The People's Army Is Invincible
The People's Army Is Invincible
The People's Army Is Invincible
The People's Army Is Invincible
In Commemoration of the 42nd Anniversary of the Founding of The Chinese People's Liberation Army
Editorial by "Renmin Ribao," "Hongqi" and "Jiefangjun Bao”
Source: Peking Review, No. 32, August 6, 1969
THE Chinese People's Liberation Army has triumphantly advanced for 42 years along the glorious road of the Chinese people's revolution.
The People's Liberation Army personally founded and led by our great leader Chairman Mao and directly commanded by Vice-Chairman Lin is an invincible heroic army.
Fighting closely together with the people of the whole country, this army defeated the Japanese aggressors, wiped out 8 million Chiang Kai-shek bandit troops and founded the People's Republic of China. After nationwide liberation, it triumphantly waged the war of resisting U.S. aggression and aiding Korea, smashed the harassing activities of the U.S.-Chiang bandit gang, repulsed the armed invasion by the Indian reactionaries and defended the socialist motherland. Recently, it dealt Soviet revisionist social-imperialism well-deserved blows for its repeated armed provocations in China's frontier areas and courageously safeguarded the sacred territory of the country.
In the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the army has stood the test of the fierce struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines. It has shouldered the glorious task of "three supports and two militaries" (i.e., support industry, support agriculture, support the broad masses of the Left, military control and political and military training). Fighting shoulder to shoulder, the army and the revolutionary masses have shattered the bourgeois headquarters headed by the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi, exposed and smashed its plot to restore capitalism, beat off the repeated counter-attacks by the handful of class enemies, and resolutely defended Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line. In this way, the army has performed new historic feats in consolidating and strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Chairman Mao taught recently: "I am for the slogan 'fear neither hardship nor death.'" With its record of most arduous struggle over the past few decades, the Chinese People's Liberation Army has set a splendid example of fearing neither hardship nor death. Just as Chairman Mao points out, this army has an indomitable spirit and is determined to vanquish all enemies and never to yield.
The reason why the Chinese People's liberation Army displays such dauntless revolutionary heroism and why it is invincible in all circumstances is that it has all along been nurtured by Chairman Mao's proletarian thinking on army building and has always maintained close relations with the masses, relations like those of fish to water. It is the army of the proletariat, the army of the workers and peasants. It has completely discarded the old tradition of the armed forces of the exploiting classes and has established an entirely new proletarian system and style of work. It is imbued with noble proletarian internationalism. Vice-Chairman Lin has made this scientific generalization: "The Chinese People's Liberation Army is a force armed with Mao Tsetung Thought, a force that serves the people wholeheartedly, and therefore a force that is invincible."
With such a great army, the Chinese people can assuredly carry the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat through to the end and carry the great struggle against imperialism, revisionism and all reaction through to the end.
Chairman Mao has always taught us that the People's Liberation Army is a fighting force and at the same time a working force and a production force. In the period of the socialist revolution, the P.L.A. must adhere to Chairman Mao's proletarian thinking on army building which he further developed in his "May 7 Directive" and carry forward its glorious tradition of fulfilling the three tasks of fighting battles, doing mass work and engaging in production. Only in this way can our army always maintain the quality of the army of the workers and peasants and give full play to its role as the pillar of the dictatorship of the proletariat in frustrating subversion carried out by the Internal and external class enemies, crushing aggression from abroad and smashing the enemy scheme to restore capitalism through "peaceful evolution."
The "three supports and two militaries" forms an important component part of Chairman Mao's theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat and constitutes our army's most important mass work in the new situation. Experience shows that success in this work is of great strategic significance to the building and consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat. At the same time, it further strengthens the army's close ties with the masses, helps temper and remould the army and heightens its consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines, thus raising its fighting capacity in a fundamental way. This is the best way of building the army and of getting prepared against war.
Now, as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution continues to develop in depth, much work remains to be done. The P.L.A. commanders and fighters must always bear in mind Chairman Mao's great trust in our army, never forget class struggle and never forget to consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat. They must bring into play the indomitable spirit of fearing no difficulty, hardship or hazard. They must go on carrying out the proletarian policies of the Party and conscientiously implement this latest instruction of Chairman Man's: "Work meticulously. Meticulous care is necessary; to be careless will not do for that often leads to errors." It is necessary to work in a responsible, down-to-earth, thoroughgoing and painstaking way and do a good job at every stage of struggle-criticism-transformation in every single unit. The Party committees at all levels should conscientiously sum up experience in the work of "three supports and two militaries" and in building the army amid mass struggles in the period of socialist revolution. They should raise their consciousness and integrate the fulfilment of the task of "three supports and two militaries" with the revolutionization of our army in a still better way so that there will be constant creation and progress in our work.
In order to carry out Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line still more effectively in fulfilling the arduous and complex tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation, those taking part in the work of "three supports and two militaries" must firmly rely on the revolutionary masses. Once divorced from the masses, they will accomplish nothing. This is true at all times — in the past, at present or in the future. They should be modest and prudent, go deep among the masses, listen to their views and use Mao Tsetung Thought to unify their thinking. They should firmly adhere to the Three Main Rules of Discipline and the Eight Points for Attention.* They should take a correct attitude towards mass organizations and make consistent efforts to consolidate and promote the revolutionary great alliance and the revolutionary three-in-one combination. They should energetically support and help consolidate the revolutionary committees at all levels. They should help the committees strengthen themselves ideologically and organizationally, guard against and expose the sabotage by the handful of class enemies, and unite to win still greater victories.
