Our Party Is Advancing Vigorously
Our Party Is Advancing Vigorously
Our Party Is Advancing Vigorously
"Renmin Ribao" Editorial:
Our Party Is Advancing Vigorously
Source: Peking Review, No. 36, September 3, 1971
UNDER the close concern of the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader, the Party congresses of the country's provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions (except Taiwan Province) have been formally held one after another and new provincial, municipal or autonomous regional committees of the Party have been elected. This is a most important guarantee for further strengthening Party leadership and doing a better job of continuing to fulfil the fighting tasks set forth by the Party's Ninth National Congress and the First and Second Plenary Sessions of the Ninth Party Central Committee. This is a great event in the political life of the comrades of the whole Party and the people of the whole country, a magnificent result of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and a great victory for Chairman Mao's proletarian line on Party building.
We warmly hail the successful holding of Party congresses and the establishment of new Party committees at various levels in the localities! We hope that the Party committees at all levels will raise still higher the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought and lead the broad masses of the Party members and the revolutionary people in uniting to win still greater victories.
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is the broadest and most deep-going movement to consolidate our Party in ifs history. During this revolution, our great leader Chairman Mao has issued a series of very important instructions on Party consolidation and Party building, guiding us in constantly making criticism of the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi's counterrevolutionary revisionist line on Party building, in adhering to the Marxist-Leninist principles of Party building and in stepping up Party building ideologically and organizationally. Through the movement of Party consolidation and Party building, our Party has rallied all the more closely round the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader; it has been advancing courageously and more vigorously along the road of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and has been leading the people of all nationalities of (he country in winning one new victory after another.
A few revolutionary committees at the provincial level were first set up in 1967. This put the question of consolidating the Party organizations on the agenda. The criterion upon which our Party is to be consolidated and built is a matter of principle of vital importance. Chairman Mao pointed out: "The Party organization should be composed of the advanced elements of the proletariat; it should be a vigorous vanguard organization capable of leading the proletariat and the revolutionary masses in the fight against the class enemy." This set the political orientation for our Party consolidation and Party building. The whole Party has kept to this orientation and steadily eliminated the remaining pernicious revisionist influence of the sinister book Self-Cultivation and the six sinister "theories" (the theory of "the dying out of class struggle," the theory of ''docile tools," the theory that "the masses are backward," the theory of "joining the Party in order to climb up," the theory of "inner-Party peace" and the theory of "merging private and public interests"), and combated the erroneous tendencies to lower the level of our Party or to obscure the character of our Party. The Party members have strengthened their proletarian Party spirit and overcome bourgeois factionalism.
When the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution entered the stage of struggle-criticism-transformation, Chairman Mao made Party consolidation an important phase in his great strategic plan of struggle-criticism-transformation. He pointed out: "A human being has arteries and veins through which the heart makes the blood circulate, and he breathes with his lungs, exhaling carbon dioxide and inhaling fresh oxygen, that is, getting rid of the stale and taking in the fresh. A proletarian party must also get rid of the stale and take in the fresh, for only thus can it be full of vitality. Without eliminating waste matter and absorbing fresh blood the Party has no vigour." Chairman Mao's brilliant instruction profoundly reveals the laws governing the building of a proletarian party and has theoretically armed the Party members, helping them use the dialectics of inner-Party contradiction more consciously and correctly do the work of getting rid of the stale and taking in the fresh politically, ideologically and organizationally.
Chairman Mao also pointed out: "Every Party branch must reconsolidate itself in the midst of the masses. This must be done with the participation of the masses and not merely of a few Party members; it is necessary to have the masses outside the Party take part in the meetings and give their comments." In line with this very important instruction of Chairman Mao's, Party organizations in various places have opposed the close-door tendency and persisted in the mass line. They have carried out an open-door Party consolidation, in which the masses helped and supervised the consolidation and building of every Party branch and the education and examination of every Party member. This method of Party consolidation in the midst of the masses has ensured quality in consolidating the Party ideologically and organizationally and forged closer links between the Party and the masses.
