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 Fearing Neither Hardship Nor Death

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Fearing Neither Hardship Nor Death—Spiritual A-Bomb for Burying Imperialism, Revisionism And Reaction

—Some Comrades Who Won Combat Honours in the Counter-Attacks in Self-Defence in the Chenpao Island Area Describe Their Experiences in Battle

Source: Peking Review, No. 25, June 20, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


RECENTLY, comrades who won combat honours in the battles of counter-attack in self-defence on March 2 and 15 in the Chenpao Island area described how, armed with Mao Tsetung Thought and displaying the revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death, they defeated, through their revolutionized thinking, the Soviet revisionist aggressors who were highly mechanized.

    Revolutionary Spirit of Fearing Neither Hardship Nor Death Constitutes Greatest Fighting Power And Is an All-Conquering Magic Weapon

    Kao Wen, who won an Order of Merit, Third Class, said:
     In their armed provocations along the Sino-Soviet frontier, the Soviet revisionist aggressor troops used aircraft and large numbers of tanks and armoured vehicles (we scornfully call them "tortoise shells"). They thought they could lord it over the Chinese people with such weapons. But in our counter-attacks in self-defence on March 2 and 15, we exploded this blind faith in weapons. Facts provided another eloquent proof that the greatest fighting power lay in the revolutionization of people's thinking, not in mechanization. Our great leader Chairman Mao teaches us: "Weapons are an important factor in war, but not the decisive factor; it is people, not things, that are decisive." Vice-Chairman Lin tells us: "The greatest fighting power is men who are armed with Mao Tsetung Thought; it is courage, it is fearlessness in the face of death." The recent battles have enabled us to gain a deeper understanding of Chairman Mao's and Vice-Chairman Lin's brilliant theses. Though we, too, go in for mechanization, what we concentrate on is the revolutionization of people's thinking. With such thinking, there will be the revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death. The weather was extremely cold during the March 2 battle, but to wipe out the rapacious Soviet revisionist beasts, we forgot all about fatigue and the biting cold. We were full of courage and bursting with energy. But how did things stand with the Soviet revisionist aggressor troops? They couldn't move a single step without their mechanized equipment. Once their "tortoise shells" were overturned, they had no place to hide and became panic-stricken. Through the two contests of strength with the Soviet revisionist aggressor troops, we have come to realize deeply that the revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death constitutes the greatest fighting power and is an all-conquering magic weapon. It was with this magic weapon that we defeated the Japanese aggressors and annihilated the 8 million Kuomintang bandit troops. Likewise with this magic weapon we shall be able to wipe out U.S. imperialism, Soviet revisionism and the reactionaries of all countries.
     Wang Yu-hai, who won an Order of Merit, Third Class, is a new recruit to the army. He said:
     Man is the primary factor. People who have had no combat experience at all can fulfil their tasks well in battle so long as they have the revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death. I'm a new fighter and had no idea of how to fight a battle. Actually, I had never heard the sound of live artillery fire before and had been through only one target practice However, when the Soviet revisionist aggressor troops intruded into our motherland's sacred territory and killed and wounded my comrades with guns and cannons, X just couldn't hold back my anger any longer. I thought: In the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea, the heroes Huang Chi-kuang and Chiu Shao-yun of the Chinese People's Volunteers had never been trained to do what they did — Huang Chi-kuang who used his body to block an enemy gun-slit from which a machine-gun was firing, and Chiu Shao-yun who, while lying in wait to storm the enemy positions, kept quiet and still when his clothes caught fire so that the enemy wouldn't be warned and lei the flames burn him to death. What they depended on was courage and no fear of death. So what does it matter that I lack combat experience? Furthermore, we new fighters had the advantage of being tempered in the several years of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and were Red Guards who held high the great banner of **It is right to rebel against reactionaries." In the fierce struggle between the two classes and the two lines, we had given full play to the revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death to thoroughly smash the bourgeois headquarters headed by the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi and had deepened our class feelings for Chairman Mao. A high proletarian political consciousness is our greatest asset for defeating the enemy.
     Facts proved that with the revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death, new fighters who have never fought before and commanders who have had no experience in directing a battle can fight and direct a battle well. Some comrades asked us new fighters how was it that we were able to fight so brilliantly? Our answer was: Because we have a bitter hatred for Soviet revisionism and cherish boundless loyalty to our great leader Chairman Mao.