Chairman Mao says: "The People's Liberation Army is always a fighting force. Even after countrywide victory, our army will remain a fighting force during the historical period in which classes have not been abolished in our country and the imperialist system still exists in the world. On this point there should be no misunderstanding or wavering." Hit hard by the torrents of worldwide people's revolution, U.S. imperialism and its accomplice Soviet modern revisionism, beset with difficulties at home and abroad, are both desperately stepping up arms expansion and war preparations. They collude and at the same time contend with each other in a vain attempt to dominate and redivide the world. U.S. imperialism has consistently been hostile to the Chinese people; it has forcibly occupied China's territory Taiwan for a long time and has made energetic efforts to set up military bases around China. Soviet revisionist social-imperialism is colluding with U.S. imperialism in opposing China, opposing communism and opposing the people. After receiving due punishment for its armed intrusions into China's territory Chenpao Island, it has intensified its threat of aggression against China, gone in for anti-China war mobilization, stepped up its anti-China military deployment, unceasingly aggravated its armed provocations along the Si no-Soviet border and vainly attempted to rig up an “anti-China ring of encirclement." We must never for a moment slacken our vigilance against the danger of U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism launching a large-scale war of aggression.
The Soviet revisionist renegade clique headed by Brezhnev pursues an expansionist policy of aggression abroad. This is the corollary of its all-round restoration of capitalism at home and a big exposure of its reactionary nature. Taking over the mantle of the tsar, it has placed Czechoslovakia under its fascist armed occupation, turned some East European countries and the People's Republic of Mongolia into its colonies, carried out military and economic expansion in Asia, Africa and Latin America, and indulged in ambitious dreams of establishing a social-colonial empire far bigger than the tsarist Russian empire. The despicable crimes of aggression committed by the Soviet revisionist new tsars have met with strong opposition from the people of the world including the Soviet people. We are convinced that the proletariat and the masses of the people of the Soviet Union, the homeland of great Leninism, who have a glorious revolutionary tradition, will rise up to overthrow the reactionary rule of the tiny clique of the Soviet revisionist renegades, dethrone the new tsars and re-establish the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The Chinese people and the People's Liberation Army must not underestimate the aggressive ambition of U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionist social-imperialism. Chairman Mao said long ago: "We will not attack unless we are attacked; if we are attacked, we will certainly counter-attack." This principle of ours is a firm and consistent proletarian principle. As far as we are concerned, we do not wish to fight even for a single day. However, if U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism insist on imposing war on us, compelling us to fight, we will certainly keep them company and fight to the finish. We are prepared against the enemies, against their launching a big war, against their launching a war at an early date, against their launching a conventional war and against their launching a large-scale nuclear war. The revolutionary people all over the world have come to see that U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism are two paper tigers that can be punctured with a mere stroke. Ours is a just cause and all genuine Marxist-Leninists and other revolutionary people in the world are on our side. We have friends all over the globe. The great Chinese people and People's Liberation Army, who arc armed with Mao Tsetung Thought and have emerged stronger from the flames of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, have the determination, confidence and ability to wipe out all the aggressors who dare to invade, and defend our great motherland and her sacred frontiers by people's war.
We have won great victories. We are confronted with glorious but arduous tasks. To meet the need of class struggle in the country and abroad and to constantly increase the fighting strength of our army, all commanders and fighters of the Chinese People's
Liberation Army must respond to the call issued by Vice-Chairman Lin, carry out Chairman Mao's proletarian line on army building in a still better way, unswervingly give prominence to proletarian politics, develop the mass movement for the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought, continue to carry out revolutionary mass criticism in a vigorous and deep-going way, and arm themselves with Chairman Mao's great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. They must fight self, criticize revisionism. They must modestly learn from comrades outside the army, from the working class and the poor and lower-middle peasants. It is necessary to use Mao Tsetung Thought to command our ranks and promote good political and ideological work, good "three-eight" working style,* *good military training and good arrangement in everyday life, bringing the "four-good" company movement to a new level. In this way, we shall make still greater achievements in making our army a great school of Mao Tsetung Thought.
Let us hold the great red banner of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought still higher and, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader, continue to carry out the fighting tasks set by the Ninth Party Congress, fully implement the great principles "grasp revolution and promote production and other work and preparedness against war" and "be prepared against war, be prepared against natural disasters, and do everything for the people," do a still better job in supporting the government and cherishing the people and supporting the army and cherishing the people, strengthen the unity between the army and the government and between the army and the people, and build our great socialist motherland into a still more powerful state.
Down with U.S. imperialism! Down with Soviet revisionism! Down with all reaction!
We definitely will liberate Taiwan!
Long live the great Chinese People's Liberation Army!
Long live the great, glorious and correct Communist Party of China!
Long live invincible Mao Tsetung Thought!
Long live the great supreme commander Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao!
(August 1, 1969)
* The Three Main Rules of Discipline are as follows:
(1) Obey orders in all your actions.
(2) Do not take a single needle or piece of thread from the masses.
(3) Turn in everything captured.
The Eight Points for Attention are as follows:
(1) Speak politely.
(2) Pay fairly for what you buy.
(3) Return everything you borrow.
(4) Pay for anything you damage.
(5) Do not hit or swear at people.
(6) Do not damage crops.
(7) Do not take liberties with women.
(8) Do not ill-treat captives.
** The "three-eight" working style means: a firm and correct political orientation; an industrious and simple style of work; flexible strategy and tactics; and unity, alertness, earnestness and liveliness.
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