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 People's Movement in Europe Rolls On

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Source: Peking Review, No. 25, June 20, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org


 In his report to the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Vice-Chairman Lin Piao pointed out: "An unprecedentedly gigantic revolutionary mass movement has broken out in Japan, Western Europe and North America, the 'heartlands' of capitalism. More and more people are awakening."' This is an important aspect of the excellent situation in the world revolution today. The tremendous growth of the people's movement in Europe in the last few years has struck hard at reactionary monopoly capitalist rule and rocked the entire capitalist world. This year has witnessed a continuous rise in this movement all over Europe.

Workers' Struggle Continues in France: Carrying on the glorious revolutionary tradition of the Paris Commune, the French proletariat unleashed last year's May-June great revolutionary storm. This battered monopoly capital's reactionary rule and shook the capitalist world from top to bottom. On March 11 this year, nine million workers took part in a 24-hour nationwide general strike. Once again striking workers held large-scale demonstrations in the country's major cities to protest cruel monopoly capitalist exploitation and to demand wage rises.

Italian People Launch Large-Scale Struggles: Italy has been engulfed by people's struggles against ruthless monopoly capitalist exploitation, against unemployment and poverty. They demanded better working and living conditions.
 On May 10 and 17, 1.000.000 farm labourers were on strike throughout the country. They opposed ruthless exploitation by monopoly capital, and demanded higher wages and full employment.
 On May 39, more than 100.000 workers and employees in government-controlled social institutions throughout the country went on strike for higher pay.
 On May 23, 30.000 workers, students and other inhabitants staged a large-scale demonstration in Foggia Province in southern Italy. They protested against unemployment, poverty, starvation and the farm crisis.
 On May 24. move than 1.000 striking longshoremen in Naples, Italy's third largest city, demonstrated for increased pay and full employment. They shouted slogans while parading and carrying posters reading "Power to the working class" and "900.000 jobless in Italy, 90,000 in Naples."
 On May 26, about 10,000 employees and journalists of the Italian state radio and television network called a 24-hour strike to demand higher wages and participation in management.
 On May 30, over 300,000 metal and machine-building workers held a general strike in Milan, Italy's second largest city, in protest against the unwarranted dismissal of workers by the capitalists.
 The country's newspaper printing workers forced 100 dailies to stop publication when they called a 24-hour nationwide strike on May 31.

Spanish People Fight Franco: The masses of workers in fascist-ruled Spain are fighting the Franco dictatorship despite ruthless suppression by the reactionary authorities. Tens of thousands of workers went on strike and demonstrated in Madrid the capital and in Bilbao, a big city in the north, in February this year. They protested the dictatorial rule by Franco and ruthless exploitation by the capitalists.

Dutch Workers and Students Fight Shoulder to Shoulder: Beginning May 16, more than 400 Amsterdam University students occupied the administration building on the campus. This was part of their protest over arbitrary rule by the university authorities and their demand for a change in the educational system.
The Dutch reactionary authorities however, let the police loose or them on May 20. This outrageous action only added fuel to the anger of the students and workers. That night 1.500 students and young workers staged a massive demonstration in downtown Amsterdam. They protected against the reactionary authorities’ outrages and supported the Amsterdam University students' just struggle against the decadent bourgeois educational system.

Singing the Internationale,West Berlin Youths Demonstrate: More than 2.500 students and young people in West Berlin look part in a massive demonstration on May 24 to protest against reactionary monopoly capitalist rule and support striking engineering students in West Germany and West Berlin. Carrying numerous red flags and singing the Internationale, the demonstrators marched through downtown West Berlin, shouting: "The reactionaries can only be fought with guns!" "Workers’ power! Workers' power!” and similar slogans.

British Women Workers in the Struggle: The nine million British women workers represent about one-third of the country's labour force. They have fought the monopoly capitalists for decades for the principle of equal pay for equal work.
 On May 18, more than 1,000 women workers gathered in London from various parts of the country and demonstrated against ruthless exploitation by monopoly capital and for equal pay for equal work. In speeches at the meeting and in leaflets which they distributed, they exposed the monopoly capitalists' exploitation of women workers and called for the abolition of "discrimination against women in employment, education and public life."
  
  
  

 
 
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