Revolutionary Spirit of Fearing Neither Hardship Nor Death Is Glorious Tradition of Our Army And Concentrated Expression of Proletarian Party Spirit

     Yu Hung-tung, who won an Order of Merit, First Class, said:
  The revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death is a glorious tradition of our army and an important hallmark of its political quality. Ours is a proletarian army founded and led by the great leader Chairman Mao and commanded directly by Vice-Chairman Lin. It is "wholly dedicated to the liberation of the people" and works "entirely in the people's interests." It has "a firm and correct political orientation, an industrious and simple style of work, and flexible strategy and tactics" and other fine qualities. It is an army with proletarian consciousness.
     We realized through our struggle against revisionism that political consciousness generates courage, courage generates wisdom and wisdom generates strength. In battle, it is the bravest who is the most clever and flexible and who holds the initiative and wins victory. The unique "superiority" of a proletarian army lies in its courage. Since the Soviet revisionist troops have degenerated into a reactionary fascist army and have lost the "correct political orientation" of the Soviet Red Army led by Lenin and Stalin, they no longer possess this superiority of the proletarian army and, like all other reactionary armies, have to rely on iron and steel to bolster their morale. When they intruded into Chinese territory, they had aircraft flying overhead and tanks and armoured vehicles on the field. They looked quite ferocious, like an "iron tiger." But as soon as our unit bravely fought back, they showed themselves up in their true colours as a paper tiger. In the decades of war our army fought, it relied on man's courage, fearlessness of hardship and death to defeat with inferior equipment the superior-equipped Kuomintang reactionaries, the Japanese bandits, the U.S. imperialists and the Indian reactionaries, and to grow and develop in arduous warfare so as to go from victory to victory.
     Courage is a spiritual atom bomb of infinite power. So long as one has courage, one can endure the greatest hardships and vanquish all enemies and will never yield. We, guarding Chenpao Island on the front line against revisionism, find our hearts lit up by the red sun and are full of courage and strength whenever we think of our army's glorious tradition of heroism in fighting. The more difficult the conditions we have to fight under, the greater the honour we feel it to be.
     Chou Teng-kuo, who won an Order of Merit, First Class, said:
     The revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death is a concentrated expression of the proletarian Party spirit of our army, that is, remaining loyal to the great leader Chairman Mao and serving the people of China and the world wholeheartedly. To keep the interests of the country and those of the whole world at heart, to consider the situation as a whole, to have the closest unity within our ranks, to be most resolute in struggling against the enemy — these constitute the greatest fighting power. Unity is the "basic guarantee of the sure triumph of our cause." In the past decades it was with unity in the revolutionary ranks that we defeated all the domestic and foreign class enemies. In the battles of counter-attack in self-defence on the Sino-Soviet frontier our unit was unprecedentedly united. We showed concern for each other and supported each other as we fought together against the enemy. We had only one aim: To give fitting punishment to the aggressors and to defend with our lives our country's sacred territory.
     All moribund classes and reactionaries are beset with internal contradictions and are not united, so they cannot possibly have great combat power. The Soviet revisionist aggressor troops arc a tool, risking their lives for the renegade clique of Brezhnev, Kosygin and a handful of others. This army is full of internal bickerings and rivalries. Its reactionary officers hanker after nothing but personal gains and bully and oppress the rank and file. There just can't be close unity in such an army. Under the blows of our heroic unit, the reactionary officers vied with each other in fleeing for their lives. This is the common characteristic of all reactionary armies.

