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 For Your Reference: "September 18 Incident"

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For Your Reference

"September 18 Incident"

Source: Peking Review, No. 39, September 24, 1971
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org


   On the night of September 18, 1931, the Japanese Kwantung Army entrenched in northeast China ordered its "garrisons" to blow up the rails on the "south Manchurian railway" at Liutiaokou near Shenyang. Then, like a thief crying "stop thief," it charged that the incident was created by Kuomintang troops. On this pretext it made a sudden attack on the Kuomintang forces stationed in Peitaying of Shenyang. Chiang Kai-shek, preoccupied with fighting a civil war at that time, adopted a policy of non-resistance towards Japanese aggression. On Chiang's secret no resistance orders, the Kuomintang troops in Shenyang and other parts of northeast China withdrew to the south of Shanhaikuan. After occupying Shenyang on September 19, the Japanese invading army sent troops to occupy Liaoning, Kirin and Heilungkiang Provinces. By the end of 1931, most of northeast China had fallen to the invaders.
   It was no accident that the "September 18 Incident" took place. The policy of occupying northeast China by force had been decided at the Japanese cabinet's "Conference on Oriental Affairs" as far back as in 1927. The meeting also worked out the notorious "continental policy" — "to conquer China, Manchuria and Mongolia must be conquered first, and to conquer the world, it is necessary to conquer China first" — a policy which had been advanced by Tanaka in his memorial to the Japanese emperor.
   Beginning in 1929, the Japanese army general staff and the Kwantung Army clandestinely organized four "staff tours" in the three provinces of northeast China to carry out espionage regarding the situation and to draw up an operational plan for invading northeast China. In June 1931, the Japanese army general staff and the ministry of the army jointly worked out "an outline of the programme for the solution of the Manchuria and Mongolia issue" and decided on concrete steps concerning the occupation of northeast China by force. In July the army general staff secretly moved heavy artillery to Shenyang and aimed it at Peitaying where the Kuomintang troops were stationed. In August, at a national meeting of divisional commanders, Jiro Minami, the reactionary Japanese Government's minister of the army, said that the Manchuria and Mongolia issue could be solved only by force. Further preparations were then made for launching an aggressive war. Thus, after long premeditation, the Japanese imperialists touched off the "September 18 Incident."
   This incident was an important step taken by Japanese imperialism to push its "continental policy." Over five years later, on July 7, 1937 it engineered the "Lukouchiao Incident" and brazenly launched an all-out war of aggression against China. Pursuing a ruthless "burn all, kill all and loot all" policy, it committed monstrous crimes against the Chinese people.
   Japanese imperialism's atrocities in its aggression and Chiang Kai-shek's policy of non-resistance set aflame the fires of the entire Chinese people's struggle against Japanese aggression and for national salvation. At this critical period for the Chinese nation, the Chinese people of all nationalities, under the leadership of their great leader Chairman Mao and the Chinese Communist Party, rose in resistance against Japanese aggression. After a protracted period of people's war and together with the international anti-fascist forces, they defeated Japanese imperialism in August 1945 and won great victories in the anti-Japanese war, contributing greatly to the anti-fascist war of the people of the world.
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-03-06 05:24 | [楼 主]
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