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 Agricultural and Livestock Scientific Research In Tibet

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Agricultural and Livestock Scientific Research In Tibet

Source: Peking Review, No. 3,January 21, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

A plateau more than 4,000 metres above sea level and known as "the roof of the world," the Tibet Autonomous Region has had good harvests and success in livestock breeding for 12 straight years. Scientific research in agriculture and animal husbandry has also made constant progress.
Over the past few years, the Tibet Institute of Agricultural Science and the Shigalse (the region's second biggest city) Agricultural Experiment Farm have successfully developed eight strains of wheat and five strains of barley. Resistant to drought and cold, they all give higher yields than ordinary strains and adapt to the plateau's climate and soil.
Tea, tobacco and sugar beet have also been successfully cultivated. The Tibet Institute of Agricultural Science has produced sugar by using its own sugar beet. Relying on local methods, a tea farm in Linchih County processed their own tea leaves into black, green tea and tea brieks. Thus, the Tibetan people, who not only like drinking tea but mix it with butter and baked barley flour as a staple, do not have to have the large quantity they consume brought in from neighbouring Sze-chuan and Yunnan Provinces.
Varieties of vegetables were greatly increased and dozens of kinds are grown. Tomatoes, cucumbers and green peppers which had been restricted to hothouses can now be raised in large fields.
Scientific personnel of the Han and Tibetan nationalities did scientific research together with the peasants. Many people's communes, production brigades and production teams have set up their own scientific experimental groups. Grain output of the Weihsing People's Commune in Shigatse had been low because of frost. The commune has obtained good harvests by sowing earlier so that crops ripen before the frost.
Newly cultivated hybrid cattle are strong and have stamina and hybrid milch cows give twice as much milk as ordinary breeds.
The peasants in Tibet are changing their custom of breeding a small number of pigs. Working with local commune members, scientific personnel on a people's commune in Nedong County cultivated a kind of hybrid pig generally weighing 150 to 200 jin, the biggest 300 jin. The number of pigs has increased rapidly in the commune and now averages one pig per capita.
  
  
  

 
 
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