The historically significant Ninth National Party Congress was convened under Chairman Mao's personal guidance at a time when the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution had won tremendous victory. Guided by the line of unity for victory of the Congress, people in all parts of the country conscientiously studied the new Party Constitution, and the movement for consolidating and building the Party was unfolded in an all-round way. During the First Plenary Session of the Ninth Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao warned members of the whole Party, particularly the senior cadres of the Party, that they must be prudent and careful and must not forget themselves in moments of excitement. Speaking of some comrades from grass-roots units who were elected to the Party Central Committee for the first lime, Chairman Mao said: "See to it that they do not divorce themselves from the masses or from productive labour while performing their duties." Chairman Mao once again sounded a warning to the whole Party at a time of victory. We should firmly bear in mind Chairman Mao's teachings and be modest and prudent, and guard against arrogance and rashness.
After the Second Plenary Session of the Ninth Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao issued a series of instructions, including "Read and study seriously and have a good grasp of Marxism" and "Carry out education in ideology and political line." Following Chairman Mao's instructions, the whole Party has been criticizing revisionism and rectifying the style of work in a deep-going way, studying Marxism-Leninism, criticizing revisionism, idealism and metaphysics, opposing conceit and complacency, and correcting some wrong practices in the style of work and setting everything on the correct path. Chairman Mao's revolutionary line has gone deeper and deeper into the hearts of the people. With problems of the struggle between the two lines in mind, the Party members have studied works by Marx and Lenin and Chairman Mao's works, strengthened investigation and study, and made great achievements. The building of the Party ideologically, especially of the leading bodies, is being raised to a new level.
These instructions by Chairman Mao have developed the Marxist-Leninist theory on Party building and are a step further in solving the problem of how the Party should be built under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Reviewing the process of Party consolidation and Party building, we understand more deeply that only by carrying out Chairman Mao's proletarian line on Party building, and adhering to the character of the Party as the vanguard organization of the proletariat, to the dialectics of inner-Party contradiction, to the Party's mass line and to education in ideology and political line, can interference from both "Left"' and Right be fought off and a further step taken in building our Party into a revolutionary party armed with Marxist-Leninist revolutionary theory and style of work.
This Party consolidation is a most profound Marxist-Leninist education movement. The Party members have seriously studied Chairman Mao's thinking on Party building and plunged themselves into the great storms of mass struggle to face the world and be tempered. They have thus enhanced their consciousness of class struggle, of the struggle between the two lines and of continuing the revolution. A handful of proven renegades, enemy agents, absolutely unrepentant persons in power taking the capitalist road, degenerates and alien-class elements have been cleared out of the Party. Advanced elements of the proletariat who have come to the fore from among the masses of workers, poor and lower-middle peasants, revolutionary armymen, revolutionary cadres and revolutionary intellectuals have joined the ranks of the Party. The principle of the three-in-one combination of old, middle-aged and young people is carried out in leading bodies of the Party at all levels; this means the inclusion in these bodies of both proletarian revolutionaries of the older generation and fine Party members who ore middle-aged or of the younger generation and the inclusion of new blood from workers and peasants and cadres at the grass-roots level. Our Party has improved its quality and expanded its ranks, and is purer and more powerful and has a greater fighting capacity than ever.
Chairman Mao teaches: "Ours is a great Party, a glorious Party, a correct Party. This must be affirmed as a fact. But we still have shortcomings, and this, too, must be affirmed as a fact." It must not be assumed that contradictions and the struggle between the two lines will no longer exist within the Party after the Party consolidation and the establishment of new Party committees. Opposition and struggle between the two lines within the Party are the reflection inside the Party of contradictions between classes and between the new and the old in society; they will exist for a long time. In accordance with the requirements set in the new Party Constitution, we must take the ideological and organizational building of our Party as a long-term task and take hold of it constantly, repeatedly and seriously so that our Party will give better play to its role as the core of leadership, as the vanguard organization of the proletariat leading the people of the whole country in the great struggles for socialist revolution and socialist construction.
