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 Comment on 26th Session of U.N. General Assembly

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"Renmin Ribao" Editorial:

Comment on 26th Session of U.N. General Assembly

Source: Peking Review, No. 53, December 31, 1971
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

THE 26th Session of the U.N. General Assembly has wound up its work after meeting for more than three months. This is a session of great significance ever since the founding of the United Nations. At this session, many medium and small countries strongly denounced aggression and oppression by imperialism and old and new colonialism, and expressed opposition to racial discrimination and economic plunder as well as the imperialist policy of nuclear blackmail and nuclear threat. Of particular significance was that the session adopted the resolution to restore the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and the resolution demanding a ceasefire and troop withdrawal by India and Pakistan. This shows the firm resolve of the medium and small countries to safeguard national independence and state sovereignty, oppose foreign aggression and intervention and oppose the power politics and hegemony of the superpowers. It also shows the increasingly important role played by the third world states in international affairs. U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionist social-imperialism were placed in an isolated position and awkward predicament. Such a state of affairs which appeared in this session of the U.N. General Assembly reflects today's excellent world situation.
   The fierce struggle around the restoration of the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations was an important event which attracted the greatest attention in this session of the U.N. General Assembly. The U.S. Government's unjustifiable obstruction to the restoration of the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations has been opposed by an increasing number of countries in the past 20 years and more. At this session of the U.N. General Assembly, the U.S. Government was forced to change its tactics in trouble making. In a vain attempt to create "two Chinas" in the U.N., it painstakingly concocted two draft resolutions: one called the "important question" resolution which deemed the expulsion of the Chiang Kai-shek clique as an "important question" and the other called the "dual representation" resolution which claimed U.N. representation for both the People's Republic of China and for the Chiang Kai-shek clique. However, contrary to the wishful thinking of the U.S. Government, the "important question'" draft resolution was defeated when it was put to the vote. The draft resolution of Albania, Algeria and 21 other countries calling for the restoration of all the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and the immediate expulsion of the representatives of the Chiang Kai-shek clique was adopted with an overwhelming majority of 76 to 35 amidst stormy applause. The U.S. draft resolution on so-called "dual representation" was automatically killed. Thus, the U.S. scheme to create "two Chinas" in the U.N. went bankrupt. This is an important victory of the people of the whole world, a dismal defeat of U.S. imperialism, and also a heavy blow to those forces which pretend to support China but actually oppose it.
   During the U.N. General Assembly session, the Indian Government, backed by Soviet revisionist social-imperialism, brazenly launched armed aggression against Pakistan and occupied its territories. This posed a serious threat to international peace and security and aroused indignation among the majority of U.N. member states. The Soviet revisionist social-imperialists and the Indian expansionists blatantly advertised at the meeting the gangster logic that "aggression is justified." which was bitterly denounced by many representatives, and put themselves in unprecedented isolation. At the Security Council, the Soviet revisionists failed in their repeated attempts to thrust a representative of so-called "Bangla Desh" into the meeting- The resolution they submitted with the aim of shielding India's aggression and dismembering Pakistan was supported by only one vote. At the General Assembly meeting, the resolution demanding a ceasefire and troop withdrawal by both India and Pakistan which was actually the same one as that vetoed by the Soviet Union at the Security Council was adopted with an overwhelming majority of 104 to U. Only the Soviet Union and India really opposed this resolution. It should also be pointed out that while supporting aggression and sabotaging peace, Soviet revisionist social-imperialism peddled "disarmament'' and talked profusely about "international security" at this U.N. General Assembly session. This was most ironic indeed. This disgusting performance by the Soviet revisionists not only exposed the hideous features of social-imperialism, but also proved more vividly that its draft resolution for convening a world disarmament conference is nothing but a fraud for camouflaging arms expansion and the unleashing of aggressive war.
   The above-said two resolutions, one directed against U.S. imperialism and the other against Soviet revisionist social-imperialism, were adopted with an overwhelming majority at this U.N. General Assembly session. This reflected sharply that the just voice against big-power hegemony gained an upper hand at the General Assembly, raising the spirit of the medium and small countries and severely puncturing the arrogance of the superpowers. This session of the U.N. General Assembly is an important sign that it is more and more difficult for the two superpowers to continue to control and monopolize U.N. affairs as in the past.
   However, the two superpowers are unreconciled to their defeat and will continue to push the policy of hegemony in every way. They collude and at the same time contend with each other in furthering their own interests, and, while intensifying their contention, they will make deals behind the scenes whenever possible. They obstruct or undermine in every possible way anything unfavourable to them and even refuse to carry out the reasonable resolutions and decisions adopted by the United Nations. For instance, the 26th Session of the U.N. General Assembly adopted on the demand of Asian-African countries a resolution denouncing the United States for importing chrome from Rhodesia. But the U.S. Government took no heed of this and brazenly approved a bill for resumption of U,S. imports of Rhodesian chrome. Take another case, many countries demanded the return of the Arab territory occupied by Israel and called for the restoration to the Palestinian people of their national rights. But the United States supports and connives at Israel's continued occupation of vast tracts of Arab territory. The Indian-Pakistan question is a classic case. Despite the glaring fact that India is the bare-faced aggressor and that the overwhelming majority of U.N. member states demanded an Indian-Pakistan ceasefire and troop withdrawal, the Soviet revisionists went so far as to abuse the veto power at the Security Council again and again to back and shield the Indian aggressors, throwing the United Nations into a state of inertia in face of the aggressor. Therefore, it is necessary for the medium and small countries and all the countries and people upholding justice to strength en their unity continuously and persist in their struggle for further smashing the control of the United Nations by the two superpowers. This is the only way by which the United Nations can avoid going down the old track of the League of Nations.
   The restoration of the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations is the result of the prolonged struggle of the people of the world and the countries upholding justice. The Chinese Delegation to the 26lh Session of the U.N. General Assembly took part for the first time in the work of the United Nations. It was warmly welcomed by many friendly countries and received their enthusiastic help in all fields. This has given us enormous encouragement and for this we express our heartfelt thanks. The Chinese Delegation has set forth from the U.N. rostrum the Chinese Government's principled stand on present important international questions, carried out Chairman Mao's revolutionary diplomatic line and policy, and fought side by side with the masses of medium and small countries. Despite the fact that the role we play in the United Nations is limited, we are willing to do our best in performing our duties and live up to the trust and hope the peoples of various countries place in us. China will never be a superpower aggressing against, subverting, controlling, interfering with and bullying others. We will firmly side with the third world countries and all peace-loving and justice-upholding countries and peoples in the common struggle for safeguarding the national independence and state sovereignty of various countries, defending international peace and promoting the cause of human progress.
(December 27, 1971)
  
  
  

 
 
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