本页主题: A Song of Victory for the Great Revolutionary Unity 打印 | 加为IE收藏 | 复制链接 | 收藏主题 | 上一主题 | 下一主题

weihong2
级别: 论坛版主


精华: 0
发帖: 1693
威望: 1694 点
红花: 16930 朵
贡献值: 0 点
在线时间:406(小时)
注册时间:2007-05-31
最后登录:2009-08-25

 A Song of Victory for the Great Revolutionary Unity

图片:
A Song of Victory for the Great Revolutionary Unity

—How the armymen and civilians in Changwei region, Shantung Province, triumphed over unusually big tidal waves

Source: Peking Review, No. 25, June 20, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


    VICE-Chnirman Lin Piao pointed out in his political report to the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China: "Through the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution our motherland has become unprecedentedly unified and our people have achieved a great revolutionary unity on the broadest scale under the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought."
     This great revolutionary unity found vivid expression in the heroic feat of the million armymen and civilians in the north of the Changwei Special Administrative Region, Shantung Province, who recently overcame the sudden attack of exceptionally big tidal waves, the first such occurrence in 80 years.

Being Resolute in Beating Tidal Waves

     On April 23, a 10-force northeast wind suddenly blew over the sea to the north of the Shantung Peninsula and mountainous waves rose in Laichow Bay. The huge waves churned up by the gale swept over the 70-kilometre coastline of four maritime counties in the north Changwei region, travelling 20 kilometres inland within two to three hours. The coastal plain of 1,100 square kilometres was submerged in an instant to a depth of one metre beneath the tidal waves whose highest rise was registered at 6.64 metres above sea level. The force of the violent wind and towering waves was so great that houses collapsed, crops were inundated and the lives and property of 100.000 people in dozens of villages and a dozen saltfields and farms were endangered.
     The Revolutionary Committee of the Changwei Special Administrative Region immediately called an emergency standing committee meeting to discuss measures for overcoming the effects of the tidal waves. They first of all analysed the favourable conditions for conquering the situation. They unanimously agreed that through the tempering of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution the masses had aimed themselves with Mao Tsetung Thought and greatly enhanced their level of consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines. The great revolutionary unity between the army and the people and between the cadres and the masses had been unprecedentedly strengthened. By relying on invincible Mao Tsetung Thought and the united strength of the revolutionary people, they could surely conquer the tidal waves.
     At this critical moment, the delegates from the Changwei region attending the Party's Ninth National Congress telephoned from Peking, encouraging them to hold high the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought, rely on the masses and be united as one to beat back the waves. This filled them with greater confidence and strength in the battle.
     The revolutionary committee was determined to hold aloft the banner of unity of the Party congress and lead the revolutionary masses to victory in the struggle against this natural calamity.
     A joint headquarters was soon formed by the revolutionary committee and the P.L.A. units stationed in the region to cope with the emergency. The Shantung Provincial Revolutionary Committee also sent people to help direct the battle against the waves. The headquarters gave the P.L.A. units the order: Immediately go to the most dangerous places to rescue the poor and lower-middle peasants! It ordered the militia: Quickly organize rescue teams to save the class brothers! All government organs, factories and enterprises also got instructions to ensure the supply of needed manpower and material.
     These orders received prompt response from all quarters. Trucks and people crowded in front or the revolutionary committees of Changwei region and Wei-fang city, all ready to plunge into the battle at short notice. Shock brigades of army units, the militia and government organs were quickly formed and rushed to the frontline overnight. Medical teams of the army and local hospitals also pitched into action without delay. As a result, under the great red banner of Mao Tsetung Thought, a mighty army came into being to battle under unified command and with concerted action.

The Army and the People Are United as One

     Fifteen thousand peasants working along a 10-kilometre stretch of a water conservancy project on the Taho River in the northern part of Shoukuang County were marooned by the waters. Braving howling wind and torrential rain, P.L.A. shock brigades rushed through the night to their rescue. Ten kilometres away from the marooned area, they were halted by a vast expanse of water. After reciting Chairman Mao's great teaching that "this army has an indomitable spirit and is determined to vanquish all enemies and never to yield," the commanders and fighters made the pledge on the spot: "No obstacle can stop us revolutionary fighters from saving the poor and lower-middle peasants."
     Using bamboo rafts, a 200-man shock brigade from one army unit sped to the rescue. When they reached shallow water, the men put aside their poles, jumped into the water and pushed the rafts. Every step forward was rough, as they battled against the current and the wind in piercing cold water. Platoon leader Chang Yung-chou constantly urged the men forward by shouting, "Be resolute, fear no sacrifice and surmount every difficulty to win victory." This teaching of Chairman Mao's gave the fighters inexhaustible strength. The legs of many of the men became numb with the cold, yet they continued to move forward without let-up. Fighter Kuan Hsueh-mao cut his foot badly while pushing a raft. The wound bled profusely, and the penetrating cold salt water caused him great pain. But he continued to plod forward, without uttering a sound. The commanders and fighters finally crossed" the 10-kilometre expanse of water to reach the marooned peasants. Fighting in the teeth of wind and waves, they moved one group of peasants after another out of danger.
     An air force unit dispatched planes to airdrop leaflets carrying the extra good news of the successful closing of the Party's Ninth National Congress as well as large quantities of food. Because the small patches of land above the flood water were densely crowded as people gathered there for safety, there was the danger that the packs might injure the people or fall into the water if they were dropped carelessly. In order to bring Chairman Mao's great concern quickly to the people struck by the natural disaster, pilot Chang Hung-yen flew lower and lower till he was only 50 metres, then 30 metres, then less than ten metres above the ground. Flying at such an unusually low altitude was extremely hazardous. But Chang Hung-yen who had been a cowherd for a landlord in his childhood and a wandering beggar before liberation successfully accomplished his task, completely ignoring the danger to himself. In taking this risk he was filled with strong proletarian feelings and kept in mind Chairman Mao's teaching that "when we die for the people it is a worthy death."
     The people's army cherishes the people; the people love the soldiers who are the sons of the people. When one of the P.L.A. shock brigades started to swim across a deep, broad river to rescue some marooned peasants, many poor and lower-middle peasants expressed anxiety over the fighters' safety and would not let them take the risk. But every fighter was eager to jump into water. Moved to tears, the poor and lower-middle peasants clung to them to hold them back. Seeing this, the peasants on the opposite bank managed to send a man over with an urgent note, saying: "We thank Chairman Mao! We thank the Liberation Army! We are quite safe. P.L.A. comrades, please be at ease. As the water is deep and swift now, you must not cross the river!"

