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 The Road to Revolutionization—Commemorating the 5th anni. of Chairman Mao's May 7 Directive

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The Road to Revolutionization
— Commemorating the fifth anniversary of Chairman Mao's May 7 Directive


Source: Peking Review, No. 20, May 14, 1971
Transcribed for www.wengewang.org

    IT is five years since our great teacher Chairman Mao issued his May 7 Directive.
   In a letter to his close comrade-in-arms Vice-Chairman Lin on May 7, 1966, Chairman Mao pointed out that the army should be a great school. In this school, our army should study politics and military affairs, raise its educational level, and also engage in agriculture and side-occupations; it should also do mass work so as to be always at one with the masses; and it should always be ready to participate in the struggles to criticize the bourgeoisie in the cultural revolution. The same holds good for the workers, peasants and students, and those working in commerce, the service trades and Party and government organizations. They all should learn other things while mainly engaging in their own work.
   Chairman Mao's May 7 Directive is of great historic significance for consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat, preventing capitalist restoration and building socialism. Chairman Mao teaches: "Socialist society covers a considerably long historical period. In the historical period of socialism, there are still classes, class contradictions and class struggle, there is the struggle between the socialist road and the capitalist road, and there is the danger of capitalist restoration." On the basis of this scientific analysis of socialist society and the historical experience of the dictatorship of the proletariat in China and abroad, Chairman Mao put forward the great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, and formulated the basic line of our Party for the entire historical period of socialism. The May 7 Directive is an important component of Chairman Mao's theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, an important way of implementing the Party's basic line, and a magnificent programme of building our army and country and transforming society under the dictatorship of the proletariat.
   During the past five years of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the May 7 Directive has gone deeper and deeper into the hearts of the people. The whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country have worked hard to turn each unit into a great school of Mao Tsetung Thought. The mass movement for the living study and application of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought has developed vigorously. Holding aloft the banner of revolutionary mass criticism, hundreds of millions of people have launched attacks on the ideologies of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes. Our dictatorship of the proletariat has been further consolidated. Our people are in high spirits and full of vigour. Our cause of construction is thriving. Our socialist motherland is undergoing a very profound change.
   The May 7 Directive sums up our experience of army building over the decades, and calls for still further development of our army in its revolutionization; Guided by the directive, the People's Liberation Army has concurrently engaged in study, agriculture, industry and mass work and has been active in the work of the "three supports and two militaries" (i.e., support industry, support agriculture, support the broad masses of the Left, military control and political and military training), fully playing its part as the pillar of the dictatorship of the proletariat. All trades and professions have concurrently studied military affairs. The whole nation has been learning from the People's Liberation Army. The unity between the army and the people and between the army and the government has been further strengthened. This is of great strategic significance in implementing the concept of people's war and strengthening national defence.
   The May 7 Directive is an important document for carrying out the proletarian revolution in education. Chairman Mao's fighting call "The length of schooling should be shortened, education should be revolutionized, and the domination of our schools and colleges by bourgeois intellectuals should not be tolerated any longer" is being realized. The working class and its most reliable ally, the poor and lower-middle peasants, have occupied the educational positions and smashed the domination by bourgeois intellectuals. New worker-peasant-soldier students coming from amid struggles have entered the new-type socialist colleges. A proletarian educational system is being created which sets class struggle as the main subject and combines teaching, productive labour and scientific research. A generation of workers with both socialist consciousness and culture is maturing.
   The May 7 Directive points out the direction to the people of the whole country for their ideological revolutionization. In class struggle and the struggle against nature, and especially in leading the struggle-criticism-transformation in the superstructure, the working class and the poor and lower-middle peasants have constantly raised their political consciousness and played to a fuller extent their role as the main force in the socialist revolution and construction. Thousands upon thousands of revolutionary cadres and educated young people are being re-educated by the poor and lower-middle peasants either in "May 7" cadre schools which have been set up in all parts of the country or in the vast rural areas, and are consciously remoulding their world outlook. They are full of youthful, revolutionary vigour.
   In commemorating the fifth anniversary of Chairman Mao's May 7 Directive today, we should conscientiously sum up our experience in carrying out the directive and have a profound grasp of its great significance. Implementation of this directive is a great undertaking by the whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country. When every comrade unswervingly takes the "May 7" road and tempers himself into a staunch proletarian revolutionary fighter, and every department implements the May 7 Directive in an all-round way and really turns itself into a great school of Mao Tsetung Thought, our Party will not degenerate, our state will not change its colour and our socialist cause will surely be victorious.
   To turn the whole country into a great school of Mao Tsetung Thought in line with the May 7 Directive, it is of primary importance to "study politics" and "criticize and repudiate the bourgeoisie." It is indeed necessary to engage in agriculture and side-occupations, and run small or medium-sized factories where conditions permit. But all this should be placed under the command of proletarian politics and aimed at educating th? people in Mao Tsetung Thought. At present, we must criticize revisionism and rectify the style of work in line with Chairman Mao's teachings "Read and study seriously and have a good grasp of Marxism" and "Carry out education in ideology and political line.'* This is a struggle of continuing to expose and criticize Wang Ming, Liu Shao-chi and other pseudo-Marxist swindlers, and a self-education movement of studying Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought.
   To turn the whole country into a great school of Mao Tsetung Thought in line with the May 7 Directive, it is necessary to use the three great revolutionary movements of class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment as the classroom. Correct ideas come from social practice. Successors to the revolutionary cause of the proletariat are tempered and mature in the great storms of revolution. We should go to the masses with great enthusiasm, take part in the three great revolutionary movements and march forward in big strides on the road to ideological revolulionization.

(Excerpts from May 7 "Renmin Ribao" editorial)
  
  
  

 
 
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