Vigorous Vanguard Fighters
Vigorous Vanguard Fighters
Vigorous Vanguard Fighters
Vigorous Vanguard Fighters
Source: Peking Review, No. 5，January 30, 1970
Tempered and tested in class struggle during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, members of the Chinese Communist Party, in general, have raised their consciousness of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the (proletariat. In accordance with Chairman Mao's teaching "The Party organization should be composed of the advanced elements of the proletariat; it should be a vigorous vanguard organization capable of leading the proletariat and the revolutionary masses in the fight against the class enemy," and using the Party's new Constitution, they always make strict demands on themselves. Seeking neither fame nor gain and fearing neither hardship nor death in the three great revolutionary movements — class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment — they always march at the head of the masses in everything. Their exemplary deeds have earned them high praise from the broad masses.
Following are the exploits of three Party members.
Advance in the Teeth of the Storm of Class Struggle
COMMUNIST Party member Wei Yung-hung is a bamboo weaver at the Hsingcheng Co-op in Chiensi County, Hopeh Province. Respecting and admiring him, people everywhere talk about and praise him for his moving deeds in the great storm of the revolution, for fighting against the class enemies and spontaneous capitalist tendencies, and for unswervingly taking the socialist road.
Saved from the abyss of misery in the old society by Chairman Mao and the Communist Party, Wei Yung-hung made up his mind to follow the Communist Party steadfastly and always take the bright road pointed out by Chairman Mao. When the socialist transformation of handicrafts was effected by the Party in 1956, skilled bamboo weaver Wei enthusiastically joined the Hsingcheng Bamboo Weaving Co-op, bringing with him the wicker he had previously purchased.
Chairman Mao teaches us: "Class contradiction, the class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie and (he struggle between the socialist road and the capitalist road exist throughout the transitional period." Making the "three constantly read articles" his maxim in the fierce struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines, Wei Yung-hung firmly kept to the proletarian stand and fought an uncompromising struggle against spontaneous capitalist tendencies.
Aiming to restore capitalism, the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi whipped up an evil wind of "going it alone" in 1961, which soon swept the Hsing-cheng Co-op. Because at that time the responsible member of the co-op knew money could be made by selling wicker-work at high prices, he stole raw materials from the co-op and sold on the sly what he had clandestinely weaved, not caring a damn about the workers. Meanwhile, a responsible cadre from the county raved: "This broken-down co-op must be immediately dissolved." This caused Wei many sleepless nights. Thoughts of the misery in the old society in which man exploited man welled up in his mind. Deeply angered, he told himself: "These fellows are bent on undermining socialism and want us to return to the road of 'going it alone.' But they're just day-dreaming!" He and the other workers recalled the misery of the past and contrasted it with today's happiness. By doing this, they increased their confidence and determination to take the socialist road. He led the co-op's workers in a face-to-face struggle against those persons who were vainly trying to lead the co-op astray. Wei told them: "In trying to undermine our weaving co-op by advocating that 'going it alone’ drivel, you really want us to return to those days when we had to flee from our famine-stricken village and go begging with a basket. We workers will never tolerate this! We've set our minds on taking the socialist road till communism is realized!" Wei and his mates thus forced the responsible member of their co-op to return the wicker he had stolen.
After the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution began, some bad eggs tried to undermine the co-op and disrupt the work of "grasp revolution, promote production." Seizing the opportunity when the co-op ran short of raw materials, these scoundrels tried demagogy: "If you're engaged in production, you can't rebel against the capitalist loaders. If you're short of wicker you don't have to buy it. Workers must get their wages even if they're not working." Exposing their scheme on the spot, Communist Wei said: "Grasping revolution and promoting production is Chairman Mao's call, nobody is allowed to go against it. If anyone tries to exploit the present shortage of wicker to undermine our collective, he's virtually blind! I'll go and buy the wicker we need."
For Wei, who had a disabled leg, to travel several hundred li for the wicker was not easy. Displaying the spirit of the Foolish Old Man who removed the mountains, he set out before dawn and rode his bicycle across mountains and rivers. He finally got the wicker and started back. It was dark when he reached a place some 60 li from the co-op. For the cause of socialism and in order not to hold back the work of grasping revolution and promoting production, he decided to hurry back to the co-op the same night despite his tiring journey. Arriving at Huangtuling, 18 li from the co-op. Wei's bike got out of control when one of the brakes failed to work. He fell off when the vehicle overturned, and was knocked unconscious. When he came to, he silently recited this quotation from Chairman Mao: "Be resolute, fear no sacrifice and surmount every difficulty to win victory." He then got back on his bike and headed for the co-op, arriving there with his face covered with blood. When the workers saw him, they advised him to take several days off and have a good rest. But the next day, before his injury had healed, Wei pitched with the other workers in making revolution and promoting production. Because of his efforts in leading his fellow-workers, the situation in the coop's revolution and production became better and better.
