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 Advancing in the Direction Pointed Out by Chairman Mao

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Advancing in the Direction Pointed Out by Chairman Mao



—How Young Red Guard Fighters Are Tempered and Grow Up in the Great School That Is the Chinese People's Liberation Army

Source: Peking Review, No. 35, August 29, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


   A number of Red Guards tempered in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution were among the delegates attending the 4th Congress of Activists in the Living Study and Application of Mao Tsetung Thought held by the Chinese People's Liberation Army units under the Shenyang Command. These young revolutionary fighters, who had experienced the joy of being reviewed by our great leader Chairman Mao and his close comrade-in-arms Vice-Chairman Lin, had made contributions in the past in launching attacks against the bourgeois headquarters headed by the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi. Now advancing on the road of integrating with the workers, peasants and soldiers pointed out by Chairman Mao, they are conscientiously tempering themselves and growing up sturdily. They have become outstanding fighters who continue the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.


Steadfastly Taking the Road of Integrating With Workers, Peasants and Soldiers

AUGUST 18, 1966 was a red-letter day for Lin Shang-chen and his schoolmates in the Central Institute of Nationalities. That was the day they all went to Tien An Men Square to be reviewed by our great supreme commander Chairman Mao and to hear Vice-Chairman Lin's speech. Moved to tears; Lin Shang-chen solemnly pledged: I'll follow the great supreme commander Chairman Mao closely and courageously march forward in the tempest of class struggle!
   True to his word, this poor peasant's son of Korean nationality closely followed the great supreme commander Chairman Mao in going ahead courageously, whether it was in the fight to destroy Liu Shao-chi's bourgeois headquarters, during those days of seizing power from the handful of capitalist roaders in the Party, or in the high tide of the struggle-criticism-transformation movement. Last fall, he responded to Chairman Mao's great call to the intellectuals that they should "be re-educated by the workers, peasants and soldiers" and firmly went to work for that purpose on a stud farm of a P.L.A. unit. For miles around there was only a limitless expanse of uninhabited grasslands. The weather was treacherous. In a matter of minutes, violent winds and sandstorms would suddenly erupt in skies that had just been blue and calm. Despite the rugged natural conditions, Lin Shang-chen put in his daily stint of work, surrounded by fodder and horse dung. He kept firmly in mind Chairman Mao's great teaching: "How should we judge whether a youth is a revolutionary? How can we tell? There can only be one criterion, namely, whether or not he is willing to integrate himself with the broad masses of workers and peasants and does so in practice." He made strict demands on himself and tempered and remoulded himself. Often when he went to the stables to shovel up horse dung to be carted away, the wind would be so strong that particles of dung flew about in the air. After a few shovelfuls, his face and neck would be covered by a thick layer of dung. However, Lin paid not the least attention to this, but worked on with greater enthusiasm. Winter on the grasslands meant a constantly howling north wind and water instantly turning to ice. In the depth of winter, Lin took on the work of boiling water for the whole company. At first, there wasn't even a door to the room where he boiled the water. The wind whistled through the cracks in the mud walls. Without a word of complaint, Lin plastered the walls with mud inside and out and put up a door.  Getting up early every morning, he carried in water and coal and boiled water for the comrades, often working late into the night. In his small hut on the vast grasslands, he studied the "three constantly read articles” zealously and applied whatever he had learnt: whenever he had a bit of free time in between his work, for instance, he voluntarily fetched water for the mess squad and prepared vegetables with them, heated the comrades' brick beds and frequently went out before dawn to collect manure. Comrades praised him, saying that he was devoting his limited life to the unlimited cause of serving the people.
   In February this year, Lin Shang-chen attended a forum to exchange experiences in the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought called by a higher leading organization. When the conference ended, he immediately took the train back to the reception centre where he could get a bus to his stud farm. But there, he found that the bus from the farm had not come for two days. By then dusk had already fallen, and he was 120 li from the farm. Greatly concerned, comrades at the reception centre tried to persuade him to stay, telling him: "You were on the train all day, you must be tired. Today is the first day of the Spring Festival, stay for the festival P1 Lin, however, insisted on leaving. Fearing that Lin would get lost on the grasslands, a quartermaster at the stud farm who was also waiting for the bus at the centre decided to go with him. Both set out on foot. Darkness descended on the short wintry day before they got very far. A stronger and stronger northwest wind blew sand and grit in their faces. The temperature dropped to 30"C below zero. Each step in the teeth of the wind called for all their strength. Lin's legs soon began to hurt and he found himself falling behind. But he reminded himself: The harder the circumstances, the more intellectuals are likely to vacillate. I must guard against it and conquer it! With renewed vitality, he caught up with his comrade. After ten hours of hard struggle, they finally got back to the company very early the next morning.
   Lin Shang-chen has taken a firm first step forward on the road of integrating with the workers, peasants and soldiers. His progress was praised by the leadership and the comrades. But he sternly warned himself: This is only the beginning, I must continue to follow Chairman Mao's instructions and always make thoroughgoing revolution.


