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 Raise China's Cotton Production to A Still Higher Level Through Self-Reliance and Hard Struggle

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Raise China's Cotton Production to A Still Higher Level Through Self-Reliance and Hard Struggle

—State Council Calls National Conference on Cotton Production

Source: Peking Review, No, 12, March 20, 1970
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    BEGAUSE of the guidance given by Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line, an excellent situation prevails in China's cotton production. Especially since the beginning of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, there have been marked increases in cotton output with records broken year after year. Recently, the State Council called a National Conference on Cotton Production in Peking to sum up and exchange advanced experiences in obtaining sharp rises in cotton output and high yields of both cotton and grain in cotton producing areas. The conference called on the poor and lower-middle peasants, other commune members and revolutionary cadres in the cotton producing areas to follow the example of the Tachai Production Brigade, rely on their own efforts and work hard, and conscientiously carry out Chairman Mao's principle "Take grain as the key link and ensure an all-round development," go all out and advance from victory to victory. The conference also called on them to raise our cotton production to an even higher level in the great 1970s, provide outstanding contributions to the state by winning high output in both grain and cotton, and win honour for our great leader Chairman Mao and our great socialist motherland.
   During the conference; leading comrades of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party received all delegates and listened to reports made by those from the major cotton producing areas. Important instructions were given encouraging the delegates to hold still higher the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought, give prominence to proletarian politics, bring the revolutionary spirit of self-reliance and hard struggle into full play and to strive for even richer harvests of grain and cotton. The delegates were deeply inspired and educated. They regarded these acts as an expression of the greatest concern shown for the revolutionary masses and the revolutionary cadres in the cotton producing areas by the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader. Unanimously (hey pledged to take the conference as a motive force and, under the guidance of Chairman Mao's great strategic principle "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people," do a still better job in cotton production and strive to overfulfil in an all-round way the 1970 plans for cotton production and state purchase.
   There were sharp increases in cotton output in the last few years, following many years of rich harvests. The national total output of cotton, the per-mw yield and the amount purchased by the state from 1966 to 1968 all topped previous records. As compared with 1965, the year before the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the average annual total output of these three years increased by 12.2 per cent, the per-mu yield by 12.5 per cent, and the state purchase by 8.4 per cent. In 1969 some of the major cotton producing areas suffered serious natural calamities. However, the poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members, armed with Mao Tsetung Thought, took Tachai as their example and stubbornly struggled with nature, and still won a rich cotton harvest. "The Chinese people have high aspirations, they have ability, and they will certainly catch up with and surpass advanced world levels in the not too distant future." The tremendous achievements China has made in cotton production are eloquent testimony to the correctness of this brilliant thesis of Chairman Mao's. China ranks first among the major cotton producing countries in the world in the rate of increase in cotton output.
   The poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members in China's cotton growing areas keep the whole situation in mind and farm for the revolution. They have set many examples in turning low-yielding fields into high-yielding ones, achieving ever higher returns in high-yielding areas and gathering in bumper harvests of both grain and cotton. Now, more and move places in the nation have surpassed the highest per-mu target for cotton set by the National Programme for Agricultural Development.
   On the outskirts of Shanghai and in Chekiang Province, the average per-mu yield of ginned cotton has exceeded 100 jin for six years in succession. The highest annual averages have reached 159 and 139.5 jin respectively. Apart from their high cotton yields, these two areas also went beyond the target set by the National Programme for Agricultural Development for grain. They have become national models in obtaining high yields in both grain and cotton over large areas. The 1965 National Conference on Cotton Production summed up and popularized the experience of Chilling County, Kiangsu Province, in achieving high yields of both grain and cotton which afforded the slate a contribution on two scores. Since then, important cotton growing counties in many parts of China have learnt from Chitung and there are now many advanced counties which reap high yields of grain as well as cotton.
