party members, the commune launched a mass movement to learn from Tachai, national pace-setter in agriculture. As a result, its grain yield last year reached the three-ton-per-hectare target set in the National Programme for Agricultural Development.
   New Party member Tohutiszulamu, a truck driver of Uighur nationality in a Sinkiang mining area, suffered greatly in the old society. He made up his mind to dedicate his life to building socialism and common prosperity for the people of all nationalities in China. He has set a record of one million kilometres of safe driving in 19 years.

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