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 China Reaps Rich Harvest in 1970

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Nine Years in Succession

China Reaps Rich Harvest in 1970

Source:Peking Review, No. 2, January 8, 1971
Transcribed by www.WENGEWANG.ORG


    FOLLOWING eight straight years of rich harvests, China's poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and revolutionary cadres in the rural areas had all-round notable achievements in agriculture last year. Total and per unit grain output exceeded the previous records. These are the results of their efforts in studying and applying Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way, conscientiously carrying out the fighting tasks set by the Ninth Party Congress and deepening the mass movement to learn from the Tachai Brigade in agriculture.
   A striking feature of 1970's rich harvest is that various provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, in the north or south and on plains or in hilly areas, reported increased grain output in large areas. Shanghai, Peking and Chekiang Province, which for years running had gone above their respective grain yield targets set in the National Programme for Agricultural Development, again reaped bumper harvests last year. Kwangtung Province for the first time exceeded 800 jin per ma in provincial grain yield, and the outskirts of Tientsin exceeded 500 jin per mu. Hopei, Honan and Shantung Provinces, long dependent on the state for part of their grain supplies, became self-sufficient in grain or had a surplus, thus making new contributions to the country. Liaoning Province, where industry makes up a big percentage of the economy and cities are populous, made progress in self-sufficiency in grain.
Nineteen seventy witnessed a fairly big advance in agriculture, forestry, livestock breeding, sideline occupations and fishery as well as a fairly big rise in output of industrial crops. This is due to the conscientious efforts by the people in different localities in implementing the policy "Take grain as the key link and ensure an all-round development." Cotton production jumped from 10 to over 20 per cent as compared with 1969 in Shantung, Honan, Hopei and Peking — major col ton-growing areas in northern China. Rich cotton harvests were also reported from the major cotton-growing areas in the south despite rainstorms.
Output of oil-bearing seeds, sugar-bearing crops, tobacco, tea, fruits and silkworm cocoons all went up last year. Compared with 1969, the areas where trees were planted expanded, and the number of draught animals and pigs moved up considerably. Big achievements were made by fishery and hauls were better than those in 1969.
   Agriculture's rapid growth has increased the grain reserves of the state, the collective and the commune members year by year and further consolidated and developed the collective economy of the people's communes, thus giving effective support to the country's socialist construction.

Big Advance in Industrial Base's Agriculture

   One of China's important industrial bases, Liaoning Province has a big percentage of industry in its economy and a large urban population. On the question of agricultural development, there has always existed the sharp struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines. For a long time in the past, the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and his agents in the province blockaded our great leader Chairman Mao's many wise instructions regarding Liaoning's farming from reaching the masses there. They did all they could to push the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of san zi yi bao (the extension of plots for private use and of free markets, the increase in the number of small enterprises with sole responsibility for their own profits or losses, the fixing of output quotas on the basis of individual households) and "putting stress on industry while neglecting agriculture.” This had resulted in a very slow development in Liaoning's agriculture.
   During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, particularly since the Ninth Party Congress, the revolutionary committees at various levels have led the poor and lower-middle peasants in conscientiously studying and implementing the series of Chairman Mao's instructions on the development of agriculture and, using Mao Tsetung Thought as their weapon, waged a tit-for-tat struggle against the counter-revolutionary revisionist line. Guided by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, they launched a deep-going mass movement to learn from Tachai in agriculture, struggled hard to develop agriculture and thus brought about remarkable changes in farming. Total provincial grain and cotton production increased considerably last year as compared with 1969. Aggregate grain output rose 30 per cent and cotton over 25 per cent, both reaching all-time highs. Fairly big advances were also made in forestry, animal husbandry and fishery.
   Throughout the province, there were big increases in grain. Only one-tenth of Liaoning's counties topped the 400-jin-per-mu grain target in 1969. The number shot up to one-third last year. In addition, a group of people's communes and production brigades which exceeded 800 jin per mu in grain yield have sprung up in many places. The average per-mu yield for grain topped 830 jin on 75,000 mu in Yingkou County's Shuiyuan Commune, and five of its production brigades, including the Shuiyuan Brigade, had more than 1,000 jin per mu. Grain yield for the Chien-changpao Brigade of Penki County, which only had 100-odd jin per mu in 1966, climbed three successive years during the Great Cultural Revolution and shot up to 812 jin last year.
Shenyang is the biggest industrial city in Liaoning Province and over 60 per cent of its population is urban. In opposing Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, Liu Shao-chi and his agents spread such twaddle as "Shenyang is engaged in industry, it cannot produce so much grain." As a result, this city for many years had depended on grain and vegetable supplies from more than ten provinces. Since it was founded, the municipal revolutionary committee has taken firm hold of the struggle between the two lines, criticized the erroneous Idea of "depending on the state for grain supplies" and adhered to the general principle of "taking agriculture as the foundation and industry as the leading factor" for developing the national economy. By integrating its urban and rural efforts and developing agriculture in a big way, Shenyang has taken on a new look in agriculture in the past two years. In 1970 it had a rich harvest and became basically self-sufficient in grain and vegetables.

