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 Infinite Might of Chairman Mao's Thinking on People's War

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Infinite Might of Chairman Mao's Thinking on People's War

by Chien Hai-chin

Of a P.L.A. unit under the Foochow Command

Source: Peking Review, No. 48, November 28, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

IT is 20 years since the founding of our great People's Republic of China. Guided by Chairman Mao's thinking on people's war, the Chinese People's Liberation Army has made outstanding contributions during these years in defending the sacred territory of our motherland, the dictatorship of the proletariat and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.
   Fully supported by the people, our unit crossed the sea and planted the five-star red flag on Amoy Island shortly after the birth of New China, thereby shouldering the fighting task of defending our motherland's southeastern gate.
   For 20 years, U.S. imperialism has forcibly occupied China's territory Taiwan, Penghu, Quemoy and Matsu Islands and supported the remnants of the Chiang Kai-shek bandit gang in constantly carrying out harassing and sabotage activities along the coast. Our unit is stationed at an outlying section of the front on Amoy Island. Separated from Quemoy Island by only a strip of water, our positions make up the most forward outposts in the fight against the U.S.-Chiang brigands. Over the years, we have been carrying on extremely sharp and complex military and political struggles against those bandits entrenched on Quemoy. Relying firmly on the masses, the commanders and fighters in our unit have smashed repeated enemy harassment and triumphantly safeguarded our great motherland's coastal defence.
   Our great leader Chairman Mao has taught us: "The revolutionary war is a war of the masses; it can be waged only by mobilizing the masses and relying on them." Practice in the struggle over the years has helped us reach the deep understanding that the most effective weapon in defending the motherland and defeating the enemy is to persevere in arming the masses with Chairman Mao's thinking on people's war, make everyone a soldier and do a good job in building up a joint defence by both armymen and civilians. Using this weapon, we armymen and civilians at the Amoy front have forged a close unity, built and manned the defence works together and formed an impregnable wall of bronze. The infinite might of Chairman Mao's thinking on people's war has been fully borne out by hundreds of big and small battles in which Quemoy Island was shelled, fighting back against enemy harassment or wiping out armed enemy agents.
   When we first began shelling Quemoy Island and severely punishing the U.S.-Chiang bandits in the autumn of 1958, the typhoon season had set in, coupled with heavy downpours. This made difficulties for our unit in battle. But in spite of bad weather, the commanders and fighters and the militiamen defied fatigue and sacrifice and worked round the clock to build the defence works. Many poor and lower-middle peasants vied to bring rocks and boards and other materials from their homes for building the works. In artillery battles, the masses organized themselves and played an active part. Many heroic collectives, such as the "Valiant Little Eighth Route" and the "Women's Artillery Squad," came to the fore. Braving enemy artillery fire, they brought food and water and transported shells for our unit. Ignoring exploding shells and the shrapnel, Huang Wang-yu of the "Valiant Little Eighth Route," who was then only 14, helped our unit clean shells and check the wires at the frontline. United as one, the commanders and fighters and the militiamen showed enormous courage in battle, inflicting heavy casualties on the U.S.-Chiang brigands and throwing them into a turmoil.
   At the time of the victories in shelling Quemoy Island, Chairman Mao issued the great call: "Not only must we have a powerful regular army, we must also organize contingents of the people's militia on a big scale. This will make it difficult for the imperialists to move a single inch in our country in the event of invasion." This call of Chairman Mao's further showed us the orientation. We immediately sent out cadres and fighters to vigorously propagate this great call by Chairman Mao, and at the same time took steps to perfect the militia organization, bring up a backbone force and step up the training of militiamen so as to further consolidate the joint defence by armymen and civilians.
   In the more than ten years since the establishment of the Lingtou Militia Outpost, the militia company there has never once failed to perform its sentry duty or report on enemy movements. In all these years, political instructor Chen Fu-tai of this company has always led the militiamen on patrol duty, keeping a close watch on the enemy with heightened vigilance and waiting for opportunities to wipe out any intruder. While on patrol one night, militiaman Huang Pao-hu saw a black dot at sea. From his long experience in struggle, he knew it must be an enemy boat. He immediately led the other militiamen and got into a boat to pursue it. Resourceful and courageous, they captured the special agents sent by the U.S.-Chiang bandit gang. By relying on the broad masses in this way, we have spread an escape-proof net of people's war at the front, making it impossible for the enemy to realize any of has schemes.
   Joint defence by armymen and civilians stood another severe test during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Following Chairman Mao's great teaching "Trust and identify ourselves with them [the masses], we can surmount any difficulty, and no enemy can crush us while we can crush any enemy," we have always trusted and relied on the masses and have relayed Chairman Mao's latest instructions in good time to all the people around — in the streets and lanes, in the fishing villages and on the small islands. On their part, the masses who have forged a deep militant friendship with the P.L.A. men in the long struggles against the enemy have come to the profound understanding that "without a people's army the people have nothing." They have faith in and support the- People's Liberation Army, and they have remained firmly at their fighting posts and .smashed the sabotage activities of a handful of class enemies.
