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 Excellent Situation on China's Industrial and Agricultural Fronts

Excellent Situation on China's Industrial and Agricultural Fronts

Source:Peking Review, No. 39,September 25, 1970
Transcribed by www.WENGEWANG.ORG

    RESOLUTELY carrying out the genera) line "Going all out, aiming high and achieving greater. Taster, better and more economical results in building socialism" and the great strategic principle "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people" set forth by our great leader Chairman Mao, the Chinese working class and poor and lower-middle peasants have firmly grasped class struggle and the struggle between the two lines, and placed revolution in command of production since entering the great 1970s. An excellent and unprecedentedly vigorous and flourishing situation prevails in industry and farming.
   With the lofty aspiration of winning honour for our great leader Chairman Mao and our great socialist motherland, the revolutionary workers battling on the industrial front have deepened the socialist revolutionary emulation drive and the mass movement to increase production and practise economy. Significant achievements are reported in the iron and steel, coal, petroleum, power, machinery, chemical fertilizer, electronic instrument and textile industries as well as in railway transport this year.
   In the capital Peking, the total value of industrial output for the first half of this year was more than 53 per cent of the annual plan. This is 30 per cent above that of the corresponding period last year and equals the annual total for 1965, the year before the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.
   In Shanghai, an important industrial base in the country, the semi-annual total value for industrial output topped the same period last year by a big margin. The city has made particularly important contributions in increasing the variety of new industrial products. Mono-crystal silicon and solid-state circuits, new products of the electronics industry, increased 6-fold and more than 11-fold respectively as compared with the corresponding period of 1969. The shipbuilding workers have made the outstanding achievement of launching four 10,000-ton vessels in six months.
   Total value of industrial output in Liaoning Province for the first half of this year was 16 per cent higher than in the corresponding period last year. The output of 37 major items rose constantly to surpass the same period of 1969 by big margins. Capital construction projects proceeded at a fast pace. The province built more than 1,200 such projects and put them into operation from early 1969 to the end of June this year.
Both in number and in terms of speed of construction, this is unprecedented.
   The Chinese working class has turned out many new products and materials and devised new techniques and technological processes in the extensive technical innovations campaign to catch up with and surpass advanced world levels.
   In Shanghai, the technical transformation centring on electronics developed in various industrial branches and the populari2ation of new-type automatic control and microbiological chemistry techniques have enormously raised the scientific and technical level of the city's industry as a whole. A vigorous mass movement for technical innovations enabled Tientsin to adopt over 5,000 technical innovations and widely apply techniques and technological processes in electronics, automatic control and precision foundry in the first half of this year. At the same time, the workers made big efforts to make multiple use of material. In Mao-ming, Kwangtung Province, workers in the petroleum industry make multi-purpose use of spent shale, retorted shale, gas, water and sludge oil which previously went to waste and are extracting and separating more than 30 important chemical industrial products and non-ferrous metals from them. This has created much wealth for the state.
   Spurred on by the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the industrial departments have persevered in recent years in the whole set of principles of "walking on two legs" — simultaneously developing national and local industries, big enterprises and small and medium-sized ones, and modern and indigenous methods of production. This has given full play to the enthusiasm of the masses and local authorities at various levels to build industry and has brought about a rapid development of small and medium-sized enterprises in China.
   In Heilungkiang Province, the number of small and medium-sized enterprises in 1969 showed an increase of 56 per cent over that of 1966, and the total value of their output went up by 52 per cent. There was a further development in the province in the first half of this year. These industrial and mining enterprises have played a big part in supporting agriculture and bringing prosperity to both the urban and rural economy.
   In the high tide of the mass movement in China's countryside to build the power industry by self-reliance, the total capacity of the small and medium-sized hydroelectric power stations built last winter and this spring doubled that of the rural hydroelectric power stations built over the past nearly 20 years.
   More than 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China have trial-produced or are producing trucks.
   In the southern provinces of Kiangsu, Chekiang, Kwangtung, Hunan, Hupeh and Kiangsi and the Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region, thousands upon thousands of workers and poor and lower-middle peasants are being mobilized to locating coal deposits and mining coal. They have smashed the absurdity spread by the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and his agents in the coal industry that "there is no coal south of the Yangtze River." They are speeding up the building of coal pits so as to pm the small mines into operation. The age-old practice of bringing coal from the north to the south is now rapidly changing.
   On the agricultural front, the poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and rural revolutionary cadres throughout the country are conscientiously studying Chairman Mao's great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and have made further efforts to foster the concept of farming for the revolution. The mass movement of "in agriculture, learn from Tachai" is developing still more vigorously throughout the country. Last winter and this spring, the commune members built many water conservancy works for the farmland and undertook other capital construction in agriculture. They reaped rich harvests of summer grain crops and early rice this year.
   China's summer grain harvests this year surpassed last year's by a fairly big margin. The country's major summer grain growing areas, including the Yellow River and Huai River plains and the provinces north and south of the Yangtze River, reported fairly good harvests this year, following good summer harvests in the past few years. In Honan Province, one of China's main wheat growing areas, the output in many administrative regions was 20 to 40 per cent higher than in 1969. Hopei, Shantung, Shensi, Chekiang, Szechuan, Hupeh, Kiangsu and the counties on the outskirts of Peking all reaped good summer grain harvests. A number of advanced agricultural units emerged during this year's summer harvest. They either turned low yield fields into high yield fields or raised output on high yield fields. In many communes and brigades, the summer harvest alone topped the annual per-mu targets set in the National Programme for Agricultural Development.
