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 Anniversary of Entry of Working Class Into Realm of Superstructure

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Anniversary of Entry of Working Class Into Realm of Superstructure

— Hailing the tremendous achievements of China's first workers' and P.LA. men's Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team in Tsinghua University during the past year

Source: Peking Review, No. 31, August 1, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    ON July 27., 1968, China's first Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team of the workers and People's Liberation Army, formed in response to the great leader Chairman Mao's fighting call and led by the Chinese Communist Party, marched in mighty contingents into Tsinghua University where intellectuals were congregated in large numbers. The team had shouldered the great historic mission that "the proletariat must exercise all-round dictatorship over the bourgeoisie in the realm of the superstructure, including the various spheres of culture.”
     This great revolutionary action has ushered in a new era in which the mighty army of industrial workers, led by the Chinese Communist Party, mounts the political stage of struggle-criticism-transformation in the realm of the superstructure.
         Closely following Chairman Mao's great strategic plan, this team has over the past year used Mao Tsetung Thought to take over and transform the fields of culture and education, unite with, educate and remould the intellectuals, and lead them in advancing from victory to victory along Chairman Mao's revolutionary line.

Closely Follow Chairman Mao's Great Strategic Plan

     Holding aloft the great banner "It is right to rebel against reactionaries," the Red Guards and revolutionary teachers, students and staff of Tsinghua University valiantly fought against the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and his agents in the university during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, dealing telling blows to the reactionary bourgeois forces there. But shortly afterwards, owing to their lack of thoroughgoing revolutionary spirit and to their vacillation, some of the intellectuals, who were influenced by the reactionary theory of "many centres," that is, the theory of "no centre," sank into the mire of bourgeois factionalism. As a result, the progress of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in the university lagged behind the general development throughout the country. The situation in Tsinghua and other units showed that the great historic tasks of proletarian revolution in education and of struggle-criticism-transformation in the superstructure could not be fulfilled by relying on the intellectuals alone. It was essential to have the participation of the workers and P.L.A. fighters and the strong Leadership of the working class.
     At this important historical juncture in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, our great leader Chairman Mao issued the great fighting call to the working class to march into the realm of the superstructure. This marked the beginning of a high tide of struggle-criticism-transformation in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. It was another step in the great strategic plan of Chairman Mao's.
  On hearing Chairman Mao's great fighting call, the revolutionary workers of the Peking Hsinhua Printing House, who were printing Chairman Mao's works day and night, immediately studied and discussed it, and got ready for action. They said: "Chairman Mao's instruction has said what we workers want to say. We'll carry it out to the letter!"
     The workers' hearts, which are all turned to Chairman Mao, beat as one. That same night, representatives of workers from 61 factories and enterprises in the capital soon met in the Hsinhua Printing House and discussed how to put Chairman Mao's great fighting call into practice. Within some ten hours, the call was translated into an earth-shaking great revolutionary action of the working class. On the morning of July 27, 1968, the capital's industrial workers and P.L.A. fighters, holding aloft portraits of Chairman Mao and with their red-covered copies of Quotation From Chairman Mao Tsetung in their hands, confidently and In high spirits marched into Tsinghua University. They were determined to use Mao Tsetung Thought to take over the cultural and educational fields and transform them. This is a tremendous pioneering undertaking in the history of proletarian revolution and a great event in the sixties of the 20th century!

End the Domination by Intellectuals

     The revolutionary teachers, students and staff in Tsinghua warmly welcomed the workers and P.L.A. Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team sent by our great leader Chairman Mao. They lost no time in telling each other the good news and they shouted again and again: "Salute to the working class! Salute to the People's Liberation Army!" "Long live Chairman Mao! A long, long life to Chairman Mao!"
     But a handful of class enemies would not step down from the stage of history of their own accord. They openly resorted to sabotage in their vain attempt to drive away the propaganda team. Some intellectuals whose world outlook had not been remoulded did their utmost to maintain domination over the university by intellectuals.

This was a serious class struggle.
     "Workers should only run factories, and should not meddle in college affairs."
     To this, members of the propaganda team replied: "The working class will not only run factories well, but will liberate all mankind. We will run the schools and colleges well and once and for all end the domination by bourgeois intellectuals there. This is the power given us by Chairman Mao!"

"Workers are not competent to lead intellectuals."
  To this, members of the propaganda team retorted: "We workers are boundlessly loyal to Chairman Mao, to Mao Tsetung Thought and to Chairman Mao's revolutionary line.   This makes us most competent."
     The struggle was complicated. The propaganda team was confronted with the complex situation in which "those who commit ideological errors are mixed up with those whose contradiction with us is one between ourselves and the enemy, and. for a time it is hard to sort them out." A handful of class enemies lay low, and for a time some teachers and students were still being misled. In these circumstances, the team followed Chairman Mao's great teaching "Be resolute, fear no sacrifice and surmount every difficulty, to win victory." With the whole situation in mind and defying difficulties, members of the team displayed the spirit of daring to struggle and being good at struggle. They made a strict distinction between the two different types of contradictions, firmly repulsed the frantic counter-attacks by the class enemy and at the same time carried out painstaking and careful political-ideological work among the teachers, students and stall'. They organized themselves into hundreds of groups to propagate Chairman Mao's latest instructions, helping the teachers, students and staff raise their consciousness and distinguish right from wrong.