   The focus of struggle between Chairman Mao's proletarian military line and the bourgeois military line is whether to rely on the masses or not in waging a revolutionary war. Our joint defence by armymen and civilians has been constantly consolidated and developed in the struggle between the two lines.   In 1963 and 1964, the counter-revolutionary revisionist Lo Jui-ching twice came to our positions at the front, pretending to be on an "inspection." He thrust his sinister hand into our joint defence area, furiously attacking Chairman Mao’s great thinking on people's war and alleging that "the militia is out of date" in a vain attempt to cut down on the militia organization. This was how our armyman-civilian joint defence at the front was attacked by the bourgeois military line. During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the commanders and fighters and militiamen repeatedly studied Chairman Mao's great teachings:  "The richest source of power to wage war lies in the masses of the people" and "The army and the people are the foundation of victory."   With loaded guns slung over their shoulders, they went together to the "mass grave" where the Japanese bandits had massacred our compatriots in Amoy, to places demolished by the shells of the U.S.-Chiang brigands and to the front positions which faced the enemy on Quemoy, and turned all of them into  revolutionary  mass criticism battlefields where they relentlessly criticized the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and the bourgeois military line of the counter-revolutionary revisionists Peng Teh-huai and Lo Jui-ching.  Burning with indignation, everyone declared: Armymen and   civilians have fought shoulder to shoulder for long years against the enemy. Every one of our positions is stained with the blood and sweat of the fighters and masses, and every shell we fire at the enemy is loaded with their common class hatred for the enemy. We will never let the class enemies undermine the joint defence forged with the blood and sweat of both armymen and civilians!
   The revolutionary mass criticism has greatly heightened the consciousness of the armymen and civilians with regard to the class struggle and the struggle between the two lines, further eliminated the poison of the bourgeois military line and promoted the implementation of the principle of putting militia work on a solid basis organizationally, politically and militarily. Firmly grasping their guns, the armymen and civilians, who stand sentry at the front with redoubled vigilance and are doing their bit in consolidating coastal defence, are determined to defend Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line and the great socialist motherland.
   One pitch dark night, a group of armed U.S.-Chiang special agents vainly attempted to land and sabotage our Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. No sooner had they come ashore than they were caught in the escape-proof net of our joint defence. Carrying forward the glorious tradition of fighting at close range and at night, our fighters waited for the bandits to approach our front positions before suddenly opening fire on them. At this time, the militiamen acted in co-ordination. Some took over sentry duty, while other's rowed out to sea to cut off the enemy's retreat, thereby dealing the intruders a mortal blow. Early one morning, several children saw a suspicious stranger at the front. While some followed him to keep a close watch, others raced to our unit to report the matter. After interrogation, we found that this fellow was an escaped counter-revolutionary. Facts prove that when we have a strong joint defence by both armymen and civilians, we will wipe out all enemies, no matter how they come — from the sky or from the sea — and no matter when they come or in what numbers.
   Tempered in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the broad masses, displaying the dauntless revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death, are resolved to defend Chairman Mao and their socialist motherland, whatever the cost. Many demobilized veteran militiamen, who won merits in battles in which Quemoy Island was shelled and the U.S.-Chiang bandits there took a beating, request to return to their fighting posts. Little red soldiers in their early teens also actively participate in patrol and sentry duty. Together with the fighters, militia men and women train hard to master military skills and refuse to take a rest even when the hot sand injures their feet or bodies. "We are not only practising military skill," they say. "More important, we are tempering ourselves ideologically, to fear neither hardship nor death, and tempering our boundless loyalty to Chairman Mao."
   Under the guidance of Chairman Mao's thinking on people's war, the armymen and civilians, who fight side by side at the Amoy front, have become more closely united and their fighting will is stronger than ever. Whether in our positions during fierce battles or working in the fields, they live and stand sentry together, man the same cannon, defend the same positions and cultivate the same land with the same hoe. Here in the frontline, the fighter is a civilian in uniform and the civilian is a fighter without uniform. The army cherishes the people and the people support the army. "If the army and the people are united as one, who in the world can match them?"
   Chairman Mao teaches us: "What is a true bastion of iron? It is the masses, the millions upon millions of people who genuinely and sincerely support the revolution. That is the real iron bastion which it is impossible, and absolutely impossible, for any force on earth to smash." This great truth has been eloquently proved by our struggle in defending the coast against the enemy over the last 20 years. So long as we always keep this teaching of Chairman Mao's in mind, have firm faith in the masses and rely on them and wholeheartedly serve the people, we will be ever victorious, and overcome all difficulties and defeat all enemies.
   To stave off destruction, U.S. imperialism and social-imperialism are now speeding up arms expansion and war preparations. They collude and at the same time contend with each other in an attempt to launch a war of aggression against our country. We must heighten our vigilance, defend our motherland and be ready at all times to wipe out the intruders. If the enemy should dare to launch a war of aggression against our country, we will drown them in the ocean of people's war.

"Our defence was strong as a wall already,
Now did our wills unite like a fortress."

Firmly responding to Chairman Mao's call "Unite to win still greater victories," we armymen and civilians at the Amoy forefront are determined to hold the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought still higher and, under the brilliant leadership of the Party's Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader, display the dauntless and revolutionary heroic spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death, fight bravely for the fulfilment of the fighting tasks set forth by the Ninth Party Congress, liberate our sacred territory Taiwan and defend the socialist motherland.


  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-27 14:57 | [楼 主]
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