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 Hailing the workers, peasants and soldiers entering the new-type socialist universities

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The Wishes of Workers, Peasants and Soldiers in Their Hundreds of Millions Have Come True!
— Hailing the workers, peasants and soldiers entering the new-type socialist universities

Source: Peking Review, No. 40, September 30, 1970
Transcribed by www.WENGEWANG.ORG

    WITH the solicitude of our great leader Chairman Mao, worker, peasant and soldier university students chosen by China's hundreds of millions of workers, peasants and soldiers themselves, have marched confidently and in high spirits into two new-type socialist universities — Tsinghua and Peking Universities— during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution's struggle-criticism-transformation movement.
   China's first workers' Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team entered the Tsinghua University in Peking on July 27, 1968. Since then, the working class has mounted the political stage of struggle-criticism-transformation in the superstructure. Following Chairman Mao's great teaching "Take the road of the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant in training technicians from among the workers. Students should be selected from among workers and peasants with practical experience," Tsinghua and Peking Universities have selected students group by group from among the workers, peasants and soldiers and set up various specialized classes on a trial basis, while carrying on a deep-going revolution in education. Furthermore, both universities have chosen over 4,000 worker, peasant and soldier university students from different parts of the country since the bo-ginning of this year. These students were recommended by the workers, peasants and soldiers and examined and approved by the leadership of the revolutionary committees at various levels. The method adopted by the universities in choosing students from among the workers, peasants and soldiers having practical experience is a great creation in putting Chairman Mao's thinking on educational revolution into practice.
   "The reversal of history has been reversed and our wishes have come true at last!" Filled with profound proletarian feelings for our great leader Chairman Mao, the workers, peasants and soldiers in their hundreds of millions warmly hail the great victory of Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and the great victory of invincible Mao Tsetung Thought.

Winning Honour for Chairmen Mao

   On the morning of August 27, 1970, a "long march contingent" made up of worker, peasant and soldier university students arrived at Tien An Men Square in the capital, full of vigour and vitality. They had marched more than 300 li for four days from Tientsin.
   Carrying red banners and with packs on their backs, these students held high their red-covered copies of Quotations From Chairman Mao Tsetung as they greeted the morning sun rising from the east. Looking up at the brilliant portrait of our great leader Chairman Mao, they made a solemn pledge in the square:
   "Chairman Mao, dear Chairman Mao! We, 221 workers, peasants and soldiers, have come to Peking where you live to study in the universities. We owe this greatest happiness to you. We are determined to win honour for you and for our great socialist motherland! We pledge that though our work posts have changed, our consciousness of continuing the revolution will not change; though our environment has changed, our quality as working people will not change; though our tasks have changed, our style of hard struggle will not change. Whatever changes may take place, our loyalty to you will never change!''
 like their comrades-in-arms in the 'long march contingent" from Tientsin, [he worker, peasant and soldier university students who have come to Peking from other parts of the country are determined to win honour for Chairman Mao and for our socialist motherland.