At a time when the workers and P.L.A. Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team was achieving success after success, our great leader Chairman Mao sent the team a treasured gift — mangoes — on August 5, 1968.
  Ten days later, Chairman Mao cordially received the representatives of the team.
     Following this, Chairman Mao issued a series of new instructions:
     "The working class must exercise leadership in everything."
     "The workers' propaganda teams should stay permanently in the schools and colleges, take part in all the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation there and will always lead these institutions."
  The great teaching and solicitude of Chairman Mao tremendously encouraged the propaganda team members, profoundly educated the teachers, students and staff, and hit hard at the class enemy. China's first Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team of workers and P.L.A. put an end to domination by bourgeois intellectuals in Tsinghua University, and smashed the scheme of a handful of class enemies to drive the team out.

Unite With the Overwhelming Majority Of the People

     To realize the revolutionary great alliance of two opposing groups, the propaganda team members studied together with the teachers and students the "three constantly read articles," the brilliant works by Chairman Mao. And together, they criticized the theory of "the dying out of class struggle" advocated by the arch renegade Liu Shao-chi. Thus, the teachers and students were led forward to unite on the basis of Mao Tsetung Thought and jointly fight the enemy. With the help and education given by the propaganda team, the two opposing groups of revolutionary masses finally united, and the class enemy's scheme to split them went bankrupt
     Acting in accordance with Chairman Mao's teaching that, regarding intellectuals, "the overwhelming majority are patriotic, love our People's Republic, and are willing to serve the people and the socialist state," the propaganda team firmly united with and trusted the overwhelming majority of the intellectuals.
     The team also followed Chairman Mao's teaching: "Wherever there are groups of people — that is, everywhere apart from uninhabited deserts — they arc invariably divided into left, centre and right. Ten thousand years from now this will still be so." It fostered activists among the teachers, students and staff throughout the university, and made them the backbone on which it relied in carrying out the mass movement of struggle-criticism-transformation under its leadership.
  The team acted in accordance with Chairman Mao's teaching: "We must unite with the masses; the more of the masses we unite with, the better." In line with the formula of "unity — criticism and self-criticism — unity," it made great efforts to help those cadres and other people who had committed mistakes.
  The team adhered to Chairman Mao's teaching: "It is not the policy of the proletariat to deny people a way out." To those persons whose mistakes were in the category of contradictions between ourselves and the enemy but who had admitted their guilt and made up their mind to repent, the team insisted on giving them an opportunity to turn over a new leaf and perform meritorious service to atone for their mistakes.
  Some teachers were down-hearted for a time. With a view to remedying this situation, the propaganda team used Chairman Mao's proletarian policies as their weapons and exposed the enemy's schemes through revolutionary mass criticism, and helped these teachers to consciously remould their world outlook and lake a correct attitude towards their future. From that time on, their spirit raised, they actively joined the vigorous mass movement of struggle-criticism-transformation.
     This is how the workers and P.L.A. Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team has brought all the positive factors into play, united with all the people who can be united and formed a mighty revolutionary army around itself. Its success in winning over the intellectuals by defeating the handful of class enemies eloquently proves Chairman Mao's brilliant thesis: "The proletariat is the greatest class in the history of mankind. It is the most powerful revolutionary class ideologically, politically and in strength.    It can and must unite the overwhelming majority of people around itself so as to isolate the handful of enemies to the maximum and attack them."

