Soviet Revisionists’ "Economic Integration” Exposed
Soviet Revisionists’ "Economic Integration” Exposed
Soviet Revisionists’ "Economic Integration” Exposed
by Yao Lo
Source: Peking Review, No. 25， June 20, 1969
THE Soviet revisionist renegade clique has been exerting political, economic and military pressure in the past few years on the member states of the "Council for Mutual Economic Aid" (CMEA) in a redoubled effort to push its plan for "economic integration."
In essence, "economic integration" means further colonialization of the other CMEA states.
"Co-ordination" of National Economic Plans Liquidates the Right of Some East European Countries to Develop Their Economies Independently
According to the Soviet revisionist new tsars' scheme, the first step in realizing "economic integration" is to "co-ordinate" the national economic plans of some East European countries, while the final goal is to set up an "organ of unified planning" to draft unified economic plans for the CMEA countries. As far back as November 1962, Khrushchov had demanded that the CMEA states set up a "joint organ for unified planning" "to draw up joint unified plans and solve the problem of organization so as to co-ordinate the economic development of the countries of the socialist system." This obviously was a step taken by the Soviet revisionists to turn the other member countries into its colonies.
"Co-ordination" of economic plans means that the national economic plans drawn up by the CMEA states themselves should be co-ordinated on the basis of the principle of the "international division of labour" and according to the needs of the Soviet revisionist social-imperialists. Everything needed by the Soviet revisionists must be included in the plans and produced according to the time, quality and quantity stipulated; everything they do not need must be produced in reduced quantity or not produced at all. In this way, the national economic plans of other CMEA states are entirely geared to the predatory needs of the Soviet revisionist social-imperialists. National independence and sovereignty have completely disappeared; what is left for all to see are the undisguised relations between Soviet revisionism as a suzerain state and its colonies. Yet Khrushchov was still not satisfied. He felt that with this sort of "co-ordination" alone, the CMEA states still enjoyed independence in drafting their own plans and it was still not easy to control them. Therefore, he openly proposed the establishment of a "joint organ for unified planning" and clamoured that this was the "principal form of economic co-operation." What is meant by the "organ for unified planning?" It means that the plans of the CMEA states should be worked out by a "supra-state" planning organ controlled by the Soviet revisionists, and plans thus drafted will be handed down to the CMEA states to be fulfilled. These countries are thus completely deprived of what little independence remains and in effect are turned into regions or union republics of the Soviet revisionists.
While using "co-ordination" in planning to tighten its control over the principal branches of the national economies of the other CMEA states, the Brezhnev clique is now exerting pressure on these countries to gradually realize "unified planning" so that it will be able to enslave and exploit the people of these countries more directly.
"Organizations for Economic Co-operation" — Soviet Revisionists' Tool for Squeezing Out Maximum Profits
On the pretext of the "international division of labour," the Soviet revisionist renegade clique has compelled the CMEA states to set up a number of "organizations for economic co-operation" as an important means in bringing about "economic integration." In the course of pushing "economic integration," the clique considers the state boundaries as a great obstacle, because they restrict the sphere of activity of the Soviet revisionists* state-monopoly capital. Therefore, Khrushchov howled for the abolition of state boundaries. Economists in the pay of the Soviet revisionist renegade clique have also come out to advocate that "viewed from the nature of applied technology, production has gone beyond national boundaries," and "economic organization in a single country is too narrow," and so on and so forth. The fact is that "organizations for economic co-operation" are just another trick of Soviet revisionism to break down state boundaries and completely deprive the other CMEA states of their national independence and sovereignty.
The Soviet revisionist renegade clique directly controls the vital branches of the national economies of the other CMEA countries through the "organizations for economic co-operation." Through the organization for industrial "co-operation," the Soviet revisionists control the industrial planning, production and sales, investment, supply of raw materials and industrial management in these countries. Through the organization for power "co-operation," they control these countries' power resources, such as petroleum, coal, natural gas and electricity. Through the "International Bank for Economic Co-operation," they gain control over I he finance and banking, gold and foreign exchange, and credit and investment of these countries and pave the way for making the ruble an "international currency," (that is, a currency having an "international value.") And through the organization for "co-operation" in scientific research, they control scientific and technical development in these countries and get hold of their secrets, and so forth. It is quite obvious that the ultimate objective of the Soviet revisionists in setting up such organizations for "co-operation" is to achieve complete "economic integration," that is, to place the vital branches of the economies of the CMEA countries, such as finance and economy, industry and agriculture, and commerce, under the direct control of the new tsars' colonial empire.
That is why in essence the "organizations for economic co-operation" are an important instrument by which the Soviet revisionist renegade clique enslaves and plunders the people of other CMEA countries and ensures maximum profits for Soviet revisionist social-imperialism.
"Specialization in Production" Means Colonialization Of Economies of Some East European Countries
"Specialization in production" constitutes an important aspect of the Soviet revisionists' colonial plan for "economic integration." It is also carried out in the name of the "international division of labour." There are "specialization in industrial production" and "specialization in agricultural production." Such "specialization" requires that other CMEA countries are only allowed to produce industrial, agricultural and mineral products of certain types and specifications. This "specialization in production" has entirely deprived other CMEA countries of their right to develop their own economies independently, aggravated the lopsided development of their economies and turned them into economic dependencies of Soviet revisionism.