Carrying Forward the Revolutionary Tradition

   These workers, peasants and soldiers have brought with them to the universities the glorious tradition of the People's Liberation Army and the revolutionary spirit of hard struggle shown by the working people. Some have brought their shovels, hoes and sickles, others had hair-cutting instruments and needle and thread boxes in their knapsacks. Since their arrival at the universities, they often take part in reclaiming and cultivating land, fertilizing the fields, going to factories and the countryside to do a stint of labour or working in university-run factories. They repair broken windows at the universities, mend their own clothes or shoes and help cut each other's hair.
   Sons and daughters from the Chingkang Mountains, a sacred place of the revolution, wore the kind of straw-sandals veteran Red Army men used to wear and had bamboo rain-hats on their backs when they came to Peking to study in the universities.
   The fact that they wore straw-sandals when they came shows that they are determined to always follow the revolutionary road pointed out by Chairman Mao. And the fact that they had brought their bamboo rain-hats shows that they have made up their minds to always follow Chairman Mao in facing the world and braving the storms.
   It was late at night on the eve of her departure for Peking that Tsou Cheng-hsiang, a poor-peasant commune member of the Taching Production Brigade of the Chingkangshan Commune, sat with members of her family before a portrait of Chairman Mao. Her father once again told her about their miserable family history and how their family had been liberated. He gave her four precious gifts: a volume of Selected Works oj Mao Tsetung, a copy of the family history, two pairs of straw-sandals tied with red ribbons and a bag of red. rice such as the Red Army men used to eat. When Cheng-hsiang was about to leave, the village's poor and lower-middle peasants all came to see her off. Her grandfather Tsou Wen-kai, leader of the insurrection corps of the Red Army, once again led her to pay respects to Chairman Mao's former residence so that she would firmly keep in mind the glorious history of how Chairman Mao had led the Chingkang Mountain people in making revolution. Holding Cheng-hsiang's hands, many elderly poor peasants, with tears in their eyes, urged her: You're the first poor-peasant university student we poor and lower-middle peasants in the Chingkang Mountains have selected in following out Chairman Mao's instruction and you must never fall short of the expectations of Chairman Mao who is so concerned for the people in the Chingkang Mountains. When you get to Peking and see Chairman Mao, you must never fail to shout "Long live Chairman Mao!" over and over again for us.
   Entering the new-type socialist university with her was P.L.A. fighter Liu Chi-ying, the younger brother of the heroine and revolutionary martyr Liu Hu-lan. He was a "five-good" fighter and an activist in the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought when he served in a P.L.A. unit, the great school of Mao Tsetung Thought. With profound proletarian feelings of boundless loyalty to our great leader Chairman Mao, Liu Chi-ying pledged: "I'll never forget class struggle and will do my part to make the new-type socialist university a success."

Exercise Power Over Education for the Proletariat

   A veteran coal-miner and a Communist Party member from Inner Mongolia Sun Teh-yu also came to attend university in Peking where Chairman Mao lives and works. None of the Suns, who had been coal-miners for generations, could read or write. Sun Teh-yu's mother died of illness when he was nine. His younger sister became a child-bride and he himself was forced to work for a capitalist in order to pay the family debts. There were tears in his eyes when he arrived at Tsinghua University and he said with feeling: "We workers were crushed by the three big mountains—imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism — in the old society. How could we have the right to study at a university! Before the Great Cultural Revolution, we workers were still barred from the university doors by Liu Shao-chi's counter-revolutionary revisionist line. I'll never forget that it is our great leader Chairman Mao who has given me the right to go to a university today!"
   When the news about Tsinghua University selecting students reached it, the entire Tachai Production Brigade was astir. Shouts of "Long live the great, glorious and correct Communist Party of China!" and "Long live our great leader Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao!" resounded through the mountains and fields. The poor and lower-middle peasants said: "Chairman Mao has let representatives of us poor and lower-middle peasants attend universities in Peking where our beloved leader Chairman Mao lives. This is the greatest encouragement and concern shown by Chairman Mao for the poor and lower-middle peasants throughout the country!"
   Led by the brigade's Party branch, all the poor and lower-middle peasants reviewed the village history and the history of the struggle between the two lines on the educational front and unfolded revolutionary mass criticism. After repeated discussions, they unanimously recommended poor-peasant Chao Su-heng to study in the Water Conservancy Department of Tsinghua University. Chao was one of the "ten heroes" and a member of the brigade's Party branch who had rich practical experience. On the day he left, the village held a farewell meeting amid the clash of cymbals and the beating of drums. Entrusted with a big job by all of Tachai's Communist Party members and poor and lower-middle peasants, Chao Su-heng was determined, together with other worker, peasant and soldier students from various parts of the country, to study and run the university well and to use Mao Tsetung Thought to transform it.
   After arriving at Peking University, Liu Hsueh, a fighter in the P.L.A. unit in which the great communist fighter Lei Feng served during his lifetime, took Lei Feng as his example in everything he did. He said: "I must learn for the Chinese revolution and the world revolution and temper my loyalty to consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat."
   Ma Yun-hsiang, a newly-enrolled student at Tsinghua University, was an activist in the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought in a naval unit. As soon as she got to the university, she began studying Chairman Mao's works with the comrades in her dormitory and going ahead with the practice of heart-to-heart talks. She enthusiastically submitted her application to the university Party organization, requesting that she be allowed to take part in the arduous job of scientific research. On holidays she used her time to walk dozens of li to visit an exhibition on class education in the city.
   Many of the new students were fighters from fighting posts where they were defending the motherland. They continued to hold high the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought, give prominence to proletarian politics and fight in defence of Chairman Mao's revolutionary line on their new battle ground.