Educate Intellectuals to Take the Road Pointed Out by Chairman Mao

     Unreconciled to their defeat, a handful of class enemies lurking in the shadows spread rumours: "You can occupy Tsinghua. but you can't transform it!"
     Such rubbish only made the propaganda team more determined to use Mao Tsetung Thought to transform the university.
     Chairman Mao pointed out: "The majority or the vast majority of the student* trained in the old schools and colleges can integrate themselves with the workers, peasants and soldier*, and some have made inventions or innovations; they must, however, be re-educated by the workers, peasants and soldiers under the guidance of the correct line and thoroughly change their old ideology. Such intellectuals will be welcomed by the workers, peasants and soldiers." Inspired by this great teaching, the propaganda team pledged to transform Tsinghua University into a great red school of Mao Tsetung Thought, educate and turn the vast majority of the intellectuals into people welcomed by the workers, peasants and soldiers.
     For years a lecturer poisoned by the arch renegade Liu Shao-chi's counter-revolutionary revisionist line in education had set himself this so-called motto — "Go in for professional proficiency and your job's safe. Dabble in political activities and you'll be running too many risks." Many teachers and students considered him a tough nut to crack, in the way of being educated and remoulded. But the propaganda team members had absolute faith that Mao Tsetung Thought could remould everything. They helped him study Chairman Mao's works, educated him in class struggle and guided his efforts in fighting self and criticizing revisionism. Taking up his problems, they had heart-to-heart talks with him. The lecturer finally came to see his mistakes. He said: "I used to think that 'the safest' way was to immerse myself in professional work and steer clear of politics. Now I'm beginning to see that this is the most dangerous way, one that leads to the restoration of capitalism. The arch renegade Liu Shao-chi and his agents attempted to drag me along with them." Since then, he has made "Not to have a correct political point of view is like having no soul" his maxim. He exerted great efforts to study and apply Chairman Mao's works in a living way and took an active part in struggle-criticism-transformation. Some time ago, he was recommended by the masses as a "five-good" fighter.
     The change in this lecturer is only one of the many moving examples showing how China's first workers and P.L.A. Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team is transforming the cultural and educational fields and reeducating the intellectuals. In the past, under the sway of the counter-revolutionary revisionist line in education, bourgeois self-interest weighed down like a ton of bricks on a fair number of intellectuals. Now they are fired with enthusiasm, upholding devotion to the public interest of socialism and communism and despising bourgeois "self." They try hard to make the "three constantly read articles" their guide to action. They take an active part in the struggle-criticism-transformation movement, determined to carry the proletarian revolution in education to the end. They enthusiastically go to factories and villages to be re-educated by the workers and poor and lower-middle peasants. Thus a great change has taken place in their thinking and class feelings. To the workers, peasants and soldiers they are now "people we welcome."
  "Chairman Mao's revolutionary line is the fundamental of fundamentals, and working-class leadership our guarantee!" This is the profound understanding gained by the revolutionary teachers and staff who are setting up an experimental farm for revolution in education by the Poyang Lake in Kiangsi Province.
     Many of the teachers were victims of the counterrevolutionary revisionist educational line, absolutely useless as far as carrying loads on their shoulders and working with their hands were concerned. That was how things were before. But today, under the guidance of the proletarian revolutionary line of the Party and our great leader Chairman Mao and with the workers and P.L.A. propaganda team leading them, they have changed. On the wasteland by the lake side they have hewn out an experimental farm for revolution in education, unmindful of the thick mud on their feet and exposing themselves to the fury of the elements. There, they are as much teachers as students and workers who use their brains and their brawn. Working with their own hands for the first time in their lives, they have built row after row of houses and reclaimed many plots of land for farming. In this great crucible of revolution, they have deepened their understanding that the key to the proletarian revolution in education lies in the remoulding of people, that is, in remoulding people's thinking. Full of enthusiasm for reaping a double harvest in revolution and production, they recently scythed and harvested their first crop of early rice they themselves planted. They said with feeling: "When the political line was wrong everything went wrong, and nothing could be achieved if the ideology was no good. Today, the revolutionary line of Chairman Mao points out to us intellectuals an infinitely bright road ahead, and the firm leadership of the working class carves out a new wide world for us intellectuals."

Constantly Raise Political Consciousness In the Course of Struggle

     With the warm attention given by our great leader Chairman Mao and guided by his great teaching that "on its part, the working class should always raise its political consciousness in the course of struggle," the workers and P.L.A. men in the propaganda team have over the past year sought to learn from each other, fought side by side and made big progress in revolutionizing their own thinking.
  Bearing in mind Chairman Mao's great attention and earnest expectations, they consistently used Chairman Mao's idea of one divides into two to guide their efforts in revolutionization, and kept up a high degree of revolutionary militancy. In the course of struggle, they have summed up their experience of constantly raising their own political consciousness into five "musts":
     First, to ensure its leadership in everything, the working class must arm itself with Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought and exercise its leadership through the great, glorious and correct Communist Party of China;
     Second, to give effective leadership to struggle-criticism-transformation in the realm of the superstructure, the propaganda team must maintain the sterling qualities of the working class;
     Third, to maintain the sterling qualities of the working class and use Mao Tsetung Thought to transform the cultural and educational field, the propaganda team must always raise its own political consciousness;
     Fourth, to keep pace with the rapid progress of the revolution, the propaganda team must closely follow Chairman Mao's great strategic plan; and
     Fifth, to ensure that the propaganda team exercises its leadership in line with Mao Tsetung Thought and that every instruction from Chairman Mao and every call from the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader will be carried out to the letter, the propaganda team must make strenuous efforts to study and apply Chairman Mao's works in a living way and always put Mao Tsetung Thought in command of its thinking and action.
     Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, China's first workers and P.L.A. Mao Tsetung Thought propaganda team profoundly realizes through actual struggle that all its achievements in the last year arc a victory for Mao Tsetung Thought and for Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and that they owe these achievements to our great leader Chairman Mao. The team members have pledged to abide by these teachings of Chairman Mao's: "We have won great victory: But the defeated class will still struggle. These people are still around and this class still exists. Therefore, we cannot speak of final victory. Not even for decades. We must not lose our vigilance." "In the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, some tasks have not yet been fulfilled and they should now be carried on, for instance, the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation." Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader, they are determined to guide the revolutionary teachers, students and staff to carry through the socialist revolution in the realm of the superstructure and create by their own efforts a new-type, proletarian educational system that sparkles with the brilliance of Mao Tsetung Thought.
    
   
  
  
  

 
 
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