Being of One Mind to Fight Tidal Waves

     Separated by water, dozens of villages, salt-fields and farms became isolated "islands." Communications were disrupted and supplies of food, water and other goods were cut off. But every village, every salt-field, and every farm was turned into a fighting collective. On these "islands," red flags were flying, and the mighty songs of quotations from Chairman Mao rang out. People were full of confidence and had immense strength to fight against the tidal waves.
     When water surrounded the Hsiaohanchia Production Brigade of Puchuang Commune in Changyi County, the commune members led by the brigade revolutionary committee turned out en masse to block the entrances of the streets and alleys with wooden doors, beds and earth to prevent the village from being flooded.
     At the Taho River water conservancy construction site more than 170 peasants were marooned on a narrow strip of earthen dyke. With the swift rise of the water the dyke was in imminent danger of being submerged. The peasants raised aloft portraits of Chairman Mao and recited his teachings over and over again. Led by the political instructor and ignoring their fatigue, they used bedding and mats to stem the water and also put up a mud wall on all sides. Suddenly a huge wave crashed over them and breached the wall, endangering the whole dyke. They swiftly formed a strong human wall with their bodies and shovelled earth with their few spades and picks to reinforce the wall. After three hours' intense effort, they successfully closed the breach and warded off the water.

Class Brothers' Hearts Beat as One

     In Weifang city, 100 kilometres from the stricken area, the revolutionary people showed deep concern for their class brothers. Workers of the catering trade throughout the night cooked food for the stricken people. Motor transport workers rushed rescue contingents and supplies to the area despite the fierce wind and torrential rain. Revolutionary medical workers quickly formed emergency teams and hastened to the stricken area that night Workers on the posts and telecommunication front efficiently handled the phone calls, thereby ensuring prompt connections between the front and the rear.
     Aware that their class brothers battling against the tide in the rain and wind needed clothes, many people gave their spare clothes. To encourage those in the affected area to use Mao Tsetung Thought to conquer the calamity, they presented the stricken people with Quotations From Chairman Mao Tsetung or wrote several of Chairman Mao's teachings on slips of paper which they put in the pockets of the contributed clothing. Others pinned Chairman Mao badges on the clothes.
     Surrounded by sea water the people in the flooded area lacked drinking water. To help overcome this difficulty, the masses in Weifang city gathered 8,000 jin of radish to be airdropped. The whole city thus became a big "logistics department."

     Guided by Mao Tsetung Thought, the armymen and civilians in Changwei region, who held high the great banner of revolutionary unity and fought heroically, eventually conquered the exceptionally big tidal waves, a phenomenon unseen in 80 years. The water has now receded and the 100.000 people were out of danger.
     Following Chairman Mao's teaching of "maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in our own hands and relying on our own efforts," and inspired by the Party's Ninth National Congress, the people in the affected area launched an energetic campaign to restore production. They lost no time in taking up their hoes and going to the recently flooded land. They began repairing the dykes and washing off the salt from the seedlings. The fishermen also sailed out to sea. A thriving atmosphere of grasping revolution and promoting production prevailed. The people in the affected area were determined to change the look of their native land by their own efforts.
     Already, they have worked out a plan to overcome future tidal waves and transform the saline and alkaline soil. They have decided to build a dyke along the several hundred kilometres of coastline within the next few years, so as to keep the tidal waves from getting on shore and turn the vast, desolate saline and alkaline beaches into fertile land.
    
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2009-02-27 03:25 | [楼 主]
帖子浏览记录 版块浏览记录
中国文革研究网 » CR DOCUMENTS
 
 

Total 0.010692(s) query 3, Time now is:04-28 02:47, Gzip enabled
Powered by PHPWind v6.3.2 Certificate © http://wengewang.tk