The Chinese Communist Party is the core of leadership of the whole Chinese people. Without this core, the cause of socialism cannot be victorious. Once established, the new Party committees at all levels must effectively strengthen centralized leadership by the Party. The new Party Constitution stipulates: "The organs of state power of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the People's Liberation Army, and the Communist Youth League and other revolutionary mass organizations, such as those of the workers, the poor and lower-middle peasants and the Red Guards, must all accept the leadership of the Party." On many occasions. Chairman Mao has stressed this as an important organizational principle of the Party. All Party members and all departments must enhance their concept of the Party, place themselves under the absolute leadership of the Party and reject the reactionary theory of many centres, that is, the theory of no centre. The Party committees must bring into full play the role of the revolutionary committees, strengthen Party leadership over economic work, and over consolidating and building the Communist Youth League, and step up the Party work in consolidating and leading revolutionary mass organizations, such as those of the workers, the poor and lower-middle peasants and the Red Guards. The localities must seriously study and sum up experience in strengthening Party leadership. In line with the five requirements set in the new Party Constitution for primary Party organizations, they must continue to grasp well the work of consolidating and building the primary Party organizations and continue to strengthen the ties between the Party and the revolutionary masses. All this is for one purpose, that is, the consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat must be achieved fully in every primary unit.
Centralized leadership by the Party means leadership by Mao Tsetung Thought, leadership by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line. After new Party committees are established, a question of prime importance remains, a question of what ideology they are to use as guidance and what line they are to follow. Leading Party cadres at all levels must conscientiously study works by Marx, Lenin and Chairman Mao so that they can truly draw a clear line of demarcation between genuine and sham Marxism-Leninism on the plane of integrating theory with practice, raise their ability to distinguish between genuine and sham Marxism-Leninism and always keep to a firm and correct political orientation. Towards themselves, they must apply "one divides into two," daring to uphold truth and correct mistakes. They must carry forward the traditional fine style of the Party, persist in taking part in collective productive labour, go among the masses, go into practical struggles, make investigation and study in a big way, conscientiously implement and study the Party's policies, and in the practice of the three great revolutionary movements (class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment) consciously use Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought to remould their world outlook and constantly heighten their consciousness of carrying out Chairman Mao's revolutionary line.
To strengthen centralized leadership by the Party, it is imperative to conscientiously carry out the Party's democratic centralism. The Party committees at all levels must practise "letting all people have their say" and oppose "my word is final." Any issue of major importance must be discussed by the collective and different opinions must be given a serious hearing. It is necessary to continue opposing conceit and complacency, fostering modesty and prudence and strengthening the unity of the Party. Chief leading cadres must have the largeness of mind of the proletariat, "be good at uniting in our work not only with comrades who hold the same views as we but also with those who hold different views." It is necessary to help veteran revolutionary cadres give play to their backbone role and to train new forces with enthusiasm so that successors to the revolutionary cause of the proletariat can mature faster and better. Towards comrades who have committed errors, it is necessary to adopt a "watch-and-help" attitude, allow them to overcome errors and encourage them to atone for past mistakes. Ali the new and old cadres must learn from, respect.
co-operate with and support each other and persist in using Mao Tsetung Thought to achieve unity in thinking, policy, plan, command and action.
At present, the domestic and international situation is getting better and better. During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, our Party has held high the great red banner of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought and adhered to proletarian internationalism, and has further strengthened its militant unity with genuine Marxist-Leninist Parties and organizations throughout the world and with the proletariat and oppressed peoples and nations the world over. Comrades of the whole Party must fully recognize the important obligations we have and must work and study even harder.
"We arc marching forward." "Our goal must be attained." "Our goal can certainly be attained." In the
great struggles of the Chinese revolution and the world revolution, our Party will be built into a still greater, still more glorious and still more correct Party.
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