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 Ranks of Engineering and Technical Personnel in Shanghai Machine Tools Plant Are Growing

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     It is still necessary to have universities; here I refer mainly to colleges of science and engineering. However, it is essential to shorten the length of schooling, revolutionize education, put proletarian politics in command and take the road of the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant in training technicians from among the workers. Students should be selected from among workers and peasants with practical experience, and they should return to production after a few years' study.

-MAO TSETUNG


Ranks of Engineering and Technical Personnel in Shanghai Machine Tools Plant Are Growing


Source: Peking Review, No. 31, August 1, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

    A YEAR ago, our respected and beloved great leader Chairman Mao issued this instruction of great historic significance:
     "It is still necessary to have universities; here I refer mainly to colleges of science and engineering. However, it is essential to shorten the length of schooling, revolutionize education, put proletarian politics in command and take the road of the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant in training technicians from among the workers. Students should be selected from among workers and peasants with practical experience, and they should return to production after a few years* study." (See "The Road for Training Engineering and Technical Personnel Indicated by the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant," Peking Review, No. 31, 1968.)
     Under the guidance of this brilliant instruction, a profound change has taken place both among the ranks of the engineering and technical personnel and in production and technical work at the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant in the past year. While the original 250 worker-technicians have continued to make progress, more new worker-technicians have emerged. At the same time, the revolutionary workers have helped reeducate the more than 350 engineering and technical personnel and other intellectuals at the plant, who were trained in the old schools, and bring their initiative into full play under the guidance of Chairman Mao's revolutionary line.
     In line with Chairman Mao's brilliant teaching "the working class must exercise leadership in everything,” and under the leadership of the plant revolutionary committee, a number of outstanding workers and worker-technicians who are loyal to Chairman Mao have taken up leading posts and controlled the power over production and technical work. This guarantees working-class leadership in scientific research, designing, technology, production direction and management at the plant. Last year the plant designed and successfully built 24 new types of precision grinding machines and four types of precision measuring instruments, both urgently needed by the country. Eleven types of the new grinders and one of the new measuring instruments arc up to or above advanced international standards in precision and performance. The plant again completed the designing of 13 new products in the first half of this year. This marks a record speed for the plant. Most of the new products were designed by the "three-in-one" combination designing groups which consist mainly of workers and worker-technicians and include revolutionary intellectuals. More than 100 veteran workers took part in the designing work.
  Guided by Chairman Mao's principle of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts," the workers and revolutionary technicians completely broke away from foreign stereotypes in making the new surface and external grinding machines. This marks a leap in machine tool designing. The plant now makes a series of brand-new products of Chinese model.

Continue the Revolution and Keep Advancing
    
     "The road of the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant in training technicians from among the workers,” which Chairman Mao affirmed, is the road by which the working class trains and brings up its own scientific and technical ranks. It is the road by which the working class takes possession of the scientific and technical fields, ending the domination of those fields by bourgeois intellectuals. It is the road by which the working class remoulds in its own image the scientific and technical personnel trained in the old schools, transforms the entire scientific and technical work and makes it serve proletarian politics still better.
     Over the past year, the workers and worker-technicians now dominating the fields of production and technology have chalked up one achievement after another by holding aloft the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought and giving prominence to proletarian politics. Lu Kuo-chung was an ordinary machine operator prior to the great cultural revolution. He has now successfully led the designing of electrical equipment for important new products. Along with other veteran workers at the plant, Lu has taken up the weapon of revolutionary mass criticism to help eliminate pernicious revisionist influences such as "technique first" and seeking fame and gain, which once overran the technical departments. In designing a light precision crankshaft grinding machine, important equipment for the manufacture of tractors and lorries, they always bore in mind how to help build socialism with greater, faster, better and more economical results. They travelled far and wide to make investigations and study and then set out to revolutionize the designing work in the spirit of daring to think and to break through. In a little more than three months, they succeeded in designing and producing this grinding machine, which is a completely new Chinese model.
     Ma Chin-jung and other worker-technicians were entrusted with the task of designing a large, high precision special-purpose grinder badly needed by the country. All members of the designing group were aware that in fulfilling their task they would deal a heavy blow to imperialism, revisionism and reaction. They worked overtime and on off days. Whenever they came upon difficulties, they consulted Chairman Mao's brilliant work The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains. They completed the designing in 32 days.
  The struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines in the fields of production and technology is very acute. The worker-technicians adhere to Chairman Mao's teaching "on its part, the working class should always raise its political consciousness in the course of struggle," always guard against corruption by bourgeois ideology and work hard to remould their own world outlook so as to persevere in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.
  The worker-technician Wang Teh-fa remains modest, prudent and free from arrogance and rashness in his style of work, preserves the style of plain living and hard struggle and continues to make revolution. In this way he lives up to his pledge: "Be a credit to Chairman Mao." Upon his return from Peking last year after attending the National Day celebrations, he was assigned the task of building two large precision surface grinders urgently needed by the country. He took his bed-roll from his home to the plant and worked alongside the rank-and-file workers. His face and hands were soiled and nobody could distinguish this chief designer of the grinders from the workers at the bench.