Revolutionary Spirit of Fearing Neither Hardship Nor Death Is Result of Mao Tsetung Thought Taking Firm Root in the Hearts of the People

     Wang Kuo-hsiang, who won an Order of Merit, Third Class, said:
     Our company won a Collective Order of Merit, First Class, for defeating the Soviet revisionist aggressor troops and displaying the fighting power of our army in the battles of counter-attack in self-defence. Closely following Chairman Mao, our company had in the past fought north and south and won victory after victory. Vice-Chairman Lin's instruction to give prominence to politics has guided us to advance along Chairman Mao's line on army building. We have firmly adhered to Vice-Chairman Lin's series of principles on giving prominence to politics and have placed the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought above everything else and made polities command military affairs. At the anti-revisionist front line, we have taken a firm grip on strengthening education in revolutionary heroism. All our fighters hold the Soviet revisionists in deep hatred and contempt. We have severely criticized the arch renegade Liu Shao-chi's "philosophy of survival." All this has greatly enhanced our revolutionary heroism of fearing neither hardship nor death. To defeat the Soviet revisionist aggressors, our fighters fought day and night in the deep snow with the temperature well under 30 degrees below zero. They said: "When it's cold, the red sun rises in our hearts as we think of Chairman Mao."
     Our great leader Chairman Mao has recently taught us: "With regard to the question of world war, there are but two possibilities: One is that the war will give rise to revolution and the other is that revolution will prevent the war." Whatever the case may be, we should conscientiously get well prepared for battle. We fully realize that mental preparations come first though material preparations are also necessary. Inspired by the Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we are determined to launch a new upsurge in the mass campaign for the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought to raise our company's ideological revolutionization to a still higher level.
     Leng Peng-fei, who won an Order of Merit, First Class, said:
     Chairman Mao has always advocated the proletarian revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death. The essence of Chairman Mao's brilliant works Serve the People, In Memory of Norman Bethune and The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains is to teach us to fear neither hardship nor death in the revolution.   In studying and applying these three brilliant works in a living way, I deeply recognize that the crucial issue in the establishment of a proletarian world outlook is a correct approach to hardships and death. When one has fostered in ordinary times this revolutionary spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death, he will, at a crucial moment in battle, unhesitatingly press to the forefront fearless of all hardship and braving a hail of enemy bullets. During a counter-attack in self-defence against the armed provocations of the Soviet revisionist social-imperialists, I was ordered to direct the fighting from a position behind our detachment. Soon after plunging into the battle, I discovered that at this command post it was easy for me to keep contact with the leadership but not so easy to keep watch on things and direct the battle in good time in the light of enemy movements. To defend our motherland's sacred territory and deal telling blows to the invaders, I braved enemy fire and resolutely moved up to a new location to direct the fighting within 200 metres and even at bayonet-point range, where we were burying the new tsars. Displaying our army's glorious tradition of daring to fight at close quartet's and at night, we routed the enemy, making them flee helter-skelter. We triumphantly safeguarded our motherland's sacred territory after smashing many enemy onslaughts.

Closely Follow Great Leader Chairman Mao and Advance to Carry Chinese and World Revolution Through to the End

Wang Kuo-hsiang said:
     Our great leader Chairman Mao teaches us: "We have won great victory. But the defeated class will still struggle. These people are still around and this class still exists. Therefore, we cannot speak of final victory. Not even for decades. We must not lose our vigilance.*' Vice-Chairman Lin pointed out in his political report to the Party's Ninth National Congress: "On no account must we relax our revolutionary vigilance because of victory or ignore the danger of U.S. imperialism and Soviet revisionism launching a large-scale war of aggression. We must make full preparations, preparations against their launching a big war and against their launching a war at an early date, preparations against their launching a conventional war and against their launching a large-scale nuclear war." Chairman Mao's brilliant teaching and Vice-Chairman Lin's instruction are a powerful weapon for us to further see through the reactionary nature of Soviet revisionism and win still greater victory in the anti-revisionist struggle. Through our struggle against Soviet revisionist social-imperialism we have come to understand deeply that imperialism and social-imperialism mean war. Soviet revisionism and U.S. imperialism will never change their aggressive nature. They will never take their defeat lying down. They will try every day and every hour to launch a counter-attack against us. Therefore, we must be fully prepared. We must be prepared against their launching a war at an early date and on a large scale. We are ready to bury imperialism, revisionism and all reaction once and for all.
  
  
  

 
 
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