   After overcoming successive serious natural calamities such as hailstorms and typhoons last year, the poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members of Pinghu County, Chekiang Province, gathered excellent harvests. The county's average per-mu yields were 150 jin of ginned cotton and 1,156 jin of grain. Inspired by the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the revolutionary cadres and masses in Pingtu County, Shantung Province, a low-yielding cotton growing area, set their minds to raise the yields by dint of hard struggle and increased their cotton output year after year. The average per-mu yield of ginned cotton in the county last year was 105 jin, 3.3 times that obtained in 1965. In many parts of the country, advanced communes, production brigades and teams have emerged, having achieved high yields of both grain and cotton.
   These facts vividly show that the magnificent ideological and political flowers of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution which our great leader Chairman Mao personally initiated and is leading have resulted in rich economic fruit.
   Common among the 44 different types of advanced communes, production brigades and teams, which reported and exchanged experiences at the conference, was the fact that their bumper harvests of both grain and cotton were a result of their living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought, giving prominence to proletarian politics, taking a firm grasp of class struggle, fighting against nature, practising scientific farming and correctly handling the relations between grain and cotton production.
   The Yangliuhsueh Brigade of the Yangchi Commune in Pinhsien County, Shantung Province, persevered in the living study and application of Chairman Mao's "three constantly road articles." and despite low-lying saline-alkaline land which is subject to waterlogging, reaped rich grain and cotton crops Tor seven years running. For the last seven years, the average per-mu yield of ginned cotton was over 130 jin. In other words, every brigade member has made an annual contribution to the state ranging from 150 to 210 jin of ginned cotton. In addition, the average per-mu yield of grain surpassed 1,000 jin every year during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Its land sown to grain crops averages 0.45 mu per capita. The brigade not only reached its goal of not relying on the slate for its own food grain, but is supplying the state with an increasing amount of grain year after year.
   The Houchangwan Second Production Team of the Chinchai Brigade of the Yinghsien Commune in Lin-chuan County, Anhwei Province, is known in northern Anhwei for its low-lying sandy land and constant, difficulties caused by natural calamities. For a long time, the per-mu yield of ginned cotton war% only 40 or 50 jin. During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the poor and lower-middle peasants of the team, using invincible Mao Tsetung Thought as their weapon and in the light of the class struggle going on in the team, engaged in revolutionary mass criticism first, struggled against the class enemy and fought their own conservative ideas. After one year's hard struggle, the average per-mu yield of ginned cotton rose from 45 jin in 1968 to 154 last year. This success refuted the erroneous belief that "it is impossible to achieve high cotton yields in northern Anhwei" and enabled the team to rank among the advanced cotton growers.
   In the places where the per-mu yield of ginned cotton has surpassed 100 jin and the per-mu yield of grain has reached the targets set by the National Programme for Agricultural Development, is it possible for them to continuously register substantial rises? The experience of many advanced units attending the conference proved that the idea of stagnation did not tally with the objective law.
   The Nicheng Commune of Nauhui County on the outskirts of Shanghai, by using Chairman Mao's materialist dialectics and by applying science to farming, has achieved marked increases in both cotton and grain output after its per-mu yield of ginned cotton reached 100 jin and that of grain, 1,000 jin. Despite natural calamities in 1969, the commune reaped an average of more than 190 jin of ginned cotton and 1,315 jin of grain per mu. The Hungching Brigade in Taitsang County, Kiangsu Province, before the socialist education movement was already getting 117 jin of ginned cotton per mu. After the socialist education movement, especially since the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, there has been a new upsurge in the mass movement for the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought and the ideological consciousness of the commune members has reached a new height. The brigade has gathered excellent harvests year after year. In 1969 the brigade's per-mu yield of ginned cotton averaged 163 jin and that of grain 1,450 jin. These are examples of the continued increase in agricultural production in high-yielding areas in the southern part of the country.
   This is also true in the northern part. The poor and lower-middle peasants and revolutionary cadres of the Chiliying Commune in Hsinhsiang County, Honan Province, one which Chairman Mao once inspected, have time and again during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution criticized the complacent idea that their yields had reached the limit. Holding aloft the red banner, they have continued their march ahead in big strides. In I960 they set a new record by harvesting an average of 135 jin per mu of ginned cotton, a 30 per cent increase over 1968. The average per-mu yield of grain reached 680 jin, an increase of 21 per cent as compared with 1963.
