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 New Leap in China's National Economy

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New Leap in China's National Economy

Source: Peking Review, No. 2, January 14, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


    CHINA'S national economy made a new leap in 1971, the first year of the Fourth Five-Year Plan for the development of the national economy. Under the leadership of Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee, the people of all nationalities in the country achieved this by deepening the mass movements "In agriculture, learn from Tachai" and "In industry, learn from Taching."
   By emulating the revolutionary spirit of the Tachai Brigade and working hard, the poor and lower-middle peasants overcame relatively serious natural calamities and got a rich harvest for the tenth successive year. Total grain output reached 216 million tons, surpassing that of the rich harvest year of 1970. The number of pigs in stock rose by 14 per cent. Increases were also registered in output of such industrial crops as sesame, rapeseed, tea and silkworm cocoons. China is now more than self-sufficient in grain. Hopei. Shantung and Honan Provinces, long deficient in grain, have achieved initial grain sufficiency. The task set by Chairman Mao to change the situation in which grain has to be transported north from the south is being gradually accomplished.
   There was big headway in industrial production and construction. Last year's industrial output value was about 10 per cent more than in 1970. Output of major industrial products exceeded the previous year's. Steel production was 2] million tons. Pig iron rose 23 per cent; crude oil, 27.2 per cent; coal, over 8 per cent; cement, 18.5 per cent; chemical fertilizer, 20.2 per cent; mining equipment, 68.8 per cent: and metallurgical equipment, 24.7 per cent. Quality continued to improve, variety increased and consumption of materials and raw materials, fuel and electricity was lowered.
   Considerable successes were made in capital construction. Many major factories and mines went into operation and new railways and highways were opened to traffic.
   With the all-round development of industry and farming, China's financial and market situation was good. Revenue and expenditures were balanced. Markets in cities and rural areas flourished. Prices not only remained stable but. in the second half of 1971, the state cut the selling prices of petroleum products, farm machinery, chemical fertilizer and insecticide and raised the purchasing prices of sugar-cane and sugar-beets, oil-bearing crops and bast fibre crops. This increased the peasants* income. Consumer goods and non-staple fond supplies rose and living standards steadily improved.
   Following Chairman Mao's instruction to carry out education in ideology and political line, Party committees at all levels across the land launched a movement to conscientiously study the works of Marx, Engels. Lenin. Stalin and Chairman Mao, and criticized the revisionist fallacies spread by Liu Shao-chi and other political swindlers. This helped the cadres and masses heighten their consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines and promoted the great development of industrial and farm production and construction.
   Beginning from the winter of 1970, tens of millions of poor and lower-middle peasants made great efforts in  farmland  water conservancy construction which was centred on building up fields giving high and stable yields despite dry spells and waterlogging. By the end of October 1971, they had completed more than 5,000 million cubic metres of earthwork and stonework and added over 30 million mu of high- and stable-yield fields —the biggest figure in the last ten years. These played an important role in China's tenth successive rich harvest.
   The farm machinery industry has made rapid development. Apart from big key farm machinery enterprises, over 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions have built plants to make walking tractors, small power engines and factories to repair and manufacture farm machines. Tractors and harvesters are used on vast areas of farmland on the northeast China plain, and mechanized and electric irrigation has been popularized on the north China plain. In the major rice-producing areas in south China, rice transplanters and other machines for use in paddyfields are being popularized on large areas.
   Ail over China, great efforts have been devoted to mine construction so as to develop the iron and steel industry. In addition to lapping the potential of old mines, miners opened new mines. The machine-building industry manufactured excavating, dressing and sintering equipment urgently needed in mining. Iron ore production in 1971 went up 26.1 per cent over that of 1970. Output of pig iron and steel set all-time records in China.
   Chairman Mao consistently stresses that the initiative of both the central and local authorities should be brought into play in socialist construction. He has pointed out: "It is far better for the initiative to come from two sources than from only one" and "The initiative of the localities should be brought into fuller play, and let the localities undertake more work under unified central planning."

Under the unified leadership and overall planning of the central authorities, the leadership of various levels in the localities mobilized the masses to build small factories and mines in the spirit of self-reliance and hard struggle. Many counties in the country now have small iron and steel, machinery, chemical fertilizer and cement plants and coal-mines. Output of the small chemical fertilizer plants and cement works accounts for 60 and 40 per cent respectively of the national total.   By mobilizing the masses to locate coal deposits and open mines, the nine provinces south of the Yangtze River have opened many shafts and increased coal production. Traditional dependence by southern China on the north for coal is being changed step by step Local industry has become an important reinforcement of China's industry and has contributed to a better distribution of industry and to giving aid to agriculture.
   Factories and mines made multi-use in a big way and recovered and produced large amounts of metal and raw material for the chemical industry from industrial waste gas, liquid and residue. This not only promoted production and added to the state's wealth, but also improved the environment in the cities and ensured the people's health.
  
Source: Peking Review, No. 2, January 14, 1972
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


  
  
  

 
 
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