Ranks of Worker-Technicians Keep on Growing Stronger in Struggle
    
  The great leader Chairman Mao's directive "take the road of the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant in training technicians from among the workers” is a fighting call to the working class to train more engineering and technical personnel from their own ranks. Under the guidance of this brilliant directive, the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant has continued to train large numbers of technicians from among the workers.
     The plant has established a new-type college — the "July 21" Workers College — to train working-class technicians, one which is led and managed by the workers. This is in line with Chairman Mao's teaching: "Students should be selected from among workers and peasants with practical experience, and they should return to production after a few years’ study."
    
  In the nine months since its inception, this workers college has shown the vitality of a new-type college run according to Chairman Mao's thinking on the revolution in education. The college is full of vigour, one in which the students and teachers constantly criticize the counter-revolutionary revisionist line in education and give prominence to proletarian politics. On the opening day, the worker-students contrasted their past sufferings with today's happiness and carried out revolutionary mass criticism. They organized themselves into study classes to discuss such questions as "for whom to study and whom to serve" and "what and how to study." All this has helped them to further understand that the sole purpose of their study is for the revolution.
    
  The workers, who were deprived of the right to education in the old society, consider their present study as a struggle of the working class to occupy the educational front and control the power over science and technology. They study with deep class feeling, determined to live up to the expectations of Chairman Mao and of the working class. They say: "We workers study in the college not for fame or gain. We study to blaze a trail for the revolution in education and make contributions to industrial revolution." The worker-students have combined their study with practice and, led by worker-technicians, have completed in only three months the designing of two new products urgently needed by the country. The worker-students have mastered science and technology far more quickly than the average college students.
     The plant has also selected experienced workers with high level of class consciousness to do technical work so that through practice they may become technicians holding key posts.
  Last March, a worker with a primary school education was promoted to the post of group leader in charge of research on bearings. He led his comrades in closely combining research with production. Within the short period of a little over three months, they successfully trial-produced high-speed static pressure bearings of 12,000 r.p.m., and a number of other items, thereby making contributions to the country's socialist construction.

Remould the Intellectuals in the Image of The Working Class

  Over the past year, the revolutionary workers and worker-technicians of the Shanghai Machine Tools Plant have used Mao Tsetung Thought to unite with, educate and remould the intellectuals. They have helped the intellectuals overcome, step by step, the serious influence the revisionist line in education and in scientific and technical work left on them, so that they can contribute their share to the cause of the proletariat.
     The several hundred intellectuals at the plant have all taken part in manual and technical work in the workshops. There they have received education by the workers, whose boundless loyalty to Mao Tsetung Thought provides them with a fine example.
     Early this year, some veteran workers at the No. 2 workshop undertook to lead a team of young intellectuals in designing a new grinding machine. First, they led the young intellectuals in studying Chairman Mao's teachings on wholehearted service to the people. Then together they went to rural areas to investigate and study the needs there and listen attentively to the opinions of the poor and lower-middle peasants. Educated and helped by the veteran workers, the young intellectuals displayed their initiative and completed the designing and manufacturing of the new-type grinding machine ahead of schedule, setting a new record.
  The workers always seriously criticize the mistakes and shortcomings of the intellectuals, and earnestly help them correct such mistakes and shortcomings. Moreover, the workers commend any progress made by the intellectuals and encourage them to keep advancing. Last year, 20 intellectuals who had integrated themselves well with the workers in productive labour were commended along with other outstanding workers and cadres. The plant also uses a variety of other forms to commend those intellectuals who have done better than others in receiving re-education by the workers. All this has greatly encouraged the intellectuals to make themselves truly welcome by the workers, peasants and soldiers.
  

Source: Peking Review, No. 31, August 1, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

  
  
  

 
 
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