   These two communes and the brigade mentioned above set examples for the high yielding areas for their marked increases in grain and cotton production.
   The conference was pleased to hear the report that the poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members of the Yangshuwantzu Commune in Chien-chang County, Liaoning Province, had overcome many unfavourable conditions to obtain an average of over 100 jin of ginned cotton per mu for five years running, in an area north of the Great Wall where the frost-free period is very short and the soil is poor. Even more inspiring was the story of how the poor and lower-middle peasants and revolutionary cadres of the Yaohsing Brigade of the Chunhsin Commune in Kungan County, Hupeh Province, conquered exceptional floods and gathered in a rich harvest of both grain and cotton last year, after achieving the high average per-mu yield of 200 jin of ginned cotton and over 1,000 jin of rice in the previous three years. The brigade's "00 mu of cotton fields averaged 203 jin of ginned cotton per mu and the output from its 400-odd mu of rice averaged 1,018 jin per mu last year. The Hualin Brigade of the Yanghsi Commune in Chienko County, Szechuan Province, was formerly considered unsuitable for growing cotton as it is in a mountain area and lies more than 1,000 metres above sea level. However, the brigade has not only succeeded in growing cotton but, what is more, recorded the high yield of 189 jin of ginned cotton per mu on the average.
   The achievements of the Hohengchcng Brigade of the Shangcheng Commune in Chengan County, Hopei Province, were reported at the conference. This brigade has had rich harvests of both grain and cotton year after year since it changed the old farming system and adopted inter-planting on a large scale. Excellent experiences in cotton production have also been created by the Chiaotou Brigade of Yukou Commune in Pingku County, Peking, the Yangtan Brigade of Yangtan Commune in Chuwo County, Shansi Province, the Shuang-wang Brigade of Hungchi Commune in Weinan County, Shensi Province, the Fifth Brigade of Chengkuan Commune in Shache County, the Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region, the Meilin Brigade of Lienhu Commune in Poyang County, Kiangsi Province, and the Yunghsien Brigade of Lilan Commune in Lihsien County, Hunan Province.
   These instances show clearly that there are vast areas in China suitable for growing cotton and that the country has a great potential for increasing its cotton output. Cotton production can be developed at a high speed in the south and in the north, in mountain areas and on the plains, in areas with favourable natural conditions and in those where conditions are unfavourable. The conference held that other cotton producing areas were also able to accomplish what the model units had achieved. In places where the red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought is raised aloft, low yields can become high and high yields continue to rise, making possible rich harvests in both grain and cotton.
   The conference also discussed the national cotton production plan for 1970 and measures for increasing output. It called on the poor and lower-middle peasants and other commune members and revolutionary cadres in the cotton growing areas throughout the country to study and apply Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way and to continuously deepen the revolutionary mass criticism so as to wipe out the remaining pernicious influence of the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi's counter-revolutionary revisionist line. It urged them to carry out in an all-round way Chairman Mao's great instruction: "We must pay close attention to grain, cotton and cotton cloth." In order to bring in an even richer cotton harvest this year, they were called upon to sow cotton in time on sufficient mu of land, take all possibilities into account and make all the necessary preparations, and be able to deal with drought and waterlogging. The conference urged the revolutionary committees at all levels throughout the country to strengthen their leadership in cotton production, popularize experience in achieving high cotton yields in the light of local conditions, make conscientious efforts to sum up local experience, and seek out local models to lead whole localities forward, and strive for the fulfilment and overfulfilment of the plans for cotton production and state purchase this year.
   The conference was attended by more than 500 delegates from 16 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions where cotton production is concentrated, 68 cotton producing special administrative regions, 263 counties where cotton is the major farm produce, 44 advanced communes, production brigades and teams, 6 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions where cotton production is scattered, and from the textile industry and cotton processing and purchase departments.
  

Source: Peking Review, No, 12, March 20, 1970
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org
  
  
  

 
 
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