Tempering and Maturing in Class Struggle

WHEN the Red Guard movement swept the country by storm in August 1966, Chiao Kuo-ching, the son of Chairman Mao's good pupil Comrade Chiao Yu-lu — the late Party secretary of Lankan County in Honan Province, who had bent his every effort to the people's cause until his dying day — firmly responded to Chairman Mao's great call and joined the Red Guards.
   Chairman Mao’s great teaching: "You should concern yourselves with affairs of state and carry through the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution to the end!" was a source of constant inspiration to Chiao Kuo-ching. Holding aloft the banner of "it is right to rebel against reactionaries," he joined the people of Lankao County in mounting fierce attacks against the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and his agents in Lankao and winning one victory after another. When the county revolutionary committee was established, he was elected a member of its standing committee.
   Chiao Kuo-ching was overjoyed at seeing the great leader Chairman Mao when he went on to the Tien An Men rostrum as a representative of the Red Guards on October 1, National Day.
   When the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution had gained great and decisive victory, Chiao Kuo-ching, following Chairman Mao's teachings, enlisted in the P.L.A. and took up a fighting post guarding the motherland. He brought with him a set of the Selected Works of Mao Tsetung, left him by his father. Chiao took the veteran soldiers in this great school as his models in studying and applying Mao Tsetung Thought in a living way with specific problems In mind and in studying Chairman Mao's great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. His consciousness of the class struggle and the struggle between the two lines rose rapidly and he was gloriously accepted as a member of the Chinese Communist Party last year. At the end of that year he was cited as a "five-good" fighter, and this year was promoted to deputy leader of Ihe squad in which the martyr Tung Tsun-jui served.

In March this year, Chiao Kuo-ching took part in the work of the "three supports and two militaries." * He and his comrades-in-arms were sent to a hospital where class struggle was extremely sharp. Faced with a situation in which the Party's policies had not been well implemented, Chiao repeatedly studied Chairman Mao's teachings and resolutely armed the revolutionary masses with Mao Tsetung Thought. He worked meticulously in implementing the Party's various proletarian policies and mobilized the masses to deal relentless blows at the handful of class enemies and "liberate" those cadres who had committed mistakes but had awakened. As a result, the situation in the struggle-criticism-transformation at this hospital took on a new look.
   Tremendously inspired by the Party's Ninth National Congress, Chiao and the comrades in his squad were given the additional assignment of carrying out the task of supporting the masses of the Left at the Shenyang Metallurgical Machinery Manufacturing and Repair Plant. Here, Chiao donned overalls and worked alongside the workers in the teams and on the shifts. He held talks with them and carried out revolutionary mass criticism along with them. When he sharply spotted the fact that a handful of class enemies, who had already been overthrown, were clandestinely spreading anarchist ideas, he immediately organized the workers to launch an offensive against them, helping the few people who had been taken in by anarchism to raise their consciousness, and they all exposed and condemned the class enemies’ crimes. This greatly speeded up the pace of struggle-criticism-transformation, and both revolution and production in this plant are getting better and better. The plant has overfulfilled its production quota every month since May.
  

* i.e., support industry, support agriculture, support the broad masses of the Left, and military control, political and military training.

Source: Peking Review, No. 35, August 29, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
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