When the Ninth Party Congress opened in triumph, Wei Yung-hung conscientiously studied Vice-Chairman Lin's political report. He also studied the Party's new Constitution word by word and sentence by sentence to grasp its spirit He was determined to be a Communist who would work all his life for the realization of communism. In accordance with the requirements laid- down in the Party's new Constitution, he more painstakingly studied and applied Chairman Mao's works in a living way, and ceaselessly and vigorously grasped class struggle and the struggle between the two roads and the two lines. During last September's busy farming season, the production teams and the commune members badly needed crates and other wicker-work. It was precisely at that time that the former responsible member of the co-op failed time and again to meet his production quotas and, on top of this, the quality of his work was poor. What was the reason? Through investigation, Wei found that this fellow was weaving surreptitiously at night with some persons outside the co-op and that one apprentice was involved. Wei went to the apprentice, helped him study Chairman Mao's works, and together they recalled their past suffering and contrasted this with their present happiness. Wei told him: "Chairman Mao has saved us from a sea of misery. We must not just think of our own affairs, but should look forward, closely follow Chairman Mao and always take into account the interests of the exploited and oppressed people all over the world." This apprentice's political consciousness was raised as a result of studying Chairman Mao's works and the education he got from his comrades. At a meeting organized in the co-op criticizing the capitalist tendencies, he exposed and sternly criticized that fellow who had tried to lead him on to the sinister capitalist road. He became determined never to forget class suffering and resolved to closely follow Chairman Mao and always advance on the socialist road in the teeth of the storm of class struggle.
An "Ox" Always Serving The Revolution
AN "old ox" devoted to the revolution is what people in the Tientsin Weighing Machine Factory call Communist and veteran worker Li Yu-chang.
A victim of oppression and exploitation, this veteran worked like a beast of burden in the old society for the exploiting classes. He therefore has the profoundest love for the new society, the closest feeling for the Communist Party and the deepest loyalty to Chairman Mao. He says: "Chairman Mao is the great saviour of the working class. I'm determined to follow him in making revolution all my life."
While working at a forge, Li Yu-chang kept Chairman Mao's teaching that a Communist "should play an exemplary vanguard role" firmly in mind, and he always took upon himself all the difficult and heavy tasks.
When the factory bought a steam hammer and prepared to install it on the forge he used, Li firmly rejected it, saying: "As a Communist, I should be the first to endure hardship and the last to enjoy comfort. 1 can't watch the other comrades wield the big hammers while I stand by using this piece of machinery." At his request, the steam hammer was finally installed on another forge.
Another time, when the leadership planned to transfer him to a grinding work team, someone warned him: "You'd better not go. Three years of this work and you'll get silicosis." But Li replied: "I'll do whatever Chairman Mao instructs me to do. True, grinding work involves filth and fatigue, but I'm a Communist, if I don't go, who will?" When the man looked on him as stupid, Li remarked: "We are making revolution. As long as the revolution requires it, I'll do whatever I'm asked to do." It is a fact that the job in the grinding work team involves filth and fatigue and in working at it one spends the whole day grinding castings on a grinding wheel. After working for some time, one is covered with black sand and iron powder. But as far as a Communist who dares to undertake heavy tasks for the revolution is concerned, it is where he plays a bigger part for the Party and the people.
With a red heart devoted to the interests of the great majority of the people of China and the whole world, Li Yu-chang linked his own work with the great cause of the world revolution and was filled with enormous strength. As he thought of the world's oppressed working people who still live in misery as he did in the past, he became greatly disturbed. No matter how much he had done or how great the energy he had exerted, he never felt that he had done enough. In this way, he raised the quota of the castings he ground from 300 to more than 600 soon after being transferred to the grinding work team.
"When a single person is ideologically revolutionized, his contribution is limited; when all of us are ideologically revolutionized, our contributions are tremendous." Making this his motto and firmly keeping in mind Chairman Mao's teaching "Be concerned with the well-being of the masses," Li took the initiative to help the comrades on the team study and apply Chairman Mao's works in a living way so as to raise their ideological consciousness. The rate of attendance in their team had been low. He later learnt that this was because the women workers with children had a lot of household chores. So he organized all of the team's women workers to help each other to make clothing and sew bedding. When any comrade became ill, he went to see him; when family members were at loggerheads, he made it a point to visit them and help settle their disputes.
With a red heart devoted to the revolution, Li Yu-chang consciously tempered his thoroughgoing revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death at his ordinary work post.
Due to carelessness, he once hurt one of his toes which bled a great deal. The doctor gave him a fortnight's leave, but he took only three days off. Recalling that Comrade Mai Hsien-teh had stood fast at his fighting post, Li limped to the factory and immediately got into the battle of grasping revolution and promoting production.
On the eve of the advent of the great 1970s, Li pledged that he would study and apply Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way, be an "ox" serving the revolution all his life, and make revolution till he dies. He placed strict demands on himself in the light of the Party's new Constitution and resolved to work all his life for the emancipation of all mankind and for an early realization of communism.
