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 Across The Land

Across The Land

Source: Peking Review, No. 25, June 20, 1969
Transcribed by www.wengewang.org

An Abundant Wheat Harvest

UNDER the guidance of the great U leader Chairman Mao's great principle, "Grasp revolution and promote production and other work and preparedness against war," an excellent situation has developed on the agricultural front. Summer crops are growing very well all over the country, and wheat, the main crop now being reaped, is yielding a good harvest in several provinces.

In Honan Province, which has had a fine harvest for three years running, another good wheat crop is assured, and the summer harvesting is proceeding vigorously throughout the countryside. The broad masses of poor and lower-middle peasants, members of revolutionary committees at all levels and P.L.A. commanders and fighters are working day and night in the fields.
 The rich wheat harvest won in Honan Province is a result of the living study and application of Mao Tsetung Thought by the poor and lower-middle peasants and revolutionary cadres. Having specific problems in mind, they ran various types of Mao Tsetung Thought study classes to solve them, and carried out revolutionary mass criticism in a sustained and deep-going way, relentlessly criticizing such counter-revolutionary revisionist trash of the arch renegade Liu Shao-chi as "san zi yi bao" (the extension of plots for private use and of free markets, the increase in the number of small enterprises with sole responsibility for their own profits or losses, and the fixing of output quotas based on the household), the "four freedoms" (freedom to practise usury, to hire labour, to buy or sell land and to engage in private enterprise), and his theory of "the dying out of class struggle," etc., to completely eliminate their pernicious effects. Through criticism, they have greatly raised their consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines, further established in their minds the idea of doing farm work for the revolution. From last winter until this spring, some parts of the province were subjected to waterlogging, wind and sand storms, pests and other kinds of natural disasters. The broad masses of the poor and lower-middle peasants united as ono to wage a stubborn struggle against them and gained great victories.

In Shensi Province, more than 30 million mu of summer crops are growing promisingly, and a good wheat harvest is in sight. The broad masses of the poor and lower-middle peasants and revolutionary cadres are now enthusiastically plunging themselves into the battle for the summer harvest. In Han-chung Basin, in the south of Shensi, where the season started earlier, reaping has nearly come to an end. Threshing and the work of delivering and selling grain to ,the state are now in full swing. In Kuanchung Plain, a main wheat-growing area, the wheat yields big ears. Harvesting has also begun there. In Shensi, 1969 witnesses another good wheat harvest after several successive years of bumper harvest. The increase this year is big. In some areas there is a 10-30 per cent increase as compared with last year, while some other areas will reap their highest yields in history.
 In the late stage of the growing of the summer crops, frost hit some of the areas in the province. With Mao Tsetung Thought as their weapon, the poor and lower-middle peasants worked hard at field management to defeat this natural calamity. The very day Nancheng County was hit by frost, over 10,000 cadres promptly led 170,000 people in a hard, two overnights* battle against frost damage. Thus a good harvest of wheat was ensured.

In Shantung Province, more than 50 million mu of wheat are now ripening. A good harvest is in store for the whole province. In places where the wheat ripened earlier, the masses of commune members are now working hard at reaping.
 The revolutionary committees in various places organized many cadres to go to the frontline of the summer harvest. While propagating the documents of the Ninth Party Congress to the poor and lower-middle peasants, they took part in the harvest. The commanders and fighters of the P.L.A. units stationed in the localities have already begun to go to the countryside to enthusiastically help the poor and lower-middle peasants bring in the crops.
 The good wheat harvest in Shantung Province this year is a rich fruit of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Fearing neither hardship nor fatigue, the poor and lower-middle peasants overcame difficulties last autumn to ensure a good sowing on time, which laid a firm foundation for the good harvest this year. In winter last year, the poor and lower-middle peasants in many places, braving snowstorms and severe cold, built water-conservancy projects to expand the acreage of watering. When the wheat turned green in the spring, they again, with soaring revolutionary zeal, paid careful attention to the management of the wheat fields, increased the acreage of top dressing and watering, to greet the Ninth Party Congress with the concrete action of winning a good wheat harvest-In Hopei Province, the wheat grows very well. Whether in the plain, mountainous areas or in the low-lying saline and alkaline areas, the wheat is everywhere better than last year's and rich harvests are expected. Many old poor peasants said in jubilation: "We have never seen such fine-growing wheat in our life; it is the victory of Chairman Mao's great principle, 'Grasp revolution and promote production and other work and preparedness against war.'" The revolutionary committees at all levels in Hopei Province and the broad masses of poor and lower-middle peasants there are now actively preparing themselves ideologically, organizationally and materially for the harvesting of the summer-ripening crops. The wheat in some areas is already ripe and in the south harvesting is under way.

Fishery Output Rises

IN Shantung Province, after firmly grasping revolution and vigorously promoting production, the broad masses of fishermen along the coast have brought in excellent spring catches this year. In the first five months of this year, the output throughout the province increased more than 20 per cent over that of the same period last year.

 In fishery, the broad masses of fishermen have persisted in placing revolution in command of production. They held various types of Mao Tsetung Thought study classes in production brigades and teams, at docks and on fishing boats. They also carried out revolutionary mass criticism, vigorously criticizing the counter-revolutionary revisionist wares peddled on the fishery front by the big renegade Liu Shao-chi and his agents; thus they firmly established the concept of fishing for the revolution, and facilitated the big advance of fishery output.
 After the Ninth Party Congress, the broad masses of both the cadres and the people in the fishing areas have united and worked still more closely together. In Laoshan County, the fishermen netted a big shark nearly seven metres long which weighed some three tons. The shark was so big and the fishing boat so small that the fishermen were afraid the shark could not be towed to land. At this crucial moment, upon being alerted to the difficulty, two nearby fishing boats rushed to the spot.

After pooling their efforts and waging an intense struggle, the fishermen finally hauled in the big shark.

 The units responsible for commerce, supply and marketing, transport, communication and aquatic products processing, etc., in Shantung Province closely co-operated with each other and timely arranged for the sale of the catches, their transport and supply, and thus ensured the success of the spring catches.

In Chekiang Province, the fishermen along the coast have brought in big hauls after taking an active part in the summer catches. At present, 100,000 fishermen throughout the province, using over 10,000 fishing boats, are intensively engaged in work. Since late May, the summer catches have exceeded those of the same period last year. In some counties the yield has even doubled.

Bumper Harvest of Spring Cocoons

CONTINUING the bumper harvests over the past three years, the peasants of Chekiang Province, China's main sericultural region, have again markedly raised production of spring cocoons this year to break all previous records. In the old sericultural area of the Hang-chow-Chiahsing-Huchou Plain, the yield of new-type high-quality and high-yielding cocoons has multiplied several times. In Taichou, Chinhua and other new sericultural areas, output has also risen sharply. Poor and lower-middle peasants throughout the province are now busy selling good quality cocoons to the state.


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