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 Chairman Mao's Military Thinking Is the Magic Weapon in Defeating the Enemy

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Chairman Mao's Military Thinking Is the Magic Weapon in Defeating the Enemy

Source: Peking Review, No. 9, February 27. 1910
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


Daring to Struggle and Being Good at Struggle

by Chou Wen-chiang
National combat hero

    IN his brilliant work Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War, our great leader Chairman Mao pointed out: "We do not permit any of our Red Army commanders to become o blundering hot-head; we decidedly want every lied Army commander to become a hero who is both brave and sagacious, who possesses both all-conquering courage and the ability to remain master of the situation throughout the changes and vicissitudes of the entire war." This teaching of Chairman Mao's is our powerful ideological weapon in defeating all enemies and our guide in remaining master of the situation throughout the changes and vicissitudes of war.
     One night in the battle of Yaowan during the Huai-Hai Campaign in the Chinese People's Liberation War, I led two squads to wipe out over two hundred enemies at one stroke. All of us were worn out after the battle, and ammunition was running short. Suddenly we ran into another enemy group. Judging from all aspects, we knew that their force was at least that of a battalion. Should we attack in the situation when the enemy was numerous and we were few? We knew that they had hidden here not long after we overran their position, and they were shaking in their shoes. We could win the battle if we dared to fight and were good at fighting. So, we attacked, blazing away with our guns while shouting at them so as to launch a political offensive by telling them in no uncertain terms what the Party's policies were. Under such circumstances, there was nothing the enemy could do but temporarily hold their fire and say they were willing to negotiate with us. Analysing the situation, we felt that they might try to trick us. So we made two kinds of preparations. First, we made a disposition of our troops and then went to negotiate. Things turned out as we had figured. They opened fire when a messenger and myself come towards them. As soon as this happened I, with bitter hatred for the enemy, raced into a small room and swiftly knocked down the one who was manning a heavy machine-gun. Then I run up to the enemy commander and ordered him to his face to surrender along with his troops. At first he tried to put off the inevitable, but I warned him: "We'll smash all of you immediately if you refuse to surrender.11 With no way out, the enemy was forced to lay down their arms and give up. It look just over half an hour to finish this battle in which we put the forces of a regimental headquarters and a battalion out of action.
     Through practice in revolutionary struggle, I have deeply understood that daring to struggle and being good at struggle are two indispensable factors for us in defeating the enemy and winning victory. Only when you dare to struggle can you overwhelm the enemy; and only when you are good at struggle can you remain master of the situation throughout the changes and vicissitudes of war and win victory.

Despise the Enemy and Take The Enemy Seriously
by Chen Huai-hsin
People's hero, third class

CHAIRMAN MAO teaches us: "Our strategy is 'pit one against ten' and our tactics are 'pit ten against one' —this is one of our fundamental principles for gaining mastery over the enemy." This very important instruction from Chairman Mao, which is extremely scientific, extremely incisive and written in extremely popular language, elucidates the dialectical relations between the two, that we should despise our enemy strategically, but should take him seriously tactically. This important instruction will always guide us from victory to victory.
     During the battle near Changjin Res, in the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea, the enemy we faced was the U.S. "crack division," the First Marine Division. This was a time when they were very fierce and strutted about like conquering heroes, In such circumstances, according to Chairman Mao's great teachings "pit one against ten" strategically and "pit ten against one" tactically, we made a serious analysis of the enemy and came to the conclusion that the war launched by the U.S. imperialists was an aggressive war and was doomed to failure: the war we were fighting was a revolutionary war and we were sure to win. Thus the cadres and fighters imbued themselves with a deep-rooted courage to triumph over the First U.S. Marine Division. Comrades said; "The U.S. imperialists are nothing to be afraid of. Tanks and planes can't save their lives."  At the same time, we look the enemy seriously tactically. We studied the concrete situation concerning the division and got it clear in our minds. The cadres and fighters thus learnt to keep high revolutionary vigilance. They said: "The U.S. imperialists are paper tigers, but they are also real tigers. We must take them seriously." Before the battle began, we carried out full political mobilization to arouse our hatred for the enemy. At the same time, we took time to rest and consolidate and make a disposition of our troops. In line with Chairman Mao's great teaching: "In every battle, concentrate an absolutely superior force (two, three, four and sometimes even five or six times the enemy's strength), encircle (he enemy forces completely, strive to wipe them out thoroughly and do not let any escape from the net," we concentrated our superior force which was several times that of the enemy's strength and prepared to fight them tooth and nail. When the battle began, we applied Chairman Mao's tactical principles flexibly, and finally defeated this once rampaging First U.S. Marine Division and were victorious after a fierce and hard-fought battle lasting five days and nights.
     Practice in war has made me deeply realize that despising the enemy and taking the enemy seriously form the unity of two opposites. They are the two aspects of one problem. To despise the enemy does not mean supposing that it has no fighting power at all and will collapse without being attacked; and to take the enemy seriously does not mean exaggerating its strength and puffing it up. From a long-term and overall point of view, the imperialists, the social-imperialists and all reactionaries are paper tigers and are doomed to failure. Therefore, strategically, we must dare to fight and be confident to win, and above all we must overwhelm the enemy in spirit. But looking at the question from a transitory and partial point of view as well as tactically, we should know that they do have a certain strength and are real tigers. So we must take them seriously tactically, fight battles one by one and swallow the enemy mouthful by mouthful.


Learning Warfare Through Warfare

by Pan Cheng-mei
Combat hero, second class


CHAIRMAN MAO has taught us: "Our chief method is to learn warfare through warfare, A person who has had no opportunity to go to school can also learn warfare — he can learn through fighting in war. A revolutionary war is a mass undertaking; it is often not a matter of first learning and then doing, but of doing and then learning, for doing is itself learning." Reviewing this great teaching of Chairman Mao's when I recall how I learnt to fight in war, I feel that it is particular close to me.
     I didn't know how to fight in a war when I first joined the army. It even was difficult for me to use a gun, let alone making use of the terrain or things for cover. Though I lacked any fighting experience at the time, I had boundless love for the great leader Chairman Mao and bitter hatred for the class enemy and I wanted to join a shock brigade in order to learn how to fight and increase my ability in the course of fighting.
     I remember the enemy using heavy gun-fire in one battle to block our advance. When the offensive was launched, two of us, the deputy squad leader and myself, didn't know how to use the terrain or things on the ground for cover and we just charged ahead in the open. The result was that we were exposed to the enemy and the deputy squad leader's gun was knocked out of commission and we failed to effectively wipe out the enemy.
     With this problem in mind, we held a democratic meeting at the front in order to pool the wisdom of the masses, draw lesson from what we had just done and discussed how to fight on in the battle. Later, with comrades covering us, our combat group made a swift detour to the enemy rear and caught him off guard, I used this as an opportunity to run forward quickly and deliver a blow to the enemy machine-gunner with my fist which left him stunned. I followed this up by immediately getting hold of the machine-gun and kept yelling: "Lay down your guns or die!” The more than fifty enemies at this position froze with fright and obediently laid down their guns and surrendered.
  It was in this way that we summed up experience and drew lesson from it while fighting. Through practice in battle, we gradually learnt Chairman Mao's great military thinking and gradually learnt to know what war is and how to fight. Reality has shown us that learning warfare through warfare is Marxist-Leninist dialectics and an unbreakable truth.
    
Source: Peking Review, No. 9, February 27. 1910
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org
  
  
  

 
 
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