Choosing Heavy Tasks
COMMUNIST Liu Teh-chang was formerly a platoon leader of a People's Liberation Army unit. Last May, he returned to his home village — the No. 2 Production Team of the Yanglou Production Brigade in the Changke People's Commune, Shangchiu County, Honan Province — to take part in farm work. Because they knew he had some ailment, the team cadres usually gave him light work. Remembering Chairman Mao's great teaching "Fearing neither hardship nor death,"
Comrade Liu Teh-chang was determined to temper his revolutionary will in the course of battling difficulty and use his exemplary deeds as a Communist to Influence the masses and lead them forward. He therefore always chose to do heavy work.
When someone was needed to take charge of the brigade's cesspool, Liu volunteered to take on the job. In midsummer, he worked stripped to the waist under a scorching sun, carrying a pair of buckets on his shoulders and going from house to house to collect night soil. His shoulders became blistered and his back peeled under the rays of the hot sun. When the poor and lower-middle peasants saw his condition, they became worried and suggested that he carry less. Liu smiled as he replied: "If my back didn't peel, it wouldn't get tan; if I fail to endure hardship, I won't be ideologically revolutionized."
To temper his staunch revolutionary will. Comrade Liu Teh-chang made up his mind to do the grubbiest Jobs and go wherever hardship existed.
Last July, Yanglou's No, 2 Production Team planned to choose a livestock breeder, which was a heavy task. Although Liu wanted to do it, he could not quite make up his mind. He thought: Even experienced livestock breeders are afraid they won't do a good job of feeding the animals. How can I, someone who knows nothing about the job, do it well? It'll be bad if something happens to the cattle! A fierce ideological struggle went on in his head. He sat down at night by a kerosene lamp and studied Chairman Mao's teaching: "What is work? Work is struggle. There are difficulties and problems in those places tor us to overcome and solve. We go there to work and struggle to overcome these difficulties. A good comrade is one who is more eager to go where the difficulties are greater." He thought: Feeding the cattle has become one of the team's difficult problems. As a Communist, I should go where things are the toughest.
When they heard that Liu Teh-chang was to be the livestock breeder, the poor and lower-middle peasants were very pleased.
To Liu Teh-chang who had seldom tended cattle, feeding them was indeed a hard job. The first tough problem to arise was the few skinny cows which did not like eating grass. Standing by the trough, he tried over and over to feed them, but they just refused to eat He put a bundle of fodder in the trough, but after they took two mouthfuls, the cows lay down again. Seeing this, Liu grew very anxious and did not know what to do.
He saw that feeding cattle was no simple job, and if they were not well fed the crops would not be planted in time for lack of animal power. This was a big problem concerning whether or not Chairman Mao's great principle "Be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people" could be carried out. Unable to fall asleep, he tossed and turned on his bed at night, recalling his miserable life in the old society and thought of the Party and Chairman Mao who had liberated the country and his home village. He told himself: Were it not for the Party and Chairman Mao, I would have become homeless and the poor and lower-middle peasants would have nothing. How can I not live up to the expectations of Chairman Mao and flinch before difficulties now? I must not fail!
Liu Teh-chang went to Yanglou's No. 1 Production Team early next morning, looking for livestock breeder Grandad Wang Chin-yu, in order to learn from his experience. Showing his deep feeling, the old man said: "The fundamental thing in feeding cattle is to work with a will and strive with all your might to do it!" Liu Teh-chang understood that by "working with a will" Grandad Wang meant boundless loyalty to Chairman Mae and wholehearted service to the people, and that by "striving with all your might,." he meant studying and applying Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way.
In the light of Grandad Wang's experience, Liu Teh-chang remained at the cowshed day and night, carefully looking after the cattle. He had only two or three hours' sleep a night, but he made up his mind to feed the cattle well even if it meant losing weight or losing his eyesight because of lack of sleep. After a period of hard work and tender care, the few skinny cows gradually began to eat grass.
Seeing the cattle coming along well daily, Comrade Liu Teh-chang was enormously pleased. Through practice in struggle, he came to the profound understanding that, provided we put Mao Tsetung Thought in command of our work, there are no difficulties that cannot be overcome and we will be ever-victorious! With deep emotion, he took his pen and wrote down his firm pledge: "My fighting post is the cowshed." "As long as I breathe, I will make revolution." He put up his pledge on both sides of Chairman Mao's portrait. In addition, he wrote down these words: Sailing the seas depends on the helmsman, making revolution depends on Mao Tsetung Thought, and put them up on two beams.
Guided by the poor and lower-middle peasants, Comrade Liu Teh-chang later overcame such difficulties as sick cattle and calves without milk to drink. He thus skilfully mastered the laws governing cattle feeding. Under his meticulous care, the cattle in the team grew strong and put on weight. This guaranteed that winter ploughing and other farm work in the production team went smoothly. Warmly praising him, the poor and lower-middle peasants said: "Liu Teh-chang is devoted to the public interest and looks after the draught animals meticulously. He's a good model for us to emulate!" Cadres at the commune and brigade levels had warm words for him: "Liu Teh-chang is truly an advanced member of the proletariat. He dares to struggle against difficulty and deliberately chooses the heavy tasks. He has set us a fine example to follow."
Source: Peking Review, No. 5，January 30, 1910
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