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 Adherence to Chairman Mao's Revolutionary Line Means Victory

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Adherence to Chairman Mao's Revolutionary Line Means Victory


—In commemoration of the 30th anniversary of Chairman Mao's "Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art"

Editorial by "Renmin Ribao," "Hongqi" and "Jiefangjun Bao

Source: Peking Review, No. 21, May 26, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    IMBUED with revolutionary enthusiasm, we today mark the 30th anniversary of our great leader Chairman Mao's Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art.
   This brilliant work came into being during the great polemics between the two lines 30 years ago. It makes a thorough ideological and political criticism of the "Left" and the Right opportunist lines in literature and art pushed by Wang Ming, Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers like them. It inherits, defends and develops the Marxist world outlook and theory of literature and art, sums up in a systematic and penetrating way China's historical experience of the struggle between the two lines in the ideological field from the time of the "May 4th" Movement, and lays down for our Party a complete proletarian revolutionary line on literature and art. Being a fighting programme for remoulding our Party, literature and art and world outlook in the image of the vanguard of the proletariat, the work played an important role in the rectification movement in Yenan and in Party building over the past three decades; it remains at present a powerful weapon for our Party in carrying out education in ideology and political line and consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat. It is a classic that all members of the Communist Party and the revolutionary masses should study.
   "The correctness or incorrectness of the ideological and political line decides everything." Since Chairman Mao gave the Talks, his proletarian revolutionary line on literature and art has gripped the masses on an ever wider scale. As a component part of the revolutionary movement led by the Chinese Communist Party, the revolutionary literary and art movement has kept advancing in the tempests of the revolutionary struggles to seize political power and consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat by armed force. Profound changes have taken place, particularly since the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, in the whole cultural field including literature and art. Revolutionary model theatrical works have been popularized on an unprecedented scale. A mass movement for creating works of socialist literature and art is surging. A number of good or fairly good works are emerging in various spheres of art — the theatre (including local operas), the cinema, music, dance, fine art, literature, etc. The ranks of proletarian revolutionary writers and artists are growing steadily and becoming stronger as they integrate with the workers, peasants and soldiers.
   "In the world today all culture, all literature and art belong to definite classes and arc geared to definite political lines." The struggle between political lines always expresses itself, first of all, in the ideological-cultural field. Chairman Mao has always paid great attention to class struggle and the struggle between the two lines in the ideological field. He initiated and led the criticism of the anti-Party adverse current represented by such articles as "Random Talks on Literature and Everyday Life," "Wild Lily" and "Some Observations on March 8, International Women's Day" in the days of Yenan. After countrywide liberation he initiated and led such campaigns as the criticism of the reactionary film The Life of Wu Hsun, the criticism of the Hu Shih school of subjective idealism, the struggle against the Hu Feng counter-revolutionary clique and the struggle against the bourgeois Rightists, right up to the criticism of the reactionary historical play Mai Jui Dismissed From Office. All this helped deepen the revolution on the political front step by step. Toeing the line of their chieftains Wang Ming, Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers, the counter-revolutionary Chou Yang and the other three of "the four villains" and their ilk, who had hidden themselves in the revolutionary camp, came out into the open one after another in the course of these struggles and made frenzied counter-attacks on Chairman Mao's revolutionary line; they made use of the portion of power they had usurped to oppose and undermine Chairman Mao's revolutionary line on literature and art and to exercise a bourgeois dictatorship over the proletariat and revolutionary literary and art workers. All these struggles without exception sharply reflect the contention between the two classes and the two lines with regard to political line in different historical periods. The soul-stirring struggles between the two lines over the past 30 years tell us that such struggles will continue for a long time and that we must remind ourselves of the question of political line every year, every month and every day and constantly engage in "a struggle of proletarian ideology against non-proletarian ideology" in order to consolidate and strengthen continuously the dictatorship of the proletariat in the superstructure including all fields of culture.
   Adhering to Chairman Mao's teaching "Carry out education in ideology and political line/' Communist Party members and the revolutionary masses in China, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao, are deepening the criticism of and struggle against the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers. This struggle is a continuation of the struggle between the two lines within the Party over the past 50 years. Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers as well as their agents such as Chou Yang and company are all counter-revolutionary double-dealers skilled at disguising themselves. They waved 'red flags" to oppose the red flag, masquerading themselves as revolutionaries white writing counter-revolutionary articles. The experience of the struggle over the past three decades has proved that, provided we conscientiously study Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought, seriously remould our world outlook and consciously follow the Party's correct line, we can gradually raise our ability to distinguish between genuine and sham Marxism and expose all pseudo-Marxist swindlers in their true colours. Marking the 30th anniversary of the Talks today, the whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country should first of all "read and study seriously and have a good grasp of Marxism" and, with the Talks as their weapon, deepen the criticism of all reactionary ideas spread by Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers.
   It is essential to uphold the materialist theory of reflection and oppose the idealist theory of apriorism. The Talks gives a penetrating exposition of the Marxist viewpoint that practice is primary and develops the Marxist theory of knowledge. Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers denied that knowledge originates in practice and preached "super-genius" and "prophets," which are all anti-Marxist fallacies. In accordance with Chairman Mao's instructions, we must make a serious "study of Marxism-Leninism and of society," go deep into reality to make investigations and study, and remould our subjective world in the course of changing the objective world. All revolutionary intellectuals and revolutionary writers and artists must for a long period of time unreservedly and wholeheartedly go among the workers, peasants and soldiers and, in the three great revolutionary movements of class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment, remould their world outlook, move their feet over to the side of the millions of workers, peasants and soldiers, learn from and sum up their valuable experience, and work hard to portray them in the thick of their struggle.
   It is essential to uphold the proletarian theory of classes and oppose the landlord and bourgeois theory of human nature. Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers plucked the tattered theory of human nature from the ideological arsenal of the exploiting classes to attack the dictatorship of the proletariat. In the Talks, Chairman Mao already thoroughly refuted this reactionary theory in its various manifestations. We should act as the Talks urges us to do, conscientiously study the Marxist theory of classes through practice in class struggle and the struggle between the two lines and keep firmly to the stand of the proletariat — for members of the Communist Party, this means keeping to Party spirit and Party policy. We should, in the dauntless revolutionary spirit of daring to go against the stream, fight resolutely to the end all overt and covert enemies and all erroneous ideas and actions which depart from Chairman Mao's revolutionary line. We should diligently and honestly serve the people of China and the world. "This couplet from a poem by Lu Hsun should be our motto:

Fierce-browed, I coolly defy a thousand pointing fingers,
Head-bowed, like a willing ox I serve the children,"

   It is essential to uphold the Marxist materialist conception of history and oppose the idealist conception of history of the exploiting classes. The issue of whether history is made by the masses or a few "heroes" reflects the struggle between the proletarian and bourgeois conceptions of history. The Talks gives a profound elucidation of the brilliant historical materialist conception that the people are "the creators of the history of mankind." Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers, however, reversed history and denied the great role of the masses of workers, peasants and soldiers in making history, so as to create counter-revolutionary public opinion as part of the preparations in their plot for the restoration of capitalism. As Chairman Mao teaches, we should seriously study and grasp the materialist conception of history and, in connection with the current class struggle and struggle between the two lines, distinguish the correct line from the wrong line and constantly heighten our consciousness of the struggle between the two lines.
   Proletarian literature and art are a component part of the whole revolutionary machine. Party organizations at all levels should view the matter from the high plane of adherence to Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat and thereupon pay attention to and strengthen Party leadership over literary and art work, conscientiously sum up experience and quicken the pace of struggle-criticism-transformation on the literary and art front. They must first of all grasp the line and orientation, persist in making literature and art serve the workers, peasants and soldiers and proletarian politics, defeat all kinds of interference and sabotage from Right or "Left," wage a constant, active ideological struggle and continue to eliminate the pernicious influence left over by Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers on the ideological-cultural front. Second, they must see to it that Party policies are implemented, and must do a really good job of building up the ranks of writers and artists ideologically and organizationally, with particular attention on the ideological remoulding of writers and artists; they must conscientiously carry out the Party's policies on cadres and intellectuals, unite all who can be united, bring into full play the socialist initiative of both professional and amateur writers and artists in a correct way, steadily raise their consciousness of the struggle between the two lines and their ideological and vocational levels so as to enlarge and strengthen the ranks of proletarian writers and artists in the course of struggle. Third, they must pay attention to promoting literary and art creation and criticism, and firmly carry out the principles and policies laid down by Chairman Mao, such as "Let a hundred flowers blossom; weed through the old to bring forth the new," "Make the past serve the present and foreign things serve China," and "With us . . . the raising of standards is based on popularization, while popularization is guided by the raising of standards." It is necessary to learn from the experience gained in creating the revolutionary model theatrical works, dare to do things and blaze new socialist trails, allow people to make mistakes and correct them, energetically promote the blossoming of socialist literature and art, and strive to keep abreast of the vigorous development of socialist revolution and socialist construction characteristic of the excellent current situation and meet the growing needs of the workers, peasants and soldiers.
   History advances, the revolution deepens, and the movement to criticize revisionism and rectify style of work gives impetus to progress in all fields in China. Countless facts time and again confirm this irrefutable truth: When the Party's line is correct we have everything. So long as we adhere to Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line, we will continually win new victories. Let us hold the great red banner of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought still higher, and unite to win still greater victories along the revolutionary course charted by Chairman Mao!

(May 23)




Source: Peking Review, No. 21, May 26, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


  
  
  

 
 
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