   After winning a rich harvest, the poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members promptly delivered their best grain as tax in kind and sold it as surplus grain to the state in support of the socialist revolution and construction. By the end of July, the nation's quotas for collecting tax in kind and the purchase of summer grain had been successfully fulfilled.
   Chinas major early rice producing areas including the provinces of Kwangtung, Fukien, Hunan, Hupeh. Chekiang. Kiangsi, Kiangsu, Anhwei, Szechuan, Yunnan and Kweichow, the Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region and the outskirts of Shanghai all had rich harvests this year. Both per-mu yield and total output were higher than in 1969. Total output of early rice in most of these places reached an all-time high.
   China's cotton production this year is also better than ever. Guided by Chairman Mao's great principle 'Take grain as the key link and ensure an all-round development," the poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and revolutionary cadres in the cotton-growing areas have displayed the revolutionary spirit of self-reliance and hard struggle and overcome various natural disasters, so that cotton was sown earlier and is growing well. The poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members in China's cotton-growing areas are busy tending the cotton crop at the last stage of its growth and striving for a bumper harvest.
   Illuminated by Mao Tsetung Thought, people of various nationalities in Inner Mongolia, Sinkiang, Tibet and other border regions are united in struggle. The situation in both revolution and production in these regions is excellent. There are prospects of good harvests everywhere on the Inner Mongolian grasslands. The region has had great success in livestock breeding this year. The survival rate of both adult and young animals was higher than last year's, and the number of various kinds of young animals that survived exceeded that of 1969 by more than 900,000.
   In the vast farming and stockbreeding areas of Sinkiang, people of various nationalities have brought in fairly good summer grain harvests after overcoming a long and serious drought. Stockbreeding was better than in any previous year.
   The farming and stockbreeding areas of Tibet are undergoing a profound and tremendous social transformation. Thirty-four per cent of the townships in all of Tibet have set up people's communes. The high tide of the surging socialist transformation of agriculture and stockbreeding is resulting in a new production upsurge.
All the victories won by China's industry and agriculture result from the efforts of the revolutionary people to follow Chairman Mao closely and act in accordance with Mao Tsetung Thought. All this is a great victory for Mao Tsetung Thought.
   Since the beginning of this year, the Party organizations and revolutionary committees in all parts of the country have held high the great red banner o? Mao Tsetung Thought, firmly put the living study and application of Chairman Mao's works above everything else, constantly armed the minds of the people with Mao Tsetung Thought and used ideological revolutionization to promote production.  The Nanpao Production Brigade of the Yinchu People's Commune in Tunglu County, Chekiang Province, was suddenly hit by an exceptionally big flood, seldom seen in history, in the summer of 1969. After the flood the brigade's poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and revolutionary cadres ran Mao Tsetung Thought study classes in which they recounted the benevolence of Chairman Mao and the Communist Party, the superiority of the socialist system and the favourable conditions of the collective for fighting the flood. Production soon resumed in the ruined fields and they still reaped a good crop to give them a surplus last year. This year's summer grain output doubled that of 1969 and topped the previous peak.
   Following our great leader Chairman Mao's teachings “Grasp class struggle and all problems can be solved" and "Political work is the life-blood of all economic work," the masses take class struggle and the struggle between the two lines as the key link, and carry out extensive mass activities to analyse problems on the basis of the struggle between the two lines in close connection with the reality in the three great revolutionary struggles (class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment). This has been a great impetus to the struggle for production.
   Shanghai's workers this year are deepening the struggle between the two lines in the economic sphere, repeatedly criticizing the counter-revolutionary revisionist line for running enterprises pushed by the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi, completely discrediting the "slavish comprador philosophy," the "doctrine of trailing behind at a snail's pace" and the "line of relying on experts." They are firmly implementing Chairman Mao's principles of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts," "hard struggle" and "building up our country through diligence and frugality," and making sure that the enterprises advance victoriously along Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line.
   Our great leader Chairman Mao long ago pointed out: "In socialist revolution and socialist construction we must adhere to the mass line, boldly arouse the masses and launch vigorous mass movements." Following Chairman Mao's teachings, Peking's workers have adhered to the mass line and launched vigorous mass movements. By concentrating their strength to fight a battle of annihilation in the first half of the year they organized city-wide mass co-ordination to bring about fundamental changes in such formerly weak industrial branches as electronics and petro-chemicals and in building mines. Many plants and mines and even some small neighbourhood factories can now produce important electronic elements, and output of mono-crystal silicon and poly-crystal silicon has more than doubled.
   China's workers and poor and lower-middle peasants keep the interests of the motherland in mind and those of the world's people in view. They regard every new project and product and additional jin of grain or cotton as a contribution to the socialist construction of the motherland and to the revolutionary struggles of the world's people against U.S. imperialism. They arc arming themselves with Chairman Mao's great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and striving to do a good job of ideological revolutionization. At the same time, they are determined to welcome the 21st anniversary of the founding of the great Peoples Republic of China with still greater victories in grasping revolution and promoting production.

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