Province Short of Grain Becomes Self-Sufficient

   Dependent on the state for part of its grain supplies for a long time, Hopei Province became self-sufficient in grain last year. Total grain output went up 10 per cent and cotton 20 per cent in 1970, following a rich harvest in 1969.
   Rises were registered in large areas throughout the province last year. The average per-mu grain yield went over 400 jin in large areas. A good situation like this has come about in one-third of Hopei's counties and cities. The 46 counties and cities ift the low-yielding southeastern plain areas, which had a long history of grain shortages and were subjected to natural disasters, all became self-sufficient in grain last year. More and more counties and regions were able to supply the slate with marketable grain.
   Inspired by Chairman Mao's great call "The Haiho River must be brought under permanent control!", the Hopei people, after seven years of hard struggle, have completed the work of harnessing a number of the key rivers of the Haiho River system. This has played or is playing a tremendous role in stimulating the development of agriculture. At the same time, big efforts were made by the people all over the province in building water conservancy works, sinking power-operated wells, building ponds and dams, levelling the land and improving soil, and building up farmland which ensures good harvests in times of drought or waterlogging. After several years of construction work, Hopei now has a mu of irrigated land for every person in the farming households.
   Counties and regions have stepped up their efforts in building farm machinery plants and networks of farm machine repair shops. This has quickened the pace of realizing the mechanization and semi-mechanization of agriculture. The small-sized industries found everywhere in the province have been a powerful impetus to the development of farming.

Striving for Still Higher Output

   Though grain and cotton yields both have surpassed the targets set in the National Programme for Agricultural Development in Chekiang Province, its poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and revolutionary cadres are not content with their achievements. Following Chairman Mao's teaching "China ought to make a greater contribution to humanity," they recognized what they had accomplished and tried to find out where they lagged behind. Determined to make their achievements a new starting point for continuing the revolution, they kept on learning from the Tachai Brigade. This won them another rich harvest last year. The province's average per-mu grain yield moved ahead and total production rose by about ten per cent over that of 1969, hitting an all-time high. A rich cotton harvest was gathered despite low summer temperatures and constant rain. The number of pigs rose by around 30 per cent compared with 1969, exceeding all previous records. Production of tea, silkworm cocoons and other industrial crops also increased. Originally there was only one region where the per-mu grain yield averaged more than 1,000 jin in 1969, but 1970 saw another four such high-yielding regions. Compared with 1969, many counties and cities exceeded the 1,000 jin per mu grain yield.
   Proceeding from the special features of different regions, the Party organizations and revolutionary committees at various levels strengthened their leadership in places considered weak links, paid attention to the even development of these regions and helped the backward quickly catch up with the advanced. Chiahsing County's average per-mu grain yield in 1969 was 1,000 jin, but one-third of its communes failed to reach this figure. The county leadership mobilized the masses to analyse and find out the reason why production was high in some communes and low in others and tapped the potential power in those places considered to be weak links. The county's total grain output increased by a big margin last year with all of its 30 communes yielding more than 1,000 jin per mu.
  



Source:Peking Review, No. 2, January 8, 1971
Transcribed by www.WENGEWANG.ORG

  
  
  

 
 
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