Let us see how the hired economists of the Soviet revisionists have hawked their wares. With the air of an overlord, they arrogantly bawled that "those countries without enough resources" "should not try to realize their industrialization by first developing heavy industry." Instead, "in a certain period, their economic development should rely on the heavy industry of some of the more developed socialist countries," and "there is no necessity for them to trial produce those products which they can obtain from other countries to satisfy their needs." That is to say, these countries should not develop their own industries independently, but should depend on Soviet revisionism in developing their economies. Thus the Soviet revisionists have turned some industrially more developed countries, such as Czechoslovakia and the German Democratic Republic, into their subsidiary processing plants. These economists even openly demand that Poland, Hungary and Bulgaria go in fur agriculture only, "so as to meet the needs of other socialist countries for agricultural products" and that these countries be converted into orchards and market gardens for Soviet revisionism.
"Economic Integration" — Deadly Snake Coiled Around Some East European Countries
'"Economic integration" has gravely undermined the industrial and agricultural production of other CMEA countries. It has crippled their economics and turned them into Soviet revisionist colonies.
Through its monopoly of fuel and raw material supplies, the Soviet revisionist renegade clique has grabbed exorbitant profits from other CMEA countries and, at the same time, disrupted their mining industry, thereby gaining control over their major industrial branches. In April 1966, Soviet revisionist chieftain Kosygin cried out for the expansion of exports of raw materials, semi-finished products and other materials which can ensure a big income in foreign exchange. Thus the Soviet revisionists' exports of crude oil, petroleum products, coal, natural gas and iron ore to other CMEA member countries increased by a big margin. Statistics show that in 1966 the volume of Soviet exports of crude oil went up 84 times as compared with 1950, petroleum products 9.8 times, coal 199 times and natural gas 3.5 times. Iron ore exports also increased greatly during this period. Overwhelmed by the heavy imports of fuel and raw materials, some East European countries have found their mining industry declining steadily. In Bulgaria the percentage of output value of the mining industry in the gross industrial output value dropped from 10.9 in 1950 to 5.1 in 1966; in Poland, it dropped from 14.4 to 6.2 during the same period. In the first half of 1967, Hungary saw its brown coal production fall by 14 per cent, iron ore by 10 per cent and anthracite by 6 per cent as compared with the corresponding period of 1966. Czechoslovakia and Hungary were compelled to close down mines and dismiss workers, causing grave consequences to the economy.
Meanwhile, the Soviet revisionists' monopoly of the supplies of fuel and raw materials and their direct control and disruption of industrial development in these countries have made them dumping grounds for Soviet machinery, equipment and other manufactured goods. Statistics show that in 1967, the machinery and equipment exports of the Soviet revisionists to East European countries increased 3.7 times as compared with 1955. In some East European countries, the bulk of imported machinery and equipment came from the Soviet Union. Taking 1966 as an example, the percentage of such imports was 83 in Bulgaria, 70 in Hungary, 68 in Poland and 66 in the German Democratic Republic. These countries' markets were flooded with the industrial products of the Soviet revisionists. This has seriously harmed industry in these countries and brought about a continued decrease of their industrial production. For instance, in 1966, Czechoslovakia was compelled to cut down its existing industrial production by about 10 per cent; production of electric locomotives dropped 19.7 per cent, and tractors, 7.8 per cent as compared with 1965. In the first half of 1967, production of boring machines in Hungary went down 11 per cent, goods wagons 9 per cent and bicycles 13 per cent as compared with the corresponding period of 1966.
Having taken over the markets with their industrial products, the Soviet revisionists, through "co-ordination" in economic planning, "co-operation in production" and "specialization in production," then compelled these countries to reorganize their industrial structure, thereby changing them into auxiliary processing plants. It has been revealed that Soviet revisionism has signed agreements with Poland, Hungary and Bulgaria on the production of cars. Under the agreements, these three countries are to produce accessories. Soviet revisionism has also arbitrarily made Czechoslovakia produce large quantities of carburettors and petrol pumps and made Bulgaria produce batteries and accelerators for "Fiat" cars. Finished cars will be exported to these countries.
Through "economic integration," the Soviet revisionist renegade clique has reduced other CMEA countries to suppliers of food and raw materials. It was reported that Czechoslovakia has to supply Soviet revisionism with uranium ore and other raw materials. In 1965, Czechoslovakia's supply of raw materials to Soviet revisionism reached a value of 349 million rubles, accounting for 38 per cent of the total value of its exports to Soviet revisionism. Poland, Hungary and Bulgaria have to supply the Soviet revisionists with large quantities of zinc, sulphur, aluminium, copper and other minerals. In addition, some East European countries also have to supply the Soviet revisionists with huge quantities of foodstuffs. During the 1966-70 period, Hungary Is to send the Soviet Union farm products and other-consumer goods worth G70 million rubles, while Bulgaria will supply the Soviet revisionists with farm products worth 325 million rubles.
Seriously affected by "economic integration," other CMEA member states have found their industrial and agricultural production steadily going down and their economies deteriorating daily. The ranks of unemployed workers in these countries swell day by day and the masses are becoming more and more impoverished.
The great leader Chairman Mao has pointed out: Wherever there is oppression, there is resistance. The Soviet revisionists' ruthless oppression and exploitation of the people of the other CMEA countries will only arouse still more widespread and Intensified resistance from the people of these countries. .At present, the people there are rising in indomitable struggles against Soviet revisionist social-imperialism.
Posted: 2009-02-27 03:21 |
|- CR STUDIES
|- CR DOCUMENTS
Total 0.011569(s) query 3, Time now is:03-29 09:28, Gzip enabled