Criticizing the Revisionist Line in Education

   From their personal experience, Lisiang Yuch-nan and other newly enrolled university students profoundly realize that to thoroughly transform the old universities and run the new-type socialist universities well, it is essential to carry out deep-going and sustained revolutionary mass criticism so as to completely eliminate the remnant pernicious influence of the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi's counterrevolutionary revisionist line in education.
   Ten years ago, Hsiang Yueh-nan and five of his comrades-in-arms were selected and sent to university by the leadership of a P.L.A. unit. As soon as they arrived in Peking, they went to Tien An Men Square. With deep feeling, they took an oath before the portrait of our great leader Chairman Mao: "We are determined to study hard for the revolution and to win honour for our great leader Chairman Mao and to live up to the expectations of the workers, peasants and soldiers!" But, when the counter-revolutionary revisionist line in education prevailed, the capitalist roaders and the reactionary bourgeois "authorities" in the old universities discriminated against the worker, peasant and soldier students. So they were compelled to leave the university.
   This time, Hsiang Yueh-nan and his five comrades-in-arms were again chosen and sent to the university by the masses. At a farewell party, he said: "Ten years ago, we were kicked out of the university. Today, we are sent to the new-type socialist university. This change fully reflects the fierce struggle between the two classes and the two lines on the educational front. We will always be loyal to Chairman Mao; we pledge to defend Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and fight for the consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat all our lives!"
   Upon arriving, the worker, peasant and soldier university students from different parts of the country went in for revolutionary mass criticism on the campus and in the classrooms and their dormitories. They were determined to thoroughly eliminate the remaining pernicious influence of Liu Shao-chi's counter-revolutionary revisionist line and carry the revolution on the educational front through to the end.

Always Taking the Road of Integrating With the Workers, Peasants and Soldiers

   Coming to Peking with the workers, peasants and soldiers from many parts of our country to attend the universities also were many educated youth who had settled in the countryside to work as commune members. They had been tempered at the forefront of the three great revolutionary movements — class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment, and had been praised by the poor and lower-middle peasants who recommended them to go to universities.
   Li Chiung-mei, a 21 -year-old new Party member, was the first girl of Han nationality to settle in a small mountain village inhabited by the Li people on Hainan Island. For three years, Li Chiung-mei had eaten and lived with the poor and lower-middle peasants of Li nationality. Studying Chairman Mao's writings and working together, she had forged a profound friendship with them. When Tsinghua University began selecting students, the poor and lower-middle peasants unanimously nominated her to go to Peking and attend the university. She expressed her loyalty to Chairman Mao again and again: "Chairman Mao! I am determined to study your works diligently, resolutely follow your teachings and consciously remould my world outlook. I'll study hard in order to master the skill of serving the people. I will be a pupil of the workers, peasants and soldiers all my life and always be a good daughter of the poor and lower-middle peasants."
   These educated young people coming from all over the motherland to attend universities in Peking have brought many precious gifts from the poor and lower-middle peasants. These include the red treasured books by Chairman Mao and a quilt used by three generations, a kerosene lamp the poor and lower-middle peasants had used when they studied Chairman Mao's works with them, and a sewing kit knitted by an elderly aunt who was a poor peasant. . . . The fervent hopes the poor and lower-middle peasants place on them always inspire them to use Mao Tsetung Thought to remould their world outlook and to master skills for the revolution, encourage them to always take the road of integrating with the workers, peasants and soldiers and train themselves into new-type proletarian intellectuals.
   Inspired by the Communique of the Second Plenary Session of the Ninth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and led by the workers' and P.L.A. men's Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team and the universities' Party committees, students of worker, peasant and soldier origin in Tsinghua and Peking Universities are filled with the lofty aspiration to play their part as taught in the quotation from Chairman Mao "China ought to make a greater contribution to humanity," They are intensifying their efforts to study and apply Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way and working hard to help make the new-type socialist universities a success.
  
  
  
  

 
 
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