本页主题: 1205 Team Drills Over 127,000 Metres 打印 | 加为IE收藏 | 复制链接 | 收藏主题 | 上一主题 | 下一主题

weihong2
级别: 论坛版主


精华: 0
发帖: 1693
威望: 1694 点
红花: 16930 朵
贡献值: 0 点
在线时间:406(小时)
注册时间:2007-05-31
最后登录:2009-08-25

 1205 Team Drills Over 127,000 Metres

图片:
图片:
图片:



1205 Team Drills Over 127,000 Metres

 
Source: Peking Review, No. 4, January 28, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    THE Taching Oilfield's 1205 Drilling Team continued its excellent achievements in 1971, the first year of China's Fourth Five-Year Plan. Setting a record for China in annual drilling footage, it did more than 127,000 metres last year with one drilling rig.
 This record is not just a matter of figures. In the 42 years between 1907 and 1949 in old China, total national footage was only a little over 70.000 metres.
 The 1205 team had been led by the late Iron Man Wang Chin-hsi. Holding high the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought, it has travelled all over and battled heat and cold in sandy and wild areas in the past decade or so. It has distinguished itself by its continuous outstanding achievements. Inspired by the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the team beat the world record by drilling 100:300 metres in 1966.
 At 0:00 hour on New Year's Day 1971, team leader Wang Tso-fu walked on to the derrick floor at the well-site amid an atmosphere of jubilation and started the team's work that year.
 At the rally before the year's work started, Wang Tso-fu pledged on behalf of the team: "With the peaks we have climbed in the 1960s as our starting point, we will keep going forward. This new year our target is to drill 10,000 metres a month and 120,000 metres a year and thus make new contributions to developing our motherland's oil industry!" His words were greeted with hearty applause.
 Drilling 120,000 metres a year was every team member's goal. When Comrade Wang Chin-hsi was seriously ill in Peking in mid-November 1970, he told the team's comrades who went to see him: "You must be earnest in studying Chairman Mao's works and guide the team with Mao Tsetung Thought. Though I didn't reach the 120,000-metre target, you must do it and make bigger contributions to our country's oil industry." From then on and after he died, the team's leadership and drillers were determined to attain their late team leader's desire by drilling 120,000 metres a year.
 To reach this target, they diligently studied Chairman Mao's On Practice and On Contradiction, worked hard and braved all difficulties. Though Wang Tso-fu's father got sick, the team leader stuck to his post. He sent some money back and wrote asking his family to take good care of the old man. In one period, the team's political instructor Ma Chi-jui's health was run-down and the members advised him to rest. Thanking them for their concern, he went on working without any let-up. Every member did his best to contribute his share to the task.
 The weather at Taching was bitter cold in January. One night when the drill was being raised, the mud rushed out splashing over the drillers' faces and soaking their clothes. Jets of mud broke the wall of a water pool and water flowed to the nearby mud sump. Unless checked in time, this would affect the quality of mud and hold up production. The ground was frozen and it would be too late even if they dug enough earth to block the water. Communists Li Kuei and Hua Kuang-chung immediately jumped into the pool where the water was waist-high and blocked the breach with their bodies. They remained there against the cruel wind until the gap was closed up. When the comrades helped them out of the pool, a thick layer of ice covered their cotton-padded work clothes.
 
 When the team had just finished a well in a high-pressure area last May, there suddenly were signs of an imminent blow-out. Unless adequate measures were taken, the well would be ruined and the rig would be sucked into the earth. To prevent the blow-out, large amounts of barite powder were needed. This was a very difficult job for the eight men on duty. But they clearly remembered the words of their late team leader Wang Chin-hsi: "Oil wells belong to our 700 million people and nobody has the right to watch them being ruined!" The men had only one thought: Do everything they could to prevent the imminent blow-out.
 Ignoring the blast of sand, gravel and gas from the well, the eight of them raced to bring barite powder bags from dozens of metres away and pour the powder into the mud sump. The mud was then pumped into the well. After an intense battle for more than two hours, the blow-out_ was prevented. A final count showed that they had poured over 50 tons of barite powder into the mud sump.
 Members of the 1205 team often said that both daring and meticulous work were necessary in drilling wells. They have been bold in their work, feared neither hardship nor fatigue and carefully approached their work with a strict scientific altitude.
 To gain experience for attaining 120,000 metres a year, the team in 1970 tried to drill 10,000 metres a month. But, as they had not fully grasped the lay-out of the strata, the first well took several days to finish — twice the planned time. The team's Party branch organized the workers to repeatedly study On Practice and On Contradiction and they summed this up: To defeat the enemy, one must know him; to raise the drilling speed, one must master the laws governing the changes in the strata. So they analysed the sand samples again and again, carefully collected information about the strata and got a large quantity of data. They worked out different drilling methods based on the geological structure in various areas.
 The team's drilling rig was old-fashioned and rotated at a low speed. To drill 120,000 metres a year, it was necessary to increase the speed. The team decided to refit the old rig so it could do high-speed drilling. In tackling this job, a group composed of workers, cadres and technicians worked in rotation on the derrick floor to observe the machine and study the problem of refitting it. After extensive investigation and research, they proposed replacing the small turntable with a big one and adding another big pump to the original two. This was followed by repeated study and practice before a high-speed drilling technology was worked out.
 The fourth squad is a youth squad and its leader Liu Chia-ming had become a driller only several years ago. The squad was off duty one time and a fraternal squad was drilling.
The gears in the speed change box got stuck and the axle stopped turning. Drilling had to be held up.
 Seeing this as a good chance to sum up experience and learn a good lesson, Liu Chia-ming led the whole squad to the well-site to find out the cause. It was discovered that the gears had been worn out by sand in the engine oil. From the sand in the oil barrels they turned their minds to problems in their thinking and style of work. One comrade in the fourth squad once had seen sand in an oil barrel before this incident but thought it had nothing to do with his squad and ignored it. The worn-out gears served as a spur to the whole team. Since then every squad of the team has kept its tools in a systematic way. Every surveying instrument, even the screw thread of casings, was thoroughly cleaned. Its members had built up a strict and meticulous style of work.
 The 1205 team has achieved ever bigger successes and climbed new peaks year after year. Besides drilling several hundred high-quality oil wells, it has transferred 124 skilled workers and 52 cadres to the oil front.
 On the morning of December 7, 1971, the team accomplished what its former leader Wang Chin-hsi had desired: Drilling 120,000 metres in a year, thereby creating a new level in the 1970s.
 With their new record as a starting point, the team is advancing to higher goals in 1972!
 
Source: Peking Review, No. 4, January 28, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-07 03:43 | [楼 主]
帖子浏览记录 版块浏览记录
中国文革研究网 » CR DOCUMENTS
 
 

Total 0.010827(s) query 3, Time now is:11-20 23:30, Gzip enabled
Powered by PHPWind v6.3.2 